试题下载

同步教学

备课中心

高考备考

语法词汇
最新高考英语常用句型归纳详解

【下载须知】

1. 本站提供的资料仅可用于学校课堂教学;
2. 本站提供的资料可能存在错误,请知晓;
3. 如侵权请联系站长:jxenglish2006#163.com

If download failed, please click here to refresh and try again
最新高考英语常用句型归纳详解
资料类型:    资料大小:135KB    资料来源:网络整理    上传时间:2020-10-02
资料预览
最新高考英语常用句型归纳

1、as 句型:

(1) as引导方式状语从句句型:"按照……;正如……"

     例:We do farm work as the old peasant teaches us.  

         As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south.    正如(像) 你们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。

(2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ; 

     否定式:not as/so --- as

     例:He is as good a player as his sister.

         他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。 

(3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……

     例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.

         她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。

(4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……

     例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.

         他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。

(5) such --- as---  象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)

     例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.

         他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。

(6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)

     例:He is not the same man as he used to be 他不是从前的那样子了。

(7) as 引导非限制性定语从句

     例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.众所周知,知识就是力量。

(8)引导时间状语从句。与while意义相近

     例:We get wiser as we get older. 随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。

(9) 引导原因状语从句,与because的用法相近

     例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back. 

         因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。

(10) 引导让步状语从句

     例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.

         尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。

2、prefer 句型:

  (1) prefer to do sth

     例:I prefer to stay at home.   我宁愿呆在家里。

  (2) prefer doing sth

     例:I prefer playing in defence.   我喜欢打防守。

  (3) prefer sb to do sth

     例:Would you prefer me to stay?  你愿意我留下来吗?

  (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth  ……宁愿…...而不愿.…".

     例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out 

           我宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去.

  (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth

     例:I prefer watching football to playing it.  

         我喜欢看篮球,不喜欢打篮球。

  (6) prefer sth to sth

     例:I prefer tea to coffee.   我要茶不要咖啡。

3、when 句型:

  (1) be doing sth ---- when --- 

     例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.

         他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。

  (2) be about to do sth --- when ---

     例:We were about to start when it began to rain.

         我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。

  (3) had not done sth --- when ---/ hardly --- when ---

     例: He had not fallen asleep when the telephone rang.

          他刚要入睡电话就响了。

  (4) had just done ---- when ---

     例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.

         在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。

4、seem 句型:

  (1) It +seems + that从句

     例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.  看来好像每个人都很满意。

  (2) It seems to sb that ---

     例:It seems to me that she is right.   我看她是对的,

  (3) There seems to be ----

     例:There seems to be a heavy rain.   看上去要有一场大雨。

  (4) It seems as if ----

     例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.看样子她不能来上课了。

5、表示"相差……;增加了……;增加到……"句型:

   (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸

   (2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。

   (3)  She is three years old than I  她比我大三岁。

   (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了50

6、what 引导的名词性从句

  (1) what 引导主语从句

     例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.

  让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡. 


  (2) what 引导宾语从句

     例:We can learn what we do not know. 我们能学会我们不懂的东西。

  (3) what 引导表语从句

     例:That is what I want.   那正是我所要的。

  (4) what 引导同位语从句

     例:I have no idea what they are talking about. 我不知道他们正在谈论什么.

7、too句型:

  (1) too...to do sth.

     例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.

        (=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)

          政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。 

  (2) only too --- to do sth

     例:I shall be only too pleased to get home.  我要回到家里就非常高兴。

  (3) too + adj + for sth

     例:These shoes are much too small for me.  我穿这双鞋太小了。

  (4) too + adj + a + n.

     例:This is too difficult a text for me.   这篇课文对我来说太难了。

  (5)  can't … too +形容词     无论……也不为过

     例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

  我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

8、where  句型:

  (1) where 引导的定语从句

     例:This is the house where he lived last year. 这就是他去年住过的房子。

  (2) where 引导的状语从句

     例:Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。 

         He left his key where he could find.他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。 

         I will go where I want to go.我要去我想去的地方。

  (3) where  引导的表语从句

     例:This is where you are wrong.   这正是你错的地方。

     注:引导状语从句的where= 介词+the place where (定语从句)

         例:Go where(ver) you are most needed.到最需要你的地方去。

9、wish 句型

  (1) wish that sb did sth  希望某人现在做某事

     例:I wish I were as strong as you. 我希望和你一样强壮。

  (2) wish that sb had done sth  希望某人过去做某事

     例: I wish you had told me earlier  要是你早点告诉我就好了。

  (3) wish that sb would/could do sth  希望某人将来做某事

     例:I wish you would succeed this time. 我希望你这次会成功。

10、would rather 句型:

   (1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做……

      例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.

          她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。

   (2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事

      例:I would rather have taken his advice.  我宁愿过去接受他的意见。

   (3) would rather sb had done sth  宁愿某人过去做过某事

      例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.

         我真希望通过上星期的考试

   (4) would rather sb did sth  宁愿某人现在或将来做某事

      例: Who would you rather went wit


点击进入下载页面
(嘉兴)高中英语教学网 | www.jxenglish.com
站长:随心飞扬 | Email:jxenglish2006#163.com
本站为个人网站,所提供的英语教学资料仅供学校课堂教学及学习用
浙ICP备05071603号 | 浙公网安备 33049802000029号