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高考英语二轮专题语法总复习-形容词和副词

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高考英语二轮专题语法总复习-形容词和副词
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高考英语二轮专题总复习语法精练形容词和副词

一、概念

形容词是用来修饰名词,说明事物或人的性质状态或特征的词。

副词主要用来修饰动词、形容词、副词或其他结构的词。

二、用法

形容词在句中可以充当定语修饰名词、代词,也可作表语表示主语的状态和特征,也可作补语和状语。副词在句中作状语,修饰动词、形容词、副词、介词短语、从句等,也可修饰整个句子。

What an interesting role she played in the film! No wonder she has won an Oscar. 

His daughter is shy in public and she never dares to make a speech to the public. 

You don't have to be angry with him. He merely wanted to know the truth. 

Only when the war was over did the young soldier return to his hometown.

虽然形容词、副词的用法繁多,但是高考单选中对他们的考查也是有章可循的,主要体现在以下几个方面。

1.形容词和副词在具体语境中的运用

试题中提供的四个选项均属于形式相同、意义相异的形容词或副词,做题时必须根据语境,即根据上下文的意思或逻辑等来确定选项。

Since Tom accidentally downloaded a virus into his computer, he can not open the file now. 

It is not socially acceptable for parents to leave children unattended at that age.

Water can absorb and give off a lot of heat without big changes in temperature, thus creating a stable environment.

2.形容词和副词与其他词的搭配

英语中有些形容词和副词与名词、动词,或另一形容词等的搭配与汉语不完全一样,在平时学习中通过运用把它们掌握好。如"大"雨、"浓"雾中的"大、浓",英语中用heavy;汉语中说人数"多",英语中却用large;汉语中说睡得"香",英语中却说soundly等。

We decided not to climb the mountains because it was raining heavily.

The number of people present at the concert was much smaller than expected.

This kind of music is well worth listening to.

3.形容词、副词比较等的用法

同级比较用"as+原级+as",两者比较用"比较级+than",三者或以上比较用"最高级+in (of)"。

Speaking of all the songs he has written, I think this is probably his best-known one.

Alan is a careful driver, but he drives the least carefully of my friends.

Little Mary plays the piano as beautifully as her sister.

注意:与比较等级有关的还有几个特殊用法需要引起我们的注意。

(1)"the+比较级……,the + 比较级……"表示"越……,越……"之意,前面的句子相当于条件状语从句,一般不用将来时。

The more you use a dictionary, the more useful you will find it to you.

The higher you climb the mountain, the less air you can breathe.

(2)"the+比较级+of the(两者)"表示"两者中比较……的"之意。

Which is the better of the two books?

The younger of the brothers is much clever.

(3)"a+最高级"不表示"最……",而表示"非常"。

This is a most difficult lesson in this book.

She is a most mysterious person.

4.形容词和副词比较级和

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