关系代词who人主语Do you know the man who is talking with your mother?whom, which和that在从句中做宾语时，常可以省略，但介词提前时后面关系代词不能省略，也不可以用that
whom人宾语Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am working
The boy (whom) she loved died in the war..
whose人，物定语I like those books whose topics are about history.
The boy whose father works abroad is my desk mate.
宾语A plane is a machine that can fly.
She is the pop star (that) I want to see very much.
宾语The book (which) I gave you was worth $10.
The picture which was about the accident was terrible.
宾语He is such a person as is respected by all of us.
This is the same pen as I lost yesterday. as做宾语一般不省略
状语I will never forget the day when we met there.可用on which
状语This is the house where I was born.可用in which
状语I can't imagine the reason why he turned down my offer.可用for which
限制性定语从句 中名词前有such和the same修饰时，关系代词用as,不能用whichHe is not such a fool as he looks.
Don't read such books as you can't understand.
非限制性定语从句中as和which都可以指代前面整个主句。如果有"正如，象"的含义，并可以放在主句前，也可以放在后面，那么用as；而which引导的从句只能放主句后，并无"正如"的意思。They won the game, as we had expected.
They won the game, which we hadn't expected.
As is well known, he is a famous film star in the 1980s.
限制性定语从句对先行词起修饰限制作用，如果去掉，主句意思就不完整明确，这种从句与主句的关系十分密切，写时不用逗号分开。The accident happened at the time when I left.
非限制性定语从句 对先行词作附加的说明，与主句的关系不十分密切，较松散。从句和主句之间用逗号分开，相当于一个插入语，不能用that引导，关系代词做宾语时也不能省略。His mother, whom he loved deeply, died ten years ago.
Those who are willing to attend the party, sign here please.
（1）先行词一般是名词和不定代词，如:some-, any-, every-和no与-boy, -thing的合成词；或all、none、any、some、that、those等代词。数词也可以作先行词，人称代词也同样可作先行词。
This is the place which is worth visiting.
There are many places we can visit（them）in China.
关系代词：who, whom, which, that, whose, as。
关系副词：when, where, why。that偶尔也作关系副词。
（1）先行词被①形容词最高级 ②序数词 ③数词几种词修饰或被 ④only、any、few、little、no、all、one of等修饰时。
He was looking pleasantly at te children and parcels that filled his bus.
The village is no longer the one that was 5 years ago.
Which are the books that you bought for me ?
Who is that girl that is standing by the window?
Do you know Mr. Smith whose story is very moving?
There is a room, whose window faces the river.
There is a room, the window of which faces the river.
（1）先行词被such和the same修饰，或句型as many（much）中，从句都用as 引导。
Such books as you bought are useful. The school is just the same as it was 10 years age.
注意：区别①such … that … 引导的结果状语从句。They are such lovely children that we love them much .②the same … that … 引导定语从句。I want to use the same tool that you used just now.
区别：①意义上：as 含有"这点正如……一样"。②位置上：as 从句可置句首，也可在另处。
He didn't pass the exam, as we had expected.
There is lots of air in loose snow, which can keep the cold out.
As is known, the earth is round, not flat.
when 指时间 = in / at / on / during which
where指地点 = in / at / from / which
why指原因 = for which
I don't like the way that / in which / he talks.
This is the first time I have given you a lesson in French.
②强调it无意义，that / who不是引导词。
③强调it is / was和that / who后如果句子意思讲得通则是强调句，讲不通则不是。
It is the museum that / which we visited last year.(定语从句)
It was in the hotel that we stayed last night.（强调句）
Word came that their army was defeated.(同位语)
We expressed to them our wish that was the same as their.(定语)
①He is the only one of the students who has got very good marks in the match.（句中one为先行词）
He is one of the students who have got good marks in the match.（句中students为先行词）
②Is this place the one (that) we visited yesterday？ Is this the place (that / which) we visited yesterday?
③He stood at the window, from where he could see what was happening.
④It may rain, in which case the match will be put off.
1. The film brought the hours back to me _________ I was taken good care of in that faraway village.（NMET 2001）
A. until B. that C. when D. where
解析：答案为C。本题考查分隔定语从句的关系词的选择。作好本题的关键是要能辨认出该定语从句的先行词the hours和关系词被介词短语to me所分隔。定语从句的先行词是表时间的名词hours, 并且关系词在从句中用作状语，故应选择表示时间的关系副词when。
2. ___________ is known to everybody, the noon travels around the earth once every month.(NMET 2001)
A. It B. As C. That D. What
解析：答案为B。本题考查as引导的非限制定语从句。as作"正如……"解时，引导的非限制性定语从句来修饰整个句子。当as在从句中作主语时，常用于下列短语：as is known、as is said、as is reported、as is announced等。要注意掌握作关系代词引导定语从句的用法。
3. After living in Pairs for fifty years he returned to the small town ___________ he grew up as a child.(NMET 1996)
A. which B. where C. that D. when
解析：答案为B。本题考查限制性定语从句中关系词的选择。定语从句的先行词是表示地点的名词短语the small town, 且关系词不作定语从句中的主语和宾语而作地点状语，因此定语从句必须用关系副词where引导。要注意分清先行词在从句中充当的成分，然后选择适当的关系词。
1. I'm using the pen which he bought it yesterday.
2. Is that factory which your father once worked in?
3. The man whom I spoke is from Canada.
4. July 1,1999 is the day when we'll never forget.
5. I still remember the holidays I stayed with them.
6. I'm going to work in the hospital where needs me.
7. Those that haven't been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate.
8. I don't like the way which you talked to your friend.
9. This is the last time when I've given you lessons.
10. Soon they came to a farm house, and in front of which sat a small boy.
11. We heard the news which our team won the game.
12. The reason which he explained it sounds reasonable.
13. Those at the desk want to buy tickets write down your names.
14. That was the reason because she looked old.
15. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China.
16. The third place which we are going to visit is Hangzhou.
17. Which is known to all, many satellite are going around in the sky.
18. The students and things which you spoke of are known to us.
19. Look out! Don't get too close to the house of which roof is under repair.
1. I will always remember the hours _____________ we lived together.
I will always remember the hours ____________ we spent together
2. Can you still think of the village ______________he once worked?
Can you still think of the village ______________ he once visited?
3.____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth.
_____ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth.
4. I have borrowed many books, many of _______ are about music. I have borrowed many books, and many of _____ are about music
5. There are 50 students in their class, most of ________ are from Tonglu.
There are 50 students in their class, and most of _______ are from Tonglu
The sun gives us heat and light, ________ which we can't live.
2. The student ________ whom we were talking just now is the best student in our class.
3. I'll never forget the day _____ which she said good-bye to me.
4. Who can give me the reason ______ which he hasn't turned up yet?
5. Mandela was the black lawyer______ whom I went for advice. 6. He was generous with his time, _______ which I was grateful. 7. The parts of town ________ which they had to live were decided by white people. 8. It was a prison ________which no one escaped.
9. He is a man of great experience, _________ whom much can be learned. 10. Chapin, _______whom money was now no problem, start a new film company with his friends.
1. The pretty lady _________you told me the other day turned out to be a thief.
A. who B. whom C. about whom D. with whom
2. Is this the factory ______your father used to work many years ago?
A. the place B. which C. in which D. the one in which
3. Do you know who lives in the building ______ there is a big apple tree？
A. in front of it B. in front of whose
C. in front of where D. in front of which
4. The person ____my father spoke just now is my English teacher.
A. who B. to whom C. to who D. whom
5. The reason ______she didn't come to Tom's birthday is that her mother won't let her.
A .that B. which C. for which D. for what
6. China is a beautiful country, _____we are greatly proud.
A. which B. in which C. of which D. where
7. I will never forget the day _____I join the army.
A. on which B in which C. which D at which
8. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, _____wanted to buy it.
A. none of them B. both of them
C. none of whom D. neither of whom
9.There are two buildings，______stands nearly a hundred feet high.
A. the larger B. the larger of them
C. the larger one that D. the larger of which
10. "I'd like to give my thanks to those____ help my son will be able to survive his terrible disease," said the woman on TV.
A who B that C with whose D with their
1. Some of the roads were flooded, _____ made our journey more difficult.
A. which B. it C. what D. that
2. Finally they arrived at a place_______ sold cigarettes and other small articles.
A. where B. which C. in which D. what
3. He was educated at a local grammar school, ______ he went on to Cambridge.
A. from whichB. after thatC. after whichD. from this
4. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, _______they learn simple games and songs.
A. then B. there C. while D. where
5. -Mom, what did the doctor say?
-He advised me to live______ the air is fresher.
A. in where B. in which C. the place where D. Where
6. It is reported that two schools，_______ are being built in my hometown，will open next year.
A．they both B．which both C．both of them D．both of which
7．A survey was carried out on the death rate of newborn babies in that area, were surprising.
A．as results B．which results C．the results of it D．the results of which
8．There were two small rooms in the house, ____served as kitchen.
A. the smaller of which B. the small of which
C. the smaller of them D. the smaller one
9. Frank's dream was to have his own shop ____ to produce the workings of his own hands.
A. that B. in which C. by which D. how
10. "I'd like to give my thanks to those help my son will be able to survive his terrible disease," said the woman on TV.
A．whoB．thatC．with whoseD．with their
11. She had two new cars, ______ was made in Japan.
A. one B. which C. and one of which D. and one of them
12. On my way home I met a man, ______ I think was her brother.
A. whom B. that C. who D. /
13. Next winter, ______ you will spend in Harbin, I'm sure, will be another exciting holiday.
A. which B. when C. in which D. that
14. _____ to take the English Evening Course, please fill in this form.
A. Those who want B. Anyone wants
C. Those that want D. People want
15. I don't like _____ you solve such problems.
A. the way B. the way in that
C. the way which D. the way of which
16. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, _____ 80% are sold abroad.
A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that
17. I can think of many cases _____ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn't write a good essay.
A. why B. which C. as D. where
18. The Oscar is the only one of the film prizes _____ offered to any Chinese actor or actress by far.
A. which is not B. that have not been
C. that has not D. that has not been
19. Is this factory __________ some foreign friends visited last Friday?
A. that B. where C. which D. the one
20. That tree, __________ branches are almost bare, is very old.
A. whose B. of which C. in which D. on which
21. I have bought the same dress __________ she is wearing.
A. as B. that C. which D. what
22. This is the very film _______ I've long wished to see.
A. which B. that C. who D. whom
1. His movie won several awards at the film festival, ______ was beyond his wildest dream.
A. whichB. that C. where D. it
2. -Where did you get to know her?
-It was on the farm _________ we worked. （山东卷）
A．that B．there C．which D．where
3. Last week, only two people came to look at the house, _______ wanted to buy it. （安徽卷）
A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom
4. We shouldn't spent our money testing so many people, most of _____are healthy（北京卷）
A. that B. which C. what D. whom
5. By serving others, a person focuses on someone other than himself or herself, ___________ can be very eye-opening and rewarding. （湖南卷）
A. who B. which C. what D. that
6. He was educated at the local high school, ______ he went on to Beijing University. （江苏卷）
A. after whichB. after thatC. in which D. in that
7. After graduation she reached a point in her career she heeded to decide what to do. （江西卷）
A. that B. what C. which D. where
8. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, _______they learn simple games and songs. （全国卷I）
A. then B. there C. while D. where
9. Today, we'll discuss a number of cases beginners of English fail to use the language properly. （陕西卷）
A. which B. as C. why D. where
10. The thought of going back home was kept him happy while he was working abroad．（上海春）
A．thatB．all thatC．all whatD．which
11. It is reported that two schools，_______ are being built in my hometown，will open next year.
A．they both B．which both C．both of them D．both of which
12. Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ________ sight matters more than hearing. （天津卷）
A. when whose C. which D. where
13. Chan's restaurant on Baker Street, ______ used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. （浙江卷）
A. that B. which C. who D. where
14. Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree ______ they can be controlled on purpose. （重庆卷）
A. with which B. to which C. of which D. for which
15. Eric received training in computer for one year, _____ he found a job in a big company. （辽宁卷）
A. after that B. after which C. after it D. after this
16.The village has developed a lot we learned farming two years ago. （福建卷）
A. whenB. which C. that D. where
1. By nine o'clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, ____ appeared a rare rainbow soon. （福建卷）
A. of which B. on which C. from which D. above which
2. The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, _____ are beyond our control. （湖南卷）
A.most of them B. most of which C. most of what D. most of that
3. The Science Museum, ______ we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London's tourist attractions. （江苏卷）
A. whichB. whatC. thatD. where
4. Occasions are quite rare ______ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. （山东卷）
A. whoB. whichC. whyD. when
5. Later in this chapter cases will be introduced to readers __ consumer complaints have resulted in changes in the law. （江西卷）
A. where B. when C. who D. which
6. The road conditions there turned out to be very good, ___ was more than we could expect.
A. it B. what C. which D. that
7. Tomorrow is Tom's birthday. Have you got any idea _________ the party is to be held? （陕西卷）
A. what B. which C. that D. where
8. The man pulled out a gold watch, _________ were made of small diamonds. （陕西卷）
A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of
C. which the hands of D. the hands of which
9. For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, _______ New York is an example. (四川卷)
A. for which B. in which C. of which D. from which
10. Yesterday she sold her car, ______ she bought a month ago. （浙江卷）
A. whom B. where C. that D. which
11. I'll give you your friend's home address, I can be reached most evenings. （北京卷）
A. which B. when C. whom D. where
12. They will fly to Washington, ___ they plan to stay for two or three days. （重庆卷）
A. where B. there C. which D. when
13. We went through a period ___ communications were very difficult in the rural areas(上海卷).
A. whichB. whose C. in which D. with which
1. 去掉it 2. which改为the one 3. 在man后加to 4. when改为that或which或去掉 5. 在holidays后加when 6. where改为 that或which 7. that改为who
8. 去掉which或改为that也可在which前加in 9. when改为that
10. 去掉and或把which改为it 11. which改为that 12. 去掉it
13. 在want前加who 14. because改为why 15. that改为as 16. which改为that
17. which改为as 18. which改为that 19. 在roof前加the
1.when; that/which/不填 2.where；that/which/不填 3. As；It 4.which；them
1. without which 2.about/with 3.on 4.for 5. to 6. for 7. in 8.from
9. from 10.for
1-5 CCDBC 6-10 CADDC
1-5 ABCDD 6-10 DDABC 11-15 BCBAA 16-22 ABCDAAA
1-5ADDDB 6-10 ADDDB 11-16 DDBBBD
1-5 DBADA 6-10 CBDCD 11-13 DAC