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浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高二下期末教学质量检测英语试题

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浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高二下期末教学质量检测英语试题
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衢州市2020年6月高二年级教学质量检测试卷:

英 语

命题:吴海鹰 徐飞 谢辉锋 余志忠 审题:缪梅青

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。

第I卷

注意事项:

1.答第1卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. When does the rainy season start?

A. In January.            B. In February.             C. In November.

2. What's wrong with the man's food?

A. It's hot.               B. It's tasteless.             C. It's salty.

3. What is Jennifer learning in school at present?

A. To make sculptures.     B. To take pictures.          C. To draw.

4. Which room has the man finished decorating?

A. The bathroom.          B. The living room.         C. The kitchen.

5. Where are the speakers?

A. In a classroom.         B. At a hospital.            C. On a ball field.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. Why is the day important for the man?

A. He will attend a wedding.

B. He will sign an agreement.

C. He will pick up an important guest.

7. Which tie will the man finally wear?

A. The red one.          B. The grey one.             C. The blue one.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. What is the man doing in Sydney?

A. Teaching.            B. Traveling.               C. Studying.

9. Who is the woman attempting to help?

A. The children that can't see clearly.

B. The children that don't know how to read.

C. The children that can't understand what they read.

10. What do we know about the course in Sydney?

A. It costs less.          B. It's well-organized.         C. It finishes more quickly.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. Why was there an accident?

A. The cars slid in bad weather.

B. The traffic light was broken.

C. The drivers didn't see each other.

12. How many students got involved in the accident?

A. Two.                B. Four.                 C. Six.

13. Who had an arm broken?

A. Michelle.            B. Linda.                C. Liam.

听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。

14. How long will the exhibition last in Italy?

A. For two weeks.       B. For four weeks.         C. For eight weeks.

15. Which country is the second stop of the exhibition tour?

A. Spain.             B. Greece.                C. Portugal.

16. Why won't the speakers go to the exhibition on Saturday?

A. The woman has to take classes.

B. The man has to work on his paper.

C. The museum will be crowded that day.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Who are the announcements intended for?

A. The customers.       B. The manager.         C. The employees.

18. What time does the store usually close?

A. At five o'clock.       B. At eight o'clock.       C. At ten o'clock.

19. Which item is "But One, Get One Free" ?

A. Dresses.            B. Suits.                C. Shoes.

20. What does the speaker suggest people do in the end?

A. Go toa cafe.         B. Leave the shop early.    C. Buy some music CDs.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

第一节(共10个小题,每小题2.5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Four years into my Ph.D. program, my hands started to go numb each night as 1slept. I didn't think much of it at the time. Then one night, while sound asleep, I somehow mistook my numb arm for a snake. I threw myself out of bed and woke in a panic. I later discovered that this nighttime event wasn't simply a strange dream.

At that time, I was working toward my Ph.D. and training to be a clinical psychologist. There was never enough time to occupy myself fully in my world. The exams constantly worried and even scared me .

Later that year, while discussing a patient's symptoms with a neurologist(神经学家), I realized that my anxiety could be the direct cause of the numbness in my hands. There was a certain irony(讽刺)in that realization. I'd spent years learning about psychological tools for dealing with stress and anxiety. But until then it never occurred to me that I, too,was experiencing an abnormal level of stress and anxiety.

Now, I specialize in helping take a healthier approach to dealing with the pressures of academics. l've seen firsthand how many of them possess inner voices demanding perfection and telling them that the sacrifices are necessary for success.

My message to those I work with is that being overworked and stressed-out is unhealthy. Achievements and health can be both gained. So, when your inner alarm bells send you a warning signal—or when snakes attack in the night —don't hesitate; take action.

21. What happened to the author?

A. A snake bit him when he was sleeping.

B. He frequently had strange dreams at night.

C. He could do whatever he wanted in a clinic.

D. Numbness in his arms attacked him due to huge stress.

22. The author 's anxiety comes from          .

A. his academic work                  B. his lack of sleep

C. his social relationship                D. his demand for perfection

23. What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?

A. He now realizes academics is of no benefit.

B. A large number of people are forced to be perfect.

C. Warning signals mean it's time to stop being over-stressed.

D. Achievements make it impossible for people to keep healthy.

B

When our Scottish puppy reached doggie adolescence, she suddenly stopped obeying my commands. Previously, if 1 called "come," Annie would fly across our yard to my arms. Now, the 8-month-old gave me an aggressive "make me" look and ran the other way.

Our dog trainer advised us to stop complaining. She's a teenager," she said. Now, a new study is backing that up: Dogs, it says, experience an oversensitive period just like human teenagers, "There is abundant folk knowledge that the behavior of adolescents differs from younger or older dogs," says Barbara Smuts.

Puppies bond with humans much as children do. "But owners often feel like they're failing when their puppies reach adolescence," about 8 months for most dogs, says Lucy Asher. Like teenagers, adolescent dogs can disregard and disobey their owners. Indeed, teenage dogs are the most likely age group to land in U.S. shelters.

To see exactly how adolescence changes dog behavior, Asher and her team monitored 70 female dogs being raised as potential guide dogs. They asked caregivers to score the puppies on separation-related behaviors, like trembling when left behind. Dogs with high scores on this behavior entered adolescence earlier—at about 5 months, compared with 8 months for those with lower scores. Various factors cause human teenage girls with poor parental relationships to also enter adolescence at a younger age. Thus, similar to humans, dogs that have bad relationships with their caregivers see changes in their development.

According to Smuts, adolescent dogs that were stressed by separation from their caregiver also increasingly disobeyed that person, showing the insecurity of human teenagers.

Because of the similarity between adolescent pups and humans, dogs can serve as a model species for studying adolescence in humans, the scientists say. The temporary nature of dogs which disobey the owners may make us worry less when our pups suddenly get minds of their own.

24. The author's attitude towards his dog's misbehavior can be best described as          .

A. tolerant              B. delighted          C. unsatisfied           D. indifferent

25. The underlined word "disregard" in paragraph 3 probably means ."          "

A. run after                            B. pay no attention to

C. bark at                             D. defend against

26. What can we learn about adolescent dogs from the passage?

A. Many adolescent dogs like staying in American shelters.

B. Adolescent dogs will never follow their owners' instructions.

C. Adolescent dogs are fond of being separated from their caregivers.

D. Dogs having poor relation with their caregivers enter adolescence earlier.

27. What's the main idea of the passage?

A. Both young dogs and teenagers rely on their parents.

B. Many researches have shown young dogs are aggressive.

C. Adolescent dogs feel more anxious and frightened than teenagers.

D. Like human teenagers, dogs get difficult when they reach adolescence.

C

COVID-19(新冠病毒) is a threat to the very people fighting it—nurses, doctors, and other first responders, who are exposed to infected patients. Now, a team has developed two devices(设备)that could reduce their risks by sucking away infectious bacteria: a helmet to be worn by a patient, and a small tent in which a patient could be protected. The inventors hope they'll reduce the deaths among healthcare workers.

Negative-pressure rooms have been used in hospitals since the 1980s to keep airborne bacteria from spreading. But Nathan Haas says such rooms cost about $ 12,000. He and his colleagues wanted to develop a cheaper way to create a negative pressure environment for patients. The new devices could lower the need for negative-pressure rooms, which are rare in many parts of the world, according to Haas.

The helmet can be used when staff transport patients and the tent can protect the upper body of a bed-bound patient wearing a mask, allowing staff to perform several procedures.

"They represent a really simple solution to potentially helping reduce virus spread and increase the safety of healthcare workers, as well as patient safety," says Ben Bassin.

When the researchers tested their devices with a healthy volunteer, they saw 97% to 99% fewer bacteria outside the devices than inside. They also tested the devices' ease of use and comfort with seven COVID-19 patients. The response from patients and staff was good, Bassin says.

But Reuben Strayer notes the tests did not prove that these devices work to protect medical staff in real-life situations. He says he wants to see independent effect, "to see if they perform as they are advertised."

28. The following statements are true EXCEPT          .

A. The devices are not complicated to use

B. People have already used the devices widely

C. The effect of the devices remains to be seen

D. Negative-pressure rooms are not common because of the high cost

29. What will most probably be discussed in the following paragraph?

A. The advantages of the devices.

B. Different appearances of the devices.

C. Measures to put the devices into practice.

D. The reasons for inventing the devices.

30. What is the author's purpose in writing the text?

A. To inform readers of the devices.

B. To praise the efforts of the researchers.

C. To stress the importance of the devices.

D. To encourage people to buy the devices.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Tips on Handling Rejection in Your Career

I have experienced many noes in my life. And yet, the noes haven't held me back.     31     Whenever I get a no, I view it as an invitation—to explore new ways to cooperate, perhaps at another time.

Most importantly, noes encourage my persistence(坚持不懈).     32     

Don't take the no personally. It's just business. Don't allow yourself to feel useless because someone rejects your application or says that they don't see an opportunity to work with you. As far as I'm concerned, it may have been a case of bad timing.

Don't shy away from being persistent. Persistence in the face of challenges, failures, and unexpected situations is the mark of a good employee.     33     This extra effort may even get you noticed as displaying a valuable quality.

Be respectful. You won't get anywhere if you respond to a rejection with a hurt or bitter response. Honor the other person. Even if the final response is no, let the other party know you are still interested in working with them should an opportunity arise.

Be aware of cultural standards. Keep in mind that cultural standards regarding persistence vary. In some countries, it's perfectly OK to email someone twice a month to keep in touch with them.     34     So, study up on the culture in which you want to take part and respect its rules.

I will continue to receive noes throughout my life. But I'm not afraid of them.     35      For me, that's been an important part of my career advancement and professional development.

A. Instead, they've served as an inspiration to me.

B. I've built up my resistance to noes by being persistent.

C. However, constant phone calls are improper sometimes.

D. There's nothing wrong with a follow-up email or phone call.

E. On the contrary, people might consider it polite and favorable.

F. But that might be seen as rude and invasive in other countries.

G. To be persistent in the face of noes, I'd like to share a few rules.

第三部分  语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Michael Evans was standing in line at the Treasurer's Office last August.    36    , he heard a disturbing sound ahead of him. The elderly woman at the window was crying, and so was the cashier helping her. Then Evans    37    that the woman would lose her house because she could not    38    the taxes. He was also    39    that the woman's daughter had recently    40    .

Evans, a    41    who had just buried his father, couldn't    42    the idea of this woman losing her house right after losing her child. He    43    the window. "Sorry to interrupt," he said to the cashier, "    44    if you can get her house back, I'll pay for her taxes." The amount due: $5,000.

The two women were surprised. Their despair(绝望)turned to    45    The cashier left for a moment to  46    the amount and that it was    47    for Evans to pay it. Evans promised to go straight to the    48    to withdraw the money and come right back. And he did.

Why does Evans give so much to a    49    ? "Honestly, I don't like    50    money in the banks. Doing things with your money is better."    51    paying the elderly woman's taxes, he says he did it "for no other reason but to    52    the lady was in her house. "

Michael Evans Sr. is nearing 60 and will    53     soon. His son will carry on with his business. "I    54    my life after him," Evans II says of his father. "When I have    55    , I want them to look at me the way I look at my dad."

36. A. Forunately          B. Gradually         C. Actually           D. Suddenly

37. A. hoped              B. noticed           C. learned            D remembered

38. A. afford               B. charge           C. offer             D. refuse

39.A. worried              B. shocked          C. disappointed       D. ashamed

40. A. passed away          B. hung around       C. broken down       D. set off

41. A. businessman          B. politician          C. journalist         D. detective

42. A. receive              B. bear               C. share             D. gain

43. A. closed               B. seized             C. approached         D. opened

44. A. and                 B. so                 C. though            D. but

45. A. cheer                B. satisfaction          C. sorrow           D. disbelief

46. A. add                 B. confirm             C. determine          D. evaluate

47. A. fair                 B. wise                C. fine               D. lucky

48. A. bank                B. home               C. company           D. office

49.. A. patient              B. passer-by             C. consumer         D. stranger

50. A. raising               B. putting              C. hiding             D. wasting

51. A. In spite of             B. In terms of           C. As for             D. Apart from

52. A. announce              B. guarantee            C. expect             D. discover

53. A. escape                B. forget               C. decline            D. retire

54. A. honor                  B. live               C. model               D. spend

55. A. kids                    B. students           C. employees           D. companions

第II卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

You may have heard the old saying, "The more, the merrier." It's usually true, butnot for travel. When it comes  56    

travel, I say, "The more, the messier."

I first figured this out a few years ago. I bought the    57    (cheap)airline ticket I could find: the Philippines. It turned out great! Once, I went on a long hike and missed the last bus back to town. No problem! Because I was alone, I was able to ride with some Swiss tourists who only had one extra seat in    58    (they)truck.    59    (travel)alone, I was never really alone at all. It was easier    60    (meet)people. I talked to everyone I met.

I'm not alone in my    61    (prefer)for solo(独自的)travel. According to the Daily Mail, there has been    62    143 % increase in "solo travel" internet searches over the past three years,    63    makes it one of the fastest growing parts of the travel industry. To me, it's    64    (obvious)more convenient to plan and just pack my bag and go straight to my dream place.

US author Henry Rolling once    65    (write): "Loneliness adds beauty to life. It puts a special burn on sunsets and makes night air smell better."

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是李华,想邀请外教Tom一起参观校园摄影作品展(photography exhibition)。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1.展览时间、地点;

2.展览内容、意义;

3.表达期待。

注意:

1.词数80左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

 

第二节:读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

Jason looked out the window of the school bus. Normally, he liked to count the number of dogs he saw on the way to school. They always looked so happy on their morning walks. But today was different.

Jason had a test.

Jason had never taken a test before. He had heard about them, but tests were for big kids. Though now that he was in second grade, his teacher announced that the whole class would take a spelling test. She stood in front of the whole class and told everyone at once in a loud, clear voice. She explained that to do well on the test, the students would have to memorize their spelling words and rewrite them without any mistakes.

This made Jason feel very nervous. What would happen if he made a mistake? He was pretty good at spelling, but sometimes words sounded different than they looked. He practiced all of the words five times each last night. He hoped it was enough.

When Jason got to school, he didn't feel well. His stomach hurt. Jason went straight to the nurse's office, but the nurse told Jason that he wasn't sick.

"Sometimes when you're nervous or scared, it can make your tummy hurt," the nurse said. "Try taking some deep breaths to relax. And good luck on your test!" And with that, the school nurse sent Jason to class.

"Oh, good!" Jason's teacher said when he walked in the door. "I'm glad you're here. We were just about to start the test." She handed Jason a piece of paper. It was numbered one to ten, but had no other writing on it.

Jason put his name at the top like he always did. Then the teacher said "Number one: friend." The students were supposed to spell the word "friend" in the first blank space. Jason did his best.

注意:

1.所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2.应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3.续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4.续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

He hoped that he didn't mix up the "i" and the "e" in the word "friend".                                

 

Paragraph2:

Before long, it was over. Jason's stomach didn't hurt any more either.                                  


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