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浙江省宁波九校联考2020年高二下学期期末考试英语试题

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浙江省宁波九校联考2020年高二下学期期末考试英语试题
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2019-2020学年宁波市第二学期九校联考

高二英语试题

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。


第I卷

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节:(共5小题,每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你将有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. How does the woman feel about Tom?

A. He doesn't play fair.        B. He is creative.     C. He is boring. 

2. What will the speakers do?

A. Go to a Mexican restaurant.   

B. Cook dinner at home. 

C. Look for other restaurants in the plaza. 

3. Where does the man think the woman should have the party?

A. At her dorm.                  B. At a nightclub.      C. At a swimming pool. 

4. How does the woman probably feel?

A. Happy and grateful.   

B. Embarrassed and amused.  

C. Surprised and annoyed. 

5. Why did the woman put the mask on her face?

A. To scare the man.   

B. To make her skin look young.

  C. Not to waste the cucumber. 

第二节:(共15小题,每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What's special about the woman's new diet?

A. She avoids anything white.     

B. She just eats meat.            

C. She eats food from certain boxes. 

7. What does the man think of the woman?

A. She is too fat.                       

B. She eats too much cookies.  

C. She isn't overweight. 

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. How did the man feel after watching the movie?

A. He was not impressed.   B. He was embarrassed.    C. He was much moved. 

9. How many times has the woman seen the movie?

A. Three.         B. Five.                 C. Eight. 

10. What does the woman think the man should do?

A. Watch the movie for many times. 

B. Watch the movie on a bigger screen. 

C. Watch the movie with her. 

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. Where should students walk if the fire alarm rings?

A. To the gym.         B. To the parking lot.      C. To the park behind the school. 

12. Who are the speakers in this conversation?

A. Two teachers.         B. Teacher and principal. C. Teacher and student. 

13. Why does the woman ask so many questions?

A. The fire alarm procedures at school have changed. 

B. She is very worried about fire safety. 

C. She is new to her job. 

听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。

14. How many hours does the man have to turn in his application?

A. One.    B. Two.           C. Three. 

15. Why is the woman concerned?

A. There' re some errors in the application. 

B. The job's salary is a little low. 

C. The man will be late turning it in. 

16. Where did the woman use to work?

A. At City Hall.         B. In the Park Service.  C. At the Water District. 

17. What will the man do next?

A. Correct the mistakes.   B. Rush to the post office.  C. Ask about the manager. 

听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

18. How did Rebecca feel about her job at the big company?

A. Challenging.        B. Dissatisfying.         C. Interesting. 

19. Why did Rebecca open Dog Ma?

A. To adopt homeless dogs. 

B. To have other dogs play with her dog. 

C. To help dog owners take care of their pets. 

20. What service does Dog Ma NOT offer?

A. Bathe dogs.           B. Pick up dogs.      C. Provide dogs with medical care. 

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:(共10小题;每小题2. 5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

A

Scott Ward didn't have any risk factors that he knew of for cancer so he ignored the lump on his neck until he couldn't ignore it anymore. Dr. Donald Doll, the doctor who treated Ward for his cancer, said, "We're seeing more and more younger and healthier patients. They're not smokers or drinkers. It's HPV-related. "“Normally, you think of HPV(人乳头瘤病毒), you think of women, "Doll added, "while it's a misconception that only women have to be concerned with cancers caused by this virus. "

Luckily, there's a vaccine(疫苗) that's been around for more than a decade that can protect against the HPV virus. If all boys and girls received it, no one would get HPV-related cancers. The HPV vaccine is best when given to children between 9 and 12 years old, before they are sexually active. But teenagers and young adults can still benefit from the vaccine. Not everyone who gets the HPV virus develops cancer. But it is a risk factor. The agency says about 14 million people in the U. S. alone become infected with HPV each year. Yet, about half of all U. S. adolescents have not been fully vaccinated against HPV, which requires a series of three shots. The CDC

says the side effects are generally short term and not serious. They can include dizziness, headache, fever, pain and etc. 

Ward's recovery was difficult. But he's now cancer-free. Ward wishes the HPV vaccine existed when he was a teen. He says if he had kids, he would get them vaccinated. "HPV-related cancers are cancers no one needs to get. "Ward said. 

21. Who should be worried about HPV-related cancers?

A. Only women. B. Everyone. 

C. Younger people. D. Smokers and drinkers. 

22. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

A. The HPV vaccine is best when given to teenagers and young adults. 

B. About 50%of all adults in America have not been fully vaccinated against HPV. 

C. One gets cancer if he or she gets the HPV virus. 

D. HPV vaccines have some side effects including dizziness, headache, and etc. 

23. Why did Ward say HPV-related cancers were cancers no one needed to get in the last paragraph?

A. It is easy to recover from HPV-related cancers. 

B. HPV-related cancers are not that common. 

C. HPV-related cancers can be prevented by vaccination. 

D. HPV vaccine existed when he was a teen. 

B

I've been teaching college for many years, long enough to note the gradual relaxation of attention in matters of student dress. And I've long been used to the worn jeans, flip-flops and shorts. Still, I took note recently when one of my students showed up in pajama bottoms. I couldn't help asking, "Did you just roll out of bed?" "Five minutes ago. "he responded. 

I'm familiar with the school of thought that says that how students dress is not important, so long as they're learning. This is much the same when they say "Grammar and spelling don't matter, so long as they're expressing themselves." Perhaps. But I also wonder about the wisdom of blurring(模糊) the line between bed and desk. I should think that a careful consideration of clothes before entering a formal environment is a sort of visible reminder to oneself (and one's teachers) that impressions are important and that we have come together to get down to business. 

I suppose that I come from a time when there were "school clothes" and "play clothes," and never did the two sorts meet. I grew up in a working-class family, to whom “looking sharp” was important. Personal appearance might have made the difference between getting and losing a job. So yes, I'm all for freedom of choice in matters of dress, and yes, I do want my students to be comfortable. But I also want to pay my respects to those students who believe that appearances matter. 

I think of this lady I had in class a few years back. She was someone to whom science was never easy: She worked hard for respectable grades on every task. But I was impressed by how tastefully she dressed, day after day. When the course ended, I mentioned this to her. "You always looked so nice, "I remarked, "as if you were ready to take on the world.”

24. Which of the following statements is Not True? 

A. "Looking sharp" is helpful in getting a job. 

B. It is wise to blur the line between bed and desk. 

C. Students are being more and more casually dressed. 

D. The author believes we should pay some respects to our appearances. 

25. What does the "school of thought” mean in paragraph 2?

A. a college that teaches thoughts

B. a group of students and teachers

C. a way of thinking

D. a branch of learning

26. What do we know about the lady in the last paragraph?

A. She had a talent for science. 

B. The author was impressed by her casual dressing. 

C. Her grades were not decent though she studied hard. 

D. She was one of the students who believed that appearances matter. 

C

We are surrounded by people trying to make the world a better place. Peace activists bring enemies together so they can get to know one another and feel each other 's pain. School leaders try to attract a diverse set of students so each can understand what it's like to walk in the others 'shoes. 

It is true that people who are empathetic(共情的)are more sensitive to the perspectives and sufferings of others. They are more likely to make sympathetic moral judgments. The problem comes when we try to turn feeling into action. Empathy makes you more aware of other people's sufferings, but it's not clear whether it actually motivates you to take moral action or prevents you from taking immoral action. For example, in the early days of the Holocaust, Nazi prison guards sometimes wept as they killed Jewish women and children, but they still did it. 

Empathy directs you toward moral action, but it doesn't seem to help much when that action comes at a personal cost. You may feel painful for the homeless guy on the other side of the street, but the chances are that you are not going to cross the street to give him a dollar. Studies investigating the link between empathy and moral action suggest that empathy is not a major player when it comes to moral motivation. Its contribution is slight in children, modest in adults, and nonexistent when costs are significant. 

Nobody is against empathy. However, it's not enough. These days empathy has become a shortcut. It has become a way to experience delicious moral emotions without confronting the weaknesses in our nature that prevent us from actually acting upon them. It has become a way to experience the illusion(幻觉) of moral progress without having to do the nasty work of making moral judgments. Teaching empathy is a safe way for schools and other institutions to seem blameless without risking dispute or hurting anybody's feelings. 

People who actually perform pro-social action don't only feel for those who are suffering, they feel it necessary to act by a sense of duty. Empathy is less important. If you want to make the world a better place, help people debate, understand, reform, revere and enact their moral principles. Accept that principles conflict. 

27. Why does the author mention the Holocaust in paragraph 2?

A. To show that empathy is limited in preventing people from wrongdoings. 

B. To prove that empathic people are more likely to make compassionate moral judgments. 

C. To explain that empathy is helpful for moral teaching. 

D. To criticize the immoral actions of Nazis. 

28. What will empathetic people probably do when they see the homeless?

A. Reach out to them. B. Ignore them. 

C. Feel sorry for them. D. Raise money for them. 

29. According to paragraph 3, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

A. People are enthusiastic about empathy. 

B. Teaching empathy is a quicker way to achieve moral education. 

C. Empathy alone is not sufficient. 

D. People are unwilling to take actual actions. 

30. According to the author, what's the best way to make the world a better place?

A. Try to understand what it's like to walk in the others' shoes. 

B. Be more sensitive to the perspectives and sufferings of others. 

C. Stop teaching empathy since it is only a sideshow in moral education. 

D. Take on the duty to act and make real moral progress. 

第二节:(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

When you're a writer, finishing your book and publishing it is your biggest dream. You're curious as to how people will react to it, and whether it could sell or not. 31 There are either things you want to

change about it, or fear about people's reaction. Still, you shouldn't let these things stop you from going after your dream. Below are some of the most common fears that new writers face, and how to beat them. 

Originality

For many new writers, originality is an issue. Considering there are so many writers out there, it's hard to know if someone thought of an idea before you did. 32 And it's not really pleasant being seen as a thief. The thing is that it's hard to come out with something that's entirely original as well. As long as you put the idea into practice in a different way, it shouldn't be an issue. As long as you are able to cover a topic deeply, as well as provide a new and unique perspective, that should work. 

People's Opinion

It's hard not to think about what people will think about your book, as they are the ones who have the final word. One of the biggest fears many writers deal with is how their book will be perceived by readers,  and it's human nature to think about the bad stuff first. Not only you're afraid you won't get     Instagram  followers that are fans of the book, but you also fear the book won't sell. 33 So why let this thought kill your mood? A book's goal is to reframe old information or make new claims, so what people say shouldn't stop you. 

No Time to Write

People get busy, it's normal. Nevertheless, it shouldn't stop you from doing what you love. 34_You

can take that time and use it to write instead. Nobody says that you have to write endless pages in a day

writing a book is a whole process, and nobody is rushing you. Make sure you schedule your time, so you have time to write at least one hour daily. 

35

You want fans to connect with you and it can be disheartening when things like your social following grows slowly. Try using tools such as the best tools for Instagram as a means to get followers. 

A. Therefore, you're at risk of being accused of stealing from someone's work. 

B. Growing your fan base. 

C. However, there will always be people disagreeing with you or not liking what you do. 

D. Don't let the details stop you from sharing your story. 

E. But sometimes it's hard hitting that post button, because things are holding you back. 

F. You most likely have some spare time that you use doing something else. 

G. Communicate with your fans. 

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳

选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

In France, a bookstore chain has put a special camera in its shops. The system feeds a video stream to software which 36 shoppers' movements and facial expressions for surprise, dissatisfaction, confusion or hesitation. When a shopper walks to the end of an aisle(货架通道) only to 37 with a frown to a particular bookshelf, the software messages 38, who then go to help. For the eight months leading up to this April, sales rose 39 a tenth. 

The bookseller wants to keep its name 40 for now. Similarly, other French clients of the Paris startup behind the technology, Angus. ai, are 41 it in stores which are not open to the. public. They 42 airport owner Aeroports de Paris, the luxury-goods giant LVMH, and Carrefour, the supermarkets chain. 

Simple video produces a lot of insights, but there are far more complicated ways of learning about shoppers' 43. Thermal-imaging(热成像的) cameras 44 detect heart rates. Wirelessly collected data from smartphone accelerometers(加速度传感器) can suggest when shoppers become fascinated (movement stops)or are unhappy about 45(a phone is raised to search for cheaper products online). For even more insights, shoppers are sometimes asked to put on special equipment, typically in exchange for a 46 or reward of another kind. 

All of this could be a(n) 47, some say, for sellers to enjoy the advantage that big data has long given online sellers. A race is 48 to work out how best to 49 and use emotional data, thus improving packaging, displays, music, or the content and timing of persuading customers into buying goods. 

Using technology is much less 50 than old-fashioned interviewing. Nielson, a consumer-research giant, charges around$10, 000 to interview 25 shoppers about three products. Angus. ai's service costs just $66 a month per camera. Sometimes, 51 market surveys may ask the wrong questions. What's more, they can give misleading 52. People typically change their responses intentionally to make themselves sound sensible, 53 purchases are often driven by subconscious(潜意识的) emotions. 

One obvious 54 of shopping's emotional side is the idea of "retail therapy"-consumers driven to spend when they are feeling blue. Whichever store is the first to spot mildly 55 customers could make a fortune!

36. A. receivesB. analyzesC. designsD. delivers

37. A. returnB. nodC. yellD. sit

38. A. guardsB. officialsC. secretariesD. clerks

39. A. toB. atC. forD. by

40. A. presentB. differentC. quietD. famous

41. A. testingB. improvingC. leadingD. leaving

42. A. containB. includeC. listD. involve

43. A. ideasB. preferencesC. choicesD. emotions

44. A. mustB. needC. canD. should

45. A. servicesB. pricesC. qualitiesD. packages

46. A. productB. valueC. discountD. activity

47. A. challengeB. chanceC. alternativeD. routine

48. A. onB. offC. upD. in

49. A. storeB. processC. collectD. share

50. A. matureB. popularC. attractiveD. expensive

51. A. traditionalB. ordinaryC. originalD. historical

52. A. impressionsB. suggestionsC. resultsD. promotions. 

53. A. becauseB. whileC. thoughD. unless

54. A. changeB. imitationC. exampleD. signal

55. A. satisfiedB. affectedC. confusedD. depressed

第II卷

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节:(共10小题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

When I saw Li Ziqi making a dress and dyeing it with grape skins all by herself, I was struck by the calm and purposefulness 56 _______she conveys in her videos. 

Unlike other serious introductions to traditional Chinese crafts, her channel is a perfect57___________(combine) of the beauty of nature and hard work in poetry. 58 _________the themes of her videos have changed a lot, her way of displaying peaceful country life and her confidence and positive attitude towards the world remain the same. 

In Li's videos, besides conventional handicrafts of last generation which 59_________(show)in an elegant way, followers are able to appreciate a lifestyle 60________(remove)from the busy modern world. As soon as we immerse ourselves into the dreamland she creates for us, we feel quite at home, our stress and exhaustion quickly 61_____________(fade)away. 

Li and her team are also fond of showing. the 62________(detail)of the cooking processes of varieties of traditional Chinese dishes. For example, in her video about spicy tofu, she starts63______ harvesting soybeans, crushing them into powder and transforming 64 ______into tofu before it is finally cooked. 

All in all, Li Ziqi's videos help me to free my mind from the cares of the daily grind(苦差事)。She is the right person to help each of us find some 65______(spirit)peace in our lives. 

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是学生会主席李华,在高三毕业前夕邀请你们学校的外籍家长来校参加毕业典礼,请你

写一封电子邮件,内容要点如下:

1. 毕业典礼时间地点;

2. 主要安排。

参考词汇:文凭:diploma

注意:

1. 词数80左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Father/Mother, 

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

Sincerely yours, 

Li Hua


第二节:读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

The family had just moved to Rhode Island, and the young woman was feeling a little sad on that Sunday in May. After all, it was Mother's Day----and 800 miles separated her from her parents in Ohio. 

She had called her mother that morning to wish her a happy Mother's Day, and her mother had mentioned how colorful the yard was now that spring had arrived. As they talked, the younger woman could almost smell the tantalizing aroma of purple lilacs(紫丁香) hanging on the big bush outside her parents' back door. 

Later, when she mentioned to her husband how she missed those lilacs, he popped up from his chair. "I know where we can find you all you want, "he said. "Get the kids and come on. "So off they went, driving on the country roads of northern Rhode Island. Eventually, he stopped the car. 

“Come with me, "he said. “Over that hill is an old cellar hole, and there are lilacs all around it. Go pick a few. ”

There, on the top of the hill, were the towering lilacs bushes. While the man examined the cellar hole and tried to explain to the children what the house must have looked like, the woman had been cheered up, drifting among the lilacs. Carefully, she picked some out. She was in no hurry, admiring each blossom as a rare and delicate treasure. 

Finally, though, they returned to their car for the trip home. When they were almost home, she suddenly shouted to her husband: "Stop the car. Stop right here!”

In a second, the woman was out of the car and hurrying up a nearby grassy slope with the lilacs still in her arms. At the top of the hill was a nursing home and, because it was such a beautiful spring day, the patients were outdoors, walking with relatives or sitting on the porch(走廊).

注意:

1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2. 至少使用5个短文中标有下划线的关键词语:

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

The young woman went to the end of the porch, where an elderly patient was sitting in her wheelchair, 

alone. 


Paragraph 2:

Curiosity was aroused among the kids and the husband. 


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