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浙江省湖州市2020年高二下学期期末调研测试英语试题

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浙江省湖州市2020年高二下学期期末调研测试英语试题
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2019学年第二学期期末调研测试卷

高二英语

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。满分150分。考试时间120分钟。、‘

第I卷


第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节 供5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出 最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关 小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What will John do after school tomorrow?

A.Watch a movie.

B.Play badminton.

C.Go to Grace's house.

2.What color of shirt will the man choose?

A. Black.B. White.C. Blue.

3.What are the speakers doing?

A.Decorating the bathroom.

B.Buying new wallpaper.

C.Complaining about the house.

4.What was the man's previous job?

A. A teacher.B. A journalist.C. A secretary.

5.What does the woman offer the man?

A. A coat.B. A newspaper.C. An umbrella.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)


听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个 额中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What do the artists make the sculptures from?

A. Animals' fur.B. Garbage.C. Clay.

7. What will the man probably do?

A.Study art.

B. Go to a show.

C. Pick up trash in the ocean.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. When are the book club meetings usually held?

A. On Fridays.B. On Saturdays.C. On Sundays.

9. Why was the woman absent from the meeting last week?

A.She was on holiday.

B.She was seeing a doctor.

C.She was visiting a sick relative.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. Where are the speakers?

A. In Japan.B. In China.C. In America.

11. What kind of food did the woman want to eat at first?

A. Fast food.B. Street food.C. Home-made food.

12. What will the woman do next?

A. Start cooking.B. Get changed.C. Surf on the Internet.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. How did the man feel at first?

A. Proud.B. Nervous.C. Excited.

14. What is the man about to do?

A.Accept a prize.

B.Make a speech.

C.Receive a degree.

15. Where will the speakers go for a holiday tomorrow?

A. London.B. Paris.C. Beijing.

16. Who are the speakers?

A Family membersB. Schoolmates.C. Teacher and student.

听第10段材料,回答17至20题。

17. What did the students。on Monday?

A. They signed a booking form.

B. They handed in a booking form.

C. They were given a booking form.

18. How long will the parents' meeting last?

A. About 30 minutes.

B. About 20 minutes

C. About 15 minutes.

19. What is the subject of the special advisor's lecture?

A. How to improve grades.

B. How to communicate with parents.

C. How to fill out university application forms.

20. Who will benefit from Mr. Jones' talk?

A. Students who want to be athletes.

B. Students who want to study overseas.

C. Students who want to get a scholarship.

第二部分:阅读理解供甬节,满分35分)

第一节(共10小題劎'题2.5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选岀最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。

A

If there is one thing that people from different cultures around the world all love, it's good food. But, as time goes on. people's tastes tend to change. To help you stay up to date, the BBC recently predicted some food trends to look out for in 2020.

A fashionable food trend we may see in 2020 is a focus on environmentally friendly eating. People are becoming more aware of how their lifestyle choices impact the world around them. Therefore, some of these trends focus on living a healthier lifestyle and keeping the environment in mind.

One way to help the environment is by eating locally grown food and eating seasonal produce. “I believe in 2020 will see the food focus move to seasonal eating, with more home-grown ingredients." BBC television presenter and produce expert Chris Bavin commented.

You may also notice sone people switching to a plant-based diet this year. The Vegan Society, a UK charity and the oldest of its kind in the world, calculated that the number of vegans (严格的素食者 in Britain has quadrupled (翻四倍)since 2014. They also predict that by 2025, a quarter of the UK population will be vegan or vegetarian and half will be "flexitarians"(半荤半素者).

"Flexitarians” mainly follow a plant-based diet but will eat meat from to time. They are also going to expect better quality meats, too.

“We're seeing a more considered approach to 谟Because some people are eating less of it, when they do eat it they want to make it count. They want to  really enjoy it,” said Tor Harris, head of Corporate Social Responsibility at Waitrose, a British supermarket chain.

Another food trend to look out for in 2020 is eating with  a focus on health. "I think yet again the interest in health-conscious dishes will grow English chef Tom  Kerridge commented. High-protein and lower-calorie food will be the things to look  out for, he said.

These fashionable food trends of 2020 seem to have the environment and health in mind. Which ones are you planning to try out for yourself?

2l.What does the food trend focus on?

A. Environment and health.B. Fashion.

C. Local and seasonal eating.D. Plant-based diets.

22. The author mentions several ways of environmentally friendly eating except.

A. by having a plant-based diet

B. by eating locally grown food

C. by eating seasonal produce

D. by eating good quality meat

23. What does the underlined phrase "make it count" in Paragraph 6 mean?

A. Make it delicious.

B. Make sure how much it is.

C. Make it important and worthy.

D. Make a record of it.

B

Did you know it’s possible to swim with whales in the ocean while lying on a hospital bed? Have you imagined experiencing your 74th birthday as a 20-something? Medical virtual(虚拟 的)reality is an area with interesting and attractive possibilities. Although the field is brand new, there are already great examples of VR having a positive effect on health care. Here are some.

Have you ever lain down on a hospital bed counting the days until you leave the hospital? Brennan Spiegel and his team at the Cedars-Sinai hospital in Los Angeles introduced VR worlds to their patients to help them reduce stress and pain with the special glasses, they could escape the four walls of the hospital and enjoy amazing in Iceland, take part in the work of an art studio or swim together with whales in the ocean. So the hospital experience is improved.

As we know, the experience in a hospital is even more stressful for small children who miss their parents and friends. Now a Dutch company made their dream possible. Through a smart phone and virtual glasses, VisitU makes live contact possible with a 360 degree camera at the patient's home, school or special occasions like a birthday celebration or a football game. Though staying in hospital, young patients can relax and still enjoy their lives.

Did you wonder what it feels like to grow old? Embodied Labs created "We Are Alfred" by using VR technology to show young medical students what aging means. Everyone can be the imagined Alfred for 7 minutes, and experience what it feels like to live as a 74-year-old man. Thus it's possible to solve the disconnection between young doctors and elderly patients due to their huge age difference.

Mind MotionPro, produced by the Swiss Mindmaze allows patients with a brain injury to "practice" how to lift their arms or move their fingers with the help of virtual reality. The app makes the practice of repetitive (重复的)movements fun for patients. The mental effort helps their damaged nervous systems to recover much faster than lying helplessly in bed.

24.What is implied in the questions raised in Paragraph 1?

A.The characters of medical VR.

B.The function of medical VR.

C.The popularity of medical VR.

D.The imagination about medical VR.

25.In what aspect does medical VR play a great role according to Paragraph 2?

A.Making patients adapt to their surroundings.

B.Improving the hospitals, services.

C.Relaxing patients in hospital.

D.Exposing patients to real life.

26.Which example is intended to show that medical VR speeds up recovery?

A.Spiegel's special glasses.

B.The application of VisitU.

C.The creation of "We Are Alfred”.

D.The use of Mind MotionPro.

C

An air-conditioner has become a sign of middle-class status in developing nations. But as air-conditioners appear from windows and storefronts across the world, scientists are becoming increasingly alarmed about the impact of the gases on which they run.

The oldest CFC coolants used in air-conditioners, which are highly damaging to the ozone layer (臭氧层),have been largely rejected from use; and the newest ones, used widely in industrialized nations, have little or no effect on the ozone layer. But these newest gases have an another impact — they contribute to global warming thousands of times more than CO2 does, the standard greenhouse gas. Indeed, the leading scientists in the field have just calculated that if all the equipment entering the world market uses the newest gases currently employed in air-conditioners, up to 27 percent of all global warning will result from those  gases by 2050.

So the treatment to cure one global environmental disaster is now seeding another.  There is precious little time to do something, to act," said Stephen O. Andersen, the co-chairman of an international organization's technical and economic advisory panel.

Promising technologies wait, blocked in the wings. In China and a few other countries, room air-conditioners using hydrocarbons—which cause little warming or ozone damage—are already coming off assembly lines (流水线;装配线)in small numbers but have not yet been approved for sale, in part because the chemicals are flammable (易燃的).Yet in Europe, refrigerators that cool with hydrocarbons have been in use for years, and some companies in the United States, such as Pepsi and Ben and Jerry's, have recently changed in-store coolers from HFCs to hydrocarbons as part of sustainability (持续性)plans. But the patent is being argued. And some governments have still not finished safety testing.

Mr. Wypior, whose agency is trying to promote climate-friendly air-conditioning industries in India and China, said: 'The technologies are available. They're well known. They're proven — though not at scale. So why aren't we moving?"

27. What's Paragraph 2 mainly about?

A.The harmful effect of the newest gases used in air-conditioners.

B.The seriousness of global warning faced by the whole world.

C.Scientist's efforts to control the greenhouse gases.

D. Air-conditioners' influence on the ozone layer.

28. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 mean?

A.These newest gases are used in the wrong direction.

B.These newest gases carry both benefits and harms.

C.These newest gases will lead to global warming.

D.These newest gases should be banned from producing.

29. Why are hydrocarbons not widely used in air-conditioners?

A.People are arguing about their security.

B.Most countries haven't mastered the related technologies.

C.Hydrocarbons are mainly used in refrigerators.

D.Hydrocarbons are not friendly to the environment.

30. What's Mr. Wypior's attitude to climate-friendly air-conditioner?

A. Negative.B. Unconcerned.

C. Positive.D. Indifferent.

第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。

International Nurses Day on May 12 honors nurses around the world. Sponsored by the

International Council of Nurses, it celebrates the tireless efforts of nurses in maintaining public health.

Each International Nurses Day has a theme—in 2020, it is "Nursing the World to Health." 31_ Nightingale, thought to be the founder of modem nursing, was a British nurse during the Crimean War in the 1850s. She is popularly known as The Lady with the Lamp because she was often seen tending to wounded soldiers at night with a lamp in her hands.

Nurses are a vital part of any healthcare system, public or private. 32 They support and partner with doctors and medical providers to administer medical care. They monitor patients' health and spend time making them feel safe in a medical environment. Because of this, nurses have become one of the most trusted professionals around the world.

33 Until Nightingale transformed it, nursing was not an organized profession, often undertaken by members of religious orders, and viewed as an important occupation.  34 Additionally, she integrated (合并;结合)modem ideas of medicine and care into the day-to-day workings of nurses.

Today, nursing as an occupation accounts for 59% of the healthcare sector around the world. 35 Another 2018 study estimates that patients who require intensive care tend to spend about 86% to 88% of their time with a nurse, indicating the importance of nursing staff in the healthcare system. Each country has different rules about the educational and experience requirements of nursing specializations. But whatever their specialty, the goal of nurses is to deliver the best medical and health care to sufferers with great compassion.

A.Unfortunately, this wasn't always the case.

B.They are responsible for the well-being of their patients.

C.They can often experience violence from patients or their families.

D.This is according to a study done by the World Health Organization.

E.Nursing is one of the most physically and emotionally demanding careers.

F.Also, May 12, 2020 marks the 200th birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale.

G.Nightingale helped promote its position by creating the first official nurses5 training program in 1860.

第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

At age 5,1 always sat with my Dad in his study every night. When he came home from the office, I’d watch as he 36 his personal items: his watch, wallet, and comb. They would always 37 the same spot on the table as if he could see imaginary lines drawn 38 for these things, not a centimeter more or less.

What brought 39 to me then was cleaning the comb for him. I would 40 the tap excitedly and brushed it as hard as I could. 41 I'd done a good job, I would proudly return the comb to Dad, who 42 me with a bright smile.

Two years later, Dad 43 his sales job and started his own business, but it was not doing well and started shaking our 44 life. He always came home very late and 45 the usual evening stay with me. Why didn't he just 46 his old job? Why take the 47 and place the whole family in trouble? Over the years I 48 to wait for him to come home.

Today, everything is better, yet the 49 silence between us remained until two days before. I was about to 50 after carrying his bag into his study when he asked "Hey, would you like to clean my comb?” After a long 51 .I said yes. Later, with the comb clean, Dad 52 placed it on top of his wallet and smiled back as usual. I 53 that he has wrinkles as he smiles, yet his smile is still 54 , the smile of a father who wants a good 55 for his family.

36. A. threw awayB. picked upC. took inD. put away

37. A. occupyB. bringC. makeD. play

38. A. suddenlyB. immediatelyC. specificallyD. eventually

39. A. puzzleB. troubleC. successD. joy

40. A. open upB. drop downC. turn onD. lift up

41. A. SatisfiedB. WorriedC. TiredD. Discouraged

42. A. providedB. rewardedC. comfortedD. admired

43. A. quitB. foundC. didD. disliked

44. A. richB. badC. busyD. steady

45. A. missedB. wastedC. enjoyedD. kept

46. A. give upB. stick toC. finish offD. search for

47. A. luckB. timeC. riskD. opportunity

48. A. continuedB. refusedC. expectedD. chose

49. A. unavailableB. enjoyableC. responsibleD. awkward

50. A. leaveB. stayC. talkD. ask

51. A. absenceB. walkC. whileD. discussion

52. A. quicklyB. carefullyC. randomlyD. secretly

53. A. predictedB. heardC. doubtedD. noticed

54. A. youngB. ashamedC. cheerfulD. strange

55. A. lessonB. lifeC. rightD. reason

第II卷

第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Old people who smoke may think 56 unnecessary to give up the habit as the damage from years of smoking can't be made up for. But it turns out there's a benefit of 57 (quit) even later in life. Recent research 58 (publish) in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that older adults who quit smoking in their 60s  59 (have) a lower chance of dying in the following years than the ones of the same age who kept smoking.

The results were based on a survey 60 more than 160,000 participants older than 70 completed questionnaires about their smoking history in 2004 or 2005, and were tracked until the end of 2011 to see who had died. Those who quit in their 60s had 61  23 percent lower risk of death during the study than the current smokers.

The research also stresses that the most effective way 62 (keep) from smoking is to advise people not to get 63 the habit in the first place. Most smokers start and get both physically and 64 (mental) addicted during their adolescence. And among current smokers, the 65 (early) the study participants started, the higher their likelihood of dying during the follow-up period.

第四部分:写作(共两节;满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是李华,你校英文报“Teens' Life”的编辑。近日收到Ralph同学的求助信。 他无法适应学校的网课,注意力不集中,跟不上老师的节奏,视力也受到了影响,因而感 到忧虑。请你用英文给他回一封建议信。要点如下:

1.表示理解;

2.提出建议;

3.表达祝愿。

注意:

1.词数80左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:网课distance learning 

第二节:概要写作(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

Nowadays, more and more employers and employees work online either time or part-time, and that number is continuously growing. It's believed that flying around the world for face-to-face company meetings is a waste of time and money. An effective choice to get rid of it is to use Web meetings.

A large group of presentations, training classes and meetings are done online without losing the face-to-face experience. Web meetings are online meetings where an organizer invites attendees to listen to or watch an online presentation by presenters. Besides, Web meetings can be recorded for later use. Presenters can take real-time surveys to study how to hold a successful meeting. Some Web meeting software programs can monitor the users' desktop behavior to see if they become distracted from the presentation and begin working on other documents. If so, the program can tell presenters when the listeners lose their attention, and how long the distraction lasts. In this way, the presenters will know which parts of their meetings need improving.

Web meetings can work well because they're hosted on a server (服务器).Images from the presenter's desktop are taken, uploaded to a server and then downloaded by people who have access to the server. Web meetings require a powerful server to deal with several images a second and "serve" them back to thousands of users at the same time. And companies have two choices when it comes to these servers. They can either buy a special Web meeting server to host their meetings on-site, or they can pay for a Web meeting service every time and let the offsite provider worry about hosting the meetings. The choice depends on how frequently the company holds Web meetings, the average number of people attending the meetings, and the quality of engineering and information technology.

Web meetings are an excellent example of how technology is changing the way we do business. With all the technologies today, the traditional office might soon be a thing of the past.


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