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江苏省无锡市2020-2021学年高二上期终教学质量抽测英语试题

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江苏省无锡市2020-2021学年高二上期终教学质量抽测英语试题
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无锡市普通高中2020年秋学期高二期终教学质量抽测建议卷

2021.01


第一卷(共90分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸/卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A. On a farm.B. In a restaurant.C. At the man’s home.

2.How much may the woman pay for the renting in the   end?

A. $180.B. $190.C. $210.

3.What does the man really mean?

A.Johnson won’t listen to him.

B.Something is wrong with Johnson’s ears.

C.It’s dangerous to climb the mountain alone.

4.What is the man going to do?

A. Run to the airport.B. Wait for another bus.C. Hurry to catch the next bus.

5.Who might the woman be unsatisfied with?

A. The customer.B. The manager.C. The waitress.

第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。

6.Where is the woman phoning from?

A.A Sales Company.

B.A Family Shopping Center.

C.An Electrical Equipment Exhibition.

7.What does the woman advise the manager to do?

A.To sell the products to the woman.

B.To show the products of his company.

C.To explain the products to the woman later.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。

8.What are the speakers talking about?

A. How to ride a shared bike.B. How to rent a shared bike. C. How to buy a shared bike.

9.Which is the first step to use a shared bike successfully?

A. Download the app.B. Scan the QR code.C. Unlock the bike with a key.

10.What will the speakers probably do next?

A.Get around the city by bike.

B.Ask somebody for help.

C.Have their bikes repaired.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。

11.How does the woman feel about the interview with Columbia University?

A. DisappointedB. Nervous.C. Satisfied.

12.What course is Michigan University famous for?

A. Medicine.B. Law.C. History.

13.What does the man want to be?

A. A teacher.B. A reporter.C. A doctor.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。

14.When did the woman return from Canada?

A. On October 29th.B. On December 19th.C. On December 29th.

15.Why did the woman enjoy staying with the Whites?

A.She enjoyed cooking with them.

B.She could talk to them in English.

C.She could eat western food every day.

16.What did the woman like about the Canadian classes?

A.The students had a lot of freedom.

B.The teachers were very kind.

C.There were lots of activities in class.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。

17.What did Peter do?

A. A bank clerk.B. A bus driver.C. A movie star.

18.Why did Peter go to the Union Trust Bank?

A. To cash a check.B. To rob the bank.C. To get his prize.

19.What did the guards do when Peter started gathering the money?

A.They let him do what he wanted to.

B.They helped him find what he wanted.

C.They watched him closely and called the police.

20.Why didn’t Peter take more money from the bank?

A.Because he was limited by his bank account.

B.Because there was a time and facility limit.

C.Because the guards might catch him on the spot.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸/卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Earth’s forests are emptying. Half of their inhabitants (栖息动物) have disappeared in the last 40 years, according to a new report from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

The 6th mass extinction (大灭绝)

A growing body of evidence suggests that the Earth is in the middle of a mass extinction event-the sixth of its kind in the planet’s history. More than 27% of species on the planet are dying out.

The reasons behind

Worldwide, humans have cleared 30% of all forest cover. According to the research, 60% of the threats ( 威 胁 ) of forest animals result from the disappearance of forests. Hunting, too, is a major reason for the falling number of animal populations. More than half of the species that are in danger due to over-hunting, according to the report, are African primates (灵长目动物), since they’re hunted in the bushmeat trade. Climate change becomes another big danger to forest animals. Many forest species are struggling to adapt to rising temperatures and more extreme weather.

The recovery

“In order to change the decrease of forest biodiversity ( 生物多样性), it’s urgent to handle the multiple pressures on forest species,” the reporter wrote. But with the right strategies, he said, “the recovery of forest species’ populations is possible.”

21.Why is the Earth in the middle of a mass extinction event now?

A.Because 30% of all forest cover has been cleared by human.

B.Because half of its populations have disappeared in the last 40 years.

C.Because many species on the Earth are in the danger of dying out.

D.Because extreme weather is killing more and more of its inhabitants.

22.What consequences may the disappearance of forests bring according to the passage?

A.The soil of the earth is in the 6th mass extinction.

B.The inhabitants are decreasing both in number and species.

C.African primates are at the risk of extinction.

D.More forest animals are cruelly hunted in the bushmeat trade.

23.How can the future of the forest species be pictured according to the reporter?

A.Where there is smoke, there is fire.

B.Where there is a will, there is a way.

C.Where there is life, there is a ray of sunshine.

D.Where there is a solution, there is a silver lining.

B

Every September, as summer ends and the first day of school approaches, I spend a lot of time thinking about darkness.

Perhaps other teachers would say the same, jokingly. But I teach a high school course on trauma (创伤) literature, and my students belong to a generation described as the most spoiled ( 宠坏的), stressed and easily hurt in history. So the question of darkness is often on my mind.

In 2016, Collins Dictionary included “snowflake generation” among its Words of the Year, describing young adults of the 2010s as a group “less resilient (适应的) and more likely to feel upset than previous generations.”

But after twelve years of teaching this course, which covers some of the most emotionally difficult texts in contemporary literature - narratives ( 讲 述 ) of war, slavery and so on - I’m pretty sure the comment on my young students is wrong. In particular, I don’t buy the narrative that this generation lacks the resilience necessary for difficult literature. For years, I’ve watched my students circle tirelessly around some difficult questions that puzzle us. Instead of hiding from that world, they try to change it in a way that will allow them to control it successfully.

This is why every September, I ask my students to read the most difficult books I can find. I don’t do this to hurt them. Literature is practice. And I want my students, through these difficult books, to practice living. I want them to practice recognizing historical gaps and to bridge them.

“But this too is true: stories can save us,” writes Tim O’Brien in The Things They Carried. I believe and stick to that idea, year after year, on the first day of school. Not because these stories  will save my students. But because I’m hoping my students will grow up and save the rest of us.

24.What are the young adults of the 2010s like according to the Collins Dictionary?

A. Unsocial and anxious.B. Stressed but strong-willed.

C. Sensitive and greedy.D. Enthusiastic but self-centered.

25.What does the underlined word “buy” in Paragraph 4 probably mean?

A. Pay.B. Believe.C. Obtain.D. Suspect. 26.Why does the author disagree with what the young adults are called?

A.The author has no knowledge of the young adults.

B.What the author wants is to help the young adults hide.

C.The author doesn’t know the meaning of “snowflake generation”.

D.The author knows a lot about the young adults from teaching them.

27.What is the purpose of this text?

A. To comment on the new generation again.B. To recommend some trauma literature.

C. To introduce some teaching experiences.D. To seek some advice from the public.

C

The moon hasn’t had an easy time over the years. Since the beginning of the solar system 4.5 billion years ago, its gray and lifeless surface has been repeatedly hit by space rocks, leaving behind a landscape full of broken stones. Beneath this surface, however, hide the moon’s most attracting secrets for human explorers, from a large amount of ice for producing drinking water to rocket fuel. More importantly, mapping the moon’s subsurface can show some hidden periods of solar system history. This is confirmed by fresh results from a Chinese rover (月球车).

The latest results come from the Chang’e-4 mission, run by the China National Space Administration. Launched in December 2018 and reaching the moon in early January 2019, the mission became the first to land on the far side of the natural satellite, targeting a region near the lunar south pole called the South Pole-Aitken Basin. The Chang’e-4 rover is still operational today and has been slowly moving across this region, traveling a few hundred meters since it landed.

Using a radar instrument on Chang’e-4, researchers have found that the rover is likely sitting on different layers of ejecta ( 喷 出 物 ) and a very clear order of layers can be seen. The rover’s radar instrument was able to enter up to 40 meters below the surface of the moon, more than twice the distance achieved by the former, the Chang’e-3 mission, which landed on the moon near side in December 2013. Data from the latest mission show three different layers beneath the rover. It is not currently possible to date the layers under Chang’e-4. But they do provide some information about lunar history dating back about four billion years.

The rover is continuing to move across the surface, making regular stops to take measurements and use its instruments.

28.What is the most important purpose of human’s exploration of the moon?

A.To seek fresh drinking water.

B.To find hidden rocket fuel.

C.To study different layers of ejecta.

D.To  uncover the hidden history of solar system.

29.What do we  know about the the Chang’e-4 mission?

A.It landed on the moon about five years later than Chang’e-3.

B.It is the first to travel around the moon during the exploration.

C.It took over a year from launch to land the far side of the moon.

D.A radar instrument helped it to enter 40 meters below the surface of the moon.

30.In which part of a magazine can this passage be read?

A. Historical Story.B. Science Fiction.

C. Scientific Front.D. Chinese Economy.

31.Which of the following can be the best title for the article?

A.China’s Moon Rover — a Deeper Look At the Far Side

B.China’s Moon Rover — a Starting Research On the Moon

C.Chang’e-4  —  a Closer Observer Into the Heart of the Moon

D.Chang’e-4  — A Chinese Space Mission Leading the World

D

In October last year, an American entrepreneur (企业家) named Eliza Blank raised $5 million for the Sill, a New York brand (品牌) described on its website as “A modern plant destination for the modern plant lover.” Blank set up the Sill in 2012 with the help of a website campaign named Kickstarter. Every time she moved from one city apartment to another, she would “try to take plants into my home,” she says, but, “I would just kill every single one of them.” She noticed friends facing similar struggles, they neither knew convenient places to buy plants nor how to look after them. You couldn’t call yourself a killer, really, but there was killing.

“Plants are certainly good!” Blank says. But where to buy them in the city and how to become a dutiful plant parent? She became upset at first, then excited, the way entrepreneurs do, I suppose, when meeting with a new growth opportunity. She would sell plants online! Then offer customers helpful information about how to not kill them.

Blank’s Kickstarter campaign raised $12,632, hardly big money, but enough to plant the seeds. In the years since the Sill launched, business has grown month by month. Younger fingers in particular are becoming greener.

The Sill focuses a large part of its marketing on a curious fiction: that plants are somehow  active care-givers, able to relieve ( 缓 减 ) all sorts of modern ills: anxiety, loneliness, indoor air pollution, the problem of great social-media content. An article posted on the Sill’s website titled, “Why You Need Plants in Your Life” includes a list of benefits that the brand says are backed by scientific studies. In an age of mental tiredness, houseplants “improve mood, concentration and creativity”.

Last year Blank sold more than 100,000 plants. she says, “profits from houseplants are enough to keep investors (投资者) pleased.”

32.What are the first two paragraphs mainly about?

A.How the Sill became a successful New York brand.

B.Why Eliza Blank made up his mind to set up the Sill.

C.How difficult it was to look after the plants at home.

D.Where people in the city could buy plants conveniently.

33.What can be inferred from Blank’s Kickstarter campaign?

A.It collected many seeds of the new plants.

B.It provided start-up money for the Sill.

C.It promoted the new business of online plants.

D.It attracted many youths to become interested in plants.

34.What makes for the success of the Sill?

A.The booming market.

B.The smart marketing strategies.

C.The problem of great social-media content.

D.The scientific studies of physical and mental health.

35.Who might the article going to talk about following the last paragraph?

A.Garcia, a young worker who is interested in houseplants.

B.Wilson, a health expert who is doing research on houseplants.

C.Anderson, a software businessman who puts some money in the Sill.

D.Taylor, a government officer who launched Blank’s Kickstarter campaign.


第二节 七选五阅读(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Educators are always looking for new ways to encourage their students to write more and find their real writing voice.       36        It  gives students an opportunity to express themselves   in an informal and comfortable environment. It takes the pressure off them because there are no formal restrictions as in academic writing. A blog is a powerful tool that can better any communication in the classroom.         37         It is a convenient platform to ask questions, share information and take part in discussions. A blog is  an expression of its creator because it offers numerous customization (定制化) features that fit in with one’s personality. They are easy to use, so students do not need to have any special knowledge to create blog posts.

Nowadays, most students enjoy taking photographs. To bring  even  more creativity into  this process,  they can  have a blog dedicated to  their works.       38       They can  also share   them with local and global communities.

         39 Having a blog is a perfect way to use your language knowledge, learn new vocabulary, and grammar structures. The argumentative article is the  most  popular  practice used in blog posts. Writing in a foreign language can improve students’ writing skills more than any other form of language exercises.

The role of the classroom and teaching practices are changing and require new forms. Blogging has already become a wide-spread practice that gives students a place for expression and develops their computer skills. They can have fun, exploring something they are interested  in. 40       

A.And they can also improve their academic performance at the same time.

B.It allows students to express thoughts, ideas and experiences on any topic.

C.Then the blog will have a certain commercial value and human value.

D.Students can take photos that represent social or personal issues.

E.Blogging is a useful method and can serve as a good solution.

F.Things move quickly online and so it is with blogging.

G.Practice is especially valuable for learning  languages.


第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸(卡)上将该项涂黑。

“One, two, three, four, ...” that is the  41  for six people facing a cold, dark morning at Kamezuka  park  in  Tokyo  to  bend,  stretch,  jump,  and  run  on the 42       .  It  has  become a 43 of daily life in Japan since the broadcasts, known as radio calisthenics ( 广 播 体 操 ).

The three-minute workout is the    44     way to start the day, says Yukihide, a 79-year-old retired businessman who has      45      the routine nearly every day for a decade. “The exercises aren’t that 46 and afterwards you feel like your body has 47 woken up.”

Today, as Tokyo prepares to       48       the 2020 Olympics, Japan is hoping to        49        interest in  radio calisthenics.  Children  perform  radio  calisthenics  before  school  sports   days, earning      50      that can be exchanged for stationery ( 文 具 ). Regular participants       51    a broad range of Japanese  society:  construction,  factory  and  office  workers  who  are  encouraged to 52 their desks and start moving at 3pm every weekday.

Studies show that people who exercise this way for just a few minutes a day have improved bone density ( 密 度 ),      53       risk of suffering a stroke or heart attack, and are generally in  better 54 shape than other people their age who don’t 55 .

“There is evidence that physically  active older adults have    56    rates of high blood    pressure, compared with more 57 adults,” the report said.

The Kamezuka park regulars  have finished their workout. “It can be       58       going on a   dark morning, but for some reason we all keep      59      up,” says Maruyama, who has sweated. “And I’d say we’re all in pretty good 60 .”

41. A. topicB. responseC. signalD. custom

42. A. spotB. stageC. platformD. move

43. A. routineB. greetingC. feastD. stage

44. A. plainB. perfectC. terribleD. difficult

45. A. analyzedB. celebratedC. studiedD. followed

46. A. easyB. cosyC. difficultD. interesting

47. A. hardlyB. luckilyC. additionallyD. properly

48. A. attendB. hostC. organizeD. cancel

49. A. raiseB. decreaseC. absorbD. change

50. A. moneyB. creditsC. fameD. position

51. A. influenceB. knowC. coverD. visit

52. A. cleanB. carryC. mendD. leave

53. A. reducedB. increasedC. changedD. brought

54. A. mentalB. physicalC. logicalD. psychological

55. A. workB. travelC. exerciseD. think

56. A. higherB. worseC. strongerD. lower

57. A. energeticB. inactiveC. knowledgeableD. enthusiastic

58. A. interestingB. hardC. boringD. beneficial

59. A. lookingB. doingC. turningD. holding

60. A. shapeB. uniformC. sunshineD. peace


第二卷 (共 60 分)

第二节 短文语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(一个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

From trick or treating to apple bobbing( 摆 动 ), the   61    (tradition) of 31 October aren’t things you would immediately consider to be “Covid-safe”. So does that mean Halloween is cancelled this year? Not  62  (necessary), according to Dr Chris  Smith, a virologist  at the  University of Cambridge.

“If you’re doing something 63 increases your contacts with other people, then you are automatically increasing their risk and your risk,” he says. But by       64       (take) precautions ( 预防), Dr Smith says it is still possible to enjoy Halloween safely. “Because it’s Halloween, and people are quite likely to be wearing a mask.” he adds.

Dr Smith also recommends    65    (avoid) elderly neighbours and perhaps agreeing with   houses 66 advance that they are happy for you 67 (visit) for trick or treating.

Then there’s the whole question of what are you going to do as a  trick?  If  that  involves contact 68 touching things that other people 69 (touch), there’s also a risk.

To reduce the risk, he recommends leaving sweets outside the door for people to help

 70(them) or even tie individual bags of sweets to a fence or tree.


第三节 用所给词的适当形式填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

71.Online payments company PayPal has issued a     ▲(describe) of its own cryptocurrency service.

72.When we saw Hurun Rich List, we ▲ (impress) with two billionaires, Jack Ma and Pony Ma.

73.Jane Eyre     ▲(forgive) Mr. Rochester and found happiness owing to their true love.

74.Recently, global fried chicken brand KFC ▲ (prohibit) its famous slogan “It’s finger-licking good” because of health concerns during the pandemic.

75.With his sister     ▲(accompany) him on the piano, he felt more confident.

76.Apple announced four new iphone 12 lineup and (guarantee) that all the phones are 5G-equipped.

77.The university hopes to     ▲(strong) its ties with the local community.

78.Famous persons including Leonardo Dicaprio  called  for active (participate) in a 24-hour freeze of their social media accounts activity.

79.Contrary to     ▲(expect), several leaders in western countries catch the coronavirus.

80.We regret tickets are     ▲(temporary) unavailable.


第四节 根据要求翻译句子(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

81.他除了工作表现好以外,还乐于助人。(apart from)

82.由于缺乏检测,一些国家疾病传播速度很较快。(lack of)

83.她习惯了上课积极思考问题。(be accustomed to)

84.将资源分配给社区时,我们会考虑你们的困难。(take… into consideration)

85.眼泪顺着脸颊流下来,他说,“谢谢你!”(with 的复合结构作状语)

第四部分 写作(满分 25 分)

请阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

She was a large woman with a large handbag that had everything in it except hammer and nails. It was about eleven o’clock at night, and she was walking alone, when a boy, fourteen  or fifteen years old, ran up behind her and tried to snatch (抢夺) her handbag. The strap (带子) broke with the single pull the boy gave it from behind. But the boy’s weight and the weight of the handbag caused him to lose his balance. As a result, instead of running away as he had hoped, the boy fell on his back on the sidewalk, and his legs flew up.

The large woman simply turned around and kicked him right in his worn-out blue-jeaned sitter. Then she reached down, picked the boy up by his shirt front, and shook him until his teeth rattled ( 嘎嘎作响). After that the woman said, “Pick up my handbag, boy, and give it here.” She still held him, while he picked it up. Then she said, “Now aren’t you ashamed of yourself?” Firmly seized by his shirt front, the boy said, “Yes, madam.” The woman said, “What did you want to do it for?” “…a new pair of shoes…” the boy said, “I didn’t do it on purpose.” She said, “You’re lying!” She did not release (松开) him. “I’m very sorry, lady, I’m sorry,” whispered the boy.

“Um-hum! And your face is dirty. Aren’t you got nobody home to tell you to wash your face? Then it will get washed this evening,” said the large woman starting up the street, dragging the frightened weak boy behind her. Sweat came out on the boy’s face and he began to struggle. Mrs. Jones continued to drag him up the street. When she got to her door, she dragged the boy inside. She turned on the light and left the door open. The woman still had him by the neck in the middle of her room. She said, “Then, you go to that sink and wash your face,” said the woman, then she released him at last.

注意:1. 续写词数应为 150 左右;

2. 开头已给出。

Paragraph 1:

The poor boy looked at the door, at the woman, and at the door again.

Paragraph 2:

The woman did not ask the boy anything about where he lived, or his families, or anything else that would embarrass him.

注意: 请将书面表达撰写在答题纸上。


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