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河南省豫北名校2020年高二上学期10月质量检测英语试题

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河南省豫北名校2020年高二上学期10月质量检测英语试题
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河南豫北名校高二年级10月质量检测

英 语

考生注意:

1.本试巻分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分120分,考试时间100分钟。

2.考生作答时,请将答案答在答题卡上。选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对 应题目的答案标号涂黑;非选择题请用直径0.5毫来黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上各题的答题 区域内作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效,在试题卷、草稿纸上作答无效。

3.本卷命题范围:北师大版必修5〜选修6 U17.

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

The cost of living in countries like the U. S., Britain, Australia or France has skyrocketed in recent years. However, if you're willing to leave your country and explore life in other areas, there are many countries boasting an extremely cheap and low cost of living. Check out the following countries when planning your next move.

Ecuador

Ecuador is similar to the United States in many ways, and as a result has become a popular American getaway. They even use the U. S. dollars for their currency(货币). In this country, it's cheaper to eat out every day than cook for yourself on a budget in the U. S. You can even buy a building for around $ 50,000 and hire someone to look after it while you're away,

Mexico

Although the country is known for its poverty-ridden streets, there are many wealthier areas that provide every facility you might need. You can live off a mere $ 700 to $800 a month in Mexico, and this includes rent for a nice place, facilities, food, and any sightseeing.

Argentina

Argentina has been a popular tourist destination for many years. It has great restaurants, a rich history, and many places to explore. Not to mention, it's not very expensive to live here. A decent sized home can cost around $ 139,000, which is relatively cheap in relation to homes in the United States.

Vietnam

Vietnam has also become a popular tourist destination in recent years. There are many million-dollar luxury homes by the beach, but you can find a modest flat or a small home for around $ 25,000 to $ 50,000 if you search in the right areas.

1. Why has Ecuador become a holiday destination for Americans?

A.Because housing is very cheap.

B.Because it has a low cost of living.

C.Because it is similar to America in many ways.

D. Because it has lots of nice places for sightseeing.

2.What do all of the four countries have in common?

A.All of them have great restaurants.

B.All of them have a low cost of living.

C.All of them are poor developing countries.

D.The middle-sized homes are a little expensive.

3.In which country is the U. S. dollar used for its currency?

A. Ecuador.B. Mexico.

C. Argentina.D. Vietnam.

B

Inside a brightly-lit classroom, around 20 schoolchildren are singing the Chinese national anthem. That song is followed by another tune in Chinese—one typically sung during the Lunar New Year. But this scene is not taking place in a Chinese school but at Lakewood Premier school, thousands of kilometers away in Nairobi(内罗比). Here, schoolchildren are learning Mandarin, a language spoken by nearly 1 billion people almost 8,000 kilometers away from their home. More will join their ranks in 2020 when Mandarin will be officially taught in all Kenyan schools alongside French, Arabic and German, which are already on the curriculum.

Sandra Wanjiru, 13, is one of hundreds of African schoolchildren who are increasingly skilled in the Chinese language. Lakewood Premier School, where Wanjiru studies, has begun the program a year early to give its pupils a head start. "I chose to learn Chinese first not only because it's interesting to learn a foreign language but also because I would want to travel and do business in China," said Wanjiru.

Julius Jwan, CEO of the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) > told Chinese state-owned Chinese news agency Xinhua: "The place of China in the world economy has also grown to be so strong that Kenya stands to benefit if its citizens can understand Mandarin. " China has become increasingly powerful across Africa over the past two decades. Through President Xi Jinping's flagship Belt and Road Initiative, China has loaned money to African countries to build highways, dams, stadiums and airports.

Henry Adramunguni, a specialist at Uganda's National Curriculum(课程)Development Centre, said Mandarin was included in the curriculum because it is one of the United Nations' languages of work. "We want to give the opportunity for our young Ugandans to have access to jobs, education and business beyond our borders. That's why we've given them this opportunity to learn Chinese," he said,

4.What's the function of Paragraph 1?

A.It tells readers Chinese is being taught in Africa.

B.It introduces a topic for the following paragraphs.

C.It tells readers many languages are being taught in Africa.

D.It stresses how important to learn the Chinese national anthem.

5.What made Sandra Wanjiru learn Chinese language at last?

A.The language was very easy.

B.He found it was interesting.

C.The school asked him to learn.

D.The language will help him a lot in the future.

6.How did China help African countries?

A. China built many schools forAfrica.B. China shared the curriculum.

C. China lent money to beginbuilding.D, China let Africans go to China.

7.What did Henry Adramunguni think of students' learning Mandarin?

A. It was necessary.B. It was useless.

C. It was not beneficial.D. It was not profitable.

C

When there are some strangers in front of us, which of them will we trust?

According to a new study in the online PLOS One, people make their decisions to trust others largely based on their faces. Your appearance can do a lot for you, especially if you are in the financial industry. The more trustworthy you look, the more likely people will buy what you're selling.

Researchers from Britain's University of Warwick Business School , University College London, and Dartmouth College, US, did a number of experiments.

The research team used computer software to make 40 faces from the least to the most trustworthy-looking, The study said that the difference between a trustworthy face and one that isn't as trustworthy comes from features that look slightly angry or slightly happy, even

when the face is at rest. However, a slightly happy face is more likely to be trusted. Researchers gave participants some money and asked them which face they trusted to invest the money for them. Then researchers gave some good and bad information about the people with these faces, and asked the participants again whom they trusted. The results showed that even if they got different information, the participants didn't change their choices. They were still more likely to invest their money with the more trustworthy-looking faces.

Chris Olivola, one of the study's authors, said in the University of Warwick's press release: "It seems we are still willing to go with our own instincts about whether we think someone looks like we can trust them."

8. According to the study, which of the following faces is most likely to be trusted?

A. A slightly smiling face.B A disappointed face.

C. An embarrassed face.D. A nervous face.

9.What do we know about the experiments?

A.The trustworthy faces were given good information.

B.Researchers took photos of the 40 people's faces in colleges.

C.Participants liked to choose the faces with good information.

D.Most participants gave their money to the trustworthy-looking faces.

10.Which of the following best explains "instincts" underlined in the last paragraph?

A.Opinions that grow out of social practice.

B.Judgments that are easily changed by others.

C.Good information that are given by people around.

D.Feelings rather than opinions or ideas based on facts.

11.What is the text mainly about?

A. Why people trust a stranger with good appearance.

B.People usually judge strangers according to their faces.

C.How different information affects people's decisions.

D.Why the research team carried out the. experiment.

D

An author who surveyed 600 millionaires has claimed that she found the secrets of getting rich. Sarah Stanley Fallaw, the author of The Next Millionaire Next Door: Enduring Strategies for Building Wealth, got her findings after she surveyed American millionaires in 2015 and 2016. The book is a follow-up to her father's research in the 1998 bestseller The Millionaire Next Door, which Thomas J. Stanley wrote with William D. Danko.

Stanley Fallaw argues that resilience(抗逆力)in the face of refusal and strict goal setting are important to building wealth. "To build wealth, to build one's own business, to ignore critics and media and neighbors, you must have the ambition to keep pursuing your goals past refusal and pain," wrote Stanley Fallaw in the new book, according to Business Insider. She added, "Millionaires and other economically successful Americans who decide to climb the corporate ladder(企业晋升制度),or struggle to create a financial independence lifestyle early do so by pushing on without stop."

Stanley Fallaw stresses the importance of setting goals and sticking to them, especially for budgeting. She says that living modestly even as your income grows will allow you to devote a greater percentage of your income towards savings and building wealth. "Most millionaires we interviewed stressed the great freedom that comes from spending below their means," Stanley Fallaw writes.

The author says that the temptation(诱惑)to keep up with the spending habits of the people around can be highly harmful to building wealth. Particularly in the age of social media, when lavish(浪费的)vacations and new purchases are broadcast for the world to see, the perseverance(坚持)to live thriftily(节俭地)is important, Stanley Fallaw argues.

12.How does Sarah Stanley Fallaw find the secret of getting rich?

A.According to her own life experiences.

B.By doing surveys on the American millionaires.

C.Following her father's book The Millionaire Next Door,

D.Following her father's partner William D. Danko's advice.

13.Which is NOT the important quality for building wealth according to Stanley Fallaw?

A. Sticking to your goals;B. Living a thrift(节俭)life.

C. Paying attention to. others' critics.D. Persevering through failure.

14.Which is harmful for people to build wealth?

A.To spend below their means.

B.To follow others' spending habits.

C.To keep away from lavish vacations.

D.To avoid the temptation of new purchases.

15.What is the best title of the passage?

A. What People Should ReadB. Why We Need Strict Goals

C. When People Will Become MillionairesD. How Millionaires Get Rich

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 

Five Ways to End Procrastination(拖延症〉

Never put off till tomorrow what may be done today. Waiting until later is one of life's guilty secrets, but procrastination is linked to poorer health, work and relationship outcomes. Here are five ways to try to remedy(纠正)procrastination.

A. five-minute start

Five minutes is nothing—it’s just three hundred seconds. It's the length of a song or a TV commercial. Pick up a project you've been putting off and spare just 300 seconds of your time to do it. 16  After a while, the momentum(动力)of beginning the task will push you forward.

Set goals and rewards

During the day, set goals and rewards. Each time you achieve a goal, you earn the reward; a short break, a funny YouTube video or something else. 17 Make sure you select a time to review your progress and adjust your targets accordingly.

Be good to yourself—me today versus me tomorrow

Sometimes, when you find yourself buried in work, you are upset with yourself for not having started earlier. Imagine a conversation, between you today and you tomorrow. 18 1 was there—witnessing accountability(责任制)

19 Consider going on a diet: Is there more pressure if you don't tell a soul, or if you announce it to all your friends, with strict rules to follow if you are invited to dinner? It seems an obvious way of making you feel guilty, but it can also be highly effective.

Set creative punishments—negative consequences

Make the consequences of inaction so unbearable that you have no choice but to get busy now. You could write a note to someone that you don't like. Give the note to a friend with strict instructions to mail the note if you do not achieve your goal. The more you dislike the other party, the stronger the motivation to get the task done.

Procrastination is a silent killer of dreams. 20  By understanding and fixing your procrastination, you'll discover you jump-start many areas of your life.

A.Everyone suffers from it.

B.Once the five minutes is up, stop and reassess.

C.Everyone likes to have a dream of procrastination.

D.Going public with a goal increases your support and accountability.

E.What is the future of my life with the intention of putting off my tasks?

F.If you tomorrow could chat with you today, what would he say?

G.It's important that the goals are realistic and the rewards are in proportion(按比例).

第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30.分):

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项。

"If you could have any 21 things, what would you want?"

Eleven-year-old Ruby Chitsey loves 22 that question. Even more amazing, she the sets out to 23   someone's wishes.

Ruby has long been close to older people. Her mother. Amanda Chitsey , is a nurse at a nursing home in Harrison. Ruby often 24 her at. work after school." So I feel free to go up TO them and ask if they 25 anything," she says,

Last May, Ruby noticed a resident(居住者)named Pearl Glaring OUT of a window, She seemed 26  . What are you looking at?" Ruby asked, " Pearl," her eyes filling with _27_. said she was watching her dog being led away by his new owner, Pearl didn't know when she would see him again.

Ruby learnt that Pearl didn't have enough to pay anyone to 28  her pel at the nursing home. Ruby and Amanda also asked around and 29    that many nursing home residents are 30 to afford even the smallest luxuries (奢侈品).So Ruby 31 to do something about it.

She started by asking residents what three things they wanted most in the world. Amanda 32   that they would ask for cars, houses and other things an 11-year-old wouldn't be able io provide, 33  , they asked for chocolate bars, McDonald's fries, and even just pants that fit properly.

"It broke me as a human," Amanda says. "We left the nursing borne that day and went straight    34_ a store and bought as many items as we could .”

Using their own money, the Chaseys granted the wishes of about 100 people in three months. Then they started asking for 35    

People of Harrison responded 36   so much, so that Amanda set up a Go Fund Me page, Three Wishes for Ruby's  Resident , hoping to collect $ 5 ,000. They 37   their goal in a month. After Go Fund Me named Ruby a Kid Hero and 38   her story internationally

this past January, Three Wishes raised $ 20,000 in 24 hours and more than $ 250,000 in five months

Earlier this year, Three Wishes for Ruby's Residents launched its first nationwide branch. One of its new 39   is to set up a communal laptop(平台)in each state. Ruby doesn't plan to stop there, "I consider 40   to be my hobby," she says, "and I'm very good at it. "

21. A. twoB. three C. four D five

22. A. askingB. requestingC. consideringD. attracting

23. A. planB. promiseC. realizeD. influence

24. A. asksB. visitsC. callsD. attends

25. A. needB. buyC. hopeD. M

26. A. angryB. sickC. boredD. sad

27. A. maskB. delightC. tearsD thrill

28. A. look intoB, look atC. look forD. look after

29, A. discoveredB+ addedC. predictedD. suspected

30. A. positiveB. unable C. uncertainD. cautious

31. A. rememberedB. regrettedC. decidedD. announced

32, A. worriedR. concludedC. observedD. explained

33. A. OtherwiseB. ThereforeC. BesidesD. Instead

34.A. acrossE. toC. onD. at

35, A. praisesB. donationsC. instructionD, comfort

3& A. peacefullyB. gratefullyC. naturallyD, enthusiastically

37- A, hitB. setC. changedD, kept

38, A. created .B spreadC. finishedD. heard

39. A. chances .B. battlesC. goalsD. lessons

40. A. braveryB. calmnessC. optimismD. kindness


第二节(共10)小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分). 阅读下面短文,在空白处填人1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

High on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau 41 dig) China's “water tower” Sanjtangyuan. It is home to the headwaters of China's three rivers: the Yellow River, Yangtze River, and Lancang (Mekong) River, 42   rivers that provide water for about half the population of China play an important role. However, human activities ate putting this ecosystem 43 risk.

In 2016, the Chinese government established Sanjiangyuan National Park in Qinghai province. The park, 44 (plan) to open in 2020, has increased the area's green coverage and attracted more wildlife. The local government has also made great effort to improve biological diversity. The success of Sanjiangyuan will mark the start of a _ 45 (green) future,

With the 46  (impress) Sanjiangyuan Park taking the lead, nine other regions in China have been chosen by a field conservation station 47 (carry) out projects ever the past three years , 48  will form a national park system together, The idea of a national park system is still new in China, but its 49  is urgent. Alter all 50   (build) an ecological civilization bears great importance in the development and progress of human civilization. 

第三都分写作(共两节,满分3S分) 第一节 短文改错(共10小题, 每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最密有两处。每处错误仅渉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉.

修改:在错的词下划—横线,并在该词下面写岀修改后的词。

注意江每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分些

Know you are so fond of Chinese handwriting, I would like to send you a book about this high-level form of art in an English edition + what is easy for you to understand, The book is entitled Appreciation of Handwriting, included a fascinating  collection of

masterpieces. It not only present a variety of handwriting styles, but also provides beautiful pictures expert explanations and useful comment, since One's handwriting is often viewed a reflection of his and her personality. I am sure you will have a good knowledge of this form 0f Art after reading it find more willing to give it in a try.

Could you please leave me your address so that I can mail them to you soon? I hope you will like the book and find it helpfully.

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是李华,你的美国朋友 Stanley最近与父母关系有点紧张,写信向你求助,希望你在 与父母沟通方式上给予建改。请给Stanley回复邮件.内容包括:

1.与父母沟通的主要方式是什么;2. 沟通方式的优缺点。

注意,词数100左右。

Dear Stanley,


Yours

Li hua

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