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浙江省杭州市七县区2019-2020学年高二上期末英语试题

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浙江省杭州市七县区2019-2020学年高二上期末英语试题
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2019学年第一学期杭州市七县区期末教学质量检测

高二英语试题卷

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。第I卷1至7页,第II卷7页至8页。满分120分,考试时间100分钟。

请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题卡上。

第I卷

注意事项:

1. 答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试卷上,否则无效。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What do the speakers need to buy?

A. A table.                B. A few chairs.            C. A bookshelf.

2. When does the bank close on Saturday?

A. At 5:00 p.m.            B. At 1:00 p.m.            C. At 4:00 p.m.

3. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?

A. Their friend Jane.        B. A weekend trip.            C. A weather forecast.

4. Who might Mr. Peterson be?

A. A new professor.        B. A department head.        C. An office worker.

5. What’s the woman’s problem?

A. She’s got on the wrong train.

B. She’s forgot her seat number.

C. She’s lost her train ticket.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6和第7两个小题。

6. What kind of room does the woman want?

A. A single room.             B. A double room.            C. A room for three.

7. How much will the woman pay if she wants a room including breakfast?

A. $120.                    B. $150.                    C. $170.

听第7段材料,回答第8和第9两个小题。

8. How long will the science fair probably last?

A. Four days.                 B. Five days.                C. Six days.

9. What does the woman think is the most important?

A. The chemistry experiments.

B. The space exploration show.

C. The lectures on modern physics.

听第8段材料,回答第10至第12三个小题。

10. Where are the speakers?

A. In France.                B. In England.                C. In China.

11. Why is the woman here?

A. To watch a performance.    B. To fetch her daughter.    C. To learn dancing.

12. What will the woman probably do this Sunday?

A. Visit the man’s home.

B  Cook dinner for the man.

C. Go out with the man’s family.

听第9段材料,回答第13至第16四个小题。

13. Which industry will the speakers choose?

A. Music.                    B. Theatre.                C. Cinema.

14. How will the speakers collect the data needed?

A. By making calls.            B. By observing.            C. By sending questionnaires.

15. How many interviews will the speakers do altogether?

A. Ten.                    B. Fifteen.                C. Thirty.

16. What will the speakers probably do next?

A. Make telephone calls.

B. Set a specific timetable.

C. Design interview questions.

听第10段材料,回答第17至第20四个小题。

17. What’s the talk mainly about?

A. A town.                    B. A hospital.                C. An organization.

18. What does the speaker think of the project this year?

A. It was interesting.        B. It was successful.        C. It was difficult.

19. What’s required to become a volunteer for MSF?

A. The ability to handle pressure.

B. The ability to communicate in English.

C. The ability to deal with emergencies.

20. What kind of volunteers are urgently needed?

A. Doctors.                B. Building engineers.        C. Food experts.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共10个小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

A family watching a dolphin from their boat were shocked when it dropped them off a cod (鳕鱼) supper for dinner.

The group were enjoying watching the mammal playing in the water when it suddenly dived down and caught the cod before placing it near to Lucy Watkins, 14.

The dolphin then appeared and began pulling the fish towards the stunned teenager. Lucy and her grandparents wondered whether they should pick up the fish in case the dolphin wanted it for tea.

But the dolphin then appeared seconds later with his own fish, this time a seabass (石斑鱼), and began eating. The family gratefully accepted the cod, which weighed about 10 pounds, before taking it home to cook for their dinner.

Lucy said, “He definitely wanted me to have his fish. He first dropped it 20 feet away but then pushed it to within 5 feet of my boat. Everyone was watching on the beach and we caused quite a stir (激动) when we came back with the cod.”

Grandmother Nina added, “It was as if he was saying to Lucy ‘Don’t worry, now I’ve got a fish to play with and so have you. This is mine for my tea; you have that one for yours.’ ”

“He was just so playful and content to be around us. Lucy was swinging her fingers in the water and he seemed to be attracted by that.”

“If I hadn’t seen it myself, I’d never have believed it. My theory is that he was lonely and wanted human company. He was with us for about two hours.”

“It seemed rude to refuse him so we took the fish and had cod and chips for supper. It was very large. I’ve still got half in the freezer.”

A spokesman from Whale and Dolphin Conservation said, “This is a very interesting account. There are many examples worldwide of dolphins interacting with humans. We would just make our usual appeal for people to generally keep their distance.”

1. What does the underlined word “stunned” probably mean?

A. Astonished.B. Upset.

C. Disappointed.D. Worried.

2. Why didn’t the family accept the cod at once?

A. Because Lucy’s grandparents didn’t like cods.

B. Because they were not sure whether it was a gift for them.

C. Because they didn’t know how clever the dolphin was.

D. Because they wanted to change for another one.

3. According to the text, we can infer that ________.

A. Lucy was afraid when she first saw the dolphin

B. Grandmother didn’t believe what the dolphin had done

C. the fish was delicious so they kept a half in the freezer

D. dolphins should be given their own living space

B

The foldable smartphone was shown for the first time on Wednesday during a Samsung developer’s conference in San Francisco, California. The company first announced plans to build a fully foldable phone five years ago.

The phone is designed to fold open to make the device the size of a small tablet. It can also perform some operations of a tablet. When folded closed, the device looks and works like a normal smartphone. The device will permit users to keep up to three apps open at one time. With normal size smartphones, users have to keep changing between apps.

Justin Dension is Samsung’s senior vice president. He introduced the device to people at the conference. He said it marked a major breakthrough in future smartphone technology. Denison said the design of the foldable device was very complex. One of the biggest difficulties was finding a material that was not only flexible but also strong enough to support repeated folding and unfolding of the device. Denison said Samsung would be ready to start mass production in the coming months.

Technology experts see the new foldable design as a way to get users to buy a new device seen as revolutionary. More people are deciding to hold onto smartphones longer because newly launched models do not offer major improvements and can be very costly. This behavior is one reason for a steady decrease in worldwide smartphone sales over the past year.

It remains to be seen whether foldable phones will become popular quickly. The device is expected to cost more than $1,000. The company has not yet announced when its FlexPai device will be available in America. But it is planning to launch the product in China starting next month, at a price of about $1,300.

4. What did Samsung company do on Wednesday in San Francisco?

A. It announced plans to build a foldable phone.

B. It introduced its foldable phone to the public.

C. It started to sell its foldable phone in America.

D. It held a conference to deal with new challenges.

5. What can we learn about the foldable smartphone?

A. It can run only one app at a time.

B. The material for it was hard to find.

C. It is popular worldwide now.

D. It will take the place of the tablet.

6. What does the underlined part “This behavior” in Paragraph 4 refer to?

A. Recycling their old smartphones.

B. Repairing their old smartphones.

C. Keeping their old smartphones.

D. Replacing their old smartphones.

7. Where does the passage probably come from?

A. A brochure.B. A newspaper.

C. A research paper.D. A shopping guidebook.

C

For the soldiers, the true technological hero may be the body armor (盔甲).

Capable of stopping most bullets, the body armor worn by all of the troops is being trusted for saving many lives. Soldiers shot at close range are walking away with no more than broken ribs (肋骨).

While the newest smart bombs get more attention  improvements in soldiers’ armor are improving safety on the battlefield. The new body armor in particular, may help reduce deaths in the firefights.

In addition to the lighter and more protective body armor, soldiers now wear more comfortable, stronger helmets.

“Everything they have is much better,” says Robert Kinney, director of individual protection at the Army’s Soldier Center in Natick, Mass. “It means an increase in their quality of life.”

The new equipment is a result of years of research and development at the lab.

The new body armor, named “the interceptor”, is similar to but stronger than ones worn by the police. It can also protect the neck. Two other plates are put into it and cover vital organs. As a result, far fewer deaths arrive at military hospitals with abdomen (腹部) or, chest wounds, says Air Force Maj. Mark Ervin, a surgeon at the Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany. “That’s remarkable,” Maj. Ervin says.

Altogether it weighs 16 pounds, one-third lighter than the previous armor that protects only against shrapnel (弹片) but couldn’t stop bullets. The lighter weight is a welcome improvement for soldiers already carrying 100 to 120 pounds of gear.

Soldiers’ helmets have also been improved since the first Gulf War. They also offer more protection. They are capable of stopping handgun or small machine gun rounds, but not high-powered shots.

8. Why is the body armor regarded as a hero?

A. It’s able to stop all the bullets.B. It saves a hero soldier’s life.

C. It prevents rib injuries effectively.D. It reduces deaths among soldiers.

9. Which of the following best describes the new body armor?

A. Stronger.B. Heavier.

C. More expensive.D. More attractive.

10. What is the main idea of the text?

A. The new body armor is able to stop most bullets.

B. The new body armor has saved many lives on the battlefield.

C. Soldiers are equipped with improved body armors and helmets.

D  Helmets are as important as the body armor to soldiers.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

So, You Want to Be a Writer?

What are some tips on becoming a writer?

1. Read everything you can. Most writers are good readers. They read because they love to lose themselves in books. They like the sounds of language and the way that reading a good description can feel as satisfying as winning a race or eating really good food. ___11___. Do you like stories that are fast-paced and full of unexpected twists? Do you prefer to read books with characters who seem like someone you might know? Do you like to feel scared or do you like a story that makes you laugh until you cry? Think about the types of writing you like best, and try to identify the qualities that attract you.

2. ___12___ It’s easy to forget a good idea if you do not record it immediately. If you get in the habit of carrying a notebook or journal with you everywhere you go, you can write down anything you want to remember. When you are talking to friends in the cafeteria or waiting for the bus, something might give you an idea for a character or a scene in a story. You might have a dream you don’t want to forget, or you might just write down the lyrics of a song you love. ___13___

3. Do your homework. If you decide that you would like to submit your work for publication, make sure you do your research. If you are sending your writing to a magazine, look through old issues. ___14___ If you are submitting to a book publisher, explore their website to make sure your material is similar to (but not exactly the same as) other books they publish.

4. Stay positive. A writer’s life can be frustrating. Sometimes it’s hard to sit down and write. ___15___ This is why perseverance is an important quality for a writer to have.

A. Talk to friends.

B. Keep a notebook.

C. As you read, pay attention to what speaks to you.

D. You may get many refusals before you receive a single acceptance.

E. Does it seem like your writing fits in with other stories or articles?

F. These everyday thoughts and observations can be material for your writing one day.

G. Writing is a good way to clear your mind and make room for more of the “good stuff”.

第三部分:语言应用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:完形填空(共20个小题,每小题1分,满分20分)

Jadav Payeng  an Indian, has been planting a tree every day since he was just 16 years old. Now, almost 40 years later, he has created a ___16___ of 1,360 acres on what was once a ___17___ land.

Growing up on Majuli, the world’s largest river island, he once ___18___ hundreds of animals dying from drought among the ___19___ greenery on the island, so he was ___20___ to plant one tree every day.

After almost four ___21___ of growth, his forest is now home to hundreds of elephants, tigers, deer and birds. Payeng says he has lost ___22___ of how many trees he has planted—but he ___23___ there are now thousands of trees providing ___24___ to the wildlife.

“It’s not as if I did it ___25___,” Payeng said. “You plant one or two trees, and they have to seed. And once they seed, the wind knows how to plant them, the birds here know how to ___26___ them, cows know, elephants ___27___, and even the river knows. The entire ___28___ knows.”

Island locals used to call Payeng “crazy” for his ___29___, but since he was accidentally ___30___ by a wandering wildlife journalist in 2007, the “Forest Man of India” has been ___31___ as a role model for protecting the environment.

Payeng doesn’t plan on ___32___ any time soon—he wants to continue planting trees “until his last ___33___”. He hopes to one day ___34___ the entire island with 5,000 acres of trees. “Nature is everything. It ___35___ me. It gives me power…As long as it survives, I survive.”

16. A. lakeB. forestC. parkD. hole

17. A. bigB. fertileC. poorD. flat

18. A. witnessedB. imaginedC. reportedD. rescued

19. A. remoteB. amazingC. freshD. decreasing

20. A. delightedB. movedC. determinedD. convinced

21. A. decadesB. yearsC. monthsD. weeks

22. A. interestB. countC. controlD. sight

23. A. arguesB. dreamsC. hopesD. believes

24. A. foodB. careC. waterD. shelter

25. A. by accidentB. by myselfC. by mistakeD. by all means

26. A. eatB. passC. repairD. sow

27. A. knowB. workC. restD. run

28. A. villageB. ecosystemC. planetD. desert

29  A. confidenceB. positionC. ambitionD. experiment

30. A. discoveredB. connectedC. decidedD. regarded

31. A. orderedB. observedC. praisedD. studied

32. A. stoppingB. returningC. hidingD. waiting

33. A. purposeB. viewC. breathD. picture

34. A. tightenB. restartC. arrangeD. save

35. A. improvesB. inspiresC. changesD. forbids

第II卷

第二节(10个小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Swedish businessman Nile Bergqvist is delighted with his new hotel, the world’s first igloo (冰屋) hotel.

___36___(build) in a small town, it has been attracting lots of visitors, but soon the fun will be over. In two weeks’ time Bergqvist’s ice creation ____37____(be) nothing more than a pool of water. “We don’t see it as a big problem,” he says.“We just look forward to replacing ____38____.

Bergqvist built his first igloo in 1991 for an art exhibition. It was ____39____ successful that he designed the present one, ____40____ measures roughly 200 square meters. Six workmen spent more than eight weeks ____41____(pile) 1, 000 tons of snow onto a wooden base. When the snow froze, the base ____42____(remove).

After their stay, all visitors receive a survival certificate recording their success. Without ___43___(window) and places to hang clothes, it may seem more like a survival test than a relaxing hotel break with temperatures below 0℃. “It’s great fun,” Bergqvist explains. “As well as a good start in survival training.”

The ____44____(popular) of the igloo is beyond doubt. It is now attracting tourists ______45______ all over the world. At least 800 people have stayed at the igloo this season even though there are only ten rooms.

第四部分:写作(共一节,满分25分)

46.阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

A recent UN report shows that many of us are working longer and harder than ever. In the past, employees worked eight or nine hours a day. Today, however, many companies expect their employees to work longer. In addition, the boundary between work and personal life has become less clear. If we are not working in the office, we might be working at home. We are required to be on call whenever our company needs us. In short, we are all working and having less time with family and friends.

This over-emphasis (过分强调) on work can lead to serious problems in our personal lives. The more time we spend at work, the less time there is available for maintaining relationships with our friends and family. Many of us spend so much time on the job that we hardly ever get to see our partners or children. When we do get home, we are often tired and lack the energy to spend time doing what we really enjoy.

There are, however, a number of ways in which we can regain control of our lives and correct the work-life balance. First of all, workers, especially those employed in offices, have to realize that work is rarely finished. In other words, taking work home does not usually decrease the amount of work. As one task finishes, another one appears. This means that, unless there is a strict deadline, work should stay at work.

Another way to regain a work-life balance is to plan your free time. Most of us spend a lot of time planning our working week. Few of us put the same effort into organizing our leisure time. However, if we don’t have a plan, there is a danger that we will miss out on the things that we really enjoy doing. So, if you like going to the cinema, make sure that you go regularly. Write it in your diary. If you enjoy having friends visit, plan a time and write that in your diary too. It’s all too easy to let your precious time slip away.

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