英 语 2020.01
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答 有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1 . What are the speakers talking about?
A. Having a birthday party. B. Doing some exercise.C. Getting Lydia a gift.
2. When will the speakers have the appointment?
A. At 2:00 p.m. B. At 12:30 p.m.C. At 10:30 a.m.
3. Where did the woman go on holiday?
A. To the mountains. B. To an island. C. To the sea.
4. What did the woman tell the man to d o?
A. Take X-rays. B. Stop smoking.C. Have a blood test.
5. What does the man think of his new computer?
A. It is quite expensive. B. It is hard to use.C. It is of good value.
6. Why does the man talk to the woman?
A. To borrow something. B. To ask for advice. C. To invite her to do sports.
7. What sport does the woman do to keep fit?
A. Table tennis. B. Tennis.C. Running.
8. How did the woman know about the new hotel?
A. From the radio. B. From her friend.C. From the newspaper.
9. What does the woman think of the new hotel?
A. It will bring more job chances
B. It may spoil the beautiful place.
C. It helps develop local tourism.
10. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Librarian and student. B. Teacher and student.C. Schoolmates.
11. What is the woman busy doing recently?
A. Looking for a job. B. Writing her paper.C. Studying in the library.
12. How does the man relax himself?
A. By chatting with friends. B. By watching movies. C. By reading.
13. What does the man mainly want to do in Mexico?
A. Explore the city. B. Go to the beaches. C. Meet people of his age.
14. Where does the woman suggest the man stay during his holiday?
A. Near the coast. B. On an island.C. In the city center.
15. How long will the man probably stay in Mexico?
A. 10 days. B. 15 days.C. 24 days.
16. What will the man do next?
A. Ask more about the hotels.
B. Offer his personal information.
C. Get some details of his holiday.
17. What is the purpose of the talk?
A. To stress the importance of taking notes.
B. To list some advantages of taking notes.
C. To offer useful advice on taking notes.
18. What is the most important when taking notes?
A. Taking the key points. B. Writing everything in full. C. Sorting out notes effectively.
19. What should you do to be an active listener?
A. Predict what the speaker will say.
B. Discuss the topic with other people.
C. Read something about the lecture in advance.
20. What is advised to do after the lecture?
A. Make comments. B. Review the notes.C. Talk to the lecturer.
I believe that having a voice in something you put effort in will build you into a stronger person. All the time, I had grown as the one to be taken advantage of, only because I was the one willing to help others.
When I was in high school, I grew tired of the same routine daily, and wanted to be given a challenge. At the beginning of my fresh year, I was selected to be a drum major for the school band. A drum major is the leader of the marching band during rehearsals （排练）and in performances. But I did not know how to take on the actual job the first time. So I watched many videos on how to act better, though I couldn’t do it very well.
One day, the band was rehearsing again, but no one had memorized their music. Frustrated that the music was just so-so, I lost my temper and then opened my mouth, saying how unacceptable it was because we had been ranked in first place as the best marching band. The moment I had finished my speech on how we should focus better, all jaws were dropped. Even I was surprised: it was the first time that I had opened my mouth about something I cared about. Because of that, I lost some friendships, but developed even stronger relationships with people who wanted to follow my footsteps.
In my Inst two years of high school, I became known as one full of confidence in any situation. I was the first one to volunteer and the happy one to lend a hand. I learned to have a
voice by being chosen to lead the marching band and became stronger through losing and making new connections. And I influenced those youngsters to become a better person than they were yesterday.
21. As a freshman in high school, the author.
A. had a desire for a different life B. got tired of helping other people
C. found it easy to be a drum major D. felt it frustrating to lose his temper
22. Which of the following can best describe the author?
A. Modest and cautious. B. Curious and considerate.
C. Outgoing and optimistic. D. Hardworking and confident.
23. What is the best title for the text?
A. Learn to help others B. Learn to have a voice
C. Build up relationships D. Respond to challenges
People have different ways to relax during break time at work or school. Smartphones are probably the number one choice for a quick mental vacation. Although most people choose it as a way to get relaxed, looking at your cellphone during the break may damage your mental power, according to an American study.
For the study, 400 students were asked to finish 20 word puzzles. Halfway through the task, the students were divided into three groups. One group was allowed to take a break and use cellphones to buy things online. The second was asked to have a rest and buy things using a computer. The last didn 't take any break at all. Interestingly, the first group went back to work feeling the most tired and least motivated to continue. They also had the hardest time solving the remaining word puzzles. It took the first group 19 percent longer to finish the rest task. Besides, they solved 22 percent fewer problems than those in the other break conditions combined.
One researcher, Terri Kurtzberg explained they had thought looking at smartphones during a break would be no different from any other break—but instead, the phone might cause increasing levels of distraction（分心）that made it difficult to return focused attention to work tasks. "Cellphones may have this effect because even just seeing your phone activates （激活）thoughts of checking messages and even more, in ways that are different from how we use other screens like computers and laptops, " Kurtzberg told Science Daily.
Another study also found that even if cellphones are turned off, their mere presence reduces a person's cognitive ability （认知能力)）.So, during your next break, try putting your smartphone away. Go out for a walk, get to know your classmates or even take a nap （小憩）. You may be surprised by the results!
24. The American study is intended to find out
A. what makes people look at smartphones during the break
B. how many people choose smartphones for a mental vacation
C. why looking at smartphones during the break helps people get relaxed
D. whether looking at smartphones during the break affects people's mental power
25. The study is carried out mainly by
A. exploring causes B. providing examples
C. making comparisons D. examining similarities
26. It can be inferred from the text that .
A. using cellphones is similar to other ways of relaxation
B. using cellphones gets students surprised at their study results
C. students can stay focused with their smartphones powered off
D. students should keep the smartphones out of mind during the break
Body language is part of nonverbal language. It includes things like gestures, facial expressions, and even small things that are hardly perceptible like a brief shrug of the shoulder or a slight nod of the head.
There are many ways to interpret （诠释）body language but you must know that these are frequently specific to a culture. For instance, Americans wave goodbye with the palm （手掌） facing the person they are waving to. In other cultures, waving goodbye may occur with the palm up to the sky. To people in the USA, this might look like a gesture asking someone to approach rather than a wave goodbye.
Still, since people live in one area where body language may be similar among them, it's important to know that you can communicate a lot by how you gesture, what you do with your arms, and even how you posture. A person in much of the USA who sits with hands crossed over the chest, and with legs crossed, may be sending an unintended message that they're really not open to talking. Eye contact is another key element of non-verbal contact in much of the western world.
It would be impossible to describe all the ways people use non-verbal language, but it's important to remember that non-verbal language isn't necessarily universal. If you're observing body movements that seem incorrect, consider cultural or regional differences that may account for it. You may even note that family members have similar gestures that aren't that common elsewhere. If you think your body language is off or needs improvement in a new area, just remember "When in Rome, do as t he Romans do." That can make you appear more confident or direct.
27. What does the underlined word “perceptible" in paragraph 1 mean?
A. Suitable. B. Bearable.C. Noticeable. D. Believable.
28. Which of the following probably shows the body language of an American?
A. He sees friends off with the palm up to the sky.
B. He waves goodbye with the palm facing friends.
C. He crosses his hands over the chest to show politeness.
D. He uses eye contact to send important messages to friends.
29. What is the text mainly about?
A. Body language differs in cultures and areas.
B. Peop le need to improve their body language.
C. Messages can be expressed through body language.
D. Communication calls for proper body language.
30. According to the author, what is the proper reaction to people's different body language?
A. Totally accept it. B. Just ignore it.
C. Try to understand it. D. Try to change it.
How to become a more interesting person
You might think that being interesting is a born talent, or that it means you have to be the "life of the party". Neither of those things are necessarily true. If you want to leave a good impression, you don't have to make sure all eyes are on you. 31
Even those who prefer to be alone can be interesting when they get going on topics they're enthusiastic about, or talking to someone they truly find interesting. 32 And
let the interest come naturally without having to force it. To do that, you should show up and talk to people.
Be a Good Observer.
At first, walk around the room. If it's a dinner party, try something new or interesting on the table that you've never tried, which may give you something to talk about. 33 When you find them and engage them, you're almost sure to be interesting yourself 34
Make a mental gam e plan of conversation starters that will serve you well. You don't need to write down conversations before going out, but you should keep a couple of things in your pocket to keep the conversation going, or questions to ask if it stops. Simple things like
"How do you know the host?" and "How did you get here?” are always good conversation starters.
Never Fear Silence.
Uncomfortable silences are part of talking with people. Don't rush to fill them. 35 You can do something else to free yourself. You can go to grab a drink, or just say you're going to get something to eat, and find another group to talk with.
A. Go with a plan.
B. End up with simple topics.
C. So you should find those great conversations.
D. Here are some tips anyone can use in any social setting.
E. You should also observe people in the room you find interesting.
F. You'd better let it run its course if there's a stop in the conversation.
G. It just means you leave a good impression on the people you talk with.
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的A、B, C和D四个选项中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
What a mess! There was dark oil everywhere. It slid across the water. It 36 rocks and sand. The oil spill （溢出）in the Gulf in Mexico was making animals sick and 37
Two kids, Olivia and Carter from Georgia watched the latest news, where they saw 38 of turtles coated with oil and animals moving 39 in the sea. 40 . they decided to do something.
The two kids 41 a group named One More Generation. They did some research. They discovered that oil 42 for miles across the gulf, more animals getting sick. The Kemp's ridley turtle was one of those endangered. They also learned the female turtles were 43 across the gulf to lay eggs on the beaches. 44 the thick oil made it hard for turtles to swim. The oil also covered the sand and spoiled their food, 45 to ruin their habitats.
Shocked at the scenes, Olivia and Carter recognized how 46 the problem was. They called a rescue group to help. But they found the workers badly needed useful cleaning 47 and wipes. So the kids told the citizens donations (捐赠)would help 48 oil from the turtles.
Olivia and Carter went everywhere to 49 supplies for four months to save the turtles. Then the kids watched caretakers clean hundreds of sea turtles, which gradually 50 again. With the help of so many people, the turtles were soon spotlessly 51 The rescue was a huge success!
Since then, Olivia and Carter have worked with many other groups to help animals all over the world. They give 52 at museums and schools. An increasing number of people support laws that help animals. The two kids prove that everyone can make a(n) 53 .
Olivia and Carter are truly super 54 to endangered animals. With their efforts, many animals may 55 for one more generation.
36. A. hitB. coatedC. approachedD. surrounded
37. A. aimlessB. uselessC. helplessD. worthless
38. A. picturesB. paintingsC. adventuresD. posters
39. A. freelyB. swiftlyC. hurriedlyD. painfully
40. A. In a wayB. In a senseC. As a resultD. As a matter of fact
A. set up
41. A. set upB. took overC. slid intoD. broke away from
42. A. shoneB. spreadC. droppedD. circulated
43. A. swimmingB. escapingC. fleeingD. rushing
44. A. SoB. ButC. AndD. Since
45. A. continuingB. happeningC. threateningD. serving
46. A. practicalB. difficultC. commonD. serious
47. A. suppliesB. servicesC. skills D. systems
48. A. preventB. rescueC. protectD. remove
49. A. buyB. lendC. collectD. provide
50. A. came to lightB. came to lifeC. came to a stopD. came to an end
51. A. cleanB. comfortableC. satisfiedD. delighted
52. A. giftsB. speechesC. descriptionsD. performances
53. A. offerB. sacrificeC. promiseD. difference
54. A. leadersB. starsC. heroesD. players
55. A. rest B. relaxC. sufferD. survive
A sense of humor is a social skill to help you build good relationships with others. It can also help you go through difficult situations. 56 (actual), you don’t have to be funny to have a sense of humor, you just need to see the bright side of things.
Find humor in everyday situations. As laughter is a key 57 a sense of humor, you'd better try to smile as often as possible and enjoy small 58 (thing) in the daily life. You will feel joyful if you make laugh often. When you find yourself in 59 tense situation, step back and laugh。. Doing these 60 (save) you some stress and headache. Besides, people are likely 61 (feel) more comfortable if a joke can take their 62 (anxious) away.
Give others a break. Nobody is perfect. Try to focus on positives of others and forgive their mistakes. Also, you should cheerfully laugh off their mistakes, 63 not only makes you feel go od, but makes others feel 64 (accept). That can better your relationships. If you have a sense of humor, you will make more friends and lead a 65 (happy) life.
4. 参考词汇： 社区community 社会实践social practice
垃圾分类 garbage classification
Peter walked home from school. Salty tears ran down his cheeks, and his stomach hurt. He didn't know what to do. Nokomis was waiting for him on the front porch.
"What's wrong, Biyen?" said Peter's grandmother. Biyen was the Ojibwe （齐佩瓦人） name for Peter. He called her Nokomis, which meant grandmother.
Peter looked up. "I have to give a presentation where I talk about a family tradition. I know we have lots of beliefs and customs. Can you remind me of one?”
Nokomis smiled and nodded with a smile. "Come with me," she said softly. Peter followed Nokomis. She went to a closet, stretched to reach the top shelf and pulled out a small box. She handed it to Peter, asking him to open it.
Peter opened the box. Present before him was a wooden hoop （圈）. It was in the shape of a circle. String was woven and twisted around the hoop. It looked like a spider web. A blac k bead （珠子）sat near the center with feathers hanging from the bottom. Seeing it, Peter wiped away his tears and smiled.
"This is a dream catcher?" said Nokomis. "Our people have made these for many years. Circles are symbols of unity and strength. Let's hang it over your bed tonight. It will catch your bad dreams in the web, and your good dreams will fall through the center. Maybe it will give you courage to do your presentation." Looking at Nokomis, Peter asked whether he could take that to school. Nokomis refuse d because the dream catcher was extremely precious, which meant a lot to her.
Peter felt disappointed at her words because he wanted to share the dream catcher with his class. “We could make you one," said Nokomis. "I'd like that!" cried Peter in excitement. Without delay, Nokomis and Peter worked together and they made a dream catcher.
That night, as Peter looked at the dream catcher over his bed, h e had an idea.
Thunders of applause exploded after Peter gave the presentation.