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山东省新高考名校交流2021届高三9月联考卷英语试题

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山东省新高考名校交流2021届高三9月联考卷英语试题
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决胜新高考·名校交流高三年级9月联考卷

英语

注意事项:

1.本试题卷共8页,满分150分,考试时间120分钟。

2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号等填写在答题卡的相应位置。

3.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试题卷上无效。

4.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡,上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。

5.考试结束后,将本试题卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A.£19.15. B.£9. 18.C.£9.15.

答案是C。

1. Where does this conversation take place?

A. In a restaurant.B. In a supermarket. C. In a shopping mall.

2. What are the speakers doing?

A. Saving some money.B. Opening a window.C. Setting up an account.

3. What does the woman want?

A. A stable job. B. The nice hourly wage.C. The pretty flowers.

4. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Choosing a university. B. Studying in New York.C. Persuading their moms.

5. How much does the cake cost?

A.$2.B.$4. C.$6.

第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What may the woman do in summer vacation?

A. Read all day.B. Go to the sea.C. Go hiking with the man.

7. What do we know about the speakers?

A. The man loves hiking.

B. The woman will go to Colorado.

C. They will do rock climbing.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Husband and wife.B. Boss and secretary. C. Interviewer and interviewee.

9. Why does the woman dislike cleaning the windows?

A. It's dangerous. B. It's tiring. C. It takes much time.

10. How does the woman probably feel about the man's idea?

A. Excited.B. Unhappy. C. Puzzled.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. Where is the woman from?

A. Southend-on-Sea.B. Boston. C. Kingston.

12. What is the best thing for the man?

A. Going to the beach. B. Not much hot weather. C. Often swimming in the sea.

13. What will the speakers probably do this week?

A. Hold a party. B. Book train tickets. C. Prepare for the exams.

听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。

14. What is the man's favorite movie?

A. Rush Hour.B. Rush Hour II. C. Wall-E.

15. When did Rush Flour II come out?

A. In 1998.B. In 2001. C. In 2008.

16. Why does the woman think the world in Wall-E is scary?

A. It is totally polluted. B. Robots do everything. C. Nobody is overweight.

17. What do Disney movies like?

A. Introducing robots.B. Teaching good morals. C. Showing responsible people.

听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

18. What should we do to balance emotions?

A. Consider the actual level of risk.

B. Practice a speech without fear.

C. Face the risk of injury or death.

19. Who is the speaker?

A. A teacher. B. A logician.C. A psychologist.

20. How many mental exercises are mentioned?

A. Two. B. Three. C. Four.

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Overview

If you've been missing afternoon drink outings to bars, restaurants, or pubs, this Withlocals Virtual Aperitivo(意大利小吃)Lesson with a Roman Local is a great way to still experience a fun, social activity while sipping(抿一口)on some delicious drinks. Your instructor teaches you how to make a traditional Italian aperitivo in real time, and talks about Italian culture in a private, online setting that you can experience right from home.

What To Expect

Stop at: Rome

It is a fun virtual experience with a local from Rome. Pour yourself a drink(or two)and join a local host or a class on how the Romans spend their afternoons. Ingredients(材料)list and Aperitivo workshop included. Excited to get started? Please have these ingredients ready before we start the class!

Duration: 1 hour

Admission Ticket Free

Frequently Asked Questions

The answers provided below are based on answers previously given by the tour provider to customers' questions.

Q: What is the maximum group size during Withlocals Virtual Aperitivo Lesson with a Roman Local?

A: This activity will have a maximum of 10 travelers.

Reviews by Viator travelers

Amazing class and host!

Adi, Jun. 2020

Bea is an incredible host! She guided us through the class very well and gave us a lot of historical context on everything we made. The crostini recipes were delicious, the aperitivos were amazing, and most of all, we loved learning about the culture and history behind all of it.

21. What can travelers experience in Withlocals Virtual Aperitivo Lesson?

A. Talking about the local culture online.B. Taking a face-to-face class.

C. Staying with a Rome local. D. Making a traditional French aperitivo.

22. What would you do for Withlocals Virtual Aperitivo Lesson?

A. Arrange a schedule for two hours.B. Book a ticket in advance.

C. Prepare ingredients before class.D. Join any group as you like.

23. What is the Viator traveler Adi content with?

A. The patience of the host. B. The gains from the class.

C. The size of the class.D. The drinks and food.

B

Francisco Fernandez died after falling off a motorbike. The 45-year-old was a beloved community figure. But with a public-facing job and a spot on his lung, he was considered a possible COVID-19 carrier. A doctor ordered his family to bury him quickly, against Philippine tradition, and all eight people who lived with him were put under a 14-day quarantine(隔离)in their crowded home.

Yet when Anthony Cortez, the doctor who had ordered the rushed burial and quarantine, arrived to check on the Fernandez family, none of them expressed anger. Instead, faces lit up and the kids waved eagerly.

Cortez, the only community doctor in Bambang, has overseen their medical care for years. They trust him, and he makes them laugh. The family gathered outside to have their temperatures taken by the doctor. When the kids tried to give Cortez high fives for not having a fever, the 56-year-old, in a surgical mask, face shield, and rubber gloves, showed "air fives" instead. For the 56 000 people living in Bambang, Cortez is their primary caregiver and the first responder.

When the first coronavirus(冠状病毒)case in the Philippines was confirmed on January 30, the town's response fell to Cortez. He and Mayor Pepito Balgos decided to take action based on science that, if necessary, would go beyond national restrictions. Cortez and Balgos are sharply aware of the threat the virus poses to Bambang, which sits in a valley surrounded by mountains. Anyone going south to Manila or north toward the rest of the country ends up passing through Bambang.

Cortez quickly set up a system of contact tracing. Using information from the town's 25 villages, he made a list of all the people who had traveled to other countries, and placed them under strict home quarantine. Anyone with symptoms would be moved to a center set up in the mountains. So far that center has remained empty.

"It is safer to assume that everybody is positive," he explained.

24. What is Cortez' reaction to the death of Francisco Fernandez?

A. Expressing his sympathy.B. Drowning himself into mourn.

C. Showing professional sensitivity.D. Following the tradition.

25. On what basis does Cortez take strict measures to protect Bambang?

A. Its geographic character.B. Its lack of medical staff.

C. Its large population.D. The demand of the nation.

26. What can be inferred about the contact tracing system by Cortez?

A. It is totally a waste of effort.B. It is complained about by local people.

C. It is praised by higher authorities.D. It is effective as a protective means.

27. Where is this text most likely from?

A. A diary.B. A novel.C. A magazine.D. A biography.

C

The eastern Siberian landscape is not normally like hell. In winter it is blanketed in snow:in summer, its forests are lush(苍翠繁茂的). This year, however, the region is on fire, as are large parts of the Arctic Circle.

The fires began in June, caused by an extremely hot and dry early summer. It was the hottest June on record globally. In the regions that are burning, temperatures peaked at 8-10℃ warmer than the average from 1981 to 2010. This has dried out the landscape, producing tinder(易燃物)for natural forest fires.

So far, hundreds of above-ground fires have been recorded by satellites in the Arctic and sub-Arctic. It is estimated that fires within the Arctic Circle have produced more than 100m tonnes of carbon dioxide in a year. That is a lot. But burnt vegetation can regrow within a decade, and in doing so reabsorbs much of the released carbon dioxide. It is what is happening below ground that most worries ecologists and climate scientists.

Global warming will melt Arctic permafrost(永久冻土), releasing large amounts of stored greenhouse gases. But if fires in the region become more common, that could have even bigger consequences. Wildfires will release much faster and bigger amounts of carbon, rather than melting permafrost. The fires also produce black carbon which, if dropped on the Arctic sea ice by favourable winds, will darken its surface, making it more likely to absorb sunlight and melt. This decreases the reflectivity of the region and further increases Arctic warming.

Smog from the fires is blanketing much of Siberia. "What is scary about the Arctic fires is that they are driven by climate change, and there's very little you can do," says Thomas Smith. Few natural fires this big have ever been successfully managed. The only way to deal with the spread of these fires is to slow the rate of global warming. Don't hold your breath.

28. What do we know about the wild fires in the Arctic Circle?

A. They are common yearly phenomena.B. They come earlier than usual this year.

C. They result from extreme weather. D. They destroy Siberian landscape.

29. What does the underlined word “That” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Hundreds of above-ground fires. B. 100m tonnes of carbon dioxide.

C. Burnt plant life within a decade. D. Satellite distribution in the Arctic.

30. What is the fourth paragraph mainly about?

A. The causes of fires. B. The consequences of fires.

C. The working principles of global warming.D. The characteristics of Arctic warming.

31. Which word best describes the author's attitude toward the Arctic fires?

A. Objective.B. Indifferent.C. Optimistic.D. Worried.

D

MIT researchers have developed a way to incorporate(融入)electronic sensors into fabrics, allowing them to create shirts or other garments that could be used to monitor vital signs such as temperature and heart rate. The sensor-embedded garments can be customized to fit close to the body of the person wearing them.

"We can have electronic parts or lab-made electronics embedded within the textiles that we wear every day, creating comfortable garments," says Dagdeviren, an professor at MIT. His group set out to create garments more similar to the clothes we normally wear, using a fabric that has removable electronic sensors in it.

"In our case, the textile is not electrically functional. It's just a passive element of our garment so that you can wear the devices comfortably during your daily activities," Dagdeviren says. "Our main goal was to measure the physical activity of the body all from the same body part, without requiring any fixture or any tape."

The electronic sensors consist of long flexible strips(细条). These channels have small openings that allow the sensors to be exposed to the skin. For this study, the researchers designed a shirt with 30 temperature sensors and an accelerometer that can measure the wearer's movement, heart rate, and breathing rate. The garment can then transmit(传输)this data wirelessly to a smartphone.

This kind of sensing could be useful for personalized telemedicine, allowing doctors to remotely monitor patients. "You don't need to go to the doctor or do a video call," Dagdeviren says. "Through this kind of data collection, I think doctors can make better assessments and help their patients in a better way."

Last summer, several of the researchers spent time at a factory in Shenzhen, China, to experiment with mass-producing the material used for the garments. “From the outside it looks like a normal T-shirt, but from the inside, you can see the electronic parts which are touching your skin,” Dagdeviren says.

32. Why do MIT researchers make sensor-embedded garments?

A. To create garments with medical functions.

B. To satisfy customers' personal need for fashion.

C. To complete their academic tasks.

D. To transform patents for benefits.

33. What is the main function of the electronic sensors?

A. Monitoring wearers' behavior.B. Making the skin fully exposed.

C. Adjusting wearers' body temperature.D. Collecting and transmitting health information.

34. What do the researchers expect of the garments in the future?

A. They will bring convenience to patients. B. They could be in mass-production soon.

C. They might lead the new fashion. D. They may take the place of doctors.

35. What can we infer about wearing a sensor-embedded garment according to Dagdeviren?

A. It's fashionable.B. It's skin-friendly.

C. It's eco-friendly.D. It's awkward.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 

Get a Healthy Home

Most of us have spent more time at home in 2020 than we ever imagined possible.___36___These tips can help make your home better for your body and mind.

Take off your shoes at your door. Think about keeping your home clean the minute you walk in. A University of Arizona study found that the average shoe contains nearly 421 000 different bacteria(细菌), including Escherichia coil and strep. Pesticides(杀虫剂)and cleaning chemicals can also come into your home via your shoes.___37___

Freshen the walls. If the walls in your home feel as if they're closing in, maybe it's time to find a new coat of paint.___38___Researchers at the University of British Columbia found that blue boosts creativity, while red increases attention to detail.

___39___In a small study,volunteers worked from noon to 8 p. m. in a room lit primarily by daylight or one lit primarily by artificial light. By the end of the second day, those who had worked in the sunlit room were less sleepy and performed better on performance tests connected with mental process.

Clean the air in your home.___40___The Department of Energy requires that ii can remove 99.97 percent of pollutants and particles in the air. Portable high-efficiency particulate air filters(过滤器)call clean a single room or the entire house.

A. Work near a window.

B. Study in the artificial light.

C. Studies have shown that color can influence your mood.

D. Maybe you have realized the importance of a healthy home.

E. Leave a pair of shoes you wear in the house by the front door.

F. A high-efficiency particulate air(HEPA)filter can cost much·

G. The gold standard is a high-efficiency particulate air(HEPA)filter.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I did not remember her, but recently her email note surprised me. The email began, "We met in a subway train in Queens" Fate had___41___us next to each other.

She___42___that she had been sad and depressed. Her sad feelings did not___43___me. I continued to talk to her about___44___and love. I gave her quote cards that she put in her bag.

At home she was___45___to find the words on the quote cards resonated(共鸣)with her present situation. She became very happy and her___46___heart wanted to see me again to thank me about the___47___she received.

She ___48___ me for 3 years with no ___49___. She did not know I was connected to KindSpring. Last week she talked with her family and thought I might be working at KindSpring. org. In an email to KindSpring, not knowing my___50___, she explained my face and our___51___. I am very grateful to KindSpring for going the extra mile to find my email ID and be the connecting___52___between us.

Fatemah is eager to meet me when I visit New York next year. She said my___53___changed her life. I have___54___probably over fifty thousand cards,but the one she received is___55___.

41. A.introduced B. saved C. seatedD. cheated

42. A. wrote B. forgot C. realized D. guessed

43. A. move B. bother C. stop D. surprise

44. A. friendship B. loss C. sadness D. hope

45. A. shockedB. excitedC. embarrassed D. puzzled

46. A. anxious B. gratefulC. broken D. curious

47. A. lesson B. kindness C. respect D. sympathy

48. A. turned down B. relied on C. passed over D. searched for

49. A. complaints B. excuses C. resultsD. regrets

50. A. colleagues B. nameC. boss D. appearance

51. A. promise B. appointment C. meeting D. misunderstanding

52. A. bridgeB. harrier C. personD. way

53. A. visit B. talkC. email D. work

54. A. paid for B. sold out C. used up D. given away

55. A. well-kept B. specially-made C. worthless D. priceless

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

When Zhang Lingshan was a child, she would watch the Chinese period drama Palace on television, attracted by the characters' ancient clothing. She didn't know what these beautiful clothes ___56___ (call)-only that they were from some ___57___ (distance) past. "They looked fairy-like, dreamy," she said. "I was completely drawn by the beauty of these clothes, and then ___58___ (eventual) came to understand the culture of Hanfu, and I liked it more and more."

Now aged nineteen ___59___ living in Beijing, Zhang is a member of China's growing "hanfu movement"-a renaissance(复兴)of the ancient clothing traditionally worn by ethnic-majority Han Chinese before ___60___ Qing dynasty. Tight-knit Hanfu communities and university clubs often meet up for themed ___61___ (activity). Zhang and her friends sometimes visit places with ancient architecture, like Beijing's Forbidden City, ___62___ emperors once lived, to take photos in costume and post them on social media.

Nowadays, Hanfu is seen as a way ___63___ (celebrate) Chinese culture and improve national self-esteem. In the past few years, Hanfu clubs and social media platforms ___64___ (help) bring the Han clothing hack under the spotlight. "It's the confidence of the younger people, the confidence of the country," said Christine Tsui, a fashion columnist and researcher ___65___ (base) in Shanghai.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)

假如你是学生会主席李华,你校要组织“野外生存”夏令营(Outdoor Survival Camp)活动,打算邀请英国交流生Chris参加,请你给他写一封邮件,内容包括:

1.时间、地点;

2.活动内容;

3.希望参加。

注意:

1.词数80左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

One never knows what one is going to find when one steps out into the world. Even something as simple as a walk through your neighborhood can result in either mild excitement or unusual adventure if the cards are right.

On a sunny afternoon, Mike journeyed into the construction site near his home. Suddenly, he heard something coming from around the side of a nearby building. It sounded like the whining(悲嚎声)cries of an animal. He curiously turned the corner, only to see a small dog standing on its back legs and wagging its tail pitifully. He then noticed that the poor thing seemed to be stuck at the waist between a small concrete wall and an even smaller broken wooden fence.

The poor animal's difficult situation was pretty obvious and Mike knew that if he did nothing and left the dog there, it might not survive. He had no idea how long the animal had been there up until that point. It might not have eaten or drunk anything in days. Determined to help, he looked around to find a stick, proceeded to climb up onto the cement slab and pointed his stick back at the clog. He was trying to pry(撬动)above the animal by insert the stick between the cement wall and the smaller, broken wall, but the terrified animal obviously didn't know his intention and attempted to bite at the tool and barked at him fearfully. The fright in its eyes said everything.

After at least a minute or so of trying to free the dog, Mike found his plan much more difficult in practice than it had stayed inside his own head. The hot sun was beating down. Drops of sweat running down his face, Mike sat clown on the ground and scratched his head with annoyance, thinking about what in the world his next move was going to be. Beside him, the dog curled up into a ball, whining miserably.

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Paragraph 1:

Then Mike went around to the other side of the wall and grabbed hold of the stick. 


Paragraph 2:

Eventually, with the few well-positioned pieces of wood, Mike managed to insert his stick in the right way.


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