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河北省唐山市2021届高三上学期第一次摸底考试英语试题

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河北省唐山市2021届高三上学期第一次摸底考试英语试题
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唐山市2020-2021学年度高三年级摸底考试

英语

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

第I卷(共95分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. When is Mr. Mason free?

A. This Wednesday.       B. This Friday.      C. Next Monday.

2. How does the man feel?

A. Anxious.      B. Thankful.      C. Proud.

3. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a store.      B. In the post office.      C. In a company.

4. What is the man going to do on Saturday?

A. Visit his cousin.      B. Attend the party.      C. Prepare for a visit.

5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Doctor and patient.      B. Teacher and student.      C. Waiter and customer.

第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What are the two speakers talking about?

A. Car faults.       B. Job choice.      C. Driving skill.

7. What's the man?

A. A repairman.      B. An assistant.      C. A salesman.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. Which is free of extra charge?

A. The Internet.      B. A refrigerator.       C. Breakfast.

9. What will the man probably do?

A. Stay at the hotel.      B. Try another hotel.      C. Argue over the fee.

听第8段材料,回答第10至第12题。

10. What does the man do in the company?

A. He monitors the website.

B. He offers technical service.

C. He assesses job performance.

11. What does the man think of the pay?

A. Unsatisfactory.      B. Great.      C. Reasonable.

12. What does the woman advise the man to do?

A. To take more training.

B. To start his own company.

C. To leave computer-related work.

听第9段材料,回答第13至第16题。

13. Where will Glastonbury Festival take place?

A. London Paddington.      B. Castle Cary.       C. London Victoria.

14. How will the speakers get to the festival?

A. By train.      B. By bus.      C. By coach.

15. When does the direct train leave?

A. At 9:00 am.      B. At 5:30 am.      C. At 5:00 am.

16. What is the woman going to take?

A. A raincoat.       B. Food.      C. An umbrella.

听第10段材料,回答第17至第20题。

17. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

A. Steps to grow houseplants.

B. Ways to choose houseplants.

C. Tips for caring for houseplants.

18. Why do people give a plant a "haircut"?

A. To prevent insects.      B. To refresh the plant.       C. To produce more plants.

19. What's the main cause of losing houseplants?

A. Lack of fertilizer.      B. Too much water.      C. Thick dust on leaves.

20. What should people do if the plants' roots are overgrown?

A. Water the plant often.      B. Cut extra roots.      C. Re-pot the plant.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分) 

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

National Essay Competition IX

Essay Competition of NEC is for youth to express creativity through essay. College students at 17-24 years old from all fields in Indonesia can submit their papers.

Submission

※Files which are sent via E-mail are:

1. Essay manuscript(文稿)with format: Essay_Institution_Name.

2. The registration form.

3. Declaration of originality.

4. A scanned self identity card.

5. A scanned payment with format: Payment_Nec9_Name_Institution.

※All the files are saved in a folder (rar/zip) with format: Name Institution_Title.

※The folder is sent via e-mail with the subject: Nec9_Name_Institution_Title.

※The resume(简历)is attached in the e-mail.

Rewards

1.Each participant gets an e-certificate.

2. Best 10 manuscripts will be published in a book.

3. Top 10 finalists will be invited to present their essays at Medan State University.

4. Top six based on the presentation and manuscript will be selected as a winner and five runners-up and deserve to get:

winner: Trophy(奖杯)+Certificate of appreciation +Coaching fund+ Merchandise.

5 runners-up: Trophy +Certificate of appreciation +Merchandise.

Timeline

 

For further information, contact us 082165504885 or E-mail: essaynecunimedgmaiL.com

21. Which is the correct format for a manuscript?

A. Name_Essay_Institution.          B. Essay_Institution_Name.

C. Nec9_Name_Institution_Essay.     D. Payment_Nec9_Name_Institution.

22. When is the deadline for registration?

A. March 12, 2021.     B. March 14, 2021.     C. April 9, 2021.     D. April 10, 2021.

23. What extra reward can the winner get?

A. Merchandise.       B. Certificate of appreciation.

C. Coaching fund.      D. A trip to Medan State University.

B

A year after he died at the age of 17, a young man's love of helping others lives on. Through a foundation established by his parents, Benjamin Canlas is still making the world a better place.

The Benjamin Canlas Courage to be Kind Foundation gives away mountain bikes to Filipinos who are struggling to make ends meet.

Dr. Glennda Canlas and her husband created the foundation to remember their son and his kindness. One time, Benjamin saw a food seller riding a beat-up bicycle with its pedals(踏板)missing. He used his own savings to replace them. After Benjamin's death, his parents saw a way to connect their private donors with those in need.

In the Philippines, many businesses have been closed and many jobs have been lost as a result of the coronavirus crisis. This has left thousands of Filipinos struggling to survive and many have to take odd jobs(零工), which means traveling from one place to another. However, public transportation has been severely restricted. So many people have no choice but to complete those jobs on foot, walking hours in the sun or rain.

Benjamin's parents had the idea to give away bikes to deserving individuals nominated (提名)by their friends or coworkers. When the giveaway contest was announced, they received more than 50 nominations, all of which were then checked for truthfulness. And on July 11, 27 individuals got bicycles that would help make their lives a little less difficult. Even as the contest ended, nominations continued to come in. The foundation said there are people still in need and much work needs to be done.

"We live in a world where it still takes courage to be kind, " said Dr. Glennda Canlas, "The goal of the foundation is to help create a world where kindness does not require courage-it is simply the thing we all do."

24. Why was the Foundation started?

A. To offer bikes to those out of work.         B. To honor Benjamin Canlas' good deed.

C. To promote green travel in the Philippines.   D. To help Filipinos working in the countryside.

25. How does the Foundation find out who is in need?

A. By conducting a survey.         B. By organizing a contest.

C. Through others' nominations.     D. Through individual interviews.

26. Which can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Filipinos are Suffering a Hard Time       B. Parents' Love Makes the World Better

C. Benjamin Deserves Filipinos' Respect     D. Donated Bikes Keep Kindness Alive

C

The negative health impacts of plastic on both wildlife and humans have been well-documented. However, plastics, which are used for everything from grocery bags to food packaging, are hard to avoid.

Now, French start-up Carbios wants to solve the world's plastic pollution problem with a mutant bacterial enzyme(酶)that digests PET-the most abundant polyester plastic(聚酷塑料)used to produce packaging and plastic bottles-and turns it into its chemical building blocks. The resulting material can be used to create anything and, more importantly, can be endlessly recycled.

"Mechanical recycling is limited, " explains Carbios CEO Martin. "After 6 or 7 cycles of recycling, the plastic might only be good enough to use for something like the plastic on the backing of a carpet, and eventually, it will have to be thrown away. So it's not a solution for the end of life of plastics, whereas our solution is an unlimited recycling solution."

The company's search for the best plastic-eating bacteria began about a decade ago, with 100, 000 promising candidates. The list was soon reduced to one-a leaf compost bug. Once it had been identified, Carbios scientists introduced mutations(突变). The new and improved enzyme was able to downgrade up to 90 percent of a ton of plastic in onlyl0 hours. To break down the plastic, the waste and the enzyme will be heated for 16 hours at 65℃. The resulting mix is then purified. This allows for the recovery of the chemical building blocks and removes any additives and colors that may be present.

"This technique will certainly help reduce plastic pollution, " Martin said, "But we can only win the battle if people do a better job of ensuring plastic waste ends up in a recycling bin".

27. What is special about the Carbios' recycling technique?

A. It can reshape any plastic products.        B. It can produce more polyester plastic.

C. It makes plastic continuously recycled.     D. It changes the system of food packaging.

28. What does the underlined word "candidates" in paragraph 4 refer to?

A. Plastic-eating bacteria.        B. Negative effects on health.

C. Chemical building blocks.     D. French start-up, companies.

29. Why were mutations introduced?

A. To purify the resulting mix.         B. To remove additives and color.

C. To keep the temperature at 65℃.     D. To improve plastic-digesting ability.

30. What is the author's purpose in writing the text?

A. To record the development of Carbios.

B. To introduce a plastic recycling technique.

C. To persuade people to use fewer plastic products.

D. To explain how to identify plastic-eating bacteria.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 

Children who lack self-control don't lack intelligence. People who are impulsive(冲动)and quick to take risks have wonderful strengths. They are often the ones who become our adventurers, discoverers, or inventors.   31   

Self-control feeds directly into decision-making. A shortage of self-control during childhood might lead to a bit too much fun food at the party, more time gaming than homeworking, or a few too many bursts of anger.   32   During adolescence though, the consequences of poor decisions and a lack of self-control, could be disastrous.

   33   They close down opportunities and set them on a path to a more harmful lifestyle. These include decisions around their health, money and behavior.

Adolescence is a time of massive brain change, designed to support their preparation for adulthood.   34   Risk-taking is a healthy, normal part of adolescence, but teens with higher self-control are more able to calculate the risks and tell the difference between a dangerous risk and one that they can learn from and grow through.

When adolescence hits, the experiences our children expose themselves to will largely be out of our hands. This is where they start to discover who they are and where they fit into the world.   35   It will play a huge part in driving their decisions, their experiences and the way their brain develops as they move into adulthood. Self-control in childhood, sets up self-control in adolescence, which sets up a brain for life.

A. Their level of self-control at this stage is vital.

B. They can also cause themselves to be in a lot of trouble.

C. Part of this readying involves experimentation and taking risks.

D. The brain changes according to the experiences it is exposed to.

E. It keeps them safe and guides their developing brains in the right direction.

F. Adolescents who lack self-control are more likely to make harmful decisions.

G. In the short term, the effect from these decisions might seem fairly unharmful.

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

We walked every evening and followed the route without incidents.

Though Peety had the same bright look in his eyes, I could tell he was walking than usual, struggling to keep up the   37   pace established over our previous walks. He still had too much life in him for me to   38   the idea that he was in his sunset years.

We were   39   east, away from the brightly lit street, when a man, large and drunken, stepped out of the   40   .

"You got money?" He said.

Peety stopped in his tracks,   41   at the man and growled(低吠).

"Sorry, man," I said, "nothing on me."

"Come on, boy." I pulled hard on the   42   , but he stood there, frozen, growling deeper.

"Money!" the man reached out to   43   me, and Peety barked, jumping-six feet in the air-mouth open and   44   the man. I dragged the chain and stopped him   45   his teeth made contact. The man   46   and scrambled(爬)on all fours before   47   back into  the darkness.

Peety   48   , and tried to run after him, still   49   .

How close we had just come to the   50   of something terrible! Tears in my eyes, I looked at Peety, wondering where he found the   45   to jump so high to protect me! I took a deep breath and felt   52   that we were OK.

I got down and petted him. My voice   53   when I said "Let's go home".

Peety walked in front of me,   54   me like he had way back when the whole journey first   55   .

36. A. closerB. slowerC. furtherD. faster

37. A. comfortableB. gentleC. regularD. shaky

38. A. rejectB. shareC. ignoreD. entertain

39. A. headingB. drivingC. runningD. searching

40. A. pubB. darknessC. woodsD. garden

41.A. staredB. firedC. sworeD. tore

42. A. poleB. ropeC. manD. chain

43. A. catchB. interruptC. touchD. defeat

44. A. calling forB. hunting forC. charging atD. looking at

45. A. afterB. beforeC. sinceD. once

46. A. fled awayB. sped upC. lay downD. fell over

47. A. runningB. strikingC. holdingD. stepping

48. A. sankB. settledC. landedD. raced

49. A. breathingB. panickingC. tremblingD. barking

50. A. frontB. topC. endD. edge

51.A. skillB. chanceC. patienceD. strength

52. A. strangeB. confidentC. gratefulD. doubtful

53. A. calmedB. brokeC. roseD. disappeared

54. A. guardingB. guidingC. comfortingD. watching

55. A. continuedB. completedC. changedD. started

唐山市2020-2021学年度高三年级摸底考试

英语

第II卷(共55分)

非选择题部分

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Imagine mountains wrapped in silver water, shining in the spring sun. Summer sees the mountains turn bright green with   56   (grow) rice. During autumn, these same mountains are gold, and in winter   57   are covered with white frost. These are the   58   (color) of the Longji Rice Terraces(梯田).

These terraces were built by the local Zhuang and Yao people, to whom Guangxi is home. Starting in the Yuan Dynasty, work on the terraces   59   (take) hundreds of years until its   60   (complete) in the early Qing Dynasty. Now these terraces cover tall mountains, often   61   the bottom to the very top.

So why did these people build terraces? Firstly, there   62   (be) few large, flat areas of land. Building the terraces meant that they could increase the areas to grow rice. Secondly, although the region has plenty of rain, the mountains are steep and the soil is shallow. The flat terraces catch the rainwater and prevent the soil from   63   (wash) away.

It's typical of people to work in harmony with nature. The terraces are   64   (clever) designed with hundreds of waterways that connect with each other. These terraces also provide a perfect environment for birds and fish, some of   65   feed on insects that can harm the rice crops.

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是李华。你的英国笔友Patrick想了解你居家网课学习所使用的App或教学平台(微信:WeChat;钉钉:DingTalk;腾讯会议:Tencent Meeting;智学网:www.zhixue.com)。

请你给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1.App或平台的名称;

2.App或平台的功能;

3.App或平台的使用感受。

注意:

1.词数80左右;

2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Patrick,

  

Best wishes.

Yours,

Li Hua


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