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河北省承德市2021届高三第一次调研考试英语试题

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河北省承德市2021届高三第一次调研考试英语试题
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承德市高中(2020~2021学年)第一学期高三年级调研考试

英语

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much is the shirt?

A.£19.15.      B.£9.18.      C.£9.15.

答案是C。

1. When will Tom come?

A. 4:50.      B. 4:30.      C. 4:20.

2. Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A. At home.      B. In a restaurant.      C. At the market.

3. What did the man do last night?

A. He stayed at home talking with his friend.

B. He watched television with his friend.

C. He went to see his schoolmate.

4. What does the man mean?

A. He is too busy to go with her.

B. He has already visited the museum.

C. He must hand in a report about the museum.

5. Why is the man unable to answer the woman's questions now?

A. He is shopping.      B. He is too tired after class.      C. He doesn't have time.

第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What does the woman think of working in IT?

A. The work is not good.      B. The work is very hard.      C. The work has two advantages.

7. What suggestion does the woman give to the man?

A. Don't work in IT.      B. Avoid high blood pressure.      C. Take better care of himself.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Workmates.      B. Husband and wife.      C. Father and daughter.

9. Why did the man go to Fortaleza?

A. To do some shopping.      B. To enjoy the scenery.      C. To go on a business trip.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. A rock band.      B. A great musician.      C. A performance.

11. Why did the man name his band "The Sand"?

A. Sand can cool one down.

B. Sand is tough and independent.

C. Sand is small and cannot be shaped.

12. Why did the band get a new member years ago?

A. One of its members died.

B. Its audience became larger.

C. The market for rock music was growing.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Where is Donny now?

A. At home.      B. On his way.      C. In a cinema.

14. Why did Donny fail to answer the phone at 8:00?

A. His phone wasn't on.      B. He didn't hear it.      C. He was busy.

15. What was Donny doing at 9:00?

A. He was buying a ticket.      B. He was drinking coffee.      C. He was watching a film.

16. What did Donny talk about with the manager?

A. Making a complaint.      B. Applying for a job.      C. Getting his money back.

所第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What did the speaker treat painting as in the beginning?

A. A job.      B. A dream.      C. A hobby.

18. How often does the speaker paint now?

A. Three days a week.      B. Five days a week.      C. Every evening.

19. When did the speaker start her painting?

A. In the primary school.      B. In the middle school.      C. In the high school.

20. What will the listeners do after watching a video?

A. Learn to paint.      B. Leave for another place.      C. Have a coffee break.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Hiking Trails(路线)for Families on Long Island

Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park, Oyster Bay

INFO: 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily; $ 8 per carload on weekends only

"Nearly half the 409 acres of the former estate of the W. R. Coe family and current state park arboretum(植物园)property is woodland that includes nature walks and a greenhouse," confirmed by Brian Nearing, an officer at New York State Parks. Expect to see lots of wildlife, from foxes and squirrels to birds of prey, such as red-tailed hawks and great horned owls, a delight for kids.

Connetquot River State Park Preserve, Oakdale

INFO: 8 a. m. to 4 p. m. $ 8 parking fee daily, 631-581-1005, parks.ny.gov.

Casey, vice president of the Long Island Greenbelt Trail Conference, recommends this park for families because they can hike any part of the 50 miles. Along the way, hikers at Connetquot River State Park Preserve might see deer, waterfowl and ospreys(鱼鹰).

Southampton trails

INFO: Park in museum parking lot at 377 Bridgehampton-Sag Harbor Tpke., Bridgehampton. No parking fee.

The Southampton Trail Preservation Society runs many guided trails in the Hamptons, some suitable for even small children. Behind the South Fork Natural History Museum in Bridgehampton is a small field that surrounds around it and usually has butterflies and birds flying about.

Blydenburgh County Park, Hauppauge

INFO: Dawn to dusk. Northern entrance is at the end of New Mill Road. No parking fee.

The east side is lat, making the walk very kid friendly. The west side is a bit more hilly, but both have spectacular water views of the pond. On the east side is also the rowboat license that opens on Memorial Day and benches, as well as picnic tables. When you're at Blyden-burgh County Park, go in the north entrance off New Mill Road near Route 347, where the main office of the Greenbelt Trail Conference is situated. The office can provide information and maps. The start of the trails also is here.

21. Which trail charges for parking every day?

A. Southampton trails.

B. Blydenburgh County Park.

C. Connetquot River State Park Preserve.

D. Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park.

22. What are Southampton trails special about?

A. There are rare birds along the way.     B. They include a lot of guided trails.

C. They cover the longest hiking route.    D. They're specially designed for small kids.

23. What can we learn about Blydenburgh County Park?

A. Many hills lie on the east side.

B. The trails usually start at the east entrance.

C. A picnic table can be available on the west side.

D. Maps are offered at the office near the north entrance.

B

In the morning, when we arrived on foot at Dumont d'Urville, the French scientific base on the Adelie Coast of East Antarctica, we had to break up a thin layer of ice that had formed over the hole we had drilled the day before. The hole went right through the 10-foot-thick ice-berg. It was just wide enough for a man, and below it lay the sea. We had never tried to dive through such a small opening. I went first. Pushing and pulling with hands, knees, heels, and the tips of my swim fins, I moved through the hole.

The bottom surface of the sea ice was a thick mixture of floating ice blocks, and my fall had set them in motion. They were meeting on the hole as if it had been an upside-down drain. By the time I pushed one arm into the icy blocks, it was three feet thick. Grabbing the safety rope. I was scared and pulled myself up inch by inch, but my shoulders got stuck. Suddenly I was astonished by a sharp blow to the head: Cedric Gentil, one of my dive buddies, was trying to dig me out, and his spade(锹)had struck my skull. Finally a hand grabbed mine and dragged me into the air. Today's dive was over-but it was only one of 32.

I've come here with another photographer, Vincent Munier, at the invitation of filmmaker Luc Jacquet, who's working on a sequel(续集)to his 2005 accomplishment, March of the Penguins. While Jacquet films emperor penguins and Munier photographs them, my team will document life under the sea ice.

I've worked for decades as a deep-diving photographer, at first in the Mediterranean Sea, where I learned to dive 30 years ago. Later, a passion for new mysteries took me elsewhere. I've dived to 400 feet off South Africa to photograph rare coelacanths(a large fish), and for 24 straight hours off Fakarava, in French Polynesia, to witness the pairing of 17, 000 groupers. But this exploration to Antarctica is unlike any other. Here we'll be diving deeper than anyone has dived before under Antarctic ice-and the conditions will be beyond harsh.

21. Why was the layer of ice the author chose thinner?

A. Because it was formed more recently.     B. Because it was near their research base.

C. Because the water there was shallower.    D. Because the temperature there was higher.

25. What frightened the author when he wanted to return to the surface?

A. The safety rope was missing.         B. Floating ice blocks filled the hole.

C. An unknown creature attacked him.    D. His workmate hit his head by a tool to save him.

26. Why did the author dive into the Antarctica?

A. To record his travel in the sea.          B. To conduct a research under the sea.

C. To shoot the sea-born life for Jacquet.    D. To photograph the pairing of penguins.

27. What does the author intend to do in the last paragraph?

A. Introduce his achievements.

B. Show his special interest in diving.

C. Add some scientific background information.

D. Stress that the exploration to Antarctica was unique.

C

You go to the· coffee shop and take your coffee to go. You enjoy your drink, and then throw the paper cup in the garbage. Or do you put it in the recycling? It's confusing. A lot of us-people everywhere-are using to-go cups these days. "A recent report said that there are 600 billion cups-billion with a 'b'-that are produced and sold globally on an annual basis. So that's a lot," says Christy Slay with The Sustainability Consortium. Starbucks alone says it contributes I percent of those disposable(一次性的)cups: That's an estimated 6 billion cups a year.

To help reduce those numbers, Starbucks and McDonald's are launching a three-year pro-ject to build a better cup: one that's both fully recyclable and compostable(可用作堆肥的). Here's the big problem with the paper ones you get there and in other coffee shops. "They look like paper, but they actually have a thin layer of plastic on the inside," Slay says. That plastic coating keeps the cups from leaking. The problem is that it also makes the cups really hard to recycle, and only a few facilities in the world can do it.

A few companies have already rolled out compostable coffee cups. But Dylan de Thomas with The Recycling Partnership says there's a problem with those cups, too. "Typically they're compostable in industrial settings, so not your backyard compost that you and I might have, but at fairly technically advanced composting facilities." There aren't a lot of those facilities around, either.

So why exactly, in the 21st century, is it so hard to produce a better paper cup? "It's not necessarily very technically hard, though there are technical problems to overcome to make something recyclable and compostable," says Bridget Croke with Closed Loop Partners, a firm working to build what they call a circular economy, "It's a fancy way of talking about turning waste into value, Almost anything is technically recyclable," Croke says. "But recycling 15s a business, and if materials can't move through the recycling system and be turned into a product that has value, they're not functionally recyclable."

28. What are people puzzled at about the paper cup?

A. What makes it hard to recycle.           B. Why people reject it carelessly.

C. How to deal with the used paper cups.      D. Why Starbucks uses so many cups.

29. How does the plastic layer of the paper cup function?

A. It prevents the water from escaping.      B. It makes the cup easily recyclable.

C. It helps make the cup more portable.      D. It promotes the extended use of the cup.

30. What does Bridget Croke think of recycling the cup?

A. Its future is promising.               B. It is not a profitable business.

C. Its technical problems are unsolvable.    D. A more recyclable cup will be put into the market.

31. What can be the best title for the text?

A. How can we design a better paper cup?

B. Why is it so hard to recycle paper cups?

C. What can we do to lessen the need of paper cups?

D. What damage do paper cups cause to our environment?

D

How can we possibly cope with the large amount of information about virus spread, stock market nosedives, canceled plans and uncertainty about the future? Some people are buried in the fear, anxiety and sadness, checking news sites and social media constantly. Others try to suppress it all and ignore the outside world (I'm guessing that Instagram has never seen so much traffic).

There's a third option, though. Rather than fully involving in the negative or ignoring it, we can do our best to experience joy alongside everything else that is sad in the world. In fact, research that I and others have conducted suggests that allowing the two different emotions to coexist may actually benefit us in the long run.

Dr. Jeff Larsen and his colleagues coined something known as the "coactivation model of mixed emotions", and the basic idea is that we may be able to deal with, and learn from negative emotions like sadness if we experience them concurrently with positive emotions like joy at the same time. Here, positive emotions provide a psychological buffer(缓冲), making it easier for people to deal with the things they don't want to face.

The comedian Mitch Hedberg proposed an analogy that captures this essence(本质)quite well, noting that "it would be cool if you could eat a carrot with an onion ring and they would travel down to your stomach. Then they would get there, and the carrot would say, 'It's cool, he's with me.'" Applied to our emotional lives, we could do a better job in digesting, processing and gaining insight into the negative events in our lives if we could do so alongside the positive.

Several years ago, my partner Jon Adler and I set out to test this exact idea. Specifically, we looked at a sample of adult volunteers who signed up for weekly mental health therapy sessions. Between each week, they reported the feelings they were having and also took a few questionnaires that were meant to assess their overall health. This design allowed us to examine how different emotional experiences would impact mental health in a longitudinal fashion, over the course of 12 weeks.

32. What does the author recommend people to do with a flood of bad news?

A. Take no notice of it at all.

B. Make better plans to fight against it.

C. Take in all of the negative emotions. 

D. Involve in the negative and enjoy happiness as well.

33. Which of the following may Jeff Larsen agree with?

A. Mixed emotions remain to be proved.

B. The negative emotion is easy to deal with. 

C. The positive emotion makes it easier for people to succeed.

D. The more of mixed emotions one has, the better he can deal with the negative.

34. What does the underlined word "analogy" in paragraph 4 mean?

A. Similarity.      B. Promotion.     C. Exhibition.     D. Requirement.

35. Why were lots of questions asked during the research?

A. To treat the mental diseases of the adults.

B. To record what the volunteers are experiencing.

C. To measure the volunteers' health on the whole.

D. To overturn the theory coactivation model of mixed emotions.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Riding bikes should be fun, and in order to have the most fun out there, we rounded up the best beginner cycling tips to help you get rolling.

   36   

Experiencing pain in the front of, your knee? Your seat might be too low, causing you to under-extend during your pedal stroke. This is a common mistake among beginners because most people feel more comfortable and confident if their feet can reach the ground.

Get a bike fit.

   37   , The seat height should be high enough to give you a very slight bend in your knee when your feet are at the bottom of the pedal stroke, as mentioned above. Proper reach means your arms make a 45-degree angle over the bike. Too long, and your back will be sore reaching for the handlebars.   38   .

Avoid doing too much too soon

One of the biggest sources of injury comes from trying to take on too much mileage before you're ready.   39   . Similarly, if you're on a training ride, don't start too fast and risk burnout and fatigue in the second half. Warm up during the first third of the ride, and then settle into a rhythm for the second.

Learn how to ride in a group

Group rides have their own rules for a reason.   40   . If it's your first time riding with a new group, hang out in the back, observe, and ask for help if you need it. No question is a dumb question when your own safety and the safety of the group is at stake.

A. Choose the right bike

B. Set your seat height right

C. Maybe you love riding non-competitively with a group

D. It's easy to cause a crash if your riding isn't predictable

E. Too short, and your knees will be too close to your arms

F. To get the right fit, two elements are key: seat height and reach

G. Build up slowly, ease in, and give your body time to adjust to new distances

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Scott was test-driving a customer's car around Tucson, when he saw' an unconscious woman behind her wheel(方向盘)with the emergency flasher on.

The 21-year-old man immediately stopped and jumped into   41   . The woman's car was still   42   gently. Scott stopped the front wheel of her car with a big rock and went to the window. The woman was   43   and her lips had turned blue. Scott started hitting her window hard, shouting but she didn't   44   . Scott didn't have his phone; He   45   takes it with him when he's out test-driving cars, because he doesn't want any distraction while   46   on the road.

Fortunately, two passers-by stopped and were able to call 911 but help was still minutes away. So Scott broke a back   47   and opened her car. He   48   her pulse(脉搏)and couldn't feel one.

Scott knew he needed to give the woman CPR(心脏复苏术), but he'd never   49   for it. And then it   50   to him that in a film a man performed CPR to a model to the rhythm of Bee Gees "staying alive". He started giving her CPR   51   saying "staying alive" loud. A minute later the woman came around.

If Scott hadn't given her CPR, the results would have been very different. Scott's   52   drew national media attention and many interview requests. But Scott turned them all   53   except his friends' and strangers' congratulations on his   54   . He said that he just did what anyone else in his   55   would have done.

41. A. function      B. action      C. attention     D. tension

42. A. moving       B. driving      C. walking     D. pulling

43. A. attractive      B. active      C. anxious     D. unconscious

44. A. say       B. see       C. explain     D. react

45. A. always      B. never       C. ever     D. once

46. A. shopping       B. calling       C. working     D. playing

47. A. seat       B. mirror       C. wheel     D. window

48. A. checked       B. found      C. gave     D. got

49. A. usedB. trainedC lookedD. paid

50. A happenedB. stuckC. occurredD. remembered

51. A. beforeB. afterC. whileD. since

52. A. behaviorsB. attitudesC. gesturesD. cheers

53. A. upB. downC. offD. on

54. A. criticismB. enthusiasmC. heroismD. realism

55. A. conditionB. situationC locationD. direction

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Foster (寄养) homes provide   56   safe and good environment for pets that are waiting to   57   (adopt). According to Pet Rescue, many shelters and rescue   58   (organization) will not take in homeless pets unless they have a place for homeless pets   59   (live). While the Humane Society of the US asked states to offer animal shelters necessary services, many have had to close because   60   fewer and fewer volunteers. At the same time there has been an increase in pets coming into shelters as the pet owners are too sick and they have to give up   61   (take) care of them or can no longer afford to keep their pets.

The Arizona Humane Society in Phoenix has a new drive-up service. People who volunteer to foster animals can send a text when they arrive and the shelter staff will quickly bring the paperwork to the car to complete the procedure of getting the new foster fur baby. There   62   (be) 345 pets from the shelter being fostered. There is still a need for pet fosters across the US, so if you are   63   (interest), you should contact an animal shelter or rescue near you without   64   (hesitate). Pets add so much to people's lives   65   you will not be disappointed to have a fur baby in your home.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(满分15分)

近期你校将举办英语听力竞赛,请用英文给你校英语俱乐部成员写一则通知,内容包括:

1.竞赛信息;

2.表达期待。

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

NOTICE


English Club

第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

While driving, I sensed something wrong with my car. Pulling into the first parking lot I found, I stopped it and climbed out to assess the situation. My heart sank as I discovered that one of my rear(后面的)tires was flat.

I'd bought the secondhand car several months before, but it didn't include a spare tire. Although I knew I needed to purchase one, my schedule was so tight that I hadn't done it yet. Because I was working full-time in the emergency room at a local hospital and taking evening classes at a university fifty miles away.

Now here I was, alone forty miles from home. In those days, cell phones were a luxury. I had no way to call for assistance.

My spirits grew darker the minute I checked the place where I had pulled over. No one was around, except a rusty, red truck. It was getting dark. I had two options: stay in my car until morning or start walking in hopes of finding a convenience store with a pay phone. Neither option appealed to me.

I about to grab my purse and set off on foot when a man came out from what seemed to be a law office. Pulling a set of keys from his pocket, he locked the office door, and then turned and saw me standing next to my car. I must have looked scared and confused as he headed straight toward me.

"Can I help you with anything?" he asked.

Judging from his appearance, I decided I could trust him.

"I have a flat tire but don't have a spare," I said, relieved to see him.

"I can help you remove the flat and then drive you to a tire shop to get it fixed," he said.

I remembered the cautionary(告诫的)words my parents had drilled into my head: Never get in a car with a stranger.

"That's okay," I said. "Thanks anyway."

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

The man shrugged, walked to his truck and drove away.


Half an hour later, he was back.


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