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内蒙古赤峰市宁城县2021届高三9月摸底考试英语试题

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内蒙古赤峰市宁城县2021届高三9月摸底考试英语试题
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宁城县高三年级统一考试

英 语 试 卷 (2020.9)


第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)略第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

If you are the kind of tourist who likes to visit places with outstanding landscapes and multicultural cities, then Asia is the place to go. Take a cruise (巡游) to Asia and you will not be disappointed.

The Finest Asian Cruise Explorations

Tourists who want to visit several Asian countries understand that cruising there is the best alternative. You can decide to take a two-week cruise, starting from Sri Lanka to Thailand. There's also a three¬-week cruise that starts off in China all the way to Japan. A most popular voyage is one that starts from Hong Kong to Singapore.

The Best Time to Travel

When touring Asia, it's best to understand that different cruise lines have different travelling timelines. You can be caught in the rain during your tour (October to December in Malaysia and December to February in Indonesia). Most cruises take place from December to the end of March.

Booking Cruise¬ship Tours

Given that you'll probably be taking long flights to get to South Asia and the Far East, the budget will be large, especially if you are visiting as a family. In addition, many people tour this region, so it would be best if you book early when the prices are more appealing.

Activities

There are so many ports in Asia and this might bring a challenge if you want to get somewhere in time. Make sure you plan your day¬trips in advance and follow the cruise line tours to avoid missing the boats. Apart from visiting the cities, you could also go to Borneo, Indonesia to see the orangutans ( 猩 猩 ). You can also hop across several islands from Bali, appreciate the colorful floats as well as the cherry blossoms in Japan and visit the floating fish farms in Vietnam.

21. In the author's opinion, which cruise is the most welcoming one?

A. From Sri Lanka to Thailand.B. From Hong Kong to Singapore

C. Flying to the Far East.D. From China to apan.

22. When is the best time available on tours in Indonesia?

A. January.B. February.

C. December.D. March.

23. Where can you appreciate the colorful floats?

A. Bali.B. Vietnam.

C. Japan.D. Indonesia

B

“How much money am I getting this year? That's the question I ask my mom every February. And every year she replies,“You will see” in her Chinese accent.

February usually marks the month of the New Year according to the Chinese calendar. But for me, Chinese New Year is a payday. Usually I receive red envelopes (“hongbao”) which are the equivalent (同等物) of Christmas presents. Instead of wondering what the present will be, it is the amount of money inside that is the mystery. I always have to wait weeks to find out how much money my parents have in store for me.

I never knew how the traditions of Chinese New Year derived,_and I never gave it much thought, until my mom forced me to attend a special Chinese school where I learned about the origins of the traditions behind the famous celebration and had a knowledge of how the hanging of red lanterns or fireworks developed. But before that, the only part of the holiday that had ever concerned me was the “hongbao” and as selfish as it may sound.

But now Chinese New Year is a wonderful holiday for me not because of the “hongbao”, but the profound Chinese culture I have learned from the special school.

The excitement that comes with expecting Chinese New Year is one I will never get tired of. While the real celebrations are taking place in China, my family holds its own traditions. I can always count on my mom to make delicious Chinese food every year, and there is consolation (安慰) in knowing that as my sisters and I open our “hongbaos”, our cousins so many miles away are doing the same.

24. What did the author care about most on Chinese New Year at first?

A. The amount of money she received.

B. The traditions behind the celebration.

C. Various activities during Chinese New Year.

D. The presents that her parents would give her.

25. What does the underlined word “derived” in Para. 3 probably mean?

A. Worked.B. Continued.

C. Began.D. Changed.

26. What can we infer about the author's mom?

A. She has a strong feeling towards China.

B. She knows little about Chinese traditions.

C. She always gives her children a lot of money.

D. She tends to surprise her children on western festivals. 

27.What's the best title of the passage?

A. New Year Hongbao

B. My Mom and China

C. Closer Attachment to China

D. Unforgettable Moments

C

There are less frightening methods to beat the summer heat than by wolfing down still-boiling chicken soup for lunch. But followers of a ROK's tradition say that few are as effective.

Their belief is “yi yeol chi yeol” or “fight fire with fire” and their weapon of choice is samgyetang, a whole young chicken stuffed with sticky rice, ginseng root (人参根), red dates and garlic, served piping hot in its own soup.

At the peak of summer, many of them seek out bowls of samgyetang in the belief that it provides nutrients, improves circulation and helps balance the body's internal and external temperatures.

“The concepts that make it good for you on a hot day are rooted in traditional ROK's medicine and are very old,” said Maangchi Kim, the ROK's¬Canadian cookbook author and YouTube star. “If I have some hot samgyetang,” she said. “I sweat a bit, and my body feels more in_sync_with the environment.”

Skeptics might ask for scientific evidence and be surprised that some exists. A 2012 study at the University of Ottawa found that drinking warm liquids on hot days can lower body temperature more than drinking cold liquids can because it activates the body's natural cooling system: perspiration. When sweat evaporates ( 蒸发), some of our body heat leaves with it, making us feel cooler.

The theory was put to the test on a recent 84 (27℃) day at Hansol Nutrition Center, which despite its name is not a shop selling vitamins and protein, but a ROK's restaurant known for its samgyetang. “It's one of the best¬selling items on our menu in the summer,” said Peter Ro, an owner. “Especially in hot weather.”

Whether it provides relief from the heat ultimately depends on one's definition of relief. Any cooling effect is not always immediate. “I guess we're thinking more toward the longer--term benefits,” Mr. Ro said. Ms. Kim, though, swears by its tempering (调温) qualities. “It might only be psychological for me, as a ROK's,” she said. “But it feels like it's working.”

28. How do people in ROK cope with hot weather according to the text?

A. Play with fire.B. Have something cold.

C. Sweat by exercising.D. Drink some hot chicken soup.

29. What does the underlined part “in sync with” probably mean in the fourth paragraph?

A. In agreement with.B. In relation to.

C. In return for.D. In need of.

30. What is the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of samgyetang?

A. It makes hot air go off.B. It cools the weather naturally.

C. It drives heat out of the body.D. It motivates people to exercise. 

31.How does the author feel about this ROK's tradition?

A. He remains neutral.B. He thinks it effective.

C. He is skeptical about it.D. He regards it as frightening.

D

After decades of playing catch¬up with the U.S. and Russian space programs, China did something neither nation nor any other had done this December: land a spaceship on the dark side of the moon.

Strictly speaking, of course, the moon has no dark side. But because of the way it orbits Earth, our natural satellite shows us only one side—the other is hidden from our view. No one even saw the far side until 1959, when the Soviet Luna 3 spaceship flew around for a look and sent back photos. No astronaut or spaceship went there until this December, when the China National Space Agency (CNSA) launched a 2,500¬pound lander called Chang'e¬4 to the southern end of the lunar far side.

Chang'e¬4 operated a small rover ( 探测车) to survey the geography there for the first time ever. By examining the geography of its landing area, Chang'e¬4 could solve longstanding puzzles about the moon, including how it formed 4.5 billion years ago. Chang'e¬4 also carried a very small¬lunar biosphere (生态圈)   containing silkworm eggs and a tiny greenhouse designed to grow potatoes in order to study the growth of the seeds on the moon.

Besides Chang'e¬4, China plans to launch Chang'e¬5 in 2019. Its mission will be to  gather moon rocks using an orbiter, a lander or collector, an ascent stage ( 上 升 器 ) and a capsule that will separate from the orbiter and return the rocks to the earth. With these missions, the Chinese will have shown complete mastery of flight in the space between the earth and the moon, said Paul Spudis, an experienced lunar researcher based in Houston.

CNSA has already outlined ideas for Chinese astronauts to follow the robots to the moon. Pei Zhaoyu, deputy director of CNSA's Lunar Exploration and Space Program  Center, told that China plans a permanent robotic lunar station in about 10 years and suggested a human presence on the moon another decade or so after that. Spudis said China's ambitious  Chang'e-4 and Chang'e¬5 missions should send human's plans for lunar return into rapid development.

32. What do we know about the dark side of the moon from the first two paragraphs?

A. Two western countries have taken its photos.

B. It is hidden from people's view due to the earth's orbit.

C. China is the first country to land a spaceship there.

D. It exists because the sun never shines there.

33. Why did Chang'e¬4 operate a small rover?

A. To study the geography of the lunar dark side.

B. To grow potatoes on the moon.

C. To examine the growth of eggs and seeds.

D. To survey the lunar biosphere.

34. Which of the following can move apart from the orbiter of Chang'e¬5?

A. The lander.B. The collector.

C. The ascent stage.D. The capsule.

35. What is Spudis's attitude to China's Chang'e¬4 and Chang'e¬5 missions?

A. Cautious.B. Disapproving.

C. Ambiguous.D. Favorable.

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白项的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Whoever wrote the song “It's the Most Wonderful Time of the Year” must have never experienced holiday blues. Fortunately, psychological research suggests some effective ways you can beat the holiday blues. The key point is that sadness and other tough emotions are not what we should try to avoid. 36 . Here are four strategies to help you make your own  happiness recipe this holiday season.

Don't force cheer

At family gatherings with cousins you secretly can't stand, you tend to put on a happy face. Indeed, that might even seem like the most mature response—no drama, no conflict. But a 2011 study followed dozens of bus drivers, looking to see when they gave forced or honest smiles at their passengers. The results showed when the drivers pretended to have a good mood, their actual moods got worse. 37_.

Let off sadness

The results of the bus¬driver study can be explained by researchers, who find that negative feelings  like sadness or anger only increase when we try to control them.   38   .    We don't like contradictory behavior.

Respond cautiously

Recently, scientists have been paying special attention to the benefits of caution. When you respond cautiously to an emotional trigger (e.g.overcooking the holiday turkey), you pause rather than reacting at once. 39 . Besides, it is associated with less anxiety, and may even carry physiological benefits.

    40_

Of course, the holidays will bring a mix of highs and lows, but the most important lesson to keep in mind is that this variety of emotions might be the best thing possible for  your overall well¬being. In other words, sadness, anger, and other difficult emotions are nothing to fear. Just make sure you're balancing them with lighter experiences. And don't forget to give yourself a break.

A.Relax your mind

B.Enjoy a mix of emotions

C.We tend to deny the important function emotions serve

D.Instead, they can help contribute to a healthy and happy life

E.So trying to force happiness seems to have the opposite effects

F.A cautious response to a negative event reduces sadness we experience

G.We feel bad when our appearance contradicts how we truly feel inside

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Everyone should go to his or her 50th high school reunion. There was a time  I thought I'd never go even if the opportunity 41 . But now I feel 42 for people who don't go.

I went to the   43   of my  high school on a Saturday evening, and I am glad I did. It    was a gift to recognize some   44   classmates right away—and to be recognized. _45   ,  we had name tags and our 46 photos on our clothing to help identify us. I recognized one woman immediately!

The most  memorable and moving  experience of the night was   47   by  a schoolmate and neighbor to whom I was once close. Unfortunately, we had a falling out in the high school. I never saw her after  48  , but this time,  I saw her name  on a place setting. At first, I  feared that I would   49   her.  But my better self won over, and I   50    her out. I kept    looking until I got a(n) 51 on my shoulder. There she was 52 . We hugged as if nothing had ever  53  and exchanged affectionate words. When the party  54   , my   old¬new friend walked towards me, 55 me again and wished me well. I returned her good wishes. All the bad 56 melted into thin air.

I am grateful I had this 57 to reunite with old classmates. After all, we are almost

    58  the final lap of our lifelong journeys. Some classmates had already left this   59   , and their names were deleted from the list. Sometimes we have to walk back into the past because time does heal old wounds. We're not the 60 people. We are better people.

41.A. came downB. came upC. came throughD. came off

42.A. sorryB. happyC. excitedD. moved

43.A. competitionB. reunionC. exhibitionD. concert

44.A. latterB. formerC. presentD. future

45.A. UnluckilyB. UnwillinglyC. NormallyD. Thankfully

46.A. oldB. recentC. modernD. new

47.A. describedB. providedC. promisedD. ordered

48.A. graduationB. invitationC. retirementD. punishment

49.A. stare atB. turn toC. run intoD. rely on

50.A. letB. droveC. soughtD. pushed

51.A. instructionB. blowC. kissD. tap

52.A. readingB. singingC. smilingD. dancing

53.A. happenedB. changedC. disappearedD. mentioned

54.A. beganB. endedC. continuedD. lasted

55.A. encouragedB. praisedC. huggedD. judged

56.A. newsB. scoresC. excusesD. memories

57.A. qualificationB. situationC. talentD. chance

58.A. missingB. destroyingC. nearingD. wasting

59.A. worldB. cityC. schoolD. class

60.A. importantB. seriousC. successfulD. same

第二节(共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)


阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式.

Chinese architecture is a style of architecture that has taken shape in East Asia over many  centuries.  The  structural  _61(principle) of Chinese  architecture have remained     62    (large) unchanged, the main changes    63    (be) only the decorative details. Since    the Tang Dynasty, Chinese architecture 64  (have)  a  major influence on the architectural styles of ROK, Vietnam  and  Japan.  Chinese architecture,  the examples  of  65  can be  found from more than 2,000 years ago, is almost as old as Chinese civilization and has long been an important hallmark of Chinese culture.

There are certain features common to Chinese architecture, regardless 66 specific regions, different provinces or uses. The most important is  67   (it) focus on width, such as the wide halls of the Forbidden City. In contrast, Western architecture tends to give special importance to _68 (high).

The Chinese garden is a landscape garden style which has evolved over three thousand years. It includes both the vast gardens of the Chinese emperors,     69(build) for pleasure and to impress, and the more intimate ( 私 人 的 ) gardens created by scholars, poets, government officials, soldiers and merchants. They create an idealized miniature landscape, which is    70(intend) to express the harmony that should exist between man and nature.  

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)


假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Measured more than 6,000 kilometers in length, the Great Wall is known as the longest wall in the world. It had a long history of more than 2,000 years. What's amazed about the Great Wall is it is mainly made of stones and bricks. Additional, all the construction was done by hands without any machinery. Since it was mainly used to protecting the country from foreign invaders, so every few hundred meters along the Great Wall, there was a watchtower. Now, as a symbol of China, the Great Wall has become one of the more famous tourist attractions in the world. There is no wonder that the Great Wall attracts hundreds of thousands of foreign tourists every year.

第二节书面表达(满分 25 分)


假设你是李华,你网购了一个产品,但是因为疏忽写错收件地址,快递小哥张明联系你后确认了地址。尽管不属于他的送件地区,他却利用下班时间将快件送到你手中。对此你很感激,想写封信感谢对方。写作要点如下:

1.表示感谢;

2.说明缘由;

3.再次致谢。

注意:1.词数 100 左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


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