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江苏省如东县2021届高三第一学期第一次学情检测英语试题

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江苏省如东县2021届高三第一学期第一次学情检测英语试题
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如东县2020~2021学年度第一学期第一次学情检测

高三英语

选择题部分(共85分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. When did the girl last clean her room according to the man?

A. Two days ago.          B. Two months ago.          C. Two weeks ago. 

2. Who is the boy probably talking to?

A. His boss.              B. His fitness coach.              C. His teacher. 

3. What does the woman want the weather to be like?

A. Sunny.                         B. Snowy.                      C. Windy. 

4. What did the man lose?

A. A bag.                       B. A book.                       C. A cell phone. 

5. Where was the woman yesterday?

A. In the hospital.        B. At the man's house.     C. At her sister's house. 

第二节(共15小题;每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. What is the man going to do this afternoon?

A. Go to the beach.          B. Take care of a cat.         C. Visit some school friends. 

7. When will the man's mother come back?

A. Today.                      B. Tomorrow                       C. In a couple of days. 

听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。 

8. Where did the woman expect the man to meet her?

A. At the mall.              B. At her house.                    C. At the theater. 

9. What time is it now?

A. 7:10.                      B. 7:00.                                 C. 6:50. 

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. How high was the Seine river in 1910?

A. Around 26 feet high. B. Around 20 feet high. C. Around 5 feet high. 

11. What had to get moved to higher floors?

A. Artwork.               B. Many residents.           C. Power equipment. 

12. What does the woman want to see the most?

A. The Louvre.       B. The Eiffel Tower.       C. The Musee d'Orsay. 

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Where did Mary find the wallet?

A. On a playground.         B. In a parking lot.           C. In a shopping mall. 

14. What is inside the wallet?

A. A photo of a person. 

B. Some paper and an ID card. 

C. Some money and business cards. 

15. Who does the wallet probably belong to?

A. An old lady.              B. A grown man.            C. A young boy. 

16. How will Mary get in touch with the wallet's owner?

A. By making a telephone call. 

B. By asking the police for help. 

C. By waiting where she found it. 

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What was the couple's problem at the beginning of the story?

A. They didn't have jobs. 

B. They didn't like each other. 

C. They didn't have enough money. 

18. Why did the man leave college?

A. He disliked the school. 

B. He wanted to get a job. 

C. He had no time and energy. 

19. How did the woman buy a computer?

A. She got a job that paid more. 

B. She saved money by walking to work. 

C. She took a part-time job at a computer store. 

20. What happened at the end of the story?

A. The couple forgot their anniversary. 

B. The couple didn't like their gifts any more. 

C. The couple no longer needed the gifts they bought. 

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

A

If you're too busy to buy the latest issues of your favorite magazines, never fear-help is at hand. With digital subscriptions available from My Favourite Magazines, you can get every issue straight to your tablet or cellphone. Below are some fantastic monthly magazines you can enjoy today. 

How It Works is a magazine with exciting facts about our world. Each issue is packed with interesting facts and stories on everything from science, technology and transport, to the environment and history. With easy-to-follow diagrams, fun trivia(花絮)and all the vital answers to questions you didn't even realize you had, it cures boredom and feeds curious minds. $2. 5 per issue(standard price:$3. 5). 

Have you found yourself staring up at the stars in awe?All about Space discovers the mysteries of our Solar System and beyond. From the amazing technology and spacecraft that enables humans to venture(冒险) into orbit, to the complexities of space science, the All about Space team has you covered. $2. 6 per issue(standard price:$3. 7). 

History of War takes you through the stories, strategies, heroes and machines of armed conflict through the ages. Each issue covers some of the most astonishing and inspiring stories from battlefields across the centuries, including powerful interviews with soldiers and expert analyses from leading historians. $2. 7 per issue(standard price:$3. 8). 

From the plots of ancient Rome, to the scandals(丑闻)of the Tudor Court and heroic tales from World War II-All about History takes you on a journey across the centuries, and leaves in all the drama and entertainment our attractive past has to offer. Each issue is full of valuable pictures and interesting stories written by historians. $2. 8 per issue(standard price:$4). 

21. How much can it save you to subscribe the first magazine for a year?

A. 2. 5 dollars.  B. 3. 5 dollars.  C. 6 dollars.   D. 12 dollars. 

22. Which of the following can satisfy astronomy lovers?

A. How It Works.  B. All about Space.  C. History of War:  D. All about History. 

23. What is special about All about History?

A. It interviews soldiers from World War II. 

B. It is the cheapest of the four magazines. 

C. It tells many historical stories over the centuries. 

D. It solves the questions you're puzzled at. 

B

Many of us spend part of each day surrounded by strangers, whether on our daily commute(上下班往返), or sitting in park or cafe. But most of them remain just that-strangers. However, new evidence has shown that plucking up(鼓起)the courage to strike up conversation might be good for our health. 

Nicholas Epley from the University of Chicago and Juliana Schroeder from the University of California are behavioral(行为的)scientists. They wanted to know whether solitude is a more positive experience than interacting with strangers, or if people misunderstand the consequences of distant social connections. They found that many people feel uncomfortable and frightened talking to others and their research suggested that when we make an initial conversation"we consistently underestimate(低估)how much a new person likes us. " It seems we think that all the things could go wrong and why someone wouldn't want to talk with us. 

Their research involved an experiment with a group of Chicago commuters and found that"every participant in our experiment who actually tried to talk to a stranger found the person sitting next to them was happy to chat. "From this and other research, the conclusion is that connecting with strangers is surprisingly pleasant and it has a positive impact on our well-being. It's true that talking can make you feel happier and happiness can lead to better mental health. 

However, if you're an introvert(性格内向者),the thought of speaking to someone new might make you anxious. But the American research found"both extroverts(性格外向者)and introverts are happier when they are asked to behave in an extroverted manner. "So maybe, if you're a loner, it's time to come out of your shell and make some small talk with a stranger-it could be the beginning of a new friendship. 

24. What does the underlined word"solitude"in paragraph 2 mean?

A. Being calm.  B. Being pleasant.  C. Being alone.  D. Being healthy. 

25. Why might we not want to speak to a stranger?

A. Because we don't trust a new person. 

B. Because we can't find a common topic. 

C. Because we like distant social connections. 

D. Because we feel the stranger may dislike us. 

26. What could help start a new friendship?

A. Making a small talk. 

B. Sitting next to a stranger. 

C. Sharing personal details. 

D. Behaving in polite manner. 

27. Which of the following is the best title for the text?

A. How to be an extrovert. 

B. Talking to strangers. 

C. How to speak to strangers. 

D. Making new friends. 

C

"I have cancer. "Mom said and held me in a tight hug. I could feel her chest shaking as she tried not to cry but failed. 

For all of my twenty-four years, my mom had been supportive. Strength and protection had always flowed from her to me. Now I knew it would have to flow the other way. 

Mom didn't stay down for long. After the shock of breast-cancer, she armed herself with a notebook and a pen and a thousand questions for the doctors. She took notes on white blood cell counts and medications(药物)with long names as though she were studying for entrance exams into medical school. "The not-knowing is the worst. "she said. 

The operation was successful. The chemo(化疗)was the harder part. I went with Mom to every chemo treatment. She rarely complained, though her hair was gone and her toenails and fingernails fell out one by one. She joked that she could save money on nail polish and put it toward the doctor bills, even though she never wore nail polish. "Cancer can take my hair, my nails, my health, my very life. But it can't take my smile. "Mom said. 

Mom learned to share her fears with me, and it formed an even deeper bond between us. Yet I am certain there were fears she didn't share because she was still protecting me-worries she only shared with Dad. Even in the darkest hours, she would just joke about the cancer. Mom always said, "When you look your greatest fear in the eye and laugh at it, you take away some of its power. "

Mom was one of the lucky ones. She did beat her cancer, though not without scars. From her, I've learned I may not get to choose what I face, but I do get to choose how I face it. 

28. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean?

A. There were other ways to treat cancer. 

B. Knowledge of cancer would be helpful. 

C. Mom had to stay stronger to beat cancer. 

D. I should be the one being there for Mom. 

29. Which of the following words can best describe Mom?

A. Humorous and generous. 

B. Considerate and ambitious. 

C. Optimistic and determined. 

D. Caring and knowledgeable. 

30. What is the fifth paragraph mainly about?

A. The fear Mom shared with me. 

B. The ways Mom faced fear. 

C. The jokes Mom told me. 

D. The bond Mom and I formed. 

31. What lesson did the author learn from Mom?

A. Luck counts in beating diseases. 

B. Complaint does no good to one's health. 

C. Positive attitudes get one through hardships. 

D. Sharing feelings helps reduce sufferings a lot. 

D

Though leaders from the International Olympic Committee(IOC)have announced a first-of-its-kind postponement of the Tokyo Summer Olympics because of the corona virus epidemic, people all over the world are still concerned about its preparations. Officials from the Tokyo Olympic Committee say they are sparing no effort and announce the Tokyo Summer Olympics in 2021 is going green. The 5, 000 medals Japan has made are more special than most. 

One novel focus of the Tokyo Olympics is to be"sustainable”-to avoid using too many natural resources, so that the games are easy on the environment. As part of this goal, the organizers decided to make all of the Olympic medals out of metal recycled from old electronics. 

Almost all electronics are made with small amounts of"precious metals", like gold and silver. But collecting enough of these metals to make 5, 000 medals was a huge challenge. That's because the amount of metal in each device is tiny. It would take about 20, 000 cell phones to get just l kilogram of gold. 

Beginning in April 2017, the organizers placed collection boxes around the country, and asked people to turn in their old electronic devices. Soon people began to respond to the initiative(倡导),turning in smart phones, digital cameras, handheld games, and laptops. At first, collection went slowly, but soon more and more  areas began to take part. By the end, 1, 621 local governments had helped out with the collection process. 

Then came the job of breaking those devices down into smaller pieces. After eing taken apart and sorted, the small electronics were smelted(熔炼)to get all the gold, silver, and bronze elements. This is a tricky job, which calls for careful attention and good skill. It's also dangerous, because some of the metals and other things

aren't safe for people to touch or breathe. 

By the end of March, 2019, the organizers had hit their targets of getting enough metal for the medals. They had collected around 32 kilograms of gold, 4, 100 kilograms of silver and 2, 200 kilograms of bronze. And now all the 5, 000 medals are available for the would-be winners. 

32. What can we know about the Tokyo Olympics medals?

A. They are hugely valuable. 

B. They are of high quality. 

C. They are made from e-waste. 

D. They are designed uniquely. 

33. What does Paragraph 4 mainly tell us?

A. The difficulty of making the medals. 

B. The initiative to recycle used smart phones. 

C. The classification of the collected devices. 

D. The process of collecting old electronics. 

34. The underlined word "tricky" in Paragraph 5 means"

A. creative   B. demanding  C. well-paid  D. time-consuming

35. What's the purpose of Tokyo's way of making the medals?

A. To advocate sustainable use of resources. 

B. To promote the spirit of Olympic Games. 

C. To introduce a new technique to make medals. 

D. To show the gravity of environmental damage. 

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。

People are always denying their pain. They don't want to recognize it because they want to be sensed as okay, especially at this age. People are so concerned with being cool and being popular that they don't want to be the person with problems. 36

Talking about matters will help you deal with what is bringing you down. Figuring out what makes you feel painful can be very beneficial because a lot of the time we are so mixed up with our emotions that we need to sort them out with others' help. 37 Find someone you trust and open your heart to them. Talk to an adult, a tutor or your parent. You'd be surprised to learn how kind people will be. 38 They are willing to make sure you are okay and if you're not, they want to do whatever they can to help you. 

39 It's always okay to have secrets and things you simply want to keep to yourself. However, if something is really disturbing, meaning that you can't stop thinking about it, and that it is really bothering you, then you have to try to open up and talk about it. If you really don't want anyone to know, but still feel the need to talk about the issue and get help, there are hot lines in your area that you can call. The worst thing is to suffer alone. 40 Remember that you deserve to be heard and you deserve to be helped. 

A. Your silence is not making you stronger

B. A calm heart allows you to think logically. 

C. It's not always possible to just rely on ourselves. 

D. You don't have to share everything in your heart. 

E. They worry about you and they just want the best for you. 

F. People like to talk to you and share with you their inner world. 

G. However, what you choose to run away from will finally catch up with you. 

第三部分 完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选

项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

Despite the weather or he distance, Paul Wilson will make sure low-income students in his neighborhood arrive at their college classes on time. 

A retired engineer, 76-year-old Wilson has been 41 free rides to college students for the past eight years. Since he first started 42 his car to the young people, Wilson has 43 an astonishing 64, 000 miles, and has had countless pleasant and often humorous 44 with the students he transports to and from school. The students who he's 45 have gone on to become physicians, teachers and engineers, but what they've also got out of their tie in school is finding a role model and a friend in Wilson. 

Tina Stern 46 rides from Wilson for all her four years in college, and the trips meant much more to her than just free 47. "It's not just a ride; you're not just sitting there in 48 silence or with your headphones on. "Stern said. "He asks you questions and actually remembers the answers, so the next time you ride with him, he'll 49 those things. ”

Wilson often goes 50 to ensure the welfare and safety of the students. If they have problems with registration, Wilson is there to 51 them. If they run out of certain daily necessities, Wilson will drive to the nearest store and purchase what's needed. If a student gets hungry on the long drives to and from school, Wilson never 52 to buy them a meal. 

For many students, Wilson's help is not only appreciated, it's also necessary. Some students don't have a reliable car, while others have to share vehicles with parents who work six days a week. For them, riding with Wilson has 53 them to complete their education-but according to Wilson, he benefits just as much from the 54. "I just love driving and I love these kids, "Wilson said. “It's such a(n) 55 to be a part of these kids' lives, even just for a few hours, getting to know them and hearing their stories. "

41. A. linkingB. sendingC. offeringD. limiting

42. A. donatingB. lendingC. deliveringD. volunteering

43. A. pavedB. coveredC. measuredD. wandered

44. A. argumentsB. interviewsC. cooperationD. conversations

45. A. metB. drivenC. addressedD. greeted

46. A. earnedB. issuedC. receivedD. demanded

47. A. transportationB. styleC. timeD. communication

48. A. forcedB. awkwardC. pleasantD. obvious

49. A. act onB. settle onC. check onD. agree on

50. A. outB. aroundC. beyondD. forwards

51. A. helpB. watchC. urgeD. warn

52. A. expectsB. attemptsC. managesD. hesitates

53. A. requiredB. allowedC. remindedD. informed

54. A. experience B. arrangementC. appreciationD. employment

55. A. effortB. ambitionC. pleasureD. convenience

非选择题部分(共65分)

第四部分 语言知识运用(共两节 满分25分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

根据句意,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。

56. The Niagara Falls, the largest of____________is shaped like a semicircle, are 670 metres wide, and fall

56 metres in an awesome white sheet of water. 

57. Toronto is the largest city in Canada, _______(rank)among the most multicultural cities in the World. 

58. Greece, __________(recognize)as an autonomous country in 1830, began a serious effort to repair the monuments and buildings on the Acropolis. 

59. Although a number of tombs have survived with little damage, the truth is__________

all have suffered at least some harm form centuries of rain, war, fire and theft. 

60. Preserving the Ming and Qing Tombs___________(give)serious attention in recent decades. 

61. The Indonesian flag is based on a national flag__________(date)back to the 13"h century. 

62. Looking at flags of different countries is a good way to see some___________(similar)and differences between the countries. 

63. Yellow represents happiness and joy in some places, _________in other places it is a symbol of loss. 

64. An idiom is a group of words or an expression_________meaning is not straightforward. 

65. The Emperor Mingdi of the Eastern Han Dynasty instructed a group of officials to go____________his behalf as agents to India to find more information about Buddha. 

66. The officials travelled westwards to Central Asia and arrived in____is today Afghanistan. 

67. Cricket seems very slow and boring for those who do not quite grasp it, so patience is________ must to enjoy the game. 

68. They want to make__________clear that historic sites are an important part of a nation's culture. 

69. A vaccine can't be put onto the market unless_____________(test)on a large scale. 

70. It is not a problem______________We can win the battle;it's just a matter of time. 

第二节(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

根据括号内的中文提示或首字母填入恰当的单词,并将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。

A Letter to Myself

Dear Li Ming, 

Congratulations!You are a student of senior 3 now and closer to your dream. However, to make your dream come true, you have to devote yourself to study. Here are what I want to remind you of. 

To begin with, (71)c___________ that time is limited, it is(72)c___________ that you should manage time properly. Besides, you must be(73) __________(有抱负的)and confident in yourself. Of course, (74)___________(负担)with heavy study load, you may sometimes find things(75)_________(令人失望)。If so, don't be discouraged. Never should you(76)_______(妥协)to the obstacles. Most importantly, you must stick to good habits, such as going over notes(77)f____________,having a(78)t___________understanding of what you are learning and (79) a__________ it with what you have learned. Also, you can make an(80) a_________ of yourself regularly and make adjustments accordingly. 

Follow the suggestions above and you are bound to succeed. 

Yours, 

Li Ming

第五部分 写作(共两节 满分40分)

第一节 应用文写作(满分 15分)

假设你是李华,你的美国朋友Mike就读的学校要举办一年一度的“中华文化节”,他来信向你征求活动意见,请你写封回信,内容包括:

1. 写作目的;

2. 活动建议;

3. 表示祝愿。

注意:

1. 词数80左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Mike, 


Best wishes. 

Yours, 

Li Hua

第二节 读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

In our kitchen, there was a wooden table and three chairs-one for Pa, one for Ma, and one for me. I tried not to look at Pa's empty place. Pa had gone to the city to look for work. He had been gone for a long time. 

Every night, lying awake in bed, I waited for the train to stop, waited for the sound of his work boots dropping on the step, and waited for his voice calling, “I'm home!"

Every night, as I lay there, I stared at the window and the curtains Ma made from empty flour sacks(面粉袋)。Sometimes the train stopped-for someone else' s Pa coming home. Not mine, not yet. 

Every night, Ma came to kiss me good-night-after the train had gone by. She had been listening, too. “Go to sleep. Your Pa will be home soon. Maybe for Thanksgiving. ”

How could I be thankful without my Pa?

I went to sleep with the sound of train wheels in my head, whispering, “Maybe tomorrow, maybe tomorrow. ”

One morning, the smell of coffee woke me. I ran into the kitchen. There he was!Pa lifted me onto his shoulders. "How's my boy?You've gotten so big that I can barely lift you up anymore. ”

He put me down, and I stared at the two sacks on the table. One said FLOUR. I tried reading the other: S-U-G-A-R. Pa whistled admiringly and winked(眨眼)at me. Ma didn't say no when Pa sprinkled(撒)a bit of that precious white sugar on my bread. 

Ma said, "I'm going to bake a pie for your Pa's homecoming dinner. Go downstairs, Jimmy, and bring me that jar of apples. "She smiled at me with a"mind now"look. 

There was no need. I knew how to be careful. It was the last jar-the one we had been saving and saving to welcome Pa home. "When Pa comes home, there' ll be apple pic. "I could hardly remember what pies tasted like. 

注意:

1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好。

Paragraph 1:

I took the steps two at a time. . 

Paragraph 2:

Seeing this, I felt like crying. 


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