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江苏省南通市如皋市2021届高三上期初调研测试

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江苏省南通市如皋市2021届高三上期初调研测试
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江苏省南通市如皋市2021届高三上期初调研测试

                 英 语 试 题            2021.9.1

 (考试时间: 120 分钟  试卷满分: 150 分)

本试卷由四个部分组成。其中,第一、二部分和第三部分的第一节为选择题。第三部分的第二节和第四部分为非选择题。


第一部分 听力(共两节,15题;每题2分,满分 30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

A. Windy.B. Sunny.C. Cloudy.

2. What time is it now?

A. 4:40 pm.B.4:45 pm.C. 4:50 

3. Where does the woman want to go? 

A. A bank.B. A supermarket.C. A bookstore.

4. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. The man’s accent.B. An English teacher.C. A trip to London.

5. How does the woman feel now?

A. Happy.B. Confident.C. Disappointed.

第二节

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。

6. What day is it today?

A. Thursday.B. Saturday.C. Sunday.

7. Why is the woman unavailable on May 15th?

A. She will meet a friend.

B. She has to mark the papers.

C. She needs to prepare lessons.

听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。

8. What will the woman get for the man?

  A. A pillow.B. Iced water.C. A pen.

9. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A. Air hostess and passenger.

  B. Waitress and customer.

  C. Tour guide and tourist.

听下面一段对话,回答第10和第12两个小题。

10. What did the woman start learning in February?

A. BalletB. Spanish.C. The guitar.

11.Why did the woman try different things?

A. To kill her time.

B. To prove her strengths

C. To inspire her children.

12.What does the man decide to do?

A. Try some new things.

B. Become a role model.

C. Talk with his children.

听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。

13.What does LinkedIn aim to do?

A. Help people look for jobs online.

B. Offer online service to business people.

C. Encourage people to use the social media.

14.How can one be a member of LinkedIn?

A. Share photos on LinkedIn.

B. Be introduced by someone.

C. Send an introduction message.

15.When did Jeff Weiner become CEO of LinkedIn?

A. In 2003.B. In 2007.C. In 2008.

16.What is the woman doing?

A. Hosting a program.

B. Introducing a website.

C. Conducting a seminar.

听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。

17.For whom did the speaker make cakes at first?

A. Her colleagues.B. Her children.C. Her friends.

18.What did the speaker decide to do five years ago?

A. Work part-time.

B. Bake in a cake shop.

C. Start her own business.

19.How old is the speaker?

A.45 years old.B.42 years old.C.40 years old.

20.What are many women encouraged to do by the speaker?

  A. Teach kids at home themselves.

  B. Develop their deep interest.

  C. Try to change their lives.


第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

China has 410K 5G base stations

China built 257,000 new 5G base stations in the first half of the year, according to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology(MIIT).

Shipments of 5G phones reached 8623 million unis in China, with 5G package users hitting 66 million by the end of June, said Wen Ku, head of information and communication at the ministry.

To give full play to the commercialization of 5G, more policies should be implemented to boost the vitality of the market, Wen said, adding that international cooperation in 5G technology, industry and application should be strengthened.

AG600 seaplane’s test flight

Kunlong, China’s homegrown AG600 large amphibious aircraft, conducted its first sea-based test flight on Sunday morning, marking a new milestone in the program.

The AG600 is China’s second amphibious aircraft, after the SH-5, which was developed in the 1970s for military purposes and has been retired for a long time.

These specifications make it the world’s biggest amphibious aircraft, surpassing Japan’s ShinMaywa US-2 and Russia’s Beriev Be-200.

Once in service, it will put an end to the absence of a large rescue aircraft in China and will be very useful in the national emergency rescue and disaster relief systems.

Beidou products land abroad 

According to Ran Chengqi, director general of China Satellite Navigation Office, Beidou has been constantly deepening its compatibility, interoperability and cooperation with the US’ GPS, Russia’s GLONASS and the EU’s Galileo. It has also entered international organizations of civil aviation, maritime affairs, search and rescue satellites and mobile communication.

BDS-based services have been successfully applied in land mapping, precision farming, digital development and smart port construction in member countries of ASEAN, South Asia, Eastern Europe, West Asia and Africa.

21. What can we learn from this passage?

A. The total number of 5G phones has reached a new level.

B. Kunlong, unlike SH-5, is not just for military purposes.

C. Technologies mentioned above need more cooperation with others.

D. BDS-based services have been provided for users in many countries.

22. Which of the following is most probably related to agriculture?

A.5G phonesB. BDS-based services  C. AG600 seaplane    D. Beriev Be-200

23. If your friend did a course in marketing management, he may choose a job in a ________.

A.5G technology related market                  B. large amphibious aircraft 

C. BDS-based project                        D. China Satellite Navigation Office

B

A China’s face-swapping app that allows users to superimpose(叠加)their own likeness over characters in movies or TV shows has rapidly become one of the country’s most download apps.But it has also triggered concerns about the issue of privacy.

Released on Friday, the Zao app went viral as Chinese users pursued the chance to act out scenes from well-known movies. This is done using “deepfake” technology, which has already caused concerns elsewhere over its potential misuse.

Users provide a series of selfies in which they blink, open their mouths or assume other expressions. The app will then realistically change the person’s animated likeness onto movies, TV shows or other similar content.

But this has also resulted in privacy concerns as the app’s policy reportedly gave it “free, permanent, transferable, and re-licenseable” rights to all user-generated content.

Apart from worrying that their personal information can be disclosed, users are also concerned that the app, through facial recognition technology, can compromise their online payment accounts.

On Sunday, the app issued a statement promising to modify its privacy policy. It also assured users that the app will not result in any compromise to their payment accounts. The app has since changed its terms to ensure that it will not use headshots or videos uploaded by users other than to improve the app. It also promised to remove from its servers any content that was uploaded but subsequently deleted by users.

Zao is owned by Momo Inc, a Tinder-like Chinese dating service that is listed on the Us Nasdaq. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology spoke to the developer of the AI face-changing app on Wednesday. The Ministry’s department of network security said it demanded the company sick to relevant laws regarding the collection of personal information. Apart from calling on the company to standardize its terms of agreement it also made it clear that the company should do its utmost to ensure the protection of user data.

24. What’s the main idea of this passage?

A. The face-changing app is becoming popular.

B. The Zao app has revealed personal information.

C. Deep fake technology is applied in a new app.

D. There’re potential worries about face-changing app.

25. What do we know about the Zao app?

A. Users provide smiling photos to act out scenes from famous movies.

B. The app can find likeness between users and actors in the movies.

C. The technology applied in the app can be misused in other places.

D. The app can have access to users’ online payment accounts.

26. What did the app promise to modify?

A. Privacy policy uploaded by users 

B. Privacy policy to assure the safety 

C. Any private content deleted by users 

D. The compromise with users' accounts

27. What The Ministry's department of network security said in the last paragraph is to _______.

A. give some possible solutions to the problem 

B. give some particular reasons for the phenomenon 

C. present some current difficulties of the concern

D. present some simple tips on payment accounts 

C

Delivery Robots May Soon Be Knocking at Your Door

With self-driving vehicle technology rapidly advancing, many companies are turning to autonomous robots for the final leg-the so-called last mile-of the delivery process, from the store or local distribution center to the customer. The latest to join the trend is Amazon. ollowing a successful eight-month test run in Snohomish County, Washington, the company’s Scout robots have been making the rounds of Irvine, California, since August 6, 2019.

The six-wheeled Scout is about the size of a large cooler with the ability to carry small or medium-sized packages. The battery-powered vehicle, which moves at a regular walking pace, has been programmed to avoid pedestrians, animals, and unexpected obstacles(障碍), such as garbage cans. Its powerful sensors(传感器)can also detect the movement of a car backing out of a driveway.

While Amazon is focusing on home deliveries, San Francisco-based Starship Technologies has its eyes set on universities. On August 20, 2019, the company announced plans to use thousands of robots to deliver food and other things to students at college campuses across the country. Unlike Scout, Starship’s robots are seasoned workers. They have been tested in over 100 cities in 20 different countries and successfully completed over 100, 000 deliveries.

Meanwhile, food and grocery delivery company Postmates’ robots are currently making their rounds along the busy San Francisco streets. Also in testing, the robots can carry up to 50 pounds and travel 30 miles on a single battery charge.

Though the eco-friendly robots will help free our streets of bicycles and large delivery trucks that typically send packages, they have some limitations. They are unable to climb stairs or open gates, which means that they can only reach consumers who live on the ground level. Additionally,

the robots are unable to leave packages at the front door if the customers are not home. Whether these problems get solved remains to be seen. For now, it appears that humans will still be needed to meet the ever-growing demand for home and office deliveries.

28. What does the underlined part in para l mean?

A. much more helpB. very close distance 

C. substitute for humanD. the last section

29. We can learn from the passage that ________

A. Powerful robots sensors are gaining popularity in delivery.

B. The Postmates’ robots focus on students' food and grocery delivery.

C. The Scout can avoid obstacles because it moves at a regular pace.

D. Delivery robots have turned up in universities to serve students.

30.What’s author’s attitude towards delivery robots?

A. ObjectiveB. Optimistic C. PessimisticD. Cautious

31.From which is the text probably taken?

A. a biology textbookB. a health magazine 

C. a newspaperD. a travel brochure

D

I want to thank the Hollywood Foreign Press Association because we all know the press is under siege these days. We also know it’s the insatiable dedication to uncovering the absolute truth that keeps us from turning a blind eye to corruption and to injustice. To---to tyrants and victims, and secrets and lies.I want to say that I value the press more than ever before as we try to navigate these complicated times, which brings me to this: what I know for sure is that speaking your truth is the most powerful tool we all have. And I’m especially proud and inspired by all the women who have felt strong enough and empowered enough to speak up and share their personal stories. Each of us in this room are celebrated because of the stories that we tell, and this year we became the story.

But it’s not just a story affecting the entertainment industry. It’s one that transcends any culture, geography, race, religion, politics, or workplace. So I want tonight to express gratitude to all the women who have endured years of abuse and assault because they, like my mother, had children to feed and bills to pay and dreams to pursue.

They’re the women whose names we’ll never know. They are domestic workers and farm workers. They are working in factories and they work in restaurants and they’re in academia, engineering, medicine, and science. They’re part of the world of tech and politics and business.

They’re our athletes in the Olympics and they’re our soldiers in the military.

And there’s someone else. Recy Taylor, a name I know and I think you should know, too. In

1944. Recy Taylor was a young wife and mother walking home from a church service she’d attended in Abbeville, Alabama, when she was abducted by six armed white men, raped, and left blindfolded by the side of the road coming home from church.

They threatened to kill her if she ever told anyone, but her story was reported to the NAACP where a young worker by the name of Rosa Parks became the lead investigator on her case and together they sought justice. But justice wasn’t an option in the era of Jim Crow. The men who tried to destroy her were never persecuted.

Recy Taylor died ten days ago, just shy of her 98th birthday. She lived as we all have lived, too many years in a culture broken by brutally powerful men. For too long, women have not been heard or believed if they dare speak the truth to the power of those men. But their time is up. Their time is up.

And I just hope--I just hope that Recy Taylor died knowing that her truth, like the truth of so many other women who were tormented in those years, and even now tormented, goes marching on. It was somewhere in Rosa Parks’ heart almost 11 years later, when she made the decision to stay seated on that bus in Montgomery, and it’s here with every woman who chooses to say, “Me too.” And every man--every man who chooses to listen.

In my career, what I’ve always tried my best to do, whether on television or through film, is to say something about how men and women really behave. To say how we experience shame, how we love and how we rage, how we fail, how we retreat, persevere and how we overcome.

I’ve interviewed and portrayed people who’ve withstood some of the ugliest things life can throw at you, but the one quality all of them seem to share is an ability to maintain hope for a brighter morning, even during our darkest nights.

So I want all the girls watching here, now, to know that a new day is on the horizon! And when that new day finally dawns, it will be because of a lot of magnificent women, many of whom are right here in this room tonight, and some pretty phenomenal men, fighting hard to make sure that they become the leaders who take us to the time when nobody ever has to say “Me too” again.

32.According to Paragraph 1, why is the press more important than ever before?

A. The press can help spread the news among the public.

B. the press is meant to educate people about important values.

C. The press allows people to share stories with each other.

D. The press can help uncover the truth in these tough times.

33.What can be inferred about women from Paragraph 2 and 3?

A. They are part of the world of tech and politics and business.

B. Their contributions have long been recognized.

C. They have sacrificed a lot for their families and dreams.

D. they are always successful in their career.

34.From the passage, we can safely conclude that Rosa Parks is a/an _________ lady.

A. trustworthy      B. determined       C. ambitious      D. stubborn

35. In the last paragraph, the speaker hopes for a new day when _________.

A. every man and woman can really enjoy equality.

B. girls will grow into magnificent women.

C. every body can speak up “Me too”.

D. every man can take the lead in fighting for equal rights.


第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选品能填入空自处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Why is the world’s population growing?    36   The reason for the explosion is not that people have been reproducing like rabbits, but that people have stopped dropping dead like flies. In 1900, people died at the average age of 30. By 2000 the average age was 65. But while increasing health was a typical feature of the 20th century, declining birth rate could be a defining one of the 21st.

Statistics show that the average number of births per woman has fallen from 4.9 in the early 1960s to 2.5 nowadays. Furthermore, around 50% of the world’s population live in regions where the figure is now below the replacement level(i.e.2.1 births per woman)and almost all developed nations are experiencing sub-replacement birth rate.   37   But you’d be wrong, declining birth rate is a major problem in many developing regions too, which might cause catastrophic global shortages of work force within a few decades.

    38    What does it imply?First, China needs to undergo rapid economic development before a population decline hits the country. Second, if other factors such as technology remain constant, economic growth and material expectations will fall well below recent standards and this could invite trouble.

Russia is another country with population problems that could break its economic promise. Since 1992 the number of people dying has been bigger than that of those being born by a massive

50%, Indeed official figures suggest the country has shrunk by 5% since 1993 and people in Russia live a shorter life now than those in 1961.   39   Nobody is quite sure, but poor diet an above all long-time alcoholism have much to do with it. If current trends don’t bend. Russia’s population will be about the size of Yemen’s by the year 2050.

   40   As for the USA, it is almost unique among developed nations in having a population that is expected to grow by 20% from 2010-2030. Moreover, the USA has a track record of successfully accepting immigrants. As a result it’s likely to see a rise in the size of its working-age population and to witness strong economic growth over the longer term.

A. Why is this occurring?

B. How to solve this problem? 

C. The answer is not what you might think.

D. You might think that developing nations would make up the loss.

E. One solution is obviously to import foreign workers via immigration.

F. A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China, for instance.

G. In 2030,a sixth of the country’s potential work force could be tally uneducated.

第三部分 语言知识运用 (共两节,满分30分)

第一节完形填空 (共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

If you have talked to doctorsiin the hospitals, you may find that many of them a; quite seriousand speak in a 

range of  41  that may be difficult to understand.. But ZhangWenhong, the leader of the Shanghai team of experts

in the treatment of novel coronavirus pneumonia, is one of the  42   .He caught the public’s attention  for his 

recent frank and funny speech.

Zhang’s words first _  43  on the interest after he said in late January that he had_  44   doctors and

 nurses who are members of the Communist Party of China (СPC) to frontline hospitals to treat coronavirus cases.

"When becoming CPC members, we vowed (发誓) that we would always_  45  people’s interests… in the

 face of dffiulties," Zhang said. " This is the moment we _  46  the pledge 誓言). All CPC members must rush to

 the front line. No bargaining "

Such a hardcore declaration of his attitude won widespread__  47   among internet users. A person’s morals are

 _  48   most in _  49   situation. _  50   could win more recognition from the people than the down-to-earth

 behavior of the CРC members," said YangHaiyan, a 32-year-old Shanghai resident.

One month later, when Zhang advised local residents to _  51  the risk of spreading the virus by staying at 

home, he said in Shanghai  _  52  : "If you don’t stop seeing friends, you will see them again in the ICU."

Though _  53    by the media, Zhang described himself as a medical worker who must

 _  54   now, but will return to keeping a low _  55   after the outbreak ends.

"I spoke because of the fear among the public, owing to limited _  56   of the contagion (传染病), said Zhang on Feb 26. However, once the curtain of this coronavirus incident_  57  , it maybe_  58  to find me. I’ll just hide myself in a corner, studying complicated patient cases and doing some reading, _  59   .

A quote from Zhang :

It’s suffocating (窒息的) for everyone to stay at home, but the virus is also suffocating. We aren’t resting at home; we re fighters. Every person who stays at home is_  60   in the battle against the virus."

41. A. remarks B. lines C. Terms D. excuses

42. A. exceptions  B. experts C. Examples D. samples

43. A. make a name  B. make a face C. make a killing D. make a hit

44. A. drafted  B. sent C. distributed  D. joined

45. A. entitle  B. prioritize C. justify  D. privilege

46. A. live up to B. come down toC. get down to D. set about

47. A. appetite B. applaud C. applause D. recognition

48. A. marked B. appeared  C. symbolizeD. witnessed

49. A. typical B. critical C. visibleD. visual

50. A. Nothing B. Anything C. something D. Everything

51. A. deduce     B. decline C. check D. reduce

52. A. dialect B. tune C. version D. prospect

53. A. chased B. caught C. exploited D. tracked

54. A. work out B. speak out  C. spell out D. give out

55. A. dignity B. profile C. levelD. portrait

56. A. fear B. knowledge C. command D. range

57. A. fails B. falls C. declines D. drops

58. A. easy B. hard C. horrible D. cosy

59. A. slightly B. purposely C. silently D. aimlessly

60. A. anticipating B. participating C. involving D. burying


第二节(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In the wake of  northeastern Jilin Province’s activation of its public health emergency response_  61   the corona-virus outbreak on Jan 25, the bureau of commerce at Changbai Mountain has made great effort_  62   (ensure) the supply of resident’s food_  63   and daily necessities. _  64    the epidemic (流行病) prevention and control period, local officials said.

According to local media reports, the bureau of commerce_ 65  . (take) consistent action to contact the sources of goods for all the supermarkets and shopping malls in the three districts to increase supplies, while actively carrying out market  _  66   (monitor) and posting updates.

At present, the supermarkets and shopping malls supply more than 50 kinds of vegetables. Inrecent days, major supermarkets have adjusted their transport fleets (车队) and_67  _ (purchase) agents_  68   an emergency manner, in _  69   case the sufficient supply of _  70   (variety)goods  can be ensured with the help of relevant local departments.



第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分40分)

第一节 应用文(满分15分)

假如你是如皋某中学的英语老师Su Hua, 你给某国际学校推荐名学生(Li Jiang)。请根据所给提示给国际学校写一封推荐信。(100 字左右)

1.竭力向国际学校推荐学生Li Jiang,介绍Li Jiang的基本情况;

2.介绍Li Jiang的特点与特长(如:电脑技能、沟通能力、英语水平高等)。

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________


第二节 读后续写(满分25分)

One day, the Mullah, an important man in the village, found his donkey was gone when he wanted to go visit a friend. He was very angry and ran around to look for his donkey.

The Mullah ran about looking until he was too tired. He sat down to rest at his gate. A few friends came to join him.

“That no-good lazy donkey!” said he. "If I ever see her again, I’ll sell her for a dollar!" Selling a donkey for a dollar was just a joke.

Just then the Mullah heard the sound of his donkey’s feet. He looked around.There was his donkey.On her back rode a boy,

"Where did you find her?" asked the Mullah. "We couldn’t find her anywhere."

"I knew where I would go if I were a donkey," said the boy. "I found her eating grass with the 

sheep and goats."

Suddenly, the Mullah looked to one side and saw one of his friends holding up a dollar. On the other side he saw another with a dollar.

"I’ll buy your donkey, " said the two.

"I was joking!" said the Mullah.

"You didn’t sound as if you were joking, " said the two.

The Mullah couldn’t break his word. That would be wrong for an important person in the village. He certainly didn’t want to sell his donkey for a dollar. So he said, "Meet me at the donkey fair on

Saturday. I shall sell her at that time. I shall sell my donkey to the one who will treat her most kindly."

Everybody was kind to animals in the village.

注意:

1.所续写短文的词数应为150 左右;

2.应使用5 个以上文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3.续写部分 分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4.续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph l:

So the Mullah thought out a plan.

____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

My donkey and my cat are very good friends.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________


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