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山西省大同市2021届高三上学期学情调研测试英语试题

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山西省大同市2021届高三上学期学情调研测试英语试题
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大同市2021届高三学情调研测试试题(卷)

英语

注意事项:

1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在本试卷相应的位置。

2.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。

3.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案用0.5mm黑色笔迹签字笔写在答题卡上。

4.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

5.本试卷共12页,听力部分满分30分,不计入总分,其余题共150分,考试时间120分钟。

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节:(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman think of the shopping center?

A. It is satisfactory.B. It is old-fashioned.C. It is disappointing.

2. When will the speakers arrive at the camp?

A. On August 5th. B. On August 6th.C. On August 7th.

3. Who is most probably the man?

A. A waiter. B. A bookseller.C. A farmer.

4. Where is the conversation most probably taking place?

A. In a theatre. B. In a library.C. In a booking office.

5. What does the woman mean?

A. The man should work hard.

B. The man can apply for the job again.

C. The man may have another chance.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. What is the conflict between the woman and the man?

A. Adam prefers chocolate milkshake.

B. Adam takes a big bite of plain bread.

C. Adam's food is changed to milkshake.

7. What is the possible relation between Adam and the woman?

A. Father and daughter.B. Mother and son.C. Husband and wife.

听第7段材料,回答第8至第10三个小题。

8. What do we know about the man?

A. He might have caught a cold.

B. He is going to Machu Picchu.

C. He is a very considerate person.

9. What does the woman tell the man to avoid in the end?

A. Covering your mouth with the elbow (肘).

B. Sneezing directly at someone's face.

C. Washing your hands after coughing.

10. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Travel plans.B. School lessons.C. Health habits.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题三个小题。

11. What is Sue's suggestion for people with difficulties?

A. Believing in themselves. B. Challenging their life. C. Asking for help.

12. How does Sue explain her job to kids?

A. She makes children's programs.

B. She gets involved in legal decisions.

C. She explains the function of the law in simple words.

13. What does Sue think happiness is?

A. Sharing things with others.

B. Solving problems.

C. Having her opinions heard.

听第9段材料,回答第14至17题四个小题。

14. What is the woman most probably doing?

A. She's looking around a house for rent. 

B. She's viewing the house she wants to buy.

C. She is talking about the loan with the bank staff.

15. What does the woman like best in the kitchen?

A. The wine storage area. B. The advanced equipment.

C. The relaxing colors of the wall.

16. What does the woman think of the man's offer on the house at first?

A. It's unreasonable.B. It's unexpected.C. It's acceptable.

17. What does the woman imply in the end?

A. She'll buy the house.

B. She'll reconsider the price.

C. She'll discuss with her husband.

听第10段材料,回答第18至第20题三个小题。

18. When will the first half of the course be delivered?

A. On Tuesdays and Thursdays.

B. On Tuesdays and Wednesdays.

C. On Wednesdays and Thursdays.

19. How often will the class meet in the research lab?

A. Twice a week.B. Once a month. C. Twice a month.

20. What might NOT be closely related to one's grades according to the passage?

A. Classroom tests. B. Attendance rate.C. Research papers.

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Affordable Quality Rechargeable

Digital Hearing Aid — For Only $199*

(* Each when you buy a pair)

The new HearClear GOTM Rechargeable Digital Hearing Aids feature advanced digital technology at an unbelievably affordable price! The GO has the same key elements that all high-end digital hearing aids share while leaving out fancy bells and whistles that increase cost and require expensive adjustments. You'll be happier saving a lot of money and reconnecting with friends and loved ones!

Your lightweight and discreet(考虑周到的)GO hearing aids are amazingly convenient! With the GO's included charging station, you won't have to keep replacing tiny hearing aid batteries, and the GO is pre-programmed for most mild to moderate(中等的)hearing losses-no costly professional adjustments needed.

You can spend thousands on an expensive hearing aid, or you can spend just $239 for a hearing aid that's great for most mild to moderate hearing losses (only $199 each when you buy a pair). We're so sure you'll be happy with your new hearing aids. We offer a 100% Money Back Guarantee -Risk Free.

Money saving offer: 1-888-870-7201 Use Coupon(购物优惠)Code RDZS

Visit and save: www.AdvancedHearing.com/RDZ5

21. What are included in the hearing aids?

A. Bells.B. Whistles.

C. Charging stations.D. Expensive adjustments.

22. What kind of hearing losses are the hearing aids not suitable for?

A. Most mild.B. Mild.

C. Moderate.D. Severe.

23. How much will you pay if you want to buy a pair of hearing aids?

A. $199.B. $239.C. $398.D. $478.

B

China's Most Mysterious(神秘的)Internet Celebrity(网红)

Her life looks like one straight out of a fairy tale(童话). Li Ziqi impresses millions with her videos, where she makes seemingly everything with her own two hands, from dyeing a dress with fresh grape juice to fashioning traditional lipstick from roses in her garden.

She has some 50 million fans in China and another 8 million overseas, but she remains a mystery to many of them. In her videos, she doesn't speak, and she rarely gives interviews. But now, she's ready to open up to us.

To find Li, we had to travel to rural(乡村的)Sichuan Province in southwestern China, where she grew up. Li grew up with her grandparents here. But they were poor, so when she turned 14, Li went to work in the city. In 2012, she decided to return to the countryside to take care of her grandmother.

Four years later, she started filming her life there. Whatever she makes, she leaves no stone unturned, going as far as raising baby ducklings just to make a sauce out of salted duck eggs.

Apart from food, she's also known for her videos presenting traditional crafts, like building a bamboo furniture set, which she says was inspired by one of her grandfather's old benches. Li's stylized presentations of rural life stand out in China's extremely competitive field of online videos.

Today, three years after she first picked up the camera, Li is one of China's most successful online video makers.

24. How does Li Ziqi impress millions with her videos?

A. She makes seemingly everything with her own two hands.

B. She returned to the countryside to take care of her grandmother.

C. She grew up with her grandparents in rural Sichuan Province.

D. She has been filming her life where she grew up.

25. Why does Li Ziqi remain a mystery to many of her fans?

A. She lives a rural life far away from them.

B. She doesn't speak in her videos, and rarely gives interviews.

C. They don't know about the things that she makes.

D. They don't understand how she becomes so successful.

26. What does the underlined part "she leaves no stone unturned" in paragraph 4 refer to?

A. She goes past many stones.B. She turns every stone.

C. She thinks the opposite.D. She searches thoroughly

27. Which word best describes the author's attitude to Li Ziqi?

A. Humorous.B. Objective.

C. Positive.D. Negative.

C

Could bike share programs lead to greater cycling safety?

In April 2015, Philadelphia introduced a bike share program. By 2019, there were more than 1,300 bikes and 400 pedal-assisted electric bicycles available. People used them for about 50,000 trips a month.

Before the introduction of the bike share program, the rate of bicycle-car accidents had been gradually increasing. By May 2015, the month after the introduction of the program, the rate was twice that of January 2010.

But the researchers, writing in the American Journal of Public Health, found that from that time through the end of 2018, the rate decreased by an average of 13 percent a year, despite the increases over those years in the number of bicycles on city streets, and even though Philadelphia made no major basic construction changes, like adding many protected bike lanes(自行车道).

The lead author, Ghassan B. Hamra, an assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, said it appeared that there is safety in numbers: the more bikes on the road, the more car drivers adapt to their presence, and the safer cyclists may be.

"We all know that bike riding is a healthy activity, physically and mentally," he said, "but there might be concerns that if you introduce a bike share program there will be negative consequences. We saw no evidence of that in Philadelphia."

28. What has happened to the number of bicycle-car accidents with the introduction of the bike share program?

A. It has increased.B. It has reduced.

C. It remains the same.D. It is unknown.

29. What is the result of more bikes on the road?

A. Many protected bike lanes have been added.

B. Car drivers are more used to their presence.

C. More people take up bike riding as a healthy activity.

D. Negative consequences have appeared.

30. What happens between Ghassan B. Hamra and the bike share program in Philadelphia?

A. He is in favor of it.B. He disapproves of it.

C. He brought it in.D. He is concerned about it.

31. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. Sharing bikes, cutting accidents B. Problems with sharing bikes 

C. Basic construction changes D. Share program in Philadelphia

D

An ageless question: When is someone 'old'?

What does "old" really mean these days? This isn't a meaningless question— not only does the definition of "old" have an outsized impact on how we feel about ourselves (not to mention how others view us), it also matters to policymakers determining how to plan for aging populations.

The United Nations historically has defined older persons as people 60 years or over (sometimes 65). It didn't matter whether you lived in the United States, China or Senegal, even though life expectancy is quite different in each of those countries. Everyone became old at 60.

Researchers Sergei Scherbov and Warren Sanderson, who study aging, are suggesting overturning the one-size-fits-all-across-the-globe definition of old. Instead, they talk about "prospective age", which looks to the future. Everyone with the same prospective age has the same expected remaining years of life.

Scherbov explained that young and old are relative concepts, and their common reference point is life expectancy. It makes sense that "old" would vary between nations, especially between more-and less-developed countries, with differences in education, death rates, access to health care and life expectancy.

But who is "old" also varies-widely-between individuals. The point, says Scherbov, is that personal age is dependent on our "characteristics"-understanding abilities, disability, health history and even education levels. Those with more education tend not to smoke, exercise more frequently, have better diets and have regular checkups-and, therefore, live longer, meaning the beginning of their old age comes later, says Scherbov.

32. What is the first paragraph mainly about?

A. How do we feel about ourselves?

B. How do others view us?

C. The importance of the definition of "old".

D. The plan for aging populations.

33. What does the underlined phrase "prospective age" in paragraph 3 refer to according to the text?

A. The expected remaining years of one's life. 

B. The beginning of one's old age.

C. The differences of our "characteristics".

D. The age when one becomes old.

34. What similarity does Scherbov think young and old have?

A. Understanding abilities.B. Nations.

C. Education.D. The reference point,

35. Which of the following helps one to live longer?

A. As much exercise as possible.B. Losing weight.

C. Studying history.D. Improving the education level.

第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

How to enjoy being a teenager

Being a teenager can be challenging with your hormones going wild.    36    Here are some really useful tips for you to have enjoyable teenage years. 

Setting individual expectations.

Everyone is different, especially in their teenage years.    37    Some teens prefer to spend their teenage years with friends, while others prefer to study and work; some prefer to be quiet wallflowers, while others are loud and don't care if they stand out.

   38   

For lots of people, the teenage years are full of worries-stop paying so much attention to them! Many worries are based on what other people think, rather than what you think. Go ahead and do what you want to do, without factoring in the opinion of others; choose your own path in life, and don't worry about what others think of your choices! Live it the way you want to. 

Work to improve your social skills.

Some teens have trouble with social interaction, with the reasons behind it varying. Since social interaction is necessary in order to succeed, it's important to learn how to cope with shyness and social anxiety. Consider working with a friend or a family member of close age to develop your social skills.    39   

Keep good relations with your family. 

Many teenagers become bad-tempered, withdrawn, and stop valuing family as much as they used to. Try to avoid this. Family is one of the most important connections in your life.    40    And plus, you see them every day. Why not make it nice to spend time with them?

A. Develop your sense of self.

B. Realize that the teen years are not all alike. 

C. Family members-especially parents probably worry about you during your teenage years.

D. But that doesn't mean you can't enjoy the teen years.

E. It's the building blocks for all relationships you develop.

F. There's really no "way" to enjoy being a teenager except for the "way" you make on your own!

G. It may not replace new social exchanges, but it's good practice.

第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分55分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A,B,C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的

最佳选项。

The Water Angel(天使)

From June to September, the temperature in Phoenix is so high that it can easily hit the century mark. But that doesn't stop hikers(徒步旅行者)from    41    the 1.3-mile hike to the top of the city's famous Camelback Mountain.    42    warn that the path is "extremely difficult." If you continue,    43    a liter(升)of water per person is    44   . And another sign farther up declares: "If you're halfway    45    your water, turn around!"

Unfortunately, many people    46    the warnings.    47   , Scott Cullymore doesn't. When he's not working, the 53-year-old can be    48    hiking up and down Camelback a couple of times a day, giving    49    cold bottles of water to worn-out hikers. He has helped so many hikers that he has    50    a heavenly nickname: the Water Angel. 

Cullymore was on Camelback Mountain one day in 2015 when a British    51    died after being lost for nearly six hours in the July    52   . That experience    53    him to start helping people caught unaware by Arizona's    54    form of Mother Nature. If a hiker has a red face and is not sweating anymore, he    55    his backpack(背包), pulls out a bottle, and hands it to the person.

One hiker who was    56    water says. "You think you know the heat, but then you get out here in the    57    and it surrounds you like a blanket," said Austin Hill, who was hiking with a high school friend. "We were    58   ," he said, pointing to Cullymore. "We    59    into this Good Samaritan here." And with that, the Water Angel leaves in    60    of another hiker in need.

41. A. refusing B. planning C. attempting D. finishing

42. A. Signs B. SignalsC. Offices D. Officials

43. A. at most B. at least C. at all D. in all

44. A. supplied B. suggested C. warnedD. wasted

45. A. up B. downC. over D. through

46. A. notice B. ignoreC. giveD. take

47. A. Fortunately B. SurprisinglyC. GenerallyD. Immediately

48. A. found B. keptC. caughtD. set

49. A. up B. off C. out D. in

50. A. made B. createdC. desiredD. earned

51. A. journalist B. scientistC. artist D. tourist

52. A. light B. windC. heatD. rain

53. A. required B. inspiredC. advisedD. allowed

54. A. unforgiving B. unbelievableC. unforgettableD. unwilling

55. A. picks up B. puts orC. clears out D. reaches into

56. A. offered B. handedC. shown D. lent

57. A. water B. signC. desert D. city

58. A. afraid B. sad C. lucky D. proud

59. A. rushed B. broke C. changedD. ran

60. A. danger B. search C. hope D. support

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Daytime ban on outdoor exercise

Paris has banned all outdoor exercise    61    10 am and 7 pm in a tightening of containment    62   (measure) aimed at preventing the spread of coronavirus (新冠肺炎) French authorities issued a    63    (state) warning anyone    64    (catch) jogging or exercising in public from Wednesday during those hours will face fines of between €135 and €375.

"It is through responsibility, self-regulation and collective discipline    65    Parisians will best help health workers in their fight against the epidemic (流行病)," the joint statement from the city's Mayor Department and police prefecture    66    (say).

France    67    (be) on lockdown since March 17, preventing anyone from leaving their home    68    they are key workers or going out to buy food or medicine. Until now, People were also allowed to exercise    69    (individual) as long as it was for    70    (little) than an hour and within one kilometer of their home.

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

With my homework was finished last Sunday, I went to the countryside to see my grandfather. At about 9, I set off and arrived at my home after an hour. Seen me, he felt very excited and welcomed me warm. I handed him the fresh fruit bought in the supermarket but he gave me some snacks. Then we went to catch fish. It was not long after we caught a lot of fish. Having brought them home, my grandfather cooked some to me. After lunch, I helped him clean the house and he praised me with big smile on his face. When it was time for me to leave, my grandfather gave me some gifts what I liked very much, and hugged me. It was so a beautiful day that I will remember it forever.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

请以"My favorite sport"为题,写一篇短文,参加你校英文报征文,内容包括:1.如何爱上这项运动的;2.喜爱的原因。

注意:1.词数100左右;2.短文题目和首句已为你写好。

My favorite sport

Many people like sports.                                                                     


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