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安徽省皖西南联盟2020-2021学年高一下学期开学考英语试题

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安徽省皖西南联盟2020-2021学年高一下学期开学考英语试题
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安徽省皖西南联盟2020-2021学年下学期

高一英语考试

考生注意:

1.本试卷共150分,考试时间120分钟。

2.请将各题答案填写在答题卡上。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读 一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15.B. £9.18.C. £9. 15.

答案是Co

1. What is the man?

A. A teacher.B. A waiter.C. A doctor.

2. What are the speakers talking about?

A. A red light.B. A rude woman.C. A road accident.

3. What does the woman think of her hometown?

A. It is beautiful and peaceful.

B. It is crowded and noisy.

C. It is rich and convenient.

4. What does the man ask the woman to do?

A. Throw away all the books.

B. Hand in all the old books.

C. Put away the old books.

5. Who knows the Johnsons' address?

A. Tom.B. The man.C. The woman.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a hotel.B. At a bread shop.C. In a clothes shop.

7. What does the man want to make?

A. A sandwich.B. A pizza.C. A hamburger.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9期。

8. Where does the man like to go?

A. To the beach.B. To an island.C. To an English corner.

9. What does the woman enjoy doing?

A. Meeting people when she is on holiday.

B. Keeping away from the tourists.

C. Knowing more people who speak Chinese. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. Why does Tim plan to do some sports?

A. To lose weight.B. To keep fit.C. To make more friends.

11. What sport does Tim want to try this summer?

A. Playing basketball. B. Playing football.C. Swimming.

12. Who will Tim call tonight?

A. Susan.B. Daniel.C. Diana.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Working conditions. B. Free time.C. Job stress.

14. What is the man trying to do in his work?

A. Keep working overtime.

B. Help others as much as possible.

C. Balance work and rest time.

15. What does the man expect the boss to do?

A. Provide extra work.

B. Provide stress management training.

C. Increase the workers' pay.

16. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Secretary and manager. B. Classmates.C. Workmates.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Where was Bob Dylan born?

A. In America.B. In Vietnam.C. In England.

18. What kind of music did Bob Dylan play in high school?

A. Popular rock and roll songs.

B. Country music.

C. Folk music.

19. When did Bob Dylan attend the University of Minnesota?

A. In 1941.B. In 1959.C. In 1969.

20. What did Bob Dylan mainly sing about in the 1960s?

A. The love for family.

B. Beautiful scenery.

C. The problems of that time.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和I)四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Because of COVID-19, tourism industries have to think about new ways of promoting tourist attractions online. One way of getting tourists to travel abroad from their own home is through virtual reality (VR) technology. Here are some of the best virtual travel tours that can be enjoyed online right now.

For wild animal lovers, the company andBeyond has been live streaming (直播) wildlife to viewers at home from South Africa. In order to raise money for the wildlife, andBeyond is also now offering unique virtual experiences such as a private meeting. During the meeting, viewers can chat to guides who will answer all the questions and share their experiences from a recent drive.

Those wishing to explore the US will be excited to know that national parks including Yellowstone, the Grand Canyon and the Everglades, now offer 360-degree videos through Google Earth.

On the Google Arts & Culture platform (平台),you can also enjoy a detailed virtual journey through some other national parks, such as Alaska's Kenai Fjords, the volcanoes of Hawaii or Utah's Bryce Canyon.

In the UK, the National Trust has organized many virtual tours from their most breath¬taking views and gardens, including the Giant's Causeway and the flower beds of Hidcote House.

Even if it can’t compare to a real-life experience, VR technology still allows us to get a little closer to the world's greatest wonders. At the very least, these platforms might help travelers plan their next holiday once the pandemic (流行病)is over.

21. What can we infer from the first paragraph?

A. VR technology will be used in tourism to attract visitors.

B. VR technology was born because of COVID-19.

C. Travelling abroad from home can be less fun.

D. Virtual travel tours are free to all the Internet users.

22. On which platform can we explore the US national parks?

A. AndBeyond. B. Google Earth. C. National Trust. D. Google VR.

23. How does the author think of these platforms?

A. They are useless.B. They are more attractive.

C. They are helpful.D. They are badly organized.

B

A valuable musical instrument was played recently in its first public performance (表演) since being rediscovered in 2015. The instrument, a Stradivarius violin, had been stolen and was missing for 35 years.

The violin has a long history. It was made in the 18th Century. Later, the instrument be-longed to Roman Totenberg, a Polish-born violinist. He died before the violin was rediscov¬ered. Now, the violin belongs to one of his daughters and its sound is again being heard.

This week, one of Totenberg's former students, Mira Wang, played the instrument for the first time since its rediscovery.

Totenberg's three daughters all agreed that Mira Wang should perform with the Stradiva¬rius. Amy Totenberg says the former student was close to her father.

Antonio Stradivari made the instrument in 1734. Roman Totenberg played the violin for almost 40 years. He performed on many famous concert stages around the world. Totenberg died in 2012 at the age of 101.

The Stradivarius was taken from his dressing room after a show. Daughter Nina Toten¬berg remembers what happened. " He was greeting well-wishers afterwards and when he turned around to go back and get the violin, it was gone. And they found the case thrown down the stairs in the place where the concert had been and they called the police and the FBI came.”

The disappearance of the violin remained a mystery (谜)for 35 years. Then, the former wife of the man who stole the instrument tried to sell it to a violin specialist who identified it. The former husband had once been a student of Totenberg.

In 2015, the Stradivarius violin was returned to Totenberg's three daughters. They had it repaired to playing condition.

The Totenberg sisters say they will sell the violin to a performer or a group. They want the instrument to be heard again by listeners around the world. Rare instruments also are mu¬sical treasures. In 2011, a Stradivarius violin was sold for more than $ 15 million.

24. Why was the performance unique?

A. It was played by a Ch inese musician.

B. It was played to honour a former violinist.

C. It was played with a lost — and — found valuable violin.

D. It was organized by a famous musician's daughters.

25. Why did Mira Wang have the honour to play the violin?

A. She has the best skill to play the violin.

B. She will show the violin to the world.

C. She is familiar with the daughters.

D. She was related closely to its former owner, her teacher.

26. Who stole the violin?

A. A violin specialist.B. A student of Totenberg's.

C. The former wife of a thief.D. One of the well-wishers at a concert.

27. What do you know about the rediscovered violin?

A. It will change hands.B. It will be donated to a group.

C. It will be played only once.D. It will be kept in a museum.

C

The Earth is losing some of its major freshwater supplies. But the water is not in lakes or rivers. They are called “aquifers”(含水层). They formed deep underground as the Earth de-veloped. Some aquifers are so deep that water from very heavy rains cannot reach them through all the rock and dirt.

Many aquifers provide irrigation (灌溉)water for crops. These freshwater are helping farmers in many countries. A new report says some aquifers are being emptied.

Irrigated agriculture is responsible for about 80 percent or more of freshwater use world¬wide. A growing part of that comes from underground aquifers because of dry weather or farmers growing crops in areas with little rainfall.

But researchers say taking water from aquifers is creating a large problem. Scientists warn that there is not much that can be done to repair them. It is difficult to measure ground¬water because it is so deep underground. It is also difficult to know how much water is there and where it is. The water from these aquifers may not be replaced for hundreds of years.

The report says seven countries use the most non — renewable groundwater for agricultural production. The seven are the United States. India, Pakistan, China, Mexico and Saudi Arabia. The United States is one of the world's major exporters of food. If China and India use up the groundwater they need to feed their populations, they would be forced to buy more food. This increased demand could cause food prices to rise.

The study shows that, while countries like Somalia are dealing with little rainfall, the world may someday face an underground drought. It's a really global issue. All countries around the world are facing this challenge. We don't have any great solutions or strategies to deal with this. So, at the very least, we need to have discussions to come up with new ways, new strategies that recognize this problem and manage how we might adjust our policies (调整 政策).

Any strategy must balance the short-term need for food for the world with the long-term survival of the Earth's aquifers.

28. Why is it difficult to recover underground water?

A. More water is drawn than it is added.

B. The Earth still lacks rainwater.

C. It is too deep for rainwater to reach.

D. Researchers know nothing about it.

29. What's the result of the disappearance of underground water?

A. The US will benefit from it.

B. More rains will reach aquifers.

C. Fresh water in lakes or rivers will also disappear.

D. Food will become more expensive.

30. How does the author feel when stating the fact in the text?

A. Worried.B. Relaxed.C. Encouraged. D. Optimistic.

31. What may be the best title for the text?

A. No Ways Can Save Underground Water

B. The Earth’s Underground Water Is Being Emptied

C. Agriculture Is Destroying Underground Water

D. Everyone's Duty Is to Protect Underground Water

D

Members of a native community in the arctic (北极的)areas of Sweden say their reindeer (驯鹿)are facing possible hunger from unusual weather related to climate change. The local Sami community takes care of about 8,000 reindeer throughout the year. The animals are moved between traditional feeding areas in high mountains close to Norway in the summer and forests farther east in the winter.

A community member, Inga, is worried about his reindeer. He said climate change has affected the area's weather activity and created food shortages. "If we don't find better areas for them where they can feed themselves and find food, the reindeer will die from hunger,” Inga said. He verified the problem by reaching down into the snow and pulling up a hard piece of ice close to the soil.

The area received unusual snowfall early in the fall, followed by rain that froze. Inga said this traps the plants that reindeer eat under a thick cover of ice. Some of the hungry reindeer have now moved away from their traditional feeding areas in search of food.

Community members say half the reindeer moved towards the east as planned. But the rest headed back to the mountains, where they face the risk of attacks by other animals or be¬ing caught in an avalanche (雪崩). Older members of the Sami community say that in the past, they only remember bad winters about once every ten years. But now, Inga says “ex¬treme and strange weather are appearing more and more often,“ happening several times a year.

Snowfall is common for the area. But as temperatures increase, rain can also fall, crea¬ting a “rain-on-snow” effect. When this happens, food remains trapped under the ice where the reindeer cannot reach it. This causes the animals to grow weaker and struggle to make it through the winter. Weather changes have hit the Sami community hard.

“We don't want money because we can’t buy better weather with money. We need the EU to take action and they need to do it now,“ said Inga.

32. What problem do reindeer meet with at present?

A. Cold weather.B. Risk of hunger.

C. Long march for food.D. Polluted environment.

33. What does the underlined word “verified" in Paragraph 2 mean?

A. Proved.B. Solved.C. Ignored.D. Answered.

34. What problem would the reindeer back in the mountains face?

A. Traps under the snow.B.Hunt fromhumanbeings.

C. Rocks falling down the mountain.D.Threat fromotheranimals.

35. What is causing the reindeer s present difficult situation?

A. Flood.B.Drought.

C. Rain-on-snow effect.D.Snowfall.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。

Being a successful high school student

Being a successful high school student requires both patience and motivation. Unfortu¬nately, there are often many things that can make your success difficult. Here are some tips which can help you become a successful high school student.

Remember that school is important.

It's important to have fun and have lots of extra after school activities, but school study should always be your top priority (优先的事物). 36    .    

Get involved at your school.

You don't have to be a superstar or a cheerleader to do this. 37   These may include recent events, such as the basketball game held last Friday or attending school events like dances and variety shows.

Take up a sport to get fit.

It's easy to forget to stay in shape when the workload gets heavy. 38   So join a sports team at your school to make you less worried about your schedule and have a healthy body.

39    .   

Not being an athlete is not an excuse for not having something to do after school. If you're interested in art, join the art club. Music? Join a band. If you're not into any of your school's clubs, advise your principal to start a new one. Most likely he or she will say yes.

Focus on yourself.

Don't compare yourself with others. 40    Every day you should only try to make your¬self better, instead of worrying about how the girl sitting in front of you has nicer clothes or is getting better grades, etc. Ten years from now. this won’t matter.

A. Join all kinds of clubs.

B. Find a club to develop your interests.

C. All you need to do is stay on top of things.

D. High school is only a competition with yourself.

E. So never take homework, tests and quizzes lightly!

F. Changing your attitude towards study can contribute to your success.

G. Doing some sports can help you relax your body and improve your study.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项。

“You're going to be keeping a journal in this class," I said with the kind of firm authority (权威). "And I want you to tell your 41    as they matter. "

“Why do they 42    ?” a boy named Michael asked. He was pretty handsome with a hard-set jaw and beautiful 43   eyes. "I mean, who cares about our stories?" 44   out at the roomful of students, I realized I didn't have a(n) 45   . “Why do your stories matter?” I repeated the question, 46   myself some time for a proper answer. No one said a word.

47   , I looked at Michael. "They matter because they do," I 48   . "Because you're here and you can tell them. Because it's what you have. Stories allow us to make what we've been through 49   . When you 50   your experience into a story, it becomes yours and not just something that 51 to you. " Michael kept staring. He didn't seem to 52   what I had said, but he didn't challenge me either.

In his first essay, Michael wrote about 53   he grew up on the streets of one of the worst 54   in Boston. He wrote how his high school English teacher, an elderly woman who saw his potential (潜力),helped him 55   a college application. Together, they got him into this 56  

I had Michael read his essay out 57   . After he finished, the class went so still we could hear the 58   of each other's breath. I looked at Michael and saw a small softening in his dark eyes. When he finally 59   back in his chair, it was like a coil (线圈)unwinding. After a moment, I said, "That's why I need you to 60   your stories.”

41. A. dreamsB. storiesC. novelsD. requires

42. A. formB. functionC. countD. differ

43. A. blackB. coldC. strangeD. blue

44. A. SpreadingB. LookingC. GoingD. Giving

45. A. answerB. problemC. solutionD. question

46. A. givingB. wastingC. killingD. treating

47. A. FortunatelyB. ObviouslyC. FinallyD. Exactly

48. A. arguedB. saidC. struggledD. shouted

49. A. creativeB. specificC. classicD. meaningful

50. A. sendB. talkC. trapD. turn

51. A. belongedB. wavedC. happenedD. ran

52. A. quoteB. forgiveC. admireD. believe

53. A. whatB. howC. whereD. when

54. A. neighborhoodsB. roadsC. castlesD. hotels

55. A. set outB. fill outC. take offD. make up

56. A. blockB. clubC. teamD. school

57. A. loudB. quietlyC. fastD. slowly

58. A. rateB. noiseC. soundD. speed

59. A. stoodB. layC. walkedD. sat

60. A. keepB. experienceC. tellD. forget

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

It can already be tough growing up without a parent-let alone trying to support yourself through college without parental help. That's why Karl Winsness is lending a hand.

As a means of 61    (help) out local kids, Winsness created the only scholarship (奖学 金)in the country that 62    (give) to children with parents in prison (监狱).

Winsness, who calls his educational gift the " Willy the Plumber Scholarship”, only makes about $ 30,000, working as an ordinary worker. The father of two says that he is able 63   (afford) the scholarship by living a relatively simple lifestyle.

Winsness spreads word of the scholarship 64   (simple) by spreading homemade fliers (传单)around Salem, Utah. While the sum of the scholarship 65   (be) only about $ 1,000, the 17 receivers of the scholarship say that the money means a great deal to their own 66 (wallet)——as well as their self-respect.

One of the youths 67   parents both went to prison when she was 5 years old said: ”You get really clown on 68    (you), people judge you, 69   you feel like you can't do anything. Then, all of a sudden, you have this stranger who has belief 70   you and knows that you're not who your parents are.” 

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错(共1。小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Many people like to go shopping. My mom is no different. She likes to buy shoe. Once, my mother told me to go shopping with her, and so I do. However, after I got home, I made a decide that I would not go shopping with her some more. She always spends long time on window shopping. When I go shopping, I always rapid buy the things I want to. That doesn't take her a lot of time. Some people shop not only to buy things, and also to look at things, which is call window shopping. 

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,上周你参加了美国某旅行社组织的加利福尼亚州七日游,但你对此次旅行 感到很不满意。请你给该旅行社负责人写一封投诉信,内容包括:

1.写信目的;

2.不满之处;

3.表达期望。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.开头和结尾已为你写好。

参考词汇:加利福尼亚California;旅行社travel agency 

Dear Sir/Madam,

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yours, 

Li Hua

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