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浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高一下期末教学质量检测英语试题

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浙江省衢州市2019-2020学年高一下期末教学质量检测英语试题
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衢州市2020年6月高一年级教学质量检测试卷

英语

命題:吴爱珍 罗佳 倪东阳 余志忠 审题:祝莉萍

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。

第I卷

注意事项:

1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效.

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.How hot will it get today?

A.90 degrees.B. 70 degrees.C. 60 degrees.

2.What is the woman probably studying?

A.Music.B. Math.C. History.

3.What do we know about Mary?

A.She is the woman's friend.

B.She is Barbara's friend.

C.She met the man at Steve's party.

4.What does the man mean?

A.Hard work leads to success.

B.To see is to believe.

C.A good beginning is half done.

5.What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A.United Nations.B.Some pictures.C. A building.

第二节

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.Which room are the speakers painting?

A.The bedroom.B.The dining room.C. The living room.

7.What color does the woman want it to be?

A.Orange.B.Red.C. Blue.

听第7段材料,回答8、9题。

8.What is TRUE about the woman?

A.She grew up near the beach.

B.She doesn't like summer.

C.Her hometown is in Northern California.

9.Why didn't the woman want to learn to surf in the summer?

A.The sun was burning.

B.The water was cold.

C.The beaches were crowded.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.What happened to the computer?

A.It stopped working.

B.Its camera broke down.

C.The woman dropped it.

11.How old is the computer?

A.Two years old.B.Four years old.C. Six years old.

12.What will the man probably do next?

A.Buy the woman a new computer.

B.Hold a birthday party.

C.Fix the computer.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.What are the speakers doing?

A.Getting dressed.B.Shopping.C. Eating fruit.

14.Which dress does the woman prefer?

A.The long one.B.The short one.C. It’s uncertain.

15.What does the woman think of the red dress?

A.More beautiful.B.Cheaper.C. Cooler.

16.What's the possible relationship between the speakers?

A.Shopper and seller.

B.Husband and wife.

C.Customer and tailor.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.How long does the weather forecast cover?

A.One day.B.Two days.C. Three days.

18.What is the weather like at night in the north today?

A.Dry.B.Rainy.C.Snowy.

19.How about the weather for the whole area at midday tomorrow?

A. Fine.B.Windy.C. Cool.

20.What is the next program about?

A.Lunch.B.News.C. Weather.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

第一节(共10个小题,每小题2.5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Escape from Treasure Mountain II

In 1998, the new computer game producer Madcap Studios created a wonderful game called Escape from Treasure Mountain. Since then, fans of the game have waited for the sequel, Escape from Treasure Mountain II. Finally, that sequel is available (可购得的)in stores. However, while ETM II has its good points, I found it rather disappointing. Basically, it's nothing more than the first game in a new package.

As in ETM I, main character Gigi Loyola and her friends must collect clues to solve puzzles to find a way out of the tunnels beneath Treasure Mountain. The puzzles grow increasingly harder as the game progresses. At the end, gamers face a tough challenge before getting away with the treasure.

A word of warning: although the game creators say it is possible to play the game with only a 4-speed (4X) CD-ROM, I would not recommend it. The graphics load so slowly, you'll only want to throw the game out of the window.

On the plus side, the making of cartoons is great, right down to the expressions on the characters' faces. The backgrounds are unbelievably real looking. Also, ETM II displays the same humor that made the first game so popular.

However, anyone who has not played ETM I will probably not get many of the jokes.

Generally, I would give Escape from Treasure Mountain II two stars out of five. It's not a bad game; it’s just not original.

21.Which paragraph supports the author's idea that ETM II has its good points?

A.paragraph 2B. paragraph 3C. paragraph 4D.paragraph 5

22.What does the author think of ETM II on the whole?

A.BadB.GoodC.WonderfulD.Disappointing

23.This passage is mostly likely a(n).

A.advertisementB. reviewC.guideD.notice

B

Did you know that most humans are able to recognize about 1 million different colors? Well, some people can't recognize this many because of something called colorblindness. If someone is colorblind, that means they can't see as many colors as others-or, in rare cases, can’t see any colors at all.

Thankfully,special glasses have already, been made to help fix some types of colorblindness. Now, according to new research published in Optics Letters, scientists have brought this solution one step further.

Sharon Karepov and Tal Ellenbogen, engineers from Tel Aviv University in Israel, have found a way to apply this technology to contact lenses (隐形眼镜).This new method is so groundbreaking because it can be customized to fix many different kinds of visual impairments(视觉缺陷).

People are able to see color because of how the eye is structured. At the back of our eyes, there are three different kinds of cone-shaped cells that absorb light waves. When light waves are absorbed, the cells send a message to the brain for the image to be processed.

If something is wrong with these cone-shaped cells, this can cause problems when the brain processes the image. One of the most common types of colorblindness is red-green colorblindness. People who have this type of visual impairment have difficulty telling apart the colors red and green.

“Problems with telling red from green interrupt simple daily routines such as deciding whether a banana is ripe," Karepov explained. Karepov also stressed the importance of applying this finding to create special contact lenses instead of relying on color-correcting glasses.

“Color-correcting glasses are commercially (商业地)available,however, they are much larger than contact lenses.?Karepov continued. “Our contact lenses...create a customized, simple and long-lasting way to deal with these impairments."

Whether you prefer to wear glasses or contacts, it's nice to know that people who are colorblind will soon be able to choose between the two, as well.

24.What can't people with colorblindness usually do?

A.See anything.B. Tell apart colors.

C.Lead an independent life.D. Live without glasses.

25.According to Karepov, why are his contact lenses better than color-correcting glasses?

A.They are smaller and long-lasting.B. They can be bought now.

C.They are much larger.D. They can correct colorblindness.

26.What's the purpose of this passage?

A.To tell us what colorblindness is.

B.To tell us what causes colorblindness.

C.To tell us how to correct colorblindness.

D.To tell us the finding of a new research.

C

Julia Morgan was born in 1872 and grew up in Oakland, California. At a time when it was uncommon for women to seek higher education and full-time careers, she became one of the most successful and well-known architects (建筑师)in the United States.

As a child and teenager, Morgan spent most of her time in California, but she also made several trips to New York to visit her extended family. She became close with an older cousin and her cousin's husband, Pierre LeBrun, who was an architect in New York City. Sensing Morgan's fascination with engineering and design, LeBrun and his wife encouraged Morgan to continue her education. With her parents' agreement, Morgan enrolled at the University of California in Berkeley to study civil engineering.

Morgan was the only woman in her engineering program, and she did better than others in her classes. She dreamed of a career in architecture and decided to apply to the Paris School of Fine Arts to continue her studies. Though it took her several years to gain acceptance to this competitive school, she never stopped trying. She was finally admitted and quickly became successful at the institution. In fact, she graduated with her architecture degree in three years instead of the usual five.

Morgan then returned home to California and began her career as an architect in a large design firm. Among her many well-known clients (客户)was newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst. He hired Morgan to design several buildings, including his largest estate, Hearst Castle. During these years, Morgan developed her signature architectural style.

Working for Hearst helped Morgan make a name for herself, and she soon had enough clients to open her own architectural practice. Her services were in high demand following the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. Thanks to her training as an engineer, Morgan understood how to construct buildings that could resist forceful movement in the event of another earthquake.

But the projects dearest to Morgan’s heart were those that encouraged the education of women. She designed a series of buildings for the YWCA, an organization that provided classes and gathering spaces for young women. She also kept an eye on the master plan of Mills College, a women’s college outside of her hometown of Oakland, and contributed six buildings to its campus.

27.Which of the following is true about Julia Morgan according to this passage?

A.Morgan was the most successful and well-known architect in the United States.

B.Pierre LeBrun encouraged Morgan to be an architect when she was young.

C.It was in New York that Morgan began her career as an architect.

D.Morgan loved the projects that promoted the education of women most.

28.What can be inferred from paragraph 3?

A.Morgan was the best student at the University of California.

B.Morgan got her architecture degree in three years instead of five.

C.Morgan was excellent and strong-willed in her education for her dream.

D.Morgan had no difficulty gaining acceptance to the Paris School of Fine Arts.

29.Which phrase is closest in meaning to make a name for herself in paragraph 5?

A.grow closer to her familyB. focus on her strengths

C.become well knownD. give herself a new name

30.Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

A.An Uncommon and Successful Architect

B.Julia Morgan's Great Contributions

C.Buildings Designed by Julia Morgan

D.A Well-known Architect with Many Clients

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Have you ever forgotten to lock the door of your house? Or, have you ever forgotten to switch off the TV or computer? 31, and can sometimes lead to problems. However, in the not-too-distant future, we will be living in smart homes that will help solve those problems.

Intelligent controls

Today, we have to use switches for your lights, and remote controls for our TVs and air conditioners. In the future, we will be using advanced technology every day for automatic control of just about everything in our home. You will no longer have to think about turning switches on and off yourself.32 , so everything will be ready for you.

Regular Health Checks

In addition, your smart home will be monitoring your health for you every day. Your bed, for example, will record how well you sleep every night. 33 If you start to have sleep or weight problems, it will send a warning to your phone. It will also give you suggestions on a healthier diet and how to sleep better.

No more disasters

34 , For example, if a water pipe starts leaking, or if there is a short in the electrical wiring, your smart home will detect it and provide you with the relevant information. This way, you will be able to fix the problem before your home becomes flooded or catches fire.

This smart technology is not a fantasy. 35 and being used in some homes. In this sense, the home of tomorrow is already the home of today. Nevertheless, it will take some years, before most new homes begin to use this new technology.

A.Natural disasters happen all the time

B.It will also be checking your body weight

C.These kinds of things happen to us all the time

D.Many of these new inventions are already available

E.The smart technology is being widely-used in our daily life

F.Your home will also learn your daily schedule and preferences

G.Smart homes will be able to prevent serious damage from accidents

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完型填空(共20题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)屮,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I was destroyed by the global financial crisis (危机)in 2008.I lost everything, or 36 I thought I did. I kept looking for work in my field as a consultant (顾问). And looking, and looking, but 37 .

A friend of mine owned a couple of car washes. He called to offer me a 38 . It was outside work, taking orders when people drove in to the wash. I 39 because I was worried about being seen as a 40 . But reality kicked in when I had no 41 for a niece’s birthday present.

So 1 42 back and asked if I could still have the job at the car wash. My utter failure as a human being was complete, my humiliation (丢脸)final-or so I thought.

On my third day of 43 myself to work, my former 44 I'd hired five years before pulled in-driving a brand new Lexus. Now my humiliation was complete. There was nowhere to run, no place to 45 .

46,just as I was about to die from 47, something happened that 48 changed my life. She smiled, jumped out of her car, ran over and gave me a(n) 49 . We chatted for about 10 minutes 50 her car was being done. She said she was happy to see me, that I'd been a great boss, and that she was glad I was working, because "so many"of her friends were 51.I came to realize how 52 I was.

At that moment, I decided that instead of just showing up, I would use all my skills to 53 my friend's business by taking more orders, and I did. Over the next few months, something 54 happened to me. Something I never saw coming, and something that influenced my life and made me a 55 man.

36.A. at lastB.at onceC.at leastD. at most

37.A. nothingB.nobodyC.somethingD. somebody

38.A. houseB.carC.ticketD. job

39.A. announcedB. refusedC.arguedD. prayed

40.A. cheatB.loserC.beggarD. driver

41.A. timeB.moneyC.chanceD. idea

42.A. paidB.turnedC.calledD. went

43.A. carryingB.allowingC.forcingD. tricking

44.A. customerB. bossC. athleteD. assistant

45.A. hideB.liveC.parkD. work

46.A. HoweverB.MoreoverC.BesidesD. Thus

47.A, shameB.angerC.worryD. fear

48.A. nearlyB.slightlyC.graduallyD. entirely

49.A. offerB.callC.handD. hug

50.A. whileB.afterC.beforeD. until

51.A. unemployedB. unrecognizedC. unhealthyD. uncomfortable

52.A. successfulB.helpfulC.luckyD. confident

53.A. saveB.increaseC.ruinD. start

54.A. shockingB.amazingC.puzzlingD. interesting

55.A. crazierB.quieterC.betterD. funnier

第II卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

When I was very young in the early grades, I loved my teachers very much and knew even then that I wanted 56 (become) a teacher someday too. Little girls used to like to play school, and I was always the one who wanted to take part,57 (pretend) to be a teacher I liked most. 58 I grew older, I stuck to my childhood dream and in high school took a subject 59  prepared me for Normal College.

My two years in the Chicago Normal College were difficult, for I lived so far away that it took 60 two-hour ride each way, but I spent some of the time on the school bus 61 my homework. After graduation I was assigned (分配)to a primary school in my own neighborhood. I 62 (teach) there for five years with many unforgettable 63 (memory).

One of the yearly events that were 64 (true) important to me was the day Lottie's husband, Douglas White, came to take the class picture. The children sat around me in 65 (we) back yard and the pictures always turned out good. Such happy experiences for all of us!

第四部分:写作(共三节,满分40分)

第一节单词拼写:根据所给的首字母或中文提示完成下列句子,每空一词。(共10小题, 每小题1.5分)

66.With the rise of electronic payment, cash is used less f          today.

67.Many animals were killed or seriously i            in the Australian bushfires in 2019.

68. Due to his poor school          (表现),,the headmaster demanded to meet his parents.

69.Mandy looked over her shoulder,            (发信号))to Jesse to follow.

70.Her voice on the phone sounded f          to me, but I just couldn’t remember her name.

71.The nurse is widely           (钦佩)as a heroine who has been battling against the COVID-19.

72.It is not easy to b        yourself when you first try skating.

73.If weather p         , we will have a picnic next week.

74.Oil and water don't m         . Even if you shake them together, they separate into two layers.

75.He tried to             (使印象深刻)his teachers by his beautiful handwriting.

第二节根据汉语提示完成下列句子。(共5小题,每小题2分)

76.不管你的竞争对手有多强,你都不应该不试一试就屈服。

                                are, you shouldn't give in without trying.

77.那只可怜的羚羊刚睡着,一个巨大的危险就来了。

The poor antelope had just                        a great danger came.

78.这个男孩是否能从膝伤中恢复还不清楚。

The question            the boy can             his knee injury is still not clear.

79.近20年以来,他一直献身于帮助穷人。

He has been                            poor people for nearly 20 years.

80.一些专家认为,还要两年的时间才能最终控制新冠肺炎疫情。

Some experts believe                        two years          the COVID-19 can finally be controlled.

第三节应用文写作(满分15分)

假如你是李华,你的英国朋友Chris对你们学校在新冠疫情期间推行的作揖礼很感兴趣,来信询问。请给她回信,内容包括:

1.推行原因:

2.实施场合;

3.积极影响。

注意:1.词数80左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:fist-and-palm salute作揖礼;etiquette礼仪;COVID-19新冠肺炎。


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