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浙江省湖州市2019-2020学年高一下期末调研测试英语试题

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浙江省湖州市2019-2020学年高一下期末调研测试英语试题
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2019学年第二学期期末调研测试卷

高一英语

本试卷分第1卷(选择题)和第|I卷(非选择题)。第1卷1至8页,第11卷9至10页。满分150分。考试时间120分钟。

第I卷

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What is the weather like now?

A.Rainy.                               B.Warm.                                C.Sunny.

2.Where is the science class being held? 

A.In the classroom.             B.In the laboratory.               C.In the library.

3.Why does the man refuse the woman?

A.The store is closed.         B.He needs to go to work.    C.They have cold medicine at home.

4.What does the woman suggest the man do?

A.See a movie.                   B.Go on holiday.                  C.Visit his relatives.

5.What time does the meeting start?

A.At 11:40.                       B.At 11:50.                            C.At 12:00.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个

选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A.Friends.                     B.Family members.                    C.Co-workers.

7.What does the woman say about the old factory?

A.It is boring.             B.It is dangerous.                          C.It is too far away.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8.Where is the woman probably?

A.At home.           B.In a gym.                                        C.In an office.

9.How often did the woman use to exercise?

A.Once a day.     B.Once a week.                                C.Once a month.

10.What exercise does the man suggest the woman do?

A.Run outside.   B.Play tennis.                                   C.Ride an exercise bike.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11.What will the man do first tonight?

A.Eat dinner.    B.Watch a movie.                            C.Do his homework.

12.Which movie does the man want to see?

A.Ne Zha.         B.Frozen 2.                                 C.Star Wars.

13.Why does the man disagree with downloading movies online?

A.He wants to support the filmmakers.

B.He likes to see movies in theaters.

C.He thinks it's not allowed by the law.

听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。

14.What did the stranger do according to the man?

A.He stole something.       B.He sold something.                   C.He asked for directions.

15.What does the man think about the stranger?

A.He was rude.                     B.He was friendly.                    C.He was dishonest.

16.What will the woman do next?

A.Go shopping.               B.Make some food.                      C.Go out to check something.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.What is the main idea of the talk?

A.A school's education project.

B.A school's closing announcement.

C.A school's ideas to fight the virus.

18.Who might be allowed to attend school during this period?

A.A nurse's child.                    B.A farmer's child.                C.An engineer's child.

19.Who is the talk intended for?

A.Students.                         B.Parents.                                   C.Teachers.

20.How should people contact the school?

A.By sending an email.   B.By making a phone call.          C.By going there in person.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Buttons,which are usually small and round,are often found on all sorts of clothing.They fasten,or connect,one piece of clothing to another.They make sure your clothes don't fall off. When we are speaking or writing in English,buttons can be just as useful.

Men or women often wear button-down clothes to the office.Button-down as an adjective means to be conservative(保守的)or traditional.People who are described as buttoned-down stay close as possible to the normal way of dressing and behaving.They don't wear crazy clothing or do unusual things.People and events can both be described as buttoned-down.

If someone is buttoned-up,he or she seems very business-like.In personal relationships,a buttoned-up person is cold and standoffish,meaning they physically and emotionally keep away from others.Buttoned-up people are not warm or friendly.And they do not share their inner thoughts and feelings with others.

In the expression"button up”,button is a verb.It means to stop talking.Now,let's say you find yourself buttonholed in a conversation at a party.The person just keeps talking and talking and talking!Finally,you can't take it any longer.You tell the person to button it!This is a direct,but unacceptable way of saying"stop talking".Button your lip is another equally rude but effective to stop a person who talks too much.

Another kind of difficult person is someone who pushes your buttons.To push someone's buttons means to know exactly how to get that person angry or upset.People who like to push other people's buttons usually do it for selfish reasons.First they find a person's weak point. Then they use it to upset him. 

21.Which of the following best describes buttoned-up people?

A.Comfortable.     B.Attractive.  C.Warm-hearted.  D.Unconcerned.

22.What does the underlined part"button it"in Paragraph 4 mean?

A.Cheer up!  B.Turn away!  C.Calm down!   D.Shut up!

23.What does a person want to do if he pushes your buttons?

A.Help you out.   B.Make you suffer.  C.Show he knows you well.  D.Point out your weak points.

B

George Washington,Alexander Hamilton,Benjamin Franklin.These are some of the historic American men who appear on United States paper money.But where are the women?

"Thousands of women have been ignored in history,"Rosie Rios said.From 2009 to 2016, she served as the 43rd treasurer of the United States.Rios wants to see more female representation on U.S.money.That's why she recently helped started a website and an app called Notable Women.The app uses AR,or augmented reality,to put portraits(画像)of 100 historic American women on paper money.

Rios cooperated with Google Creative Lab to design the app.It includes portraits of women who have contributed to all fields of American life,from science to government.One of them is Clara Barton,who founded the American Red Cross in 1881.Another is Patsy Takemoto Mink.She became the U.S.'s first Asian-American congresswoman in 1965.When using the Notable Women App,students point a smartphone camera at any U.S.bill.Then they can watch as the portrait on the bill turns into a female history-maker.By tapping on the new portrait, users can read about the related information of the woman.

Why wait until the government puts women on money?"Rios says."Let's be able to put these women on money now."Rios and the Google team designed Notable Women for use in the classroom.Their goal?To encourage discussion about women' s role in American history. They hope that students realize that women can have the same great achievements as men. 

Ugo Iroh,17,has tried the app.She attends the High School for Environmental Studies in New York City. Ugo thinks school history lessons don't give enough attention to the women who have devoted to America's past."Hopefully,through this app,students will be able to learn more abut various unsung women in U.S.history,"Ugo said.

24.What is special about the Notable Women App?

A.It is based on a study of Google Creative lab.

B.It analyses the roles of females in American history.

C.It uses AR to put great American female portraits on notes.

D.It centers on the development of United States paper money.

25.What is the purpose of using the Notable Women App in classroom?

A.To apply an advanced software in history class.

B.To show women have more achievements than men.

C.To inspire students with great women 's achievements.

D.To teach students how to become famous in the future.

26.What's Ugo's attitude towards the app?

A.Doubtful.      B.Positive.           C.Curious.    D.Negative.

C

In Singapore,buses have been given the green light to find new ways to reduce emissions(排放)and improve the air quality of their services.

Last month,GWS Living Art,a company specializing in city green structures installed(安装)green roofs on 10 public buses.While a bus might not seem like the typical location for a green roof,the installation could provide environmental and economic benefits.According to research by Michigan State University,green roofs are great at reducing polluting emissions, providing spaces for nature and cooling cities through the water that evaporates(蒸发)from their leaves and by shading surfaces that would otherwise take in heat.

"While the influence of green plants on buildings has been well recorded,much less is known about the effects of them on moving vehicles,"said Tan Chun Liang,a research fellow at National University of Singapore who advises the"Garden on the Move"bus campaign.This bus campaign is part of a three-month study to test whether green plants can help lower the temperature inside the buses and reduce the amount of fuel needed to power the air-conditioning. Liang hopes the research will provide a possible solution for cities to fight against global warming and the Urban Heat Island(UHI)effect--when a city experiences much warmer temperatures than nearby countryside,due to the heat produced and taken in by industry,traffic and building materials.

To make Singapore a"Garden City,"the government has joint this bus campaign with other green projects such as the Green Mark Scheme which aims for 80%of buildings to be green by 2030 and Gardens by the Bay,an eco-friendly garden featuring solar-powered supertrees"and over 1.5 million plants.“ 

27.Why were green roofs  installed on 10 public buses in Singapore?

A.To make the city look more beautiful

B.To provide more space for plants to live in.

C.To attract more people to use public transportation.

D.To test green plants environmental and economic benefits.

28.According to the text,why can green plants lower the temperature in cities?

A.They can clean the air.

B.They can reflect sunlight.

C.They can absorb greenhouse gases.

D.They can provide water and shade

29.How many projects are mentioned to make Singapore a"Garden City"?

A.2.     B.3.     C.4.         D.5.

30.What's the best title for the text?

A.Green Roofs on Buses                   B.Impact of the Plants

C.Green Campaigns in Singapore    D.An Eco-Friendly Garden

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Have you ever lost your temper? Did you scream or want to hit someone? 

31 You may get angry when something doesn't go your way.Maybe you get mad at yourself when you don't understand your homework or when your team loses an important game.Maybe your teacher gave you too much homework.Or maybe a friend borrowed your favorite video game and then broke it.That made you angry!

There are different ways people feel anger .  32 Are you breathing faster? Is your something or hit someone?Anger can make you scream face bright red?Do you want to break: at those around you.even people you like or love.

Some people keep their anger buried deep inside.If you do this,you might get a headache or your stomach might start to hurt.You may start to cry.  33  You should find a way to let it out without hurting yourself or others

Don't lose control if you get angry. 34 Instead,admit to yourself that you are angry and try to know by What can you do to keep the situation from happening again?If your sister gets a toys and you don't,it's not OK to break that toy.Maybe you can ask her to  share it with you.

It helps to talk bout  your anger with an adult,such as a parent,teacher,or relative. 35

A.It's not good to hide your anger.

B.Anger can even be a good thing.

C.Many things may make you angry.

D.Taking it out on others never solves anything.

E.Usually your body will tell you when you are angry.

F.Once you talk about anger,those bad feelings usually start to go away.

G.When someone you know is angry,he or she may stop talking to you or become quiet.

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处

的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

I was in France to visit my grandmother.To make her know how 36 she was,I cooked for her,and read her stories.I gave her a foot massage(按摩),which I was  37 to discover that was her first ever!

Before leaving,I was looking for a(n) 38 to leave something meaningful behind.So I wrote her five different love notes to let her know how much she 39 to me,and hid them in different places where I knew she'd 40 find them.One was put on her pillow.One was put beside the lamp by which she 41 read in the evening.Another one was put beside her toothbrush.One was put in her 42 she eagerly checked every day.And the last one was put on her car's steering wheel(方向盘)。

I left with 43,knowing that these cards would surely 44 her up after I left.She 45 me as I was travelling back to Paris to catch my plane back to the US and said,“I found your three cards!By the time I 46 the third,I was laughing out loud!They did me so much 47.Thank you so much!"I 48 to myself,knowing she 49 had two more to go!It was Sunday,so my 50 was that she hadn't checked her mailbox and hadn't yet driven her car!

As I was sitting on the plane back to the United States,I 51 that one of my friends' guiding principles is to 52 like his family.So I was thinking about ways to 53 that in different settings,including on a plane ride.I 54 that on my next flight,I'd bring and write five anonymous appreciation cards for different people on the plane,including the pilot who probably doesn't get 55 enough for taking us safely to our destination.

36.A.patientB.gentleC.importantD.popular

37.A.amazedB.worriedC.pleasedD.puzzled

38.A.connectionB.adventureC.choiceD.way

39.A.belongedB.meantC.turned D.devoted

40.A.suddenlyB.quicklyC.finallyD.nearly

41.A.wouldB.couldC.mightD.should

42.A.handbagB.drawerC.pocketD.mailbox

43.A.regretB.joyC.sadnessD.anxiety

44.A.pullB.bringC.cheerD.catch

45. A. telephonedB.encouragedC.comfortedD.reminded

46.A.finishedB.selectedC.hidD.discovered

47.A.doubtB.goodC.truthD.progress

48.A.criedB.gesturedC.smiledD.replied

49.A.stillB.everC.onceD.even

50.A.fearB.problemC.surpriseD.guess

51.A.expectedB.rememberedC.realizedD.learned

52.A.treatB.greetC.trustD.attend

53.A.acceptB.solveC.practiseD.understand

54.A.agreedB.suggestedC.believedD.decided

55.A.concernedB.thankedC.admiredD.rewarded

第II卷

注意事项:

第II卷共2页,用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,答在试题卷上无效。

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号中单词的正确形式。

Jane Goodall was born on April 3,1934 in London and56______(grow)up in Bournemouth on the southern coast of England.By the age of ten or eleven she had dreamed of going to Africa 57______(live)with animals.She had encouragement from her mother 58_____ told her,"Jane,if you really want something and if you work hard and never give up you will somehow find a way."

When a friend invited her to Kenya in 1957,Jane 59______(ready)accepted the offer.Jane traveled to Kenya by boat at the age of 23 and 60______ was there that she heard of Dr.Louis Leakey and managed to impress him with her knowledge of Africa and its wildlife.Dr.Leakey hired her as his assistant at Gombe National Park watching the wild chimpanzees and 61 ______(record) everything she saw.

Goodall married Baron Hugo van Lawick in 1964.They broke 62______ in 1974.In 1965 she earned her Ph.D.in Ethology(动物行动学)from Cambridge University and returned to Tanzania for her studies.One of her many observations was 63______ chimpanzees make and use tools.This64_____(behave)was previously thought to separate humans from other animals.Over the years Goodall's studies have continued to show the many striking similarities between humans 65 ________chimpanzees.

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:话题微写作(满分15分)

将下面5个句子按括号内要求翻译并连成一篇微作文。

1.Jason是个胖男孩,很害怕被他的同学嘲笑。(laugh at)

2.一天,一位健康饮食专家发表了一次演讲,给他留下了深刻印象。(deliver;which引导非限制性定语从句)

3. 他所意识到的是再也不能容忍自己吃那么多垃圾食品了。(what引导主语从句;can't

have sb.doing)

4.不久,通过减少饮食中的脂肪和糖分,他设法减轻了体重。(manage to;cut down)

5. 他希望人们都能重视健康饮食,并且能从中获益良多。(attach...to...;benefit)


第二节:应用文写作(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你班正在为即将举行的校英语戏剧节(English Play Festival)排练节目 The Million Pound Bank Note,请你给外教Mr.Brown写一封求助邮件,要点如下:

1. 排练时间、地点;

2. 请他指导台词; 

3.表示感谢。

注意:

1. 词数80左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:台词 lines n.;排练 rehearsal n.


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