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浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高一下期末教学质量监控英语试题

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浙江省丽水市2019-2020学年高一下期末教学质量监控英语试题
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丽水市 2019 学年第二学期普通高中教学质量监控

高一英语试题卷

本试卷分第I 卷(选择题)和第II 卷(非选择题)。第 I 卷 1 至 7 页,第II 卷 8 至 10 页。

注意事项:

第Ⅰ卷

1. 答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用  橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】

What is the dog doing now?

A. Playing.B. Sleeping.C. Eating.

2.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】

What does the man ask for?

A. Coffee.B. Sugar.C. Salt.

3.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】

Why won’t the woman watch the game with the man tonight?

A. She has to work late.B. She wants to visit Sally.C. She doesn’t like basketball.

4.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】

How much will the woman lend the man?

A. £5.B. £7.C. £9.

5.【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】

Where will the speakers study tonight?

A. In the school library.B. At the man’s house.C. At the house of the man’s sister.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】


6. What are Mei’s lessons about?

A. Painting.B. Speaking Chinese.C. Drawing Chinese words.

7. How does Mei’s teacher help Mei?

A. He makes learning fun.

B. He tells her to be patient.

C. He makes the lessons easy.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】


8. What is the first problem the man thinks about the camera?

A. It’s getting old.

B. Water got into it.

C. Something is wrong with the screen.

9. What does the man probably mean in the end?

A. The camera is on the wrong setting.

B. The woman is good at taking photos.

C. There is nothing wrong with the camera.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】


10. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A  Mother and son.B. Brother and sister.C. Husband and wife.

11. What does the man think of the woman’s idea?

A. It’s smart.

B. It’s against their traditions.

C. It’ll make them stressed out.

12. Where do the speakers come from?

A. China.B. Britain.C. America.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】


13. What day is it today?

A. Wednesday.B. Thursday.C. Friday.

14. What does the man hope to do this afternoon?

A. Watch a basketball game.B. Go for a job interview.C. Meet Yao Ming.

15. What will Yao Ming talk about?

A. Why it’s important to go to university.

B. What it’s like to be famous in the U.S..

C. How to start a successful basketball career.

16  How old was the woman when she first heard about Yao Ming?

A. Four years old.B. Seven years old.C. Eight years old.

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。【此处可播放相关音频,请去附件查看】


17. Why did the speaker and her parents first move to the U.S.? 

A. To live with their family.B. To find good jobs.C. To learn English.

18. What did the speaker want to be?

A. A market owner.B. A doctor.C. A teacher.

19. Where did the speaker go to college?

A. In Los Angeles.B. In San Francisco.C. In New York City.

20. How does the speech probably make the students feel?

A. Worried.B. Encouraged.C. Disappointed.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分 35 分)

第一节 (共 10 小题; 每小题 2.5 分, 满分 25 分)

阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

A gymnastics balance beam (平衡木) is just 4 inches wide, but whether it sits an inch off the floor or the standard 4 feet, the challenge it causes for excellent gymnasts is the same.

That’s how gymnast Morgan Hurd explains it. “Beam is one of those things that are more mental than anything,” she said. “If you can do it on the floor, you can do it on the beam.” That’s the way she is taking as she trains for the delayed Tokyo Olympic Games in the living room of her Delaware home.

First State Gymnastics has been her training site since fifth grade but it is closed because of the coronavirus ( 新冠病毒) pandemic. Hurd has only one piece of gymnastics equipment: a balance beam that is quite close the ground and is roughly half the standard length of 16 feet, 5 inches. But she has no uneven bars (高低杠) in her house. “The hardest thing will be bars just because that feeling can not be replaced, no matter what you do or how strong you are,” Hurd said.

These days, Hurd’s self-directed training includes two workouts daily, three hours in the morning and another two hours in the afternoon, six days a week. She regularly talks to Slava Glazounov, who has been her coach since fifth grade. Hurd is in charge of her practising, such as the stretches and exercises that keep up her strength.

Equally important to Hurd is staying in touch with her teammates on the U.S. national team.

Sunisa Lee is a close friend, who, in April, shared a video of herself in her yard.

21. According to Morgan Hurd, balance beam    .

A. is a special kind of mental training

B. needs to be trained in the living room

C. is a more mentally challenging sport

D. is more challenging than uneven bars

22. Morgan Hurd prepares for the delayed Tokyo Olympic Games mainly by    .

A. keeping sharing videos with friends

B. keeping in touch with her teammates

C. keeping taking regular exercise home

D. keeping communicating with her coach

23. Which of the following best describes Morgan Hurd’s personality ?

A  Self-centered.B. Self-controlled.C. Honest.D. Sensitive.

B

Greece restarted regular ferry (轮渡) services to its islands, and cafés and restaurants were also back open for business to rescue its tourism .

Travel to the islands had been generally off-limits since a lockdown was carried out in late March to stop the spread of the coronavirus, with only goods suppliers and locals allowed to enter. But the country’s low infection rate (感染率) in the COVID-19 pandemic encouraged the government to start the holiday season three weeks earlier than the expected June 15 date.

At Bairaktaris restaurant on central Monastiraki Square in Athens, waiters and other workers wearing face masks, prepared various dishes, arranged flowers on tables and waited for customers, who remained cautious. Spiros Bairaktaris, the owner, is carrying on a family business running for 140 years and has hung pictures on the wall of himself sitting next to supermodel Naomi Campbell, singer Cesaria Evora, and other famous customers.

Greece has had nearly 2,900 infections and 171 deaths from the virus. Italy has seen nearly 33,000 coronavirus patients die, Spain has had nearly 29,000 deaths and Turkey 4,340,  according to a record by Johns Hopkins University.

Social distancing rules and passenger limits have been introduced on ferries and at restaurants to prevent new infections. State-run health services to fight the coronavirus are being provided to the islands.

Tourism is a vital part of the Greek economy, directly contributing more than 10% of the country’s GDP . More than 34 million visitors traveled to Greece last year, spending 18.2 billion euros ($19.5 billion), according to government data.

24. What does the underlined word “off-limits” in paragraph 2 probably refer to ?

A. Prevented.B. Admired.C. Confirmed.D. Encouraged.

25. Which of the following statements is true according to the text?

A. Tourism has been completely rescued in Greece.

B  Visitors are welcomed to Greece to help develop tourism.

C. Coronavirus pandemic has already disappeared in Greece.

D. Bairaktaris restaurant has attracted many famous customers.

26. What’s the author’s purpose of writing the text?

A. To attract famous customers in Greece.

B. To show the growth of Greek economy.

C. To introduce the efforts made for Greek tourism.

D. To share specific ways to run a restaurant in Greece.

C

If you grew up watching the kid’s television channel Nickelodeon, you will probably understand that there is nothing greater than enjoying its special bright green slime ( 水晶泥). The week of May 11, astronauts (宇航员) aboard the International Space Station(ISS) joined the slime.

Nickelodeon sent two kilos of its green slime into space in the summer of 2019. The Slime in Space project’s idea was to create an educational trip for teachers to use in class. The green slime was also used to guide astronauts through a series of experiments that were designed to learn more about how slime acts in microgravity.

Researchers from Portland State University(PSU) were excited to design the experiments for the project. Mark Weislogel and his partner designed eight shows for NASA astronauts and European Space Agency astronaut aboard to perform.

If you’re wondering what we could hope to learn from sending slime into space, the answer lies in its very name. Slime is slimy. This is because it is a liquid that is thicker than liquids like water. This makes slime act in unexpected ways in the microgravity of the ISS. Improving our understanding of how thicker liquids act in space may help us improve the design of systems that something were designed with Earth’s gravity in mind.

“Interestingly, we consider liquid on Earth as that takes the shape of its container,” Koch tells CNN. “Water just turns into a ball in microgravity, so we’ve had to have a new understanding of different kinds of matter in space. This experiment shows how microgravity  can help us understand things on Earth, especially the things we take for granted.”

27. In paragraph one, Nickelodeon is mentioned    .

A. to introduce the topicB. to attract the kids

C. to make advertisementsD. to share a TV show

28. Why are the experiments with slime designed in space ?

A. Because they get students interested in space.

B. Because slime takes the shape of its container.

C. Because slime is popular with kids in the TV show.

D. Because they help us understand how slime acts in space.

29. What is Koch’s attitude towards the experiment with slime?

A. Puzzled.B. Worried.C. Uninterested.D. Positive.

30. Which of the following can be the best title of the text?

A. Microgravity makes a difference to matters.

B. Astronauts join the slime in space for science.

C. Kids join the slime so as to become astronauts.

D. Experiments are designed with slimy slime.

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

When I learned that a psychology class designed to teach students how to become happier was available online to anyone who wanted to take it, I decided to see what it was about. After taking the course, I believe that anyone who follows the suggestions can truly become happier.

___31___

Increase social connections.

Talking with a friend face to face will make you happier.___32___ My boyfriend loves chatting with waiters, and I notice that he always wears a wide and happy smile after having a meaningful talking with them. Actually, many studies have found that the more social media, the less happy you are.

___33___

Volunteering to help someone or buying a coffee for the person behind you in line can make you happier, because helping others takes the focus away from our own worries and problems, which can increase happiness. _______34_______ If you perform the same act of kindness over and over, it may begin to feel like a duty.

Burn some calories.

Exercise causes hormonal (荷尔蒙的) changes in the body that make you feel good and avoid negative thoughts. ________35________ And after ten months, they are less likely to be depressed (沮丧) again.

A. Buy someone a coffee.

B. Perform acts of kindness.

C. My favorite tips are as follows.

D. However, changing your way is very important.

E. But a meaningful meeting with a stranger also works.

F. As is reported, it is of great importance to exercise regularly.

G. A research shows that depressed people exercising regularly improve a lot.

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 个小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My father, a soldier, was ordered to move again. It came as a ______36______  because we had   just moved into the present duty station a few weeks before.

It was the fourth time we’d got to move to a _____37_____  place in just two years, which was truly our “home” in Hawaii that we’d only ________38________  through my father’s music with ukulele   (尤克里里).____39____ was the thing that connected my father with Hawaii, a reminder of his home and___40___.

Everything was  ________41________  this time. We  were just arriving,  but he was already  _____42_____ to  leave again  without  us. Our father,  the person who could make  us ____43____  the “new”  family, was gone.  Suddenly, we  were surrounded  by cousins who _____44_____  knowing each  other, joining in  a cultural  _________45_________  of which we  only knew the surface. We  were  _____46_____  in the family.

One day, I ________47________  my father’s ukulele that I had watched him play was  ________48________  in the corner. When I tried to play it, though unskillfully, I felt closer to him and our Hawaiian roots. Then  I picked up an old  song  book, and ______49______  myself  to play. I would play  and sing, _____50_____  my  father had been here. Finally  my  father_______51_______with  a newly-bought ukulele, and we had a mini concert. He was____52____ that I had learned so much.

What I really _______53_______  was that  music  has the ________54________  to do truly extraordinary things____55____ us with our culture and each other, our past and our present.

36. A. surpriseB. testC. lessonD. story

37. A. dangerousB. coldC. darkD. new

38. A. suffered fromB. heard aboutC. heard fromD. looked after

39. A. MusicB. FoodC. MoneyD. Nature

40. A. languageB. cultureC. economyD. school

41. A. goodB. wrongC. differentD. sad

42. A. excitedB. preparedC. eagerD. pleased

43. A. put inB. break inC. take inD. fit in

44. A. grew upB. got upC. set upD. looked up

45. A. relicB. exchangeC. competitionD. tradition

46. A. customersB. teachersC. strangersD. doctors

47. A. foundB. boughtC. sharedD. broke

48. A. pickedB. servedC. leftD. limited

49. A. allowedB. advisedC. taughtD. told

50. A. even ifB. as ifC. so thatD. now that

51. A. respondedB. succeededC. returnedD. recovered

52. A. movedB. confidentC. tiredD. angry

53. A. missedB. showedC. hatedD. learned

54. A. dutyB. spaceC. honorD. power

55. A. showingB. connectingC. punishingD. praising

第Ⅱ卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分 40 分)

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Out of a home bakery (烘焙) in Bowie, Maryland, a young businessman gives one cupcake away to someone in need, for each one he sells. Behind the operation is 14 -year-old Michael Platt. He runs a company___56___ model is based on another company of charity.

Platt recently got ____57____  order for a few dozen cupcakes, and as promised, he doubled the order and packed up the extra cupcakes to bring to___58___ (home) people on the streets. Now, he focuses  ____59____  his business and charity, hoping to open several grocery _____60_____  (store) for people who want to shop for affordable things. As if ______61______  (run) the bakery and charity is  not enough, Platt partners with No Kid Hungry and____62____  (raise) money for the organization which helps children in need of food.

On Top of all of that, Platt recently gave a TED talk on being a young businessman. “Kids can do what they love to do and also be able ___63___ (help) people,” he said. “If everyone does  what they can to  end a  problem that they’re ___64___  (interest)  in, then the  problem will end.” The audience were___65___ (great) inspired by his story.

第四部分 写作(共三节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 10 小题,每空 1 词,每题 1 分,满分 10 分)

句子翻译

66. 这个晚会真是让音乐爱好者大饱耳福。

The evening party was a real____for music lovers.

67. 今天航班误点,敬请原谅。

We should like to make an____for the delay to your flight today.

68. 那封信不是写给我的,然而我出于好奇,把它拆开了。

The letter was not addressed to me, but I opened it out of____.

69. 我们和数名申请者进行了面谈,但都没有给我们留下什么印象。

We interviewed a number of candidates, but none of them_____us.

70. 根据相对论,任何东西都无法超越光速。

According to the_____of relativity, nothing can travel faster than light.

71. 嘴里塞满了东西,跟人说话,是不礼貌的。

It’s bad_____to talk with your mouth full.

72. 温哥华的树都特别高,有些超过 90 米。

The trees in Vancouver are extremely tall, some_____over 90 metres.

73. 这是一个具有挑战性的任务,需要他极大的耐心。

It was a challenging task and required all his______.

74. 那个学生无法解释 什么迟到。

The student couldn’t____his being late.

75. 请和你的同桌讨论扔垃圾时,需要注意什么。

Discuss with your deskmate what we should______when throwing rubbish.

第二节 (共 10 小题,每空 1 词,每题 1 分,满分 10 分)

课本原文填空

Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have been held everywhere since ancient times. Most ancient festivals would___76___the end of cold weather, planting in spring and___77___in autumn.  Sometimes  celebrations would be  held after___78___had caught animals. Today’s festivals have many origins, some ___79___, some seasonal, and some for special people or events. Some festivals are held to honour the dead or to ____80____the ancestors, who might return either to help or to do harm. Festivals can also be held to honour famous people. The most___81___ and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.  ____82____the Spring Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may give children  ____83____money in red paper. People love to get together to eat, drink and have ___84___ with each other. Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud of our _____85_____and forget our work for a little while.

第三节 读后续写(满分 25 分)

86.阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

Surprises are beautiful because they come without waiting. It was not so true for Nancy though. She was sure her younger sister, Kate, was planning a surprise for her birthday. Opening the curtains of her bedroom window, she hungrily drank in the fresh morning air. Nancy was turning 30 today. “Keep calm. It’s only your 30th birthday.” she thought to herself, quickly glancing at the mirror and looking away. She never liked looking at the mirror. It always reminded her of what she had suffered. She didn’t want to think of the past and all that it had done to her.

Over these years she had worked at different factories and cleaned the floors at big hotels where perfumed men and women floated easily. Ever since their parents died, her only goal was to educate Kate. Nancy didn’t go to her dreamy university. Her emotions came running back to the present. Quickly, she wiped her tears and rushed to the door.

“A sister is a little bit of childhood that can never be lost.” Kate was her dream, her hope, her happiness and her precious possession. She meant everything to her. Kate was so outstanding that she was admitted to Harvard University. And today, Nancy was sure Kate would surprise her with a gift like she did every year. Nancy imagined the freshly baked chocolate cake that would welcome her. Her tongue was eager to lick up the soft, brown cream and her teeth were ready to bite it. She heard the sound of Kate’s footsteps coming towards her. She waited smiling.

It seemed like an endless wait. Finally, she heard her younger sister approaching her room. Her eyes lit up, steps turned into a spring and her heart was pounding. She sniffed the  air to catch a breath of the chocolate cake but she couldn’t. “Maybe it is not chocolate flavor this  time.” she imagined with pride. Her sister was a grown-up now. She could surprise her with something else.

注意:

1、所续写短文的词数应为 150 左右;

2、至少使用 5 个短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3、续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4、续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

Kate walked into her room empty-handed.


Kate handed her a brown envelope.


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