The 15-day Spring Festival is the biggest holiday of the year for many Chinese to leave from their jobs to travel home and see their loved ones But along with gathering come a lot of traditions aimed at making sure the year ahead is lucky and happy.
Here are some key dos and don’ts that many Chinese follow before and after the Lunar New Year.
Set off fireworks
The more fireworks or firecrackers you set off, the better.
Not only do you light up the night sky with a symphony of color, but the loud banging sounds are thought to scare off evil spirits.
Eating dumplings is a popular tradition in northern China because dumplings not only taste good but also look like pieces of gold.
Clean your home
Sweep, mop, vacuum, steam-do anything and everything to make sure your home is clean before the midnight on Lunar New Year eve. The aim here is to free your home from any bad luck that’s accumulated over the past year.
Wash or cut your hair
Leave your hair as it is on the first day of the New Year.
The Chinese character for hair is the same first character in the word for prosperity(发达).
This means washing or cutting it off is seen as washing your fortune away.
Clean post-New Year
Cleaning of any kind on the first day is strictly forbidden.
You clean your home to avoid any bad luck before the New Year - now you want to be sure not to wipe, sweep or wash away any of the good luck that arrives after midnight.
It’s bad luck to buy them during the 15-day Spring Festival.
The Chinese word for "book" (shū) sounds exactly the same as the word for "lose’"-so buying a book is considered an invitation to bad luck.
Also, avoid giving books as gifts to anyone, because it’d be like wishing bad luck upon them.
1. Why is the Spring Festival the best time for many Chinese people according to the text?
A. They can enjoy a lor of delicious dishes.
B. They can get together with their family members.
C. It’s time for them to say good-bye to the past year
D. The festival will bring them good luck and happiness.
2. You are expected to do the following on the first day of the New Year EXCEPT .
A. setting off fireworksB. enjoying tasty dumplings
C. cleaning your homeD. leaving your books untouched
3. In which section of a newspaper can we see the passage?
A. Advertisement.B. Literature.
C. Culture.D. Travel.
So many things can keep you from seeing your loved ones in person, from busy schedules to long distances to a rather unexpected COVID-19 virus. Fortunately, thanks to modem technology, the people we miss are often only a phone call or text message away. But if you’re someone who prefers to type out messages. you may want io reconsider. A new study, published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology, found that communication that included voice, like a phone call or video chat, created stronger social relationships than communication through typing, like text messaging or email.
In the study, researchers used various experiments to measure relationships. In one, they asked 200 people what it would be like to reconnect with an old friend by email or by phone and then asked them to do one or the other. Although people anticipated that a phone call would be more awkward, hearing someone’s voice actually made the experience better.
“People reported they did form a stronger relationship with their old friend on the phone compared with email, and they did not feel more awkward,” said Amit Kumar, an assistant professor of marketing at the McCombs School of Business.
In another experiment, the researchers had strangers connected by either texting, talking over video chat, or talking using only audio. They found that both forms of voice communication — whether video or audio only — made the strangers feel significantly more connected than when they communicated by text.
Sabrina Romanoff, a Harvard psychologist, says people tend to text or email instead of calling because of convenience, as they see it as a controlled form of communication where they can “communicate information exactly in the way they want without unexpected additions by the other person.”
Romanoff says that in reality, texting can make it hard to determine the true meaning behind a conversation. “A phone call is actually more convenient when considering the pet effects of the message,” she explains. “Each party is more present, and therefore, able to understand the meaning behind the content without thinking about the endless possible meanings behind words.”
4. What does the passage mainly tell us?
A. Texting does harm lo social relationships.
B. Voice communication brings people closer.
C. A phone call does more good than a text message.
D. People prefer a text message rather than a phone call.
5. How did the researchers carry out the study?
A. By comparing.B. By reasoning.C. By imagining.D. By discussing.
6. What does the underlined word “anticipated” in Paragraph 2 mean?
A. Ensured.B. Refused.C. Expected.D. Disagreed.
7. People prefer to text rather than call because they think .
A. texting makes them feel more connected
B. they feel awkward when making a phone call
C. texting helps communicate their information exactly
D. calling helps determine the true meaning behind the conversation
Christmas at my house meant colorful decorations, candles in every window, homemade dinners by Mom and her matching red coat. I always believed that someday my own kids would gather here and enjoy the traditions that had been passed down each December.
Life had other plans. Mom found bet cancer in 2006 and died three years later. Three years after her death, I made my yearly trip to my childhood home for Christmas with my dad and sister. When I hunted for Christmas decorations up in the attic, an unusual yellow envelope caught my eye. Inside was a never published children’s book by Mom, dated February 10, 1993. It was titled The Evil Stepmother (Who Wasn’t). It’s the story of a little girl who loses her mother to cancer. Her father soon remarries, and at Christmas, the girl returns home to find her stepmother crying with a woman’s photograph in her hands. The stepmother says that she lost her mother, too, and always misses her most at Christmas.
I read Mom’s book and wondered why she had been moved to write it. She was years away from her cancer at the time. But there was no stepmother in our lives. So I put the book away, found the decorations I came for, and forgot about Mom’s book quickly.
Without the home that had been full of so many memories, I didn’t celebrate Christmas any more. I began to avoid the holiday music and even, for a while, the color red.
That changed in December 2017. Dad brought a woman to Christmas unexpectedly. When we first met we hugged each other shyly. Soon, she had Dad and me laughing. It was going so well. The three of us went out to pick out gifts. That’s when “While Christmas” began to play over the store’s speakers. I froze. It was the song Mom sang to me as a child to get me to sleep. Tears streamed down my face.
We got home, and I went to my room to calm down. There was a knock on the door. Dad’s girlfriend. She told me that Christmas was hard for her too and that she had lost her mother to Alzheimer’s.
“Do you see my coat?” she asked. “It was my mom’s. Your dad tells me your mother had a red coat too. Maybe we can wear them together sometime.”
I remembered the scene from Mom’s book and hugged this woman who made my dad happy, who was offering us a second chance at Christmas.
A year later, my sister and I attended Dad’s wedding. This past December. I hosted my first Christmas in New York. My stepmother and I decorated the house, candles in every window. We walked arm in arm down Broadway in our mothers’ red coats.
8. What is the first paragraph mainly about?
A. The author’s happy childhood.
B. The author’s hopes for the future.
C. Some unforgettable Christmas traditions.
D. The author’s sweet memories at Christmas.
9. When reading Mom’s book, how did the author feel?
A. Sad.B. Confused.
C. Frightened.D. Anxious.
10. The author didn’t celebrate Christmas anymore because .
A. she was unwilling to recall the past
B. she couldn’t stand the holiday music
C. she was unable to spare time for celebration
D. she could not enjoy Christmas without Mom
11. As for the red coats, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. They belong to two mothers.
B. They are necessary at Christmas.
C. They remind the author and her stepmother of their mothers.
D. They are a bridge connecting the author and her stepmother.
12. What can be the best title for the text?
A. The woman in the red coatB. A never-published book
C. A newly-built happy familyD. The sensitive stepmother
2020 is on the way to being the hottest year in history
It’s been a super year in a lot of ways, and with just a few weeks left, 2020 is likely to be titled the hottest year on record.
Previously, 2016 held that title-and global warming records are getting broken faster and faster. Before 2016, 2015 had the title, and previous to that it was 2010.___13___But, unfortunately, this is the reality we live in: the climate is warming at an alarming rate, and we’re doing little to slow it down.
___14___To be more exact, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) gives it a 46 percent chance of being the second hottest year on record. ___15___
It was actually expected to be a cooler year. A strong La Nina weather pattern was in place, which has brought down the temperature of the eastern and central parts of the Pacific Ocean.___16___As a result, the planet as a whole has still ended up way too warm. In fact, it was the warmest the oceans have ever been during such a strong La Nina.
All in all, we’ll have to wait until January to know for sure where this year lands in the record books. ___17___.
A. That might technically be good news, but it’s not really.
B. But the rest of the world was so much hotter than normal.
C. These aren’t exactly the kind of records we want to be breaking.
D. However, whether we break the record or not, it’s been a hot year.
E. This year has seen lots of weather events caused by global warming.
F. Still, there is a chance that 2020 won’t be the hottest year on record.
G. According to the Met Office, 2020 will likely be 1.11℃ warmer than 1850-1900 average.
Two Sundays ago. Tischler woke bright and early and said to herself, "I have nothing to do today-let’s do this."
To get "the Sharing Table" going, Tischler___18___the boxes on the table with food, toilet paper, toothpaste and other items. Then she placed handmade ___19___on the table,___20___that everything on it was___21___.
With the___22___of her sister-in-law, Kristine Lenza, the first day of the Sharing Table was___23___successful. "I didn’t think anybody was going to___24___much of anything, " she said. "I thought people would be more___25___to donate. A lot of people have donated but a lot of people have also taken things."
Weather permitting, Tischler now sets up the table every day. She said the Sharing Table will___26___through Christmas. Tischler wants people to know that their personal information will be____27____. "Nobody stands behind the table or____28____what you take from it. The Sharing Table is judgement-free." she said.
"Whatever situation you are in, you are welcome. You don ’t have to have____29____your job, or you don’t have to have had COVID-19," she said. "It could just be that you need a(n)____30____support to get you through the year, or if you are having a tight budget(预算)this month____31____ Christmas presents and you need help with groceries. "
At the end of each day, Tischler goes outside.____32____, she finds just as many items have been taken as they’ve been given.
18. A. putB. filledC. tookD. brought
19. A. optionsB. goodsC. inventionsD. signs
20. A. answeringB. sellingC. showingD. recommending
21. A. freeB. uniqueC. cheapD. neat
22. A. agreementB. admissionC. adviceD. aid
23. A. partlyB. surprisinglyC. naturallyD. hopefully
24. A. donateB. giveC. takeD. buy
25. A. ableB. possibleC. difficultD. likely
26. A. continueB. congratulateC. containD. contribute
27. A. learnedB. heardC. protectedD. copied
28. A. imaginesB. watchesC. findsD. discovers
29. A. foundB. changedC. soughtD. lost
30. A. extraB. normalC. regularD. unusual
31. A. in honor ofB. instead ofC. because ofD. in celebration of
32. A. ParticularlyB. UsuallyC. OccasionallyD. Similarly
The world’s first commercially (商业的) printed Christmas card is up for sale, showing a merry scene___33___ made some of 19th-century Britain’s old-fashioned citizens unhappy.
The card, which is on sale in Marvin Getman’s bookstore,___34___(produce) by Henry Cole and Joseph Cundall in 1843, when Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol” was published.
The modem idea of Christmas appeared in the first half of the 19th century. However, the hand-colored card — on which a family and a small girl gathered___35___a table, ___36___(enjoy) glasses of wine — went against the UK’s temperance (戒酒) movement.
It was said that___37___image on the card resulted in___38___(angry) in the movement because it was believed to encourage drinking, even by a child. The card proved so controversial (有争议的) that it was three years___39___ the publisher produced another. As a result, that put off the desire for there being a second card.
A thousand copies of the card were___40___(origin) printed to be sold for a penny each-but it is now estimated (估计) that fewer than 30 examples___41___(leave), with some on show in museums or for sale.
One such card,______42______(address) to “Mother and Father”, is up for auction (拍卖) next week, with an estimated price of $l0,752.
43. Too much pressure at study may a_________for his failure in the test.（根据首字母单词拼写）
44. It is required that a recent photo should be a_________to the application form. （根据首字母单词拼写）
45. In fact, Forrest Gump is d_________a masterpiece (巨作) in American history. （根据首字母单词拼写）
46. Doing exercise regularly is likely to reduce stress and get over n_________feelings. （根据首字母单词拼写）
47. We arrived just as the loudspeaker was a_________the arrival of Flight from New York. （根据首字母单词拼写）
48. The traditional customs of the city made a deep i_________on me when travelling there. （根据首字母单词拼写）
49. President Xi Jinping sent c_________to all engineers in Chang’e 5 space program on Thursday. （根据首字母单词拼写）
50. The president has ordered emergency measures to be taken in r_________to the outbreak of COVID-19. （根据首字母单词拼写）
51. After he succeeded in being a_________to the famous university, his parents were delighted and threw a big party. （根据首字母单词拼写）
52. According to the research, some people prefer to suffer more stress at work in e_________for high income, while others are willing to live with little pay. （根据首字母单词拼写）
53. I am_________(极度) sorry to have troubled you.（根据汉语提示单词拼写）
54. The teacher told a joke and all of the students_________(爆发)with laughter. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
55. The larger organization was_________(能够)of providing a wider range of services. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
56. Teenagers want their clothes to look good. Comfort is of_________(次要的)importance to them. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
57. That tai chi has acquired the_________(认可) from UNESCO will unavoidably inspire the masters. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
58. 假定你是李华,你校学生会需要一批志愿者向到访外宾介绍中国国粹-京剧(Peking Opera)。请你用英文写一封申请信。内容包括:
Last Saturday, I was on my way to see Christine. She is my classmate and had invited me to her cabin(小屋). It is located in an area of thick forest two miles from the highway. My phone did not work in that area and what was worse. I had no satellite guidance. Christine had drawn me a simple map but I did not recognize anything as I drove along the rough, narrow roads. There were no street lights and it was completely dark.
Suddenly a deer ran in front of my car. I could not stop in time and hit it. As I did, my car went off the road and down a small hill. I hadn’t seen other cars either in front of me or behind me. There was no way that I could contact anyone. I was alone.
I was able to move and get out of the car but my leg was injured. The pain was horrible and I could not walk at all. No one was there. I began to worry, but my good sense warned me to think. It was summer, so at least I would not freeze to death. Since I was not familiar with the area, maybe there would be more people coming along in the daylight. Maybe I could somehow struggle up to the road and get help. I had to wait.
Fortunately, I crawled(爬行)back in and slept in the back seat of my car. I could not be beaten by fear. Yes, I was frightened. but I was sure that someone would help me.
The next morning I woke up with the sound of someone knocking at the window.
I drove to Christine’s cabin the following day _