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浙江省绍兴市2019-2020学年高一上学期期末英语试题

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浙江省绍兴市2019-2020学年高一上学期期末英语试题
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绍兴市 2019 学年第一学期高中期末调测

高一英语

本试卷分第一卷(选择题)、第二卷(非选择题),满分 100 分,考试时间为 90 分钟。所有题目的答案都必须写在答题卷上。

第 I 卷

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 15 分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. When can the woman use the man’s computer?

A.In the morning. B.In the afternoon. C.In the evening.

2. Where does the man come from?

A.Australia. B.England. C.France.

3. What does the woman mean?

A. Mr. Brown lives a much quieter life.

B. Mr. Brown opens a dancing hall.

C. Mr. Brown is extremely noisy.

4. What does the boy think of his parents?

A.Strict. B.Generous. C.Determined.

5. What does the man plan to do this weekend?

A. To attend an exhibition.

B  To visit the city museum.

C. To have a medical examination.

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个   小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6. Why do the speakers make an appointment?

A. To review their class report.

B. To find a better place for study.

C.To prepare materials for a debate. 7.What will the man do before they meet?

A. Select a topic for the class report.

B. Collect information on the Internet.

C. Borrow the reference books from the library.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。

8. How deep is the snow in Washington DC?

A.About 27 inches. B.Over 30 inches. C.More than 40 inches.

9. What is the man going to do tomorrow?

A  Stay indoors and watch TV.

B. Help remove the snow.

C. Go back to school.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

10. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?

A.Brother and sister. B.Father and daughter. C.Mother and son.

11. What may the man buy as a gift for his mother’s birthday?

A.A gym membership card. B.A pair of sports shoes. C.A pair of glasses. 12.What can we learn about mom from the conversation?

A. She is a person hard to satisfy.

B. She dislikes going to the gym.

C. She is so busy that she feels stressed.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。

13. How many scientists shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry this year?

A.Four. B.Two. C.Three.

14. Why was John B. Goodenough awarded the Nobel Prize? A.His efforts to improve old people’s health conditions. B.The development of a new battery by his team.

C.His contributions to the progress in chemistry.

15. Where did John B. Goodenough work when he made the important discovery?

A. At the University of Cambridge.

B. At the University of Chicago.

C. At the University of Oxford.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 32 分)

第一节(共 12 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 24 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

A ship was wrecked during a storm at sea and only two of the men on it were able to swim to a small island.

The two survivors, also good friends, not knowing what else to do, agreed that they had no other choice but to pray to God. However, to find out whose prayer was more powerful, they divided the land between them and stay on opposite sides of the island.

The first thing they prayed for was food. The next morning, the first man saw a fruit-bearing tree beside him and he ate its fruit. The other man’s land remained barren (贫瘠的).

After a week, the first man was lonely so he prayed for a wife. The next day, another ship  was completely destroyed, and the only woman survivor soon became his wife. On the other side of the island, there was still nothing.

Soon the first man prayed for a house, clothes and more food. The next day, like magic, all of these were given to him. However, the second man still had nothing.

Finally, the first man prayed for a ship. In the morning, he found a ship at his side of the island. The first man boarded the ship with his wife and decided to leave the second man on the island behind, because he considered the other man unworthy to receive God’s blessings, since none of his prayers had been answered.

As the ship was about to leave, the first man heard a voice from heaven, “Why are you leaving your companion on the island?”

“My blessings are mine alone, since I was the one who prayed for them,” the first man answered. “His prayers were all unanswered and so he does not deserve anything.”

 “You are mistaken!” the voice rebuked him. “He had only one prayer, which I answered. If not for that, you would not have received any of my blessings.”

“Tell me,” the first man asked with great curiosity, “What did he pray for that I should owe him anything?”

“He prayed that all your prayers be answered.”

1. It can be learned from the passage that    .

A. the men prayed for each other selflessly

B. the first man was a reliable and devoted friend

C. the men got along well with each other on the island

D. the men stayed separated to test the power of their prayers

2. What does the passage imply about the second man?

A. He lost his chances since he was not brave enough to show his needs.

B. His wife was another survivor sent by God to keep him company.

C. He lost heart in trouble so he deserves no God’s blessings.

D. It was his prayers that helped his friend get out of trouble.

3. What does the underlined word “rebuked” in paragraph 9 most probably mean?

A. Ignored.B. Requested.C. Criticized.D. Recognized.

4. What is the message conveyed in the story?

A. Helping others is more important than helping yourself.

B. Our blessings are the fruits of our prayers alone.

C. A life without a friend is a life without a sun 

D. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

B

Vietnam aims to solve the relations between economic development and cultural preservation. Vietnamese cultural departments and activists have tried to preserve the historical and cultural  relics in the country.

Vietnam now has more than 40,000 historical relics. These relics of various forms and history are treasures for future generations.

However, hundreds of relics are severely damaged due to the negative influence of time, war and human activities. Head of Hanoi Relics Management Board, Nguyen Doan Tuan, says rescue work must preserve the relics’ soul: “We cannot replace ruined construction with new materials. We must preserve its shape, size and style. We need to pay attention to every brick replaced so that it looks exactly like the original.”

Most relics have to rely on tourist fees for repair and rescue work. Director of Van Mieu Cultural and Science Center, Dang Kim Ngoc, says that the relics must be promoted widely to attract more visitors and bring in more income for repair and preservation: “We provide constant guide services for visitors so that they understand more about our relics. At the same time, a natural surrounding of the relic has been ensured, including the grass field and garden to improve its scenic value.”

The local government agreed that the relics must be turned to the community for shared efforts in the preservation work. Director of Vietnam Revolution Museum Dang Quoc Quan, said that the community must be guided in the preservation and protection, “The UNESCO aims to let local community take part in the preservation of relics. We have seen limitations in the preservation of relics, especially festival-related groups of buildings. This requires management and guidance by the government.”

Nguyen Thi Minh Ly from the Department of Heritage says the community should be guided in proper behaviors towards relics: “This will ensure the protection of cultural relics in later generations. Creative restoration (修复) must be based on previous (先前的) values.”

Experts have called for a systematic (系统的) guidance by the state in local level preservation while promoting creative thinking in restoration for each relic.

5. Where is the passage most probably taken from?

A. A government survey.B. A research paper.

C. A newspaper report.D. A travel guide.

6. Which of the following is not the reasons for the damaged relics in Vietnam?

A. Human activities.B. Poor building materials.

C. War influence.D. The passing of time.

7. It can be inferred from paragraphs 4-6 that to preserve relics, the government should       .

A. turn to the UNESCO for financial help

B. improve the scenic value by raising tourist fees

C. encourage the community to join in the rescue work

D. make full use of the money raised by the local people

8. What might be the best title for the passage?

A  Guide the Community in Proper Behaviors

B. Replace the Ruined Construction with a New Style

C. Hundreds of Relics in Vietnam Are In Ruins

D. Experts Call for a Systematic Way to Preserve Relics

C

Earthquakes usually happen on the edges of large sections of the Earth’s plates. These plates slowly move over a long period of time. Sometimes the edges, which are called fault lines, can get stuck, but the plates keep moving. Pressure slowly starts to build up where the edges are stuck and, once the pressure gets strong enough, the plates will suddenly move causing an earthquake.

Generally before and after a large earthquake there will be smaller earthquakes. The ones that happen before are called foreshocks. The ones that happen after are called aftershocks. Scientists don’t really know if an earthquake is a foreshock until the bigger earthquake occurs.

Shock waves from an earthquake that travel through the ground are called seismic waves (地震波). They are most powerful at the center of the earthquake, but they travel through much of the earth and back to the surface. They move quickly at 20 times the speed of sound.

Scientists use seismic waves to measure how big an earthquake is. They use a device called a seismograph (地震仪) to measure the size of the waves. The size of the waves is called the magnitude.

To tell the strength of an earthquake scientists use a scale called the Moment Magnitude Scale or MMS (it used to be called the Richter scale). The larger the number on the MMS scale, the larger the earthquake. You usually won’t even notice an earthquake unless it measures at least a 3 on the MMS scale. Here are some examples of what may happen depending on the scale:

4.0-Could shake your house as if a large truck were passing close by. Some people may not notice.

5.0-If you are in a car, it may shake. Glasses and dishes may rattle. Windows may break. 

6.0- Items will fall off shelves. Walls in some houses may crack and windows break. Pretty much everyone near the center will feel this one.

7.0- Weaker buildings will collapse and cracks will occur in bridges and on the street. 

8 0- Many buildings and bridges fall down. Large cracks in the earth.

9.0 and up- Whole cities flattened and large-scale damage.

9. If a 5.0-magnitude earthquake hit your area, what might happen?

A. Your house might shake violently.B. People might feel no shaking at all.

C. The family photo may fall off the wall.D. There might be cracks everywhere on the street.

10. What does the author mean by saying the underlined sentence in paragraph2?

A. It’s still hard to tell foreshocks from main earthquakes.

B. Scientists can’t exactly measure the strength of an earthquake.

C. People may ignore foreshocks when an earthquake is not so strong.

D. The earthquake won’t cause any damage unless it reaches 9.0 MMS.

11. The writer explains the concepts concerning the earthquake by    .

A. listing examplesB. giving explanations

C. making comparisonsD. offering data

12. The passage is written mainly to    .

A. enrich people’s knowledge of self-rescue in disasters

B. stress the importance of earthquake rescue

C. issue early warnings before an earthquake

D. present facts about the earthquake

第二节(共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多  余选项。

How has technology helped communication? ___13___ It’s unbelievable to look back and see  how much easier communication has gotten over the years. Communication tools offer one of the most significant examples of how quickly technology has changed.

___14___ However, to connect with someone in society today, nowadays you have many more good choices at your fingertips. You can send them a message on social media, text them, video chat, email, or put a call through.

These new methods can help you keep in touch with loved ones, especially if you’re aging in place or living alone. Video chat helps caregivers check on seniors who may not need continual check-ups in person. Social media is a great way to keep in touch in general. You are even  allowed to see what your loved ones are doing through the photos and updates they post.

Who hasn’t heard of Facebook, Twitter, or Skype?___15___ Even if you don’t use these platforms, they’re a part of everyday life and not going away anytime soon. Regardless of your location, messages via social media get delivered on these platforms at the same rate and speed whether the recipient is right beside you or on the other side of the globe. You can also send voice messages through these platforms, and it is delivered in nanoseconds.

Communication has even progressed beyond mobile devices and personal computers. We can now send messages through tablets, voice assistants, smartwatches, and more. The smartwatch is a relatively new technology that owns almost all the features of smartphones in a convenient touch-screen watch. You can receive notifications (通知), track your activity or set alarms.___16___

A. They’ve become household names.

B. Smartwatches can also serve as a way to communicate.

C. Paying bills has also become simpler thanks to technology.

D. You can even call and text directly through these wearable devices.

E. Writing a letter or finding a phone used to be the best way to communicate.

F. The development of technology has made communication really fast and convenient.

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 28 分)

第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I always think how lucky I am that my work as a travel writer introduces me to extraordinary locations, experiences and people. However, my recent hot air balloon___17___ over the breathtaking ancient temples of Bagan has proved the most impressive. Without___18___ it will stay with me forever, and years later I can still smile at the fond___19___ .

There are over 2200 temples and pagodas (宝塔) on the plains of Bagan,___20___ the 11th and13th century. For me, Bagan is the place where travel___21___ come true.

The sunrise hot air balloon experiences are popular so it’s best to book___22___. My husband Ryan Wright and I were picked up at 5:10 am. After picking up some additional guests, we made our way to the launch field. The pilots introduced themselves and___23___ the basics of ballooning. They were warm,___24___ and funny and set my nerves at ease.

Then,___25___I even realized what had happened, we were off the ground. The earth just seemed to drop away from the hot air balloon. ____26____, I felt nothing when the ropes were ____27____ and we  started to  fly into the sky.  Graeme  suggested some of the best sights and  photo _____28_____, starting with the sunrise.

Once the sun was up, the temples and pagodas were even more beautiful. Ranging from ____29____ groups of buildings to tiny structures, Graeme was keen to point out some of his personal favorites, as well as those buildings  ____30____restoration work. Who knew that bamboo scaffolding (脚手架) could be so beautiful ____31____the sunrise?

With the end of our flight approaching, Graeme _____32_____ us of safe landing procedures. I really ____33____ that he was so clear and focused on ______34______! We were soon back on solid land. A circle of chairs had been____35____ for us to enjoy a light breakfast.

This hot air balloon journey was the most____36____ travel experience of my life.

17. A. rideB. driveC. voyageD. transport

18. A. commandB. evidenceC. doubtD. basis

19. A. scheduleB. memoryC. adventureD. reality

20. A. standing forB. going throughC. digging outD. dating from

21. A. dreamsB. viewsC. bargainsD. events

22. A. at presentB. in advanceC. as usualD. on purpose

23. A. exploredB. judgedC. explainedD. suggested

24. A. gratefulB. informalC. hopefulD. friendly

25. A. beforeB. afterC. whenD. since

26. A. GraduallyB. PersonallyC. StrangelyD. Regularly

27. A. recoveredB. releasedC. escapedD. pulled

28. A. outlinesB. designsC. opportunitiesD. spots

29. A. largeB. valuableC. rareD. major

30. A. organizingB. experiencingC. supportingD. begging

31. A. againstB. overC. beyondD. across

32. A. persuadedB. educatedC. remindedD. concerned

33. A. appreciatedB. settledC. ignoredD. admitted

34. A. principlesB. competitionsC. responsibilityD. safety

35. A. came upB. set upC. packed upD. brought up

36. A. willingB. activeC. wonderfulD. peaceful

第Ⅱ卷

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 28 分)

第二节:(8 个小题;每小题 1 分,满分 8 分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Is English changing? Yes, and so is every other human language! Language is always changing and ____37____(meet) the needs of its users. This isn’t a bad thing; if English hadn’t    changed since 1950, we wouldn’t have words or expressions to refer to smartphones, fax machines, or cable TV. As long as the needs of language users continue to change, so will the language.  The change is so slow ___38___  from year to year  we hardly notice it, except to    complain every so often about the ‘poor English’ being used by the young people! However, reading Shakespeare’s writings from the sixteenth century can be difficult. If you go back a couple more___39___(century), Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales are really tough, and if you went back another 500 years to try to read Beowulf, it would be like reading___40___ different language.

But why does language change? Language changes for several reasons. First, it___41___(change) because the needs of its speakers change. New technologies, new products, and new experiences request new words to refer to them  ______42______(clear) and efficiently. Consider texting: originally  it ___43___(call) text messaging, because it allowed one person to send another text rather than voice messages by  phone. Later, people became familiar with the new  shorter  form  named text, ___44___ included both the message and the process, as in the case I just got a text or  I’ll text Sylvia right now.

第四部分:写作(共一节,满分 25 分)

45.假定你是李华。你的英国朋友 Toby 来信询问你校体育选修课程开设的情况。请你用英语给他写一封回信,内容包括:

1. 体育选修课程开设目的;

2. 所开始的体育项目;

3. 你选择的项目和理由。

注意:

1.词数 100-120 左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:选修课程 optional course


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