浙江省湖州市 2019-2020学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题


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浙江省湖州市 2019-2020学年高一上学期期末考试英语试题
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本试卷分第一卷(选择题)、第二卷(非选择题),满分 150 分,考试时间为120 分钟。所有题目的答案都必须写在答题卷上。

第 I 卷


1. 答第I卷时,考生务必用2B铅笔按“正确涂写”要求涂写答题卡。

2. 每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试卷上。

3. 考试结束,考生将答题卡交回。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分)


第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What are the speakers looking at?

A. A photograph.                     B. A video.                C. A painting

2.Why does the woman want to use a computer?

A. To book a hotel.

B. To book a flight.

C. To book a train.

3. Where has the man been for his holiday?

A. To Paris.                        B. To London.               C. To New York

4. How much will the man pay for the red scarf?

A. $8.                           B. $10.                     C. $20.

5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. A bad dentist.

B. The cold weather.

C. The man's toothache.

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6. What color is the woman's new car?

A.Blue.                                B. White.                   C. Cream.

7. How often does the man wash his car?

A. Every year.

B. Every two years.

C. Every five years.


8. How many people will be playing tennis this afternoon?

A.Three.                           B. Four.                        C. Five.

9. Why doesn't the woman want to play tennis this afternoon?

A. She has to get ready for a trip.

B. She has to take care of her mother.

C. She has to find the information about jobs.

10. What will the woman do tomorrow morning?

A. Have an interview.

B. Visit her friends.

C. Go to the park.


11. What is a disadvantage of working from home according to the man?

A. There is no manager to keep order.

B. There is difficulty in being inspired.

C. There is a possibility of sleeping too long.

12. What does the man spend more on at home?

A. Clothes.                          B. Food.                     C. Heating.

13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Family members.

B. Former colleagues.

C. Boss and employee.


14.Where are the speakers?

A. On a train.                     B. In a taxi.                       C. On a bus.

15.What is wrong with the man?

A. He can't see.

B. He feels sick.

C. He feels lazy.

16. What are the speakers going to do?

A. Tour the city.

B. Climb a mountain.

C. See an exhibition.

17.What are the speakers talking about at the end?

A. A doctor.                   B. A tourist.                 C. A tour guide.


18. What is the main topic of the talk?

A. Furniture.                   B. Technology.               C. Old days.

19.What is the speaker's job?

A. He makes things.

B. He repairs things.

C. He sells things.

20. How does the speaker feel if an old table has been repaired many times?

A . He still loves it.

B. He will use it carelessly.

C. He will throw it away at once.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 32 分)

第一节(共 10 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 25 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。


This past fall, my husband and I stopped into the local Aldi for shopping. While checking out, I did my usual practice of replying to the cashier's usual “How are you today? with a short but real answer. Then I looked at her and said, "And how are YOU doing?” and waited kindly and expectantly for an answer.

She was a little surprised, but then she got started. As it turned out, her elderly grandfather was the most important in her mind, but he had been struggling lately and in hospital. Her worry was obvious, despite her bravery. "I know he is ninety-one, but...,” Her voice turned into a sad whisper before she caught herself. “If it won't offend (冒犯)you, I will pray for him," I said. “Oh, thank you!” she replied.

Several weeks or so in the future, we wound up in her line again. After the usual “How are you?”I paused, then quietly asked,“I hope this is not a bad question, but how is your grandfather doing?”

I could tell she had to think a moment to place me and to recall why I was asking. The her face split into a huge smile full of light, and she started excitedly telling us about how he was a tough  old bird, how he had recovered, and was doing well. She kept bubbling over even after we had moved to the bagging area.

I was amazed at how something so seemingly small meant so much to her, but it makes sense, really. Sometimes all we need is for someone to see us and care, to care if we are hurting and to celebrate with us in our joy.

Taking the time to listen when we ask, “How are you?” is such an almost small action, only taking a few moments out of our day, yet how important that tiny amount of time can be!

We really are all in this together.

21.Why did the cashier feel a little surprised at the word by the writer?

A. Because she didn't know how to answer her greeting at all.

B. Because she was in deep thought of her grandfather completely.

C.Because she was praying for her grandfather in the heart then.

D.Because she hadn't thought the writer greeted her with great concern.

22.What does the phrase kept bubbling over in paragraph 4 really mean?

A. Continued bubbling.   

B. Talked on and on.

C. Moved here and there.

D. Greeted to us all the time.

23.What can we learn from the story?

A. When meeting, greet each other.

B. Greeting warmly, reward fully.

C. A warm greeting makes a difference.

D.Treat anybody like your relatives.


A severe drought (干旱)has caused water levels in Southeast Asia’s Mekong River to drop to their lowest in more than 100 years. It may have harmful effects on fish, as well as the tens of millions of people living and working along the river, experts warn.

This year, the dry conditions in the Mekong region happened due to warm Pacific Ocean currents (洋流)known as the El Nino effect. But climate change is also a driving factor, experts say, causing the monsoon (季风)season to shorten sharply. The situation was made worse by water dam operators upstream, withholding water for their own purposes.

Many rice farmers in the area have been unable to plant their main crop, raising fears of a heavily decreased harvest this fall. Less water flow could also have a bad influence on fish reproduction in the Mekong River basin. This is normally the time when fish use rising water levels  to reproduce their young, but there is little sign of this happening so far this year.

Perhaps even more alarming, experts expect that droughts and damage to the water of the Mekong will become more common, and they warn that it could eventually destroy the entire ecosystem.

Starting from the Tibetan highlands, the Mekong River flows through six Asian countries, including China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, before emptying into the South China Sea. The river basin is home to the largest inland fishery in the world and more than 60 million people depend on it to make a living.

Few rivers in the world rise and fall with the seasons as much as the Mekong, which can drop up to 40 feet in some places at the end of the dry season. When the monsoon rains arrive, they normally produce a flood that brings with it sediments(沉枳物) as well as enormous amounts of larvae(幼虫)and tiny fish, including many endangered species, such as the Mekong giant catfish, that are swept into the Tonle Sap Lake where they can grow.

24.How many reasons are there for the drought of Mekong River this year?

A. One                   B.Two                 C. Three            D. Four.

25.What can we know from the passage?

A.Droughts are likely to happen more frequently in the future.

B.The water levels of the Mekong River is becoming lower and lower.

C.The Mekong River starts from the Tibetan highlands and ends in the Tonic Sap Lake.

D.The harvest offish in the River hasn't been greatly a fleeted because of the droughts.

26.What's the attitude of experts to water flow of Mekong River in future?

A. Positive.                B. Unconcerned.          C. Worried.        D. Negative.

27.In which magazine can we most probably find this passage?

A. National Geography.    B. Scientific American.

C. Overseas English.        D. Tourism.


Not too long ago a thirty-year-old financial analyst was complaining to me over a period of months about her tendency to procrastinate(拖延)in her job. We had worked through her feelings about her employers and how they related to her feelings about authority in general, and to her parents specifically. We had examined her attitudes toward work and success and how these related to her marriage, her sexual identity, her desire to compete with her husband, and her fears of such competition. Yet despite all this standard psychoanalytic(精神分析的)work, she continued to procrastinate as much as ever. Finally one day, we dared to look at the obvious.

"Do you like cakes?" I asked her.

She replied that she did.

“Which part of the cake do you like better,”I went on, “ the cake or the frosting(糖霜)?”

“Oh, the frosting!” she responded enthusiastically.

“And how do you eat a piece of cake?” I inquired, feeling that I must be the most silly psychiatrist that ever lived.

“I eat the frosting first, of course,”she replied.

From her cake-eating habits we went on to examine her work habits, and, as was to be expected we discovered that on any given day she would devote the first hour to the more satisfying half of her work while the remaining six hours to the objectionable (令人反感的) another half.

I suggested that if she were to force herself to finish the unpleasant part of her job during the first hour, she would then be free to enjoy the other six.

It seemed to me, I explained, that one hour of pain followed by six hours of pleasure was preferable to one hour of pleasure followed by six hours of pain. She agreed, and, being basically a person of strong will, she no longer procrastinated.

Delaying satisfaction is a process of scheduling the pain and pleasure of life in such a way as to improve the pleasure by meeting and experiencing the pain first and getting it over with. It is the only good way to live.

28. Why did the author ask about her friend's cake-eating habits?

A. To have a relaxing chat with her.

B. To know more about her habits in her life and work.

C. To share their favorite food.

D. To find out something obvious.

29.What was the advice from the author?

A. Forcing herself to finish the unpleasant part of the job.

B. Being free to enjoy the job.

C. Experiencing and overcoming the pain first.

D. Being a person of strong will.

30.Which of the following will be the best title of the passage?

A. A friend's problem.B. Delaying your satisfaction.

C. Experience the pain.D. A cake in life.

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分10 分)


Coloring books are no longer just for children! In fact adult coloring books are topping bestseller lists. Why have adults decided to start coloring again? 31.____________

It is to relieve stress and anxiety.

32.____________They take on full-time jobs that often demand more than 40 hours a week, equally as part-time jobs, family responsibilities, and trying some “fun”when they can. For many, there just aren’t enough hours in the day, which explains why practising mindfulness becomes so popular. It’s important to set aside some time to calm the thoughts. Coloring can be an escape from everyday stress.


A trend among adults is to seek out childhood experiences. That's why summer camps adults are cropping up across the country. Perhaps nothing is more equal to childhood than a coloring book. A brand new coloring book with bright markers, crayons, and colored pencils provide endless possibilities. Adult coloring books are much more detailed than coloring books for children, but the emotions are similar and allow adults to feel as if they are “a kid again”.

It is to put down the technology.

Adults arc constantly staring at screens: Desktops, laptops, tablets, phones, TVS, etc. 34.____________Even some readers have e-readers and tablets to consume books, magazines, and newspapers. An adult coloring book provides a great outlet to escape from all of the screens. Of course, to truly realize the benefit of stepping away from the devices for a period of time, you can’t constantly be checking them while you color! Turn them off and leave them in another room. 35.____________

A. Adults lead busy, tiring lives.

B. Coloring books are expensive.

C. It is to go back to their childhood.

D. Here are 3 reasons to let you deeply understand it.

E. It is to practise the patience and improve their relation with children.

F. If you really can't let go, there are coloring apps that adults can enjoy.

G. Whether for business or personal use, it has become very difficult to "put down”

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My love for libraries started when I joined the public library. Once the   36___gave me my

first membership card, I could hardly wait to read all kinds of books. I was   37___immediately and I could never imagine then this love for libraries and reading would  38___my life, allowing me to one day   39___a space for high-school kids, too.

  In high school, I could read the  40___that we were studying in class, including Dickens and Mark Twain. During the summer months, I was entirely  41___ in the power of novels like Gone with the wind.

When I studied English literature(文学)at university, I thought it was time to  42___ my own library. For the next 40 years, I  43___ to collect books even when I wasbusy with my teaching. Until one day, I  44___that all my books had become part of the house like wallpaper.

After retiring from my  45___career, I became a librarian myself at my old high school, where I had first learned English literature. This  46___brought me great joy and rebuilt my  47___ for libraries. How wonderful  48___ was to be surrounded by books.

I had generous budget(预算)so that I could   49___ afford almost any type of book that

would  50___my teenager readers into the library and  51___ inspired a love of books.

 Then it hit me that the library isn't just a place to do research. They are,   52___ , places

that offer an opportunity to  53___ the past, present and future. Al  54___ is needed is a it of interest and curiosity. Libraries help us get used to the changing world, and their doors must be

open to   50___ --for free.

36. A. partner      B. classmate     C. librarian   D. official

37. A. spellbound       B . terrified     C. upset       D. annoyed

38. A. save          B. destroy   C. ruin      D. change

39. A. create          B. take        C. rescue      D. spend

40. A. musicians      B. performers     C. writers     D. artists

41. A. missed          B. allowed     C. burst       D. held

42. A. break up      B. pick up      C. set up      D. get up

43. A. continued      B. used        C. disliked      D. forgot

44. A. ignored      B. realized    C. proved       D. decorated

45. A. selling         B. touring       C. painting   D. teaching

46. A. position      B. story.          C. habit       D. command

47. A. talent         B. fondness      C. respect       D. business

48. A. this         B. that              C. it          D. I

49. A. hardly         B. easily         C. probably   D. poorly

50. A. attract         B . puzzle      C. affect      D . protect

51. A. reasonably     B. directly         C. normally   D. hopefully

52. A. rather than     B. instead of     C. in fact       D. more than

53. A. choose        B. understand     C. control        D. balance

54. A. what        B. which        C. when     D. that

55. A. everyone    B. someone     C. none         D. others

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共55分)

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第二节:(10 个小题;每小题 1.5分,满分15分)


The Amber Room, a witness of an 56.___________ (amaze) history between Russia and Germany, was designed first 57.___________  the Palace of Fredrick I. Surprisingly, the next king determined not to keep it and gave it to Peter the Great as 58.___________  symbol of the friendship of the two countries. 59.___________  (late), it served in Russia as the winter and summer palace of the kings and queens, where they had great time.

Unfortunately, a war broke 60.___________  between the two countries, 61.___________  put the Amber Room in danger. Although the Russians had time to remove what they believed was worth 62.___________  (save), the Nazis had the room itself 63 (steal). Nobody knows where it is now.

However, the people of the two countries had it rebuilt 64.___________  celebrate the regained friendship of Russia and Germany. It is hoped that art works all over the world 65.___________  (protect) well in the future and the story of the Amber Room will never happen again.

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 话题微写作(满分15分)


1.曾经有一段时间我觉得学好英语很难。(there was a time ...)

2.与老师面对面交流后,我决心要努力学习英语。(face to face; make up one's mind)

3.老师建议我要充分利用时间丰富词汇量。(make use of; enrich)


5.现在我相信那些经历过困难的人更有可能成功。(go through,be likely to )

第二节 应用文写作(满分25分)








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