第一部分 听力(满分30分 略 )
According to a new survey, students’ safety has become a big problem. Nearly 50% of students say they are worried about robbery on the way to and from school. Now in main big cities in China, some schools have taught an unusual lesson: self-protection. Students like this lesson because there are no exams or boring classes. And they can learn how to save lives and know how to stop danger before it really happens.
Chen Haoyu, a teacher at Beijing No. 25 Middle School, gives young students advice on how to deal with danger.
★If you are robbed
Keep calm. lf you can not cry for help or run away. Give the robber your money. Try to remember what the robber looks like and tell the police later.
★If you are in a traffic accident
If a car hits you. You should remember the car number. If it is a bicycle, try to call your parents before you let the rider go. This is because you don't know how seriously you are hurt
★If it is raining hard and there is lighting
Don't stay in high places and stay away from trees.
★When there is a fire
Get away as fast as yon can. Put wet things on your body and try to find an exit. Do not take the lift.
★If someone is drowning
If you can't swim, don't get into the water. Cry out for help.
Remember that danger is never as far away as you think. Take care of yourself at all time!
1. What will you do if a bicycle hurts you?
A. I will remember the bicycle number.
B. I won't let the rider go until I call my parents.
C. I will let the rider go before I call my parents.
D. I will let the rider go because I know how seriously I am hurt.
2. If your house is on fire, you must__________.
A. put dry things on your body
B. run quickly and take the lift
C. run away and find an exit as quickly as you can
D. take everything you have and then run away
3. The best title for this passage is _________.
A. How to Keep Calm B. Self-protection C. An usual lesson D. Danger
If music makes you smarter and exercise helps you to think, surely exercising to music can turn you into a clever person.
A team of scientists from Ohio State University did experiments on 33 volunteers who were getting better from heart disease after operations. They found those volunteers who exercised while listening to Italian musician Antonio Vivaldi's The Four Seasons did much better on language ability tests than without music. It is also used in medical fields for patients who have had head hurts because of its moderate tempo （舒缓的节拍）.
“Exercise seems to cause positive changes in the nerve （神经） system and these changes may improve the learning ability of people with heart disease,” said the psychologist Charles Emery, who led the study. “And listening to music is thought to enhance understanding. We just wanted to put the two results together,” he added.
The volunteers said they felt better emotionally and physically after exercising with or without music. But their improvement on the test doubled after listening to music during exercise. Scientists have proved that music can be good for health and education. It helps reduce stress and sadness, encourage relaxation or sleep, wake up the body and improve memory and thoughts.
Scientists have been studying the results of exercise to music on learning and understanding since the early 1950s. A study showed that students who listened to Mozart's violin pieces and exercised went on to get higher marks in an IQ test. With important exams drawing near, your parents will not probably allow you to listen to music or play sports. But perhaps now you have good reasons to argue with them.
4. What does the underlined word enhance mean?
A produce B. provide C. improve D. impress
5. From the last paragraph we can learn that .
A. you should follow your parents' words
B. you have some good reasons to join in an IQ test
C. good marks depend on listening to music and excising
D. exercise to music might help you get higher grades in tests
6. Which of the following statements is true?
A. Music helps volunteers get better from heart disease.
B. Exercise is used for people with head hurts.
C. Exercise causes no changes in health without music.
D. Music can help you relax and feel energetic.
7. What might be the best title of the passage?
A. Exercise to Music B. Music and study
C. Importance of Music D. Studies on Exercise
Schools in the UK are cutting time spent on PE lessons because of exam pressures. Secondary school teachers said that older teenagers were especially likely to miss out, because the time spent on physical education for 14-16 -year-olds had fallen in the past five years.
Teachers said that increased pressure to produce exam results was leading to children being pulled out of PE lessons. One in three said exam pressures were behind the decline, and they said subjects such as English and Maths had been given more time at the cost of PE.
Almost all of the teachers from the 487 schools said PE should be more valued for its advantages to young people. Mental health experts also warned that cutting down on exercise could increase children's mental health problems. Cal Strode, spokesman for the Mental Health Foundation, said cutting PE time would be "short-sighted and dangerous". He said, "It is worrying to hear that PE is being cut at a time when students are facing problems with stress and anxiety in increasing numbers. There's a close relationship between mental and physical health."
Tom Madders, director of campaigns at charity Young Minds, said, "Schools' cutting down on physical education because of exam pressures is worrying. Schools that value health also do better in study, so it makes sense to keep good health, rather than putting children under more pressure."
Rising exam stress has been raised as a problem by experts who warn that children are under greater pressure because of a competitive jobs market. Ali Oliver, an expert, said, "The PE is good for physical and mental health. So cutting down physical education time is depriving young people of these advantages at a time when they need them most."
8. What do we know about the text?
A. Schools that value health do worse in study.
B. Good physical health is good for mental health.
C. Many teachers don't realize the importance of PE
D. Children in the UK have serious mental problems.
9. _______ said that Cutting PE time would be "short-sighted and dangerous".
A. The teachers in the UK. B. Tom Madders C. Cal Strode D. Ali Oliver
10. According to the text, the exam pressure is from ______.
A. future work
B. poor mental health
C. parents' expectations
D. schools' requirements
11. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. The importance of physical education
B. Teachers' support of getting more PE time
C. The serious problems of education in the UK
D. Schools' cutting down PE time for exam pressure
(2020·重庆调研)Would a faster reading speed mean that we could learn more? Some people claim that it’s possible. In July last year, the six¬time speed reading champion Anne Jones sat down to read Harper Lee’s Go Set a Watchman. Just 25 minutes and 31 seconds later, she finished it — which equals a reading rate of around 3,700 words per minute. Jones runs training courses teaching speed reading, recall and concentration techniques and there are numerous speed reading apps that have appeared on the market over the past few years. But do they actually work?
First, we need to understand how we read. The human eye movement system is central to our reading ability. Read over that sentence again, and think about how your eyes scan across the words. They don’t move smoothly over them. Instead, they make a series of short, sharp jumps, skipping over a few characters before briefly landing on a word. The movements are known as saccades (扫视) and the pauses are called fixations.
Reading isn’t just about seeing the words — you need to comprehend them to build up a picture about what the text means. People are able to get through a block of text faster, but at the cost of accuracy and understanding. In other words, if you use a speed reading app, then you’ll probably get the gist (主旨) of a piece of text, but you’ll struggle to recall details about what you’ve just read.
So, does speed reading work? Well, yes and no. It really depends on what you’re reading and why you need to read it. As yet, there isn’t a trick that enables you to read a piece of text both quickly and accurately — there’s always going to be a trade¬off.
12．What’s the main idea of the passage?
A．Speed reading is bad at times.
B．Speed reading is a waste of time.
C．Speed reading can work sometimes.
D．Speed reading is always enjoyable.
13．What can we know from the passage?
A．Reading apps ensure we read much faster.
B．Fast reading makes us learn more knowledge.
C．Reading is no more than seeing the text words.
D．Reading ability is related to the eye movement system.
14．What does the underlined word “trade¬off” most probably mean in the last paragraph?
15．What might the writer continue to talk about?
A．The advantages of faster or slower reading.
B．The reasons why to do faster or slower reading.
C．The cases where to do faster and slower reading.
D．The methods for making use of faster or slower reading.
Linda Bruce thought that her family had a workable plan to pay for college for her 21-year-old twin sons: a combination of savings, income, scholarships, and a modest amount of borrowing. Then her husband lost his job. _______16______.
“I have two kids in college, and I want to say ‘come home,’ but at the same time I want to provide them with a good education,” says Linda.
_______17______. They asked and received more aid form the schools, and each son increased his borrowing to the maximum amount through the federal loan（贷款）program. They will each graduate with $20,000 of debt, but at least they will be able to finish school.
With unemployment rising, financial（金融） aid administrators expect to hear from families like the Bruce. More students are applying for aid. _______18______. So college administrators are concerned that they will not have enough aid money to go around.
_______19______. A report from the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education found that college tuition and fees increased 439% from 1998 to 2015, while average family income increased just 147%. Student borrowing has more than doubled in the last decade.
Financial aid administrators have been having a hard time as many companies decide that student loans are not profitable enough and have stopped making them. The good news, however, is that federal loans account for about three quarters of student borrowing. _______20______.
A. At the same time, tuition（学费）continues to rise.
B. They lost their hope.
C. The plan fell apart.
D. And more families expect to need student loans.
E. The government says that money will flow uninterrupted.
F. The problem is how to apply for financial aid.
G. The Jacobs family did work out a solution.
“Everything happens for the best,” my mother said whenever I faced disappointment. “If you ___21___, something good will happen some day.”
Mother was ___22___, as I discovered after graduating from college, I had ___23___ myself for a sports announcer. So I went to Chicago to knock on the door of every station and was ___24___ every time. In one station, a ___25___ lady told me that large stations wouldn’t employ a person without ___26___ since I just graduated. “Go out of the town and find a small station that might give you ___27___,” she said.
I returned to Dixon, where I had finished my high school education and had ___28___ in the school football team. My father said that our town had built a store and wanted a man to ___29___ its sports department. The job sounded just ___30___ for me but I wasn’t hired.
My disappointment had ___31___ as if by design. “Everything happens for the best,” Mom ___32___ me. Dad lent me his car to look for a job. I tried WOC Radio Davenport. The program director told me they had already ___33___ an announcer. After I left his office, I asked aloud “___34___ can a fellow get to be a sports ___35___ if he can’t get a job in a radio station?” ___36___, I heard the director calling. “Do you know anything about ___37___?” Then he asked me to ___38___ an imaginary game. It was easy, and I did it without difficulty. The director was ___39___ and told me I would be broadcasting a game on the ___40___ Saturday.
21. A. put on B. wait on C. move on D. carry on
22. A. false B. right C. great D. strong
23. A. devoted B. designed C. found D. enjoyed
24. A. called B. received C. refused D. accepted
25. A. large B. tall C. kind D. rude
26. A. experience B. examination C. agreement D. permission
27. A. money B. chance C. time D. patience
28. A. played B. joined C. taken D. fought
29. A. own B. manage C. report D. enter
30. A. funny B. reasonable C. right D. important
31. A. shown B. disappeared C. resulted D. turned
32. A. asked B. advised C. ordered D. reminded
33. A. hired B. fired C. dismissed D. D. bought
34. A. What B. How C. Whenever D. Wherever
35. A. player B. announcer C. fan D. coach
36. A. Suddenly B. However C. Besides D. Though
37. A. chat B. music C. football D. broadcast
38. A. make B. act C. broadcast D. play
39. A. moved B. sorry C. thankful D. satisfied
40. A. past B. coming C. last D. rainy
Last year, I met some really kind people when I travelled to Mogolia. I was on my way to one of the famous rivers when my car ____41___ (break) down near a remote and poor village. The worst thing was that the sun was setting and darkness would soon come. Complaining about my ___42___ (fortune), I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to __43___ should have the honor of receiving me___44__ a guest in their house. Finally, I accepted the ___45__ of an old woman who lived alone in a little house. While she was getting me __46___ (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to a small town some 20 kilometers away ___47__ there was a garage.
I had noticed three chickens running freely in the old woman’s courtyard and that night one of them ended up in a dish on my table. Other villagers brought me goat’s cheese and honey. We drank together an talked ___48___ (excitement) until far into the night.
When the ___49__ came for me to say goodbye to my friends in the village. I wanted to reward the old woman __50__ the trouble I had caused her. So I left 300 RMB in the tiny house before I set out. But when I got on my car, surprisingly. I found the money was on the driver’s seat.
A recent situation made I realize that breaking promises might unintentionally hurt other’s feelings. It has happened a month ago when a classmate asked me to help him move house. I was unwilling to refuse the request directly, so I promised to assisting him.Later, I just didn’t bother to turn out to help him because I was absorbing in my studies. When I ran into him next day, he told me I had real let him down. He still forgives me without a second thought, but I felt ashamed by myself. Since then, I hadn’t made a promise that I couldn’t keep.