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山东省新高考2021届高三第二次模拟考试卷英语试题

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山东省新高考2021届高三第二次模拟考试卷英语试题
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山东省 (新高考)2021届高三第二次模拟考试卷

英   语  (三)

注意事项:

1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。

2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题)

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Why does the man want to leave? 

A. The service is too slow.  B. The music is too loud.  C. The food is bad. 

2. What does the woman do? 

A. A nurse.  B. A teacher.  C. A shop assistant. 

3. What has the man decided to do? 

A. Check the schedule.

B. Go to see an engineer.

C. Continue his talk with Mr. Black. 

4. Where does the conversation most probably take place? 

A. On a bus.  B. In a library.  C. In a shop. 

5. How did the man feel about his jump in the end? 

A. Terrified.  B. Excited.  C. Disappointed. 

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What are the speakers talking about? 

A. An accident.  B. A restaurant.  C. A magazine. 

7. Why is The Sunflower closed now? 

A. It is under repair. 

B. The workers are on holiday. 

C. It will move to another town. 

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What do we know about Mr. Bannister? 

A. He is a new member of the company. 

B. He worked on a trade deal last year. 

C. He lacks experience. 

9. Who do the speakers think is suitable for the position in the end? 

A. Amelia.  B. Mr. Duncan.  C. Mrs. Templeton. 

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What are the speakers doing? 

A. Cooking.  B. Doing shopping.  C. Watching TV. 

11. What does the man like best? 

A. Cheese.  B. Milk.  C. Ice cream. 

12. When does the conversation take place? 

A. At noon.  B. In the late afternoon.  C. At night. 

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Who gave the woman her first mountain bike? 

A. Her uncle.  B. Her father.  C. Her brother. 

14. Why did the woman slow down at one point in the Regional Championship? 

A. The road was full of rocks. 

B. She was too tired to speed up. 

C. Someone appeared on the road suddenly. 

15. What does the woman think is the most important before a race? 

A. Doing sports to keep fit. 

B. Looking at the route in advance. 

C. Making sure the bike is in good condition. 

16. What does the woman say about the clothes for a race? 

A. They’re tight.  B. They’re pretty.  C. They’re comfortable. 

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. When does the Business Studies course start? 

A. On June 5th.  B. On June 12th.  C. On July 11th. 

18. What can the students bring with them during the course? 

A. Notebook computers.  B. Business videos.  C. Mobile phones. 

19. Where is the Business Studies Department? 

A. On the left side of the Science Center. 

B. Next to the staff car park. 

C. Beside the main entrance to the college. 

20. What language classes are provided this summer? 

A. Japanese and German.  B. French and Chinese.  C. Italian and Spanish. 


第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.2分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

 If you hear the word “Castle” or the word “Palace”,you may picture the same kind of building for both:large, made of stones, probably with a tower. And, of course, you're not entirely wrong, as those are features of both palaces and castles.

So then hay bother to visit one royal building in the United Kingdom Buckingham Palace and another the same country Windsor Castle? It turns out there is a difference,and you can find it pretty plainly in these two popular buildings.

The Case for Castles

Castles were residences for royalty. But they were also intend as defensive seats. Say you're a king who has taken a particular area over. Now you have to hold it, castle and staff it with soldiers to defend your conquered territory and ensure it remains part of your kingdom.

Castles were built throughout Europe and the Middle East primarily for protection of the king and his people. Some common features of castles include:

● thick walls and heavy gates to keep invaders out

● protective low walls for archers to shoot with cover

● high towers for keeping a lookout over the surrounding

● gatehouses for admitting allies instead of allowing enemies into the castle

The Place for Palaces

Palaces, on the contrary, had no defensive purposes. They were first meant for showing off the great victory of the war. Palaces were where the spoils(战利品) of war might be displayed, along with grand architecture, massive banquet halls, golden table settings and maybe even hundreds of luxuriously decorated rooms.

While kings certainly took up residence in palaces as well as castles, nonmilitary royals might also have lived in (or still live in) palaces. Ministers could live in castles to show the power of their riches rather than their nonexistent military power. The term comes from Palatine Hill in Rome.

21.Which of the flowing is one feature of castles?

A.Low towers surrounding castles.

B.Defensive low walls for shooting.

C.Gatehouses allowing enemies into the castle.

D.Thick walls and heavy gates to lock invaders in.

22.Why were palaces first built?

A.To accommodate ordinary soldiers.

B.To defend the king's conquered territory.

C.To show off the art of royal painting,

D.To display huge success of the war.

23.What is the main purpose of the text?

A.To list the reasons for kings living in palaces.

B.To make a comparison between castles and palaces.

C.To talk about the value of castles in modern times.

D.To show palaces are more popular than castles.

B

My mother always told me, “You should explore your own country before stepping out into the world.” However, it seems like a tough mission to travel all across its expansive surfaces. But luckily for me, Via Rail Canada offered youths between the ages of 18 and 25 the chance to ride the train across Canada for the month of July. The ticket was a bargain $150. My best friends Trevor, Joel and Jeremy and I immediately jumped at the opportunity and secured four tickets on the great Canadian railroad. 

For a group of 20-year-olds, this was like the first flight of young birds from the nest. When we approached the train station in the morning, our 22-day adventure from Sudbury to Vancouver was to begin. Eyes baggy from lack of sleep, we jumped on board as if it was the train to Hogwarts in Harry Potter. Although the thought of three full days on those tracks covering close to 3, 000 kilometres crushed our spirits a little, what happened next caught us by surprise. 

The three days on board turned into a summer camp on rails. At night, we would climb up the glass-domed train car, which gave us a scenic view of the starry night sky, untouched by the harmful light pollution. Before we knew it, the warm sun rays beating down on our faces woke us up for another day on the rails. To my surprise, a sea of golden grain fields dominated the landscape we were in the Canadian Prairies. 

Another day slipped away and we set up for another night in the dome. And this time we were greeted by night sky painted by a fantastic thunderstorm. Lightning was striking at an incredible rate. The spectacular and memorable light show left everyone in the glass bubble in complete disbelief. 

Arriving in the Rocky Mountains was one of the most surrealistic(超现实的) experiences of my life. Before the train adventure, if I could have skipped the travel and arrived at the destination, I would have. That is no longer true. I’ve learned that the journey can be more enjoyable than the destination.

24.What has made the author’s train adventure across Canada a reality?

A.The encouragement given by his mother.

B.The appeal of the scenic views in the country.

C.The discount ticket offered by Via Rail Canada.

D.His great courage to challenge a tough mission.

25.What can we infer about the young people from Paragraph 2?

A.They were excited about the coming train journey.

B.They left their parents for the first time in their life.

C.They never thought of having a train adventure.

D.They were hooked by the magic story of Harry Potter.

26.What does “the glass bubble” in the fourth paragraph refer to?

A.A brain in lack of imagination.B.The glass-domed train car.

C.A summer camp on the train.D.The sightseeing bus.

27.What did the author learn from the train adventure across Canada?

A.Opportunities are hard to get.B.Enjoying a journey counts a lot.

C.Splendid scenery attracts young people.  D.The traveling experience is not real to him.

C

Just when we thought we had seen all the magical things that 3D printing can do, here comes another—a working artificial leg has transformed the life of a little Canadian duckling(小鸭) called Dudley, who had been struggling to get by after losing a leg.

The story began on August 19th, 2013, when the newly-born healthy Dudley and his brother were placed inside a chicken coop(笼子) at the K9-1-1 Animal and Rescue Services in Sicamous, British Columbia. Within a few hours, an aggressive chicken attacked the two, killing Dudley's brother and leaving him with a disability!

While Dudley could swim with his single leg, he had a hard time walking on the firm ground. Determined to help him, Doug Nelson, the owner of the shelter decided to consult Terence Loring, the founder of a design firm that among other things also offers 3D printing designs.

Given that he had just launched 3 pillar designs, Terence somewhat hesitated to take on a duckling as his first client(客户). But as soon as he saw brave little Dudley walking around on one leg, Terence knew he had to do something. Using his biomedical engineering training, Terence spent the next few weeks creating a 3D template(模板), after he found out how ducks' legs work in YouTube videos about ducks. Once ready, he sent them to Ontario-based 3D engineering firm Proto3000, who agreed to print the leg.

The second artificial leg was much stronger than the first one. When the artificial leg that is printed from strong ABS, a thermoplastic(热塑性塑料) that becomes soft and moldable when heated and attached to a foot designed from soft and flexible robber-like plastic, was fitted to Dudley, his whole manner changed. He wagged his tail and showed it off to his best friend—a pig called Elsie.

Of course, as Dudley has been growing, the leg and foot have had to be replaced. But that hasn't bothered Terence who continues to improve the design. The best part is that Terence has put all the designs on his website so that anyone wishing to help out an animal suffering from a similar injury can do so, by simply hitting the print button on his/her 3D printer!

28.How did Dudley lose his leg?

A.He wasn't well looked after.

B.He lost it in a traffic accident.

C.He lost it in a chicken attack.

D.He was born with a disability.

29.What do we know about Terence Loring's design firm?

A.It is the first one to offer 3D printing designs.

B.3D printing designs are only part of its services.

C.Its main clients are injured animals.

D.It often cooperates with Proto3000.

30.What did Terence first do to make an artificial leg for Dudley?

A.Consulting Dudley's owner about the solution.

B.Creating a 3D template with the help of Proto3000.

C.Being trained in biomedical engineering.

D.Watching YouTube videos about ducks.

31.To Terence's great satisfaction, ________.

A.Dudley has got a permanent artificial leg

B.a possible solution has been found to help suffering animals

C.he succeeded in his first attempt to make Dudley an artificial leg

D.his design has become widely known online

D

When music comes on, some people are toe-lappers or head-bobbers, others shake their hips, and then there are those who let the rhythm move them to a full-body boogie (布吉舞) . But, whatever it is, the way we dance to a beat is so noticeable to an individual that a computer can now identify us by our unique dancing “fingerprint”.

Researchers at the Centre for Interdisciplinary Music Research at Finland's University of Jyv skyl have been using motion capture (动作捕捉) technology to study what a person's dance moves say about his or her mood, personality, and ability to sympathize. They recently made an accidental discovery while trying to see if an ML machine, a form of artificial intelligence, would be able to identify which kind of music was playing based on how the participants of the study were dancing. In their study, the researchers’ motion captured 73 participants with the AI technology while they danced to eight different music genres: electronica, jazz, metal, pop, rap, reggae, country, and blues. The only instruction the dancers were given was to move in a way that felt natural.

But what it could do was more shocking. The computer was able to correctly identify which music one of the participants was dancing to 94 percent of the time, regardless of what kind of music was playing, based on the pattern of a person's dance style. It was the movement of participants’ heads, shoulders and knees that were important markers in distinguishing between individual. “It seems as though a person’s dance movements a kind of fingerprint. Each person has a unique movement signature that stays the same no matter what kind of music is playing,” said Pasi Saari, a co-author of the study, in a class.

It’s possible that dance-recognition software could become something similar to face-recognition software but it doesn’t seem as practical. For now, researchers say that they are not as interested in possible surveillance (监视) uses of this technology, but rather what the results of this study say about how humans respond to music. So don’t worry about being identified at nightclub by an AI via your signature dance moves yet.

32.What did the researchers expect to do with the ML machine?

A.Test the dancers’ flexibility.

B.Make dancers accustomed to the beat.

C.Identify the music using dancers' moves. 

D.Check the accuracy of motion capture technology.

33.What might not help the AI technology determine a dancer’s identity?

A.Head movement.B.Foot movement.

C.Knee movement.D.Shoulder movement.

34.What do researchers want to use the results for?

A.Putting it on the application market.

B.Programming it to work at nightclub.

C.Learning about the human response to music.

D.Developing a software like face-recognition.

35.What can be the best title of the text?

A.A music style matters less than its beat.

B.New AI can generate your next dance move.

C.A dance-recognition software will become more popular.

D.New AI can identify you by your dancing “fingerprint”.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Financial Education-Awareness Dilemma

When it comes to financial education, the majority of today's youth will regard it as a necessity for certain specific people who want to make their career in the financial world. 36. Actually, elementary financial education is a must for all, as money transaction is an essential part of our day-to-day life.

Suppose you have $100 in a saving account that pays simple interest at the rate of 2%per year. lf you leave the money in the account, how much will you have accumulated after 5 years: more than $102, exactly $102, or less than $102? The test might look simple, but only half of the people surveyed gave the correct answer.

37.The explanation goes as follows: People with low levels of financial literacy suffer from that lack of knowledge at every stage of their lives. Researchers on this subject say people with a high degree of financial literacy are more likely to plan for their retirement. 38.

On the contrary, people who have a lower degree of financial literacy tend to borrow more, accumulate less wealth, and pay more in fees related financial products. They are less likely to invest, more likely to experience difficulty with debt, and less likely to know the terms of their mortgages and other loans. Thus, the cost of this financial ignorance is very high. 39.

What is the solution? 40. Like reading and math, financial education must become part of the core curriculum in our schools. Likewise, parents should engage in regular, constructive conversations about money matters. This will give their kids a solid foundation for financial well-being, which will keep on giving returns throughout the course of their lives.

A.Financial education must start early.

B.However, they miss an important point.

C.Why does each of us have to face a financial challenge?

D.Why does financial literacy matter so much in our society'?

E. Rich people are generally better educated on financial management.

F. Besides, these people have more than double the wealth of people who don’t.

G. For example, they frequently make late credit card payments, overspend their credit limit, etc.


第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节  完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Two years ago, my friend and I were at college. With his birthday quickly approaching, he came to me with an unusual    41   : instead of receiving presents, he wanted to do some acts of kindness.

I was    42    for such an idea. Giving instead of taking for the birthday was really difficult. I asked him how he could come up with such a    43    idea. He told me about a TED talk he had watched on generosity, which had inspired him. So we started to    44    creative things we could do.

Our university employed some security guards to    45    its students. They have to work    46   , keeping watch on every corner throughout the university. For the most part it's a thankless job as most people grow    47    to seeing the guards all around and eventually barely notice their    48   , let alone acknowledge their efforts. How could we show them our appreciation?

We decided to make a large pot of hot    49   . We hired a Uber and asked the driver to take us around the campus where we knew the    50    would be and we poured them each a cup of hot chocolate. The Uber driver was    51    a bit doubtful to the entire plan but after a while he was helping us    52    the guards and our lively spirit had    53    to him as well. We were met with many    54    and appreciative words. It was amazing to see how a    55    act or even intention of generosity can lift everyone's spirit.

41.A.orderB.requestC.problemD.story

42.A.stuckB.blessedC.burdenedD.bored

43.A.traditionalB.complexC.familiarD.novel

44.A.plan outB.take overC.watch forD.hold back

45.A.judgeB.helpC.monitorD.protect

46.A.step by stepB.around the clockC.more or lessD.now and then

47.A.addictedB.devotedC.attachedD.accustomed

48.A.presenceB.hungerC.povertyD.thirsty

49.A.teaB.milkC.porridgeD.chocolate

50.A.workersB.studentsC.guardsD.drivers

51.A.finallyB.initiallyC.occasionallyD.frequently

52.A.remindB.trackC.spotD.recognize

53.A.spreadB.movedC.happenedD.returned

54.A.friendsB.difficultiesC.greetingsD.smiles

55.A.similarB.smallC.dailyD.modest

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第二节(共10小题,每小题1.5分,共15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Smell, more than any other sense, is deeply rooted in memory. It is believed by scientists 56.     smells can recall feelings of distant memories. The scientists say 57.    area of the brain assigns memories to smells and stores 58.    (they) for decades. The area can instantly recall the memories with great clearness years later if a person encounters the smell again. Christina Strauch, from the Ruhr University in Germany, says smells 59.   (store) in the olfactory brain. The word “olfactory” means anything related 60.    the sense of smell.

Many smells can transport us back to our childhood. Smells from cookies baking in the kitchen or the smell of a home­made dish can bring back 61.   (amaze) memories of growing up. Some smells can take you away to another point in time. Some smells can make you wish you 62.    (be) back in the past, or make you want to escape, which depends on whether the smell has a positive or negative 63.    (associate). Some doctors partly depend on this for their patients. Smells can even encourage you 64.    (buy) things in stores. Many stores introduce certain smells to awake particular memories, 65.    can make people buy things they loved years ago.


第四部分  写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节  应用文写作(满分15分)

假如你是英语课代表李华。你们班每节英语课都轮流由一位同学做“One-minute Class Report”,活动坚持了一年。学期末,英语老师要求你作一个报告,总结此活动。请你用英语写一篇稿子,内容包括:

1. 活动情况;

2. 对英语学习的帮助;

3. 你的建议。

注意:可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

_______________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________


第二节  读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150左右。

“Now, parents and students separate into two groups. You will be reunited at the end of the campus tour. ”

Groups of incoming freshmen happily left their parents upon hearing this announcement. I was less than thrilled about starting college, let alone leaving my mother's side to tour the campus with other freshmen;I felt a little anxious.

We followed the senior tour guide. The other freshmen chatted and made casual introductions as I dragged behind. How could I have believed I was ready for this ? After all, it had only been a few months since I left the hospital. I was feeling better for the first time in years. But college. . .?

My thinking was interrupted by a sweet female voice, “Hi, I'm Jennifer.” “I'm Lauren, “I replied.” Where do you prefer to live? At home or on campus?“she smiled. I'm not sure,” I said. “You should live on campus!It will be a lot of  fun!”she said. Before I could reply, the tour guide announced it was time to create our schedules and select the courses we wanted to take.

We crowded into the Student Activity Center. Three seniors handed out thick course bulletins(课程公告)and forms that needed to be filled out. All around me, the sounds of turning papers and writing sounded like those given by an alarm clock. Others seemed to be moving through the process quickly but I hadn't even opened my course catalog(目 录).

“Focus,” I told myself. Just read through the catalog and find the courses you like and a schedule that works. "Psychology A or B, Geology 101, English, History, sections 1, 2, 3. . . The list went on and on.

I panicked and almost started to cry. How was I supposed to know how to complete it?I was just relearning how to live in the real world, and they wanted me to make a schedule. How I wished someone could help me.

Paragraph 1:

Soon, other freshmen were handing in their forms.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

Then, I felt a warm hand on my shoulder.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________


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