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2021届新高考模拟考试英语试题下载(三)

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2021届新高考模拟考试英语试题下载(三)
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2021年新高考模拟考试卷(三)

英语试题

注意事项:

    1.本试卷由四个部分组成。其中,第一、二部分和第三部分的第一节为选择题。第三部分的第二节和第四部分为非选择题。

    2.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

    3.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

    4.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。


第一部分 阅读理解 (共两节, 满分50分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2.5分, 满分37.5分)

    阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。

A

6-Day Great Rail Journey to Wales

Absorbed in scenery as we ride aboard historic steam railways, and step back in time as we visit the impressive castles dotted along the coastline of this beautiful mountainous region.

Day 1. Llandudno

Meet in the seaside town of Llandudno on Wales' rugged (崎岖的) north coast before dinner in our hotel's award-winning restaurant.

Day 2. Portmeirion and Ffestiniog Railway

Enjoy a nostalgic (怀旧的) journey on the Welsh Highland Railway through the foothills of the Snowdon Mountain range to Beddgelert. Continue to the pretty Italian-style village of Portmeirion for a guided tour, before a journey on the historic Ffestiniog Railway.

Days 3-4. Caernarfon Castle and Snowdon

Take an attractive guided tour of Caernarfon Castle, a UNESCO-listed castle that dates back to 1283. Continue to the National Slate Museum before a journey on the Snowdon Mountain Railway to the top of Snowdon, where there's time to take in the views. Day 4 is free to explore Llandudno.

Days 5-6. Conwy Castle, Bodnant Garden and home

Visit 13th century Conwy Castle for a guided tour. Continue to Plas Mawr, the best preserved Elizabethan townhouse in Britain. End at Bodnant Garden, a beautiful wild garden. This evening, enjoy a "Taste of Wales" party. On Day 6 our holiday concludes.

Call 01904 730773 or visit GreatRail.com for more information.

1. How many castles will be visited during the journey?

A. 1.B. 2.C. 3.D. 4.

2. On which day is there no guide?

A. Day 2.B. Day 3.C. Day 4.D. Day 5.

3. What is the most distinctive feature of the journey?

A. Means of riding.B. Delicious dinner.

C. Unforgettable party.D. Travel time.

B

I decided at 10 that I was going to be a teacher because I had a burning desire for superpowers. As a boy, I could clearly see some of my teachers had extraordinary powers.

There was an English teacher in fifth grade who could magically transport us to different worlds every day by telling us stories and reading to us from books we would otherwise never pick up. This was our secret and fun time because fifth graders were considered too old to have stories read out to them.

It was even shocking that my teacher could see the invisible. I was one of those who lacked insight, Yet my teacher would notice me and the unspoken message in her eyes suggested that she could see me through. She had another superpower and even after four decades, I could still vividly remember her lessons about the great masters of art and great geographers, expanding our horizons. She did this even though her major was not art, nor geography. Her lessons went beyond the textbook I knew I wanted to be one of those all-seeing ones with superpowers that made children feel safe and valued.

I know being a teacher isn't the easiest or the most financially rewarding of jobs. And there are occupational risks-your knees can become worn out from years of carrying piles of notebooks up and down the school staircase, your voice can give in from too much talking. But despite all that, there are those choosing this cause. To them, teaching is not just a job-it is a science, an art and a craft, and it demands emotional labour and investment.

All my life, for three decades now, I've gone to work early each day with a spring in my step. Occasionally, I meet my former students. Their obvious love for me and fond memories of our time together are my rewards. When I meet others who thirst for superpowers, like the brand new teacher struggling to perfect her skills with a brave face on, or the one in a remote, rural school travelling 70 kilometers each day just for his pupils, I feel proud to belong to the same group.

4. What can be inferred about the stories from paragraph 2?

A. They were told in a magic way.B. They were written by the teacher.

C. They contained some students' fun secrets.D. They left the students with happy memories.

5. Which of the following best describes the English teacher?

A. Ambitious and generous.B. Hard-working and wealthy.

C. Caring and modest.D. Well-informed and observant.

6. What do we know about the author as a teacher?

A. He suffered a lot in his knees and voice.

B. He thought teaching was more than spreading knowledge.

C. He had some ideas of how to be a teacher at a young age.

D. He was rewarded with much money for his devotion at school.

7. What can be concluded about being a teacher from the text?

A. With one thousand times for the peach garden sweet.

B. Teachers lead the door, progress in the individual.

C. In scholarship there is no difference of age.

D. Learning without a teacher is hard to gain.

C

 The sea could be the food bowl of the future. In Jervis Bay, south of Sydney, seaweed, which is rich in fibre and omega 3, is grown and harvested.

Pia Winberg is a marine scientist who runs Australia's first food-grade fanned seaweed company. Her crop is grown alongside mussels (贻贝)and is used as an additive in pasta (意大利面)and other products.

Seaweed is also raised in large tanks, where it absorbs carbon dioxide waste from a wheat processing factory. The business is small, but could help to reduce the ecological footprint of traditional farming.

“We used ten percent of seaweed instead of wheat in breads and pastas, we've eliminated a million hectares of land, we've eliminated all of the carbon dioxide emissions associated with that, and we've also reduced the pressures on very precious fresh water.” said Pia Winberg.

Spiny sea urchins (多刺海胆虫)are another blue economy resource. They can destroy marine habitats, but a recent competition for environmental start-ups in Australia, saw them not as a pest but a delicacy (美味).

Martina Doblin, CEO of Sydney Institute of Marine Science, said, “By 2050 we will have some ten billion people on the planet, and about half the food they eat will come from the ocean. So, we really do need to pay attention to the way that we manage the blue economy-generating wealth from the ocean but in a sustainable (可持续的) way.”

Farming at sea has its challenges. Infrastructure (基础设施) has to be sound, as do supply chains and biosecurity. But get these things right, and the ocean might just be the next great economic frontier.

8. What is the function of the first paragraph?

A. To lead to the main topic.

B. To describe a new kind of seaweed.

C. Tell how important the food safety is.

D. To explain the meaning of blue economy.

9. What can we learn from what Martina Doblin said in paragraph 6?

A. Ocean exploration has made little progress so far.

B. More and more people will die of hunger in the future.

C. More work is needed for a better use of the natural resources.

D. Sea farming will be a good way to solve the coming world food problem.

10. Which word can be used to describe the author's attitude towards sea fanning?

A. Skeptical.B. Objective.C. Tolerant.D. Negative.

11. Which can be a suitable title for the text?

A. How to Protect the Marine Animals

B. Measures to Develop Blue Economy

C. Farming the Sea for the Future of Food

D. Traditional Farming is Gradually Disappearing

D

Several years ago, when someone used camera covers to protect against possible monitoring, it was not popular to talk about it. Today, people use various types of tapes to cover the web cameras and microphones.

There are many types of spyware that can dive into our devices and secretly spy on them, recording everything they do. Such programs may infect not only computers but also smartphones. Your data may be used by hackers who will try to request money for not exposing your private information or by companies like NSO Group who created the Pegasus spyware to “provide authorized governments with technology that helps struggle against terror and crime”.

In my opinion, the described protection technique is highly overestimated. Users tape cameras and microphones due to the lack of understanding of how their devices work and how malware(恶意软件)works. Hackers and even secret services do not have enough resources to monitor all victims using cameras or microphones. If they need to yet any information, they get it by sending a targeted malware to your device, which will not be stopped                by the tapes. Such a virus will find what to steal -from personal photos and videos to passwords from social networks, browser history, bank accounts and much more.

It is unwise to believe that attackers will not be able to find a way to spy on you, even if the device, discharged to zero, can still deliver data about your location, using the smartphones of the surrounding people as signal repeaters. Let us face it. we live in an era when it is extremely difficult to hide something and a piece of tape is clearly not the most useful tool in the struggle for your privacy.

Again, to be able to spy on you, attackers need to plant malware in your device. To prevent malware from entering your device, do not click suspected links and email attachments. Use strong passwords for email, social media and online banking accounts.

12. What does the underlined word “them” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. Cameras.    B. Types.     C. Programs.      D. Devices.

13. What is NSO Group?

A. group of hackers.                 B. A company developing spyware.

C. A group of terrorists and criminals.   D. A company fighting against crime.

14. Why does the author think "the protection technique is highly overestimated”?

A. People know little about their devices.

B. Hackers have no access to others.

C. It hardly prevents malware from getting privacy.

D. It can't cover the cameras completely.

15. What is the text mainly about?

A. Protecting privacy on devices.       B. Rising trend of using tapes.

C. Monitoring devices via cameras.     D. Avoiding clicking distrustful links.


第二节 (共5小题;每小题2.5分, 满分12.5分)    

根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Feynman Learning Technique

If you're not learning, you're standing still. So what's the best way to learn new subjects and identify gaps in our existing knowledge? There are four steps according to Feynman.

Teach it to a child

Take out a blank sheet of paper and write the subject you want to learn at the top. 16. as if you were teaching it to a child. Not your smart adult friend but rather an 8-year-old who has just enough vocabulary and attention span (持续时间) to understand basic concepts and relationships.

Review

In step one, you will inevitably (不可避免地) encounter gaps in your knowledge where you're forgetting something important, are not able to explain it, or simply have trouble connecting an important concept. This is invaluable feedback because you've discovered the edge of your knowledge.17. .

Now you know where you got stuck, go back to the source material and re — learn it until you can explain it in basic terms.

Organize and Simplify

18. . Review them to make sure you didn't mistakenly borrow any of the jargon (术语) from the source material. Organize them into a simple story that flows.

Convey (optional)

If you really want to be sure of your understanding, run it past someone (ideally who knows little of the subject — or find that 8-year-old!).19. .

Not only is this a wonderful recipe for learning but it' s also a window into a different way of thinking that allows you to tear ideas apart and reconstruct them from the ground up.20. .

Importantly, approaching problems in this way allows you to understand when others don't know what they are talking about.

A. This is where the learning starts

B. However, many people think it useless

C. Now you have a set of hand-crafted notes

D. Write out what you know about the subject

E. Try to be sure what is more important when doing so

F. This leads to a much deeper understanding of the ideas and concepts

G. The final test of your knowledge is your capacity to spread it to another


第二部分 语言运用 (共两节, 满分30分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题1分, 满分15分)

Most of my life I had lived in a Black community. Neither of my    21    had made it past middle school and I was the first in my family of three to ever set foot on a college campus.    22   , most of my peers came from generations of college-educated family and had grown up in    23    suburbs. Instead of    24    with others how I was feeling, I isolated myself and thought I could get through it if I just focused on    25   . During the weeks leading up to my sophomore year winter break, I finally decided I would    26   . Fortunately, that wasn't the    27    of the story. I found strength and guidance to continue through to graduation.

Social and psychological counseling gave me space to process my    28   . Volunteering work provided me a consistent reminder for    29    I was in college. My interactions with students who   30    me so much of my own friends back home inspired me to be    31    to working for access to higher education for low-income youth. I    32    got involved with a summer internship program, where I cooperated with some student leaders to start a conference to    33    about issues of race.

Knowledge is empowering. I read books and    34    chose courses to learn more about topics related to race. Most importantly, I was empowered with the knowledge I needed to work for justice and    35   

21. A. brothersB. grandparentsC. parentsD. sisters

22. A. By contrastB. In realityC. As a resultD. In brief

23. A. whiteB. blackC. poorD. new

24. A. quarrelingB. sharingC. comparingD. negotiating

25. A. researchingB. exercisingC. studyingD. uniting

26. A. let outB. leave outC. give outD. drop out

27. A. endB. startC. plotD. climax

28. A. temperB. courageC. emotionD. awareness

29. A. whenB. whyC. howD. what

30. A. informedB. remindedC. convincedD. expected

31. A. reducedB. limitedC. accustomedD. committed

32. A. alsoB. stillC. everD. again

33. A. dialogueB. chatC. jokeD. protest

34. A. desperatelyB. carefullyC. intentionallyD. sensitively

35. A. prejudiceB. equalityC. freedomD. discrimination


第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分, 满分15分)

    阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The China National Space Administration said that Chang'e 5's reentry capsule landed   36  . its preset site in Siziwang banner of the Inner Mongolia autonomous region at 1:59 am. 

Chinese President Xi Jinping on Thursday   37  (congratulate) the complete success of the Chang'e-5 mission, extending warm congratulations and sincere   38  (greet) to all members who participated in the Chang'e-5 mission in a congratulatory message. 

As   39  (China) most complicated space project in China, the Chang'e-5 mission   40  (achieve) the extraterrestrial(地球外的)sampling and returning successfully for the first time. It is another major achievement in overcoming difficulties by giving full play to the advantages of the new nationwide system, marking   41   great step forward in China's space industry. "Your remarkable feats will always   42  (remember) by our country and people," said Xi. 

Noting that there is no end for space exploration, Xi expressed the hope that those   43   have participated in the Chang'e-5 mission will carry forward the lunar exploration spirit of pursuing dreams,   44  (dare) to explore, and cooperating in tackling difficulties, so as to start new exploration and contribute to building the country into a major power in the peaceful use of space and the building of a community with a   45  (share) future for humanity.


第三部分 写作 (共两节, 满分40分)    

第一节 (满分15分)    

假定你是某国际学校高中生李华,最近你发现你校图书馆阅览室中存在高声喧哗和乱丢垃圾的现象,请用英语给馆长Mr. Smith写一封信。要点如下:

1. 说明写信的目的;

2. 提出合理的建议。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头和结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear Mr. Smith,

I am Li Hua, a high school student.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Thank you for your consideration.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

第二节 (满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150左右。

One day, I found a wallet on the street. The wallet contained only three dollars and a very old letter. The envelope was worn and the only thing on it was the return address. I started to open the letter, hoping to find some information. Then I saw the date-1990, and the signature-Beatrice. The letter was written several decades ago.

Then I made every effort and found out that Beatrice was now working in a hospital. I showed her the letter. The second she saw the letter, she took a deep breath and said, “Young man, this letter was the last contact I ever had with Henry. He is my only brother. I loved him very much. I was only 16 at the time and my brother is two years younger than me. If you can find him, tell him I'm still looking for him,” she said and tears began to well up in her eyes. “Mother is waiting for him to come back home.”

When I walked out of the building with the wallet in my hand, the guard of the building recognized the wallet, and with his help, I finally found its owner, Henry. I handed the wallet to Henry and he said, “Yes, that's mine! It must have dropped out of my pocket this afternoon.”

“I read the letter in the hope of finding out who owned the wallet.” I said. The smile on his face suddenly disappeared. He asked, “You read that letter?” “Not only did I read it, but also Beatrice read.” I replied. He suddenly became excited. “Beatrice? You know where she is? How is she? Please tell me,” he begged. “She's fine. She has been looking for you.” I said softly.

He grabbed my hand and said, “Sir, you know she is my only sister in this world. I've always missed her.”

Henry and I took the elevator (电梯) down to Beatrice's room. I walked over to her. “Beatrice,” I said softly, pointing to Henry, who was waiting with me in the doorway. “Do you know the man?”

注意:

1. 续写词数应为150左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Beatrice adjusted her glasses, looked for a moment, but didn't say a word. 

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________

About three weeks later I got a call at my office from Beatrice. 

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________


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