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2021届新高考英语模拟预测卷(新课标)

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2021届新高考英语模拟预测卷(新课标)
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2021普通高等学校招生统一考试模拟预测卷

英语试题

(考试时间:90分钟  试卷满分:120分) 

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

It's been a decade since the launch of Airbnb and Uber, now considered a part of life for many people booking trips and journeys. In that time, several boat sharing apps have been working hard to regulate how people rent boats or book activities on the water.

Many of them have a similar business model to Airbnb, where customers rent boats directly from owners. GetMyBoat is the market leader with over 130,000 boats. The founders had the idea when they were sailing in the Atlantic and noticed that large numbers of boats were unused.

The company has grown from having a presence primarily in the lop boating cities in the US to having boats available in 9 ,300 destinations across 184 countries. Since it first started, GetMyBoat has sent over 120,000 people out boating. This year, it is projecting to send 65 ,000 people out on the water, a dramatic increase from the 53 people who booked a boat in its first year back in 2013.

US competitors include Boatsetter, which has 25 ,000 boats available across the world. Parisian- based Click&Boal has 30,000 boats globally and in the Mediterranean, Samboat is a major player with 25 ,000 boats.

It's an obvious win for boat owners who are looking for ways to minimize(使最小化)the cost of owning a boat by renting it out. And modem technology means that the boat can find nearby customers without being registered to a specific boating agency as in the past.

Safety issues are very important. Boatbound failed after a customer lost a leg in an accident because the company didn't require that people hire captains with the boats, something that its competitors do.

The market is changing in that fewer people are seeking to buy their own boats, while the number of people who want to experience boating is growing. This new market is allowing people to search for and book water experiences that offer something new.

1. What impressed the founders of GetMyBoat during their sailing in the Atlantic?

A. The wide use of Airbnb.                B. The popularity of water activities.

C. The large quantity of unused boats.       D. The large number of boats in the world.

2. How does the author explain GetMyBoat's business development?

A. By listing numbers.                    B. By making comparison.

C. By following the time order.             D. By referring to its founders' words.

3. Why did Boatbound go downhill?

A. Because the company couldn't find ways to minimize the cost of owning a boat.

B. Because the competitors lay too much pressure on Boatbound.

C. Because the company was in lack of modern technology.

D. Because of a safely accident resulting from the company's carelessness.

B

A music talent show launched by Mango TV has caught the attention of domestic TV channel viewers recently. This entertainment program, whose Chinese name translates to “Sisters Who Brave Winds and Waves”, invited 30 established actresses in their thirties, put them up in an apartment where they competed against each other and then selected five among them to form a new star group.

While young hopefuls are commonly considered to be the protagonists of music talent show, “Sisters Who Brave Winds and Waves” turns out to be an outlier. Apart from showcasing female stars musical talent, this show tries to deliver a positive message that age should not be the barrier for female entertainers to chase their dreams. The reality that most female entertainers have a short “shelf life” needs to be changed.

Attracted by the unique theme of Mango TV’s new show, many Chinese viewers were desperate for the show’s debut. The first episode aired last week received 10 million views within the first 20 minutes. Following the initial success, Mango Excellent Media’s stock rose by nearly 9% on Friday and another 7% on Monday. The company’s market value has now surpassed 100 billion yuan ($ 14 billion).

The value of this show was not only recognized by the market, but also the majority of Chinese viewers. Many netizens made good comments on the new show as it encouraged them to explore their inner potential no matter how old they are. One wrote, “Of course, young stars in their late teens and early 20s are beautiful. But I feel more impressed by these celebrities over the age of 30.” She went on to say that their confidence and ambition make them shine, and that age is just a number.

The Mango TV’s new show comes as a welcome relief, which demonstrates that charm and ambition is not limited to the young age. In fact, such age equality should extend to all professions to ensure that people with all ages could be treated equally in pursuit of their career goals.

4. What does the underlined word “outlier” in paragraph 2 mean?

A. Surprise.B. Success.

C. Failure.D. Exception.

5. How did the entertainment market react after Mango TV’s new show was released?

A. The company’s market value has now exceeded 14 billion dollars.

B. Mango Excellent Media’s stock rose by nearly 16% over the weekend.

C. Nearly 10 million viewers watched the first episode within the first hour.

D. The debut of the new show did not affect the company's market value.

6. What do we know from the netizen’s comment on the newly released show?

A. She thinks young celebrities are not attractive to the audience.

B. She holds the view that Mango TV’s new show is conventional.

C. She believes charm could make the celebrities shine no matter their age.

D. She complains about age discrimination in the entertainment industry,.

7. What can we infer about the author from the text?

A. He/She aims to purse gender equality.

B. He/She protests against age discrimination.

C. He/She is a fan of musical shows.

D. He/She dreams about being an actor/actress.

C

Black rhinos(犀牛) have terrible eyesight. Even so, these African giants easily fend off hungry predators such as lions and hyenas. Their basic body plan has proved to be good enough to survive on African grasslands full of large predators, being very large, thick-skinned, big sword-like horns.

But those protective traits(特征) are no match for humans with guns. Today the species is critically endangered largely due to poaching. But the rhinos may have an unlikely ally against poachers: the red-billed oxpecker. The chatty, sociable birds often hang out on the backs of rhinos, feasting on parasitic ticks(寄生虫).And actually, research has shown that the tick is the favorite diet of an oxpecker. 

The birds also get nutrients by picking at sores on the rhinos’ bodies. Victoria University of Melbourne behavioral ecologist Roan Plotz suspected that the rhinos put up with this indignity because the oxpeckers make loud alarm calls whenever they see humans approach, giving the rhinos an early warning to flee.

To test whether the oxpeckers do, in fact, act as noisy lookouts, Plotz and his team implanted(植入) radio transmitters in the rhinos’ horns. This didn’t hurt the rhinos and allowed the researchers to track the animals.

“And approach them undetected, when the oxpeckers were on the back and when the oxpeckers were not on their backs, to get an idea of if the birds do alarm them and if the rhinos do listen.”

The researchers found that rhinos without oxpeckers detected an approaching human only 23 percent of the time, at an average distance of 27 meters. But when oxpeckers were present, the birds alarmed the rhinos 100 percent of the time. And they detected the human 61 meters away on average. And the more oxpeckers on the scene , the greater the detection distance.

“It makes sense because the more eyes you have on your back, looking out for you, the more chance that they can pick up anything coming. There can be no doubt that the rhino is listening on the oxpecker alarm call.”

8. What does the underlined phrase in the first paragraph mean?

A. Defend against.B. Feed.

C. Hide from.D. Attract.

9. Why do the birds hang on the back of rhinos?

A. To protect rhinos from poachers.      B. To seek protection from rhinos.

C. To find food over the rhino’s body.    D. To let rhinos carry them around.

10. What do the researchers find?

A. Rhinos have poor eyesight.          B. The birds alarm and rhinos listen.

C. There are many ticks on rhinos.       D. The birds have sharp eyes.

11. What can best describe the relationship between the birds and rhinos?

A. They protect each other from dangers.  B. They are food source for each other.

C. They depend on each other for survival. D. They have win-win partnership.

D

Mental health is deteriorating(恶化)among young people globally.The incidence of depression and anxiety is increasing, and this not only lowers quality of life, but can have a lasting negative impact as an adolescent reaches adulthood.

Many experts are trying to get at the root causes of this decline, in order to find ways to prevent further deterioration and to provide more effective help when needed. Two “emerging determinants of interest” are (a) over use of screen-based technology, and (b) too little time spent in nature. Most research to date has considered these factors independently, but a group of scientists from University of Adelaide recently decided to look at them jointly, to see if the combination of high screen time (ST) and low “green time” (GT), could affect mental wellbeing.

The result is published on September 4, 2020, in the scientific journal PLOS One. In it, the researchers analyzed data from 186 studies that looked at children's interactions with screen-based technology and nature and their psychological outcomes, including mental health, cognitive(认知的) functioning, and academic achievement.

What they found was that, in general, excessive screen time results in poorer psychological health, whereas green time improves mental wellbeing. Ten years ago in the U.S., the average daily screen time for 8-to-18-year-olds was 7.5 hours. As the study states, “This greatly exceeds recreational ST guidelines of 2 hours or less per day,” and is made even more challenging by the fact that so many schools are using technology to teach classes.

While some screen time can be beneficial, such as promoting connections and enabling tasks to be done more efficiently, there are many ways in which it is harmful. Excessive screen time “replaces important protective behaviors for mental health such as physical activity, getting adequate sleep, in-person social interactions, and academic activities.”

And yet, when children do go outside, they become more physically active. Their day-night rhythm is regulated, thanks to the exposure to sunlight, thus “encouraging healthy sleep-wake cycles and improved sleep, which is key for psychological well-being.”

12. The research of the University of Adelaide is different because________?

A. The researchers tried to find the root causes.

B. The researchers analyzed large amounts of data.

C. The researchers tried to find a solution.

D. They combined ST and GT.

13. What are the findings of their research?

A. Mental health is worsening among young people globally.

B. School technology contributes to the most screen time.

C. ST and GT have opposite impact on mental health.

D. Guidelines of screen time shouldn’t be more than two hours.

14. Why does over screen time affect mental health?

A. It replaces mentally healthy behaviors.

B. There is too much unhealthy information on the screen.

C. Teens can’t break away from screen addiction.

D. Teens can’t sleep well after screen time.

15. What is implied in the passage?

A. Over screen time worsens teens’ health.

B. Teens need more green time, less screen time.

C. Teens should be banned from any screen time.

D. Screen-based technology shouldn’t be allowed in schools.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

When you think about inventions that have completely changed human existence, what comes to your mind? Probably the wheel, the printing press, the refrigerator and definitely personal computers. 16. ,but without which we'd be much worse off, like eyeglasses. Imagine a world without glasses —many of us would walk around bumping into things and driving our cars up onto the sidewalk. 17. ?

The truth is that nobody knows who invented eyeglasses. At some point in Italy between 1268 and 1289 someone came up with the idea, but the actual inventor remains unknown. What we do know is that the earliest lenses were made from quartz(石英) and were usually set into bone, metal, or leather. 18. ,they started making lenses out of glass.

Although glasses spread quickly throughout Europe and Asia, there was one major problem: how to keep them on the wearer's face? 19. . It took nearly 400 years before opticians(验光师)figured out that hard sidepieces resting on top of the ears might do the trick.

20. , who invented bifocals(双光眼镜) in the 1780s. Annoyed at having to constantly switch glasses whenever he wanted to read or take in the sights while traveling, he had his reading glasses cut in half and joined with his distance glasses. Now that's the American creative item for you.

A. So who invented glasses, and how were they first made

B. Early glasses were squeezed onto the bridge of the nose

C. So where were they first made and how were they improved

D. Once quartz was found limited in nature and harmful to health

E. Then there are those ordinary things that we seldom think about

F. As soon as people figured out how to make glass without bubbles and other problems

G. No history of eyeglasses would be complete without some mention of Benjamin Franklin

第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I was a self-employed writer. But I had been in a bad   21   since my new neighbor moved in. Whenever I became   22   to write, I could hear a girl singing next door. She didn’t sing well at all, even   23   -it was absolutely a headache for me.   24   , it became a daily routine for me to   25   . How could I keep up my   26   and go on writing?

One day, it was too noisy and my thoughts were entirely   27   . I had my husband go to   28   her about the matter. Minutes later, he returned. “That girl is only 17,” he   29   with a sad look, “but she has bone cancer.” My mind suddenly went   30   . “Her mother said that the more   31   it is, the louder her daughter sings. It helps her   32   the pain. The poor mother begs our pardon for interrupting us.” In a flash, I felt guilty about my thoughtless   33   .

From that day on, I no longer felt anything   34   , and even got used to her singing-I felt as if   35   by the smell of flowers. Afterwards I was on business and happened to know the girl had been   36   into a hospital. When I returned home in late summer, I   37   felt that something was   38   . I couldn’t hear the girl next door sing anymore.

“However hard the winds blow, you will stray(走失) no more from my   39   …You shall believe that I am brave only with you…” Her singing always   40   in my mind. I hope the voice is everlasting for you, me, and everyone.

21. A. appetiteB. conditionC. moodD. state

22. A. boredB. inspiredC. safeD. afraid

23. A. out of placeB. out of fashionC. out of orderD. out of tune

24. A. GraduallyB. SuddenlyC. SurprisinglyD. Particularly

25. A. understandB. explainC. tolerateD. follow

26. A. interestsB. headC. hopeD. spirits

27. A. disturbedB. liftedC. buriedD. touched

28. A. indicateB. approachC. complainD. scold

29. A. criedB. yelledC. sighedD. declared

30. A. coldB. silentC. calmD. blank

31. A. hurtfulB. wonderfulC. effortlessD. difficult

32. A. accelerateB. gatherC. easeD. cover

33. A. mannersB. stepC. movementD. action

34. A. personalB. wrongC. complicatedD. stubborn

35. A. blownB. absorbedC. greetedD. moved

36. A. admittedB. laidC. transformedD. suspended

37. A. insteadB. somehowC. otherwiseD. anymore

38. A. explicitB. abstractC. complexD. missing

39. A. companyB. distinctionC. prejudiceD. reputation

40. A. developsB. risesC. flowsD. changes

第二节(共10小题;每小题l5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

A pair of researchers found that when you appeal to wealthy people for donations, it will offer them a sense of control.

The study consisted of writing and then sending letters to 12,000 Ivy League alumni who earn at least $100,000  41.  (annual). The researchers wrote two versions of their letter, both of  42.  were asking for a donation to help with community  43.  (activity). But the words were different. One letter44. (write) in such a way as to give the reader a feeling of control ---- “Sometimes, one person needs to come forward and take individual action.” The other was in a more general sense --- “Sometimes, a community needs to come forward to support a common goal.”

The researchers then compared how much individuals donated. They found that those who had received the letters  45. (give) them more control were more generous --- they gave on average $432. Those  46. (send) the more general letter to, on  47. other hand, gave on average just $270. The difference came to an average of 1.5 times as much.

The researchers suggested that the difference simply consisted in giving prospective donors(预期捐赠者) a feeling of more control over  48.  the donated money would be spent. They further suggested their findings indicated that in the future, those who will conduct charity events might need organizers  49. (offer) some degree of control to prospective donors. They might find they would get more 50.  return.

第三部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题l分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

My parents and I paid a visit to my grandparents in last summer. After three hour’s drive, we got to the village. We were exciting to see them and chatted for quite a while. And then I go to the backyard to pick some vegetables or fruits without chemical fertilizers. They were so fresh that I couldn’t wait to taste it. After dinner, we took walk along the country road lined with trees and crops. The soft wind was blown gently and the surroundings were quietly except for the singing of birds. What peaceful the country life was!

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

你校正在组织英语作文比赛.请以“我最喜爱的运动”为题,写一篇短文参赛,内容包括:

1.喜爱的运动;

2.这项运动带给你的好处.

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.短文题目和首句已为你写好.

My Favorite Sport

I do like to do all kinds of sports.

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