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江苏省南京市盐城市2021届高三下第一次模拟调研考试英语试题

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江苏省南京市盐城市2021届高三下第一次模拟调研考试英语试题
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江苏省南京市、盐城市2020-2021学年高三第二学期第一次调研考试

英  语  试  题

第一部分  听力(共两节, 满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

    A.19.15                    B.9.18                    C.9.15

答案是C。

1.Where will the woman go this Sunday?

A. To a restaurant.  B. To a library.   C. To a supermarket.

2. How much did the man’s football shoes cost?

A. £ 10.            B. £20.         C. £35.

3. How will the woman go downtown?

A. By bus.             B. By bike.     C. By car

4. What sport did the man stop?

A. Swimming.  B. Basketball.  C. Tennis.

5. Where is the man’s mobile phone?

A. On the sofa.  B. On the desk.   C. On the bed.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What is the man’s boss like?

 A. He’s creative.  B. He’s easygoing.  C. He’s perfect.

7. Why does the woman choose to stay at the Magic Pan?

A. She can learn much there.

B. She enjoys the food they serve.

C. She likes the atmosphere in the kitchen.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does the woman think of the movie?

A. Disappointing.  B. Moving.  C. Interesting.

9. What will the speakers do first after leaving the cinema?

 A. Take a talk in a park.  B. Head to a restaurant.  C. Return to the office.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. How does the woman feel now?

A. Cold.  B. Comfortable.  C. Relaxed.

11. Why didn’t the man put on a sweater?

A. He felt warm enough.

B. He forgot to take one.

C. He was afraid to break the rules.

12. What will the man do during the lunch break?

A. Check the lost and found.  B. Practice typing.  C. Go shopping.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. When will the woman check in?

A. On June 17th.   B. On June 18th.   C. On June 19th.

14. What kind of room does the woman like?

A. One with a view of a river.

B. One with a view of a park.

C. One with a view of a hill.

15. How can the woman get breakfast served in her room?

A. By sending an e-mail.

B. By taking a registration card.

C. By hanging a form on the door.

16. Why is it inconvenient to send e-mails in bedrooms?

A. Net service is not provided.

B. The wireless signal is weak.

  C. Computers are not available.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What interests the visitors most?

A. The coins.   B. The sculpture.  C. The paintings.

18. When was the museum opened?

A. In the 19th century.    B. In the 20th century.  C. In the 21st century.

19. Who donated most of the coins to the museums?

A. The farmers.   B. The founder.   C. The artists.

20. Why can’t the collection of clay and glass be changed?

A. It has been perfect in itself.

B. It is against the founder’s will.

C. It doesn’t belong to the museum.

第二部分  阅读 (共两节,满分50分) 

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

   Tips for Writing a Cover Letter

If you are applying for an internship(实习工作), you will likely have to submit a cover letter as part of your application. Read below for tips on writing an internship cover letter.

Use Business Letter Format

Use proper business letter format when sending a cover letter by mail. Include your contact information at the top, the date, and the contact information for the employer. Be sure to provide a proper salutation(称呼语), and sign your name at the bottom.

Individualize Your Cover Letter

Make sure to write a unique cover letter for each internship for which you apply. Highlight skills and abilities you have that relate to the specific internship listing. The main emphasis of your cover letter should be convincing the reader that you will be a qualified intern.

Emphasize Your Academic Experience

In the letter, you can mention academic experience, if applicable. Especially if you have limited work experience, you might use examples from school to demonstrate that you have particular skills. For example, if the internship requires you to work as part of a team, provide an example of an assistant at the library or a successful team project you worked on during one of your college courses.

Include Extra Classroom Experiences

You can also include details about your relevant experience form extra classroom activities or volunteer work. For example, a reporter for a college newspaper can point to interviewing and writing skills; a history of volunteering at a shelter can provide an example of strong interpersonal and organizational skills.

Proofread and Edit

Be sure to thoroughly proofread(校对) your cover letter for spelling and grammar errors. Many internships are very competitive, and any error can hurt your chances of getting an interview. Also, avoid using too many words to convey your information and intention.

21. What can you do to personalize your internship cover letter?

A. Use proper business letter format.

B. Employ more convincing expressions.

C. Promise a good performance in the internship.

D. Stress my own abilities related to the requirements.

22. Academic experience included in the cover letter can ________.

A. make up for the lack of work experience

B. prove you’ll be an outstanding organizer

C. show you have a good academic performance

D. multiply the chance of working on a team project

23. According to the text, a cover letter should be _____________. 

A. emotional and simplified   B. informal and detailed

C. brief and targeted         D. academic and qualified

B

My husband jokes with me that my midlife crisis was having my now 11-year-old daughter in my 40s.

I started my career as Associate Editor at Woman’s World magazine in the late 1990s. Then I was a magazine editor-in-chief for five national consumer publications and also contributed to magazines like Longevity and New Woman.

Four years after getting married in 2005, I eventually gave birth to my daughter, Crystal. As I wrote on Parenting.com: “As the doctor checked her vital organs and my husband counted her 10 perfect fingers and toes, I realized that my body had produced a wonder.”

While my peers were dealing with the stresses of kids in school, I focused my creative energy on carving out my new identity. I was excited when I was offered a “Mom’s Talk” column where I wrote about toys, breastfeeding, and my ongoing(追求) for “baby-free” time.

When Crystal was 3 years old, I wrote an essay about watching her dance at a toddler(学步的小孩) reading group at the library, instead of sitting down with the other children. I expected her performance to annoy people, but her joyful dancing attracted them and made me consider my own possibilities.

“Had I ever been that way, I wondered. If so, could I be like that again? Could I become as free as a child with her whole life ahead of her, ready and willing to be the star of her own production?”

As my daughter transformed from a toddler into a young girl, she continued to be my inspiration. I wrote about the new rules for babysitting and shared research showing that fathers who participated in housework had a positive impact on their daughter’s future success on The Washington Post.

I focused on providing Crystal with resilience-building(韧性) when she neared her teens. I wrote about powerful phrases for The Week, like “no one is the judge of your self-worth”.

As my daughter continues to grow during this messy time, there is one certainty: I will continue to tell my stories, through the eyes of my midlife wisdom. I can’t wait to see her next chapter----and for you to read mine.

24. How did the author feel when giving birth to her daughter?

A. Frightened.  B. Pleased.   C. Puzzled.     D. Disappointed.

25. In terms of being a parent, the author differed from her peers in that _______.

A. she had to deal with more stress from being a mom

B. she left all the babysitting work to her husband

C. she combined the new identity with her career

D. she adopted a creative method of raising her baby

26. What did Crystal’s performance in the library make the author think about?

A. Living the same free life as her daughter’s.

B. Giving performance in front of a crowd

C. Her previous life before having the baby.

D. Pure pleasure during “baby-free” time.

27. Why does the author consider Crystal as her inspiration?

A. Crystal has inspired her to take a writing career.

B. She has started writing in the tone of Crystal.

D. Many of her stories are centred on her daughter.

C

   Starman, the dummy(仿真人) riding a cherry-red Tesla Roadster(特斯拉敞篷车) through space, has made his closest approach ever to Mars. The electric roadster and its passenger were attached to the top of a Falcon Heavy rocket during the SpaceX rocket’s first test launch on 6 February 2018.

Two years later, the Falcon Heavy rocket and the vehicle at its tip are making their second trip around the Sun. Mr. McDowell, a Harvard astrophysicist, found that Starman passed 7.4 million kilometers from Mars at 06:25 GMT 7 October, 2020.

The closest recent approach between the Earth and Mars was 56 million kilometers in 2003, though the planets are often hundreds of millions of miles apart depending on where they are in their orbits. No one can see the Falcon Heavy rocket at its current distance, but orbits over periods of a few years are fairly straightforward to predict, and Mr. McDowell used data about how the rocket was moving when it left the Earth’s gravity behind to locate its recent movements exactly. 

Last time Starman circled the Sun, McDowell said, it crossed Mars’ orbit while the Red Planet was quite far away. But this time the crossing lined up with a fairly close approach, though still not close enough to feel a strong tug from Mars.

At this point in time, if you were able to go look at the Roadster, it would probably look pretty different. The strong solar radiation environment between the planets would probably have destroyed all the exposed organic materials.

Without the Earth’s atmospheric and magnetic(磁场的) protection, even the plastics and carbon-fibre materials would start to break up. Over the course of decades or centuries, the car will end up with its aluminium(铝) frame and hard glass parts----that’s assuming that none of them get destroyed in impacts with passing space rocks.

28, What can we infer from the first two paragraphs?

  A. Starman is now circling around the Earth in its orbit.

  B. Starman has set out on its second trip around the Sun.

  C. Starman has traveled 7.4 million kilometers after launch.

  D. Starman still has a long way to go before getting to Mars.

29. How did McDowell manage to locate Starman?

  A. By keeping Starman under visual observation.

  B. By predicting its future orbit around the earth.

  C. By seeking professional help from SpaceX.

  D. By analyzing data about the rocket’s movement.

30. The underlined word “tug” in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to __________. 

  A. pull      B. drive       C. resistance    D. pressure

31. What will happen to Starman in decades or centuries?

  A. It is circling around Mars and will finally crash onto it.

  B. It will finish its mission and return to SpaceX on earth.

  C. Starman is likely reduced to at most its frame and glass.

  D. SpaceX will try to recover it during its next space mission.

D

Social media is taking over our lives: Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and now, TikTok. These social media platforms have transformed from a way to stay connected to an industry where even kids can make money off their posts. While this may seem like another opportunistic innovation, it’s really full of hidden false realities.

The median income(中位收入) recorded in the United States of America was about $63,000 in 2018. TikTokers can make anywhere from $50,000 to $150,000 for a TikTok brand partnership, and TikTokers with over a million followers can make up to $30,000 a month---$360,000 a year. They are making more than the average person trying to feed their family and keep a roof over their heads, simply by posting a 15-second video.

This is mad in more ways than one. Not only is it an overpaid “job”, it promotes undeserved admiration from viewers and a false sense of reality. Many of these famous TikTokers are still teens, and the effects of fame at such an early stage in life might cause issues later in life, such as mental illness. Teens between the ages of 13 and 17 make up 27% of TikTok viewers, who can be easily influenced by what they are watching. They can put a false sense of self-value into who they look up to and what they represent: money, fame, being considered conventionally attractive.

While TikTok has become a great tool for marketing, it’s important to understand how this content affects young viewers. If we’re constantly consuming content that hsows us all we need to do to be successful is be conventionally attractive and post a 15-second video featuring a new dance, it will challenge our knowledge of what really makes someone successful and will in turn affect our individual work ethics(伦理). What about the people who miss birthdays and family holidays due to their jobs and aren’t getting paid nearly as much as these TikTokers?

Richard Colyer, president and creator of Metaphor, Inc., had his own view on this issue. 

“It sounds great that kids can make money for doing the latest dance moves in a 15-second video, but we should feed the minds of kids and not just their bank accounts. TikTok can be great if used properly. Money alone is not good, technology alone is not good and connectedness can be bad if it’s only online.”

Again, as a fellow consumer of TikTok, I do enjoy the app when I have some time to kill and need a good laugh. I’m not against someone making a living on entertainment, but what does getting famous of a 15-second video teach young people?

32. What does the underlined word “this” in Paragraph 1 refer to?

A. Social networking.   B. Making money on social media.

C. A job offered by TikTok.  D. Staying connected to the Internet.

33. Which is the possible influence of TikTok on its young users?

A. They tend to live an adult life too soon.

B. They are forced to pay for certain services.

C. They may abandon other social media.

D. They are likely to develop false values.

34. What can we infer from Richard Colyer’s comments?

A. TikTok can be a positive influence if teens employ it wisely.

B. Young TikTokers should be banned form making money.

C. It is better to involve education on investment in TikTok videos.

D. Contents of videos need checking before their release online.

35. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?

A. Say No to TikTok.   B. Join Young TikTokers

C. TikTok---A Mine of Money   D. A Job vs An Entertainment

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

If you think you’re a pessimist and there’s no hope of ever turning it around, then think again! According to mental health experts, it is actually very possible to turn into a glass-half-full kind of person, and here’s what you can do to see things in a brighter light.

  36   Writing down your ideas of an optimistic tomorrow will make a huge difference when it comes to your overall attitude to life. You may also want to consider a serious challenge you have in life right now, and simply sit back and think about all of the possible positive outcomes. 

Choose to be optimistic. Life is all about choices. You can choose to spend the entire day reading or cleaning. You can make the call you’ve been thinking about for a while or you can put it off for another day. What’s more, you can also choose to be positive or you can choose to simply carry on living as you are.    37    And then carry on that way for the rest of your life.

Extend positiveness to others. Making others feel good about themselves can have lasting positive effects on your own life. Never forget to admire your family, friends, and colleagues for the good things which they are doing in their lives, even if they don’t directly affect you.   38  

Recognize your negative thought patterns. It’s fine to acknowledge that bad things in life might happen at any time.    39    Yet being overly negative can seriously ruin your chances of finding happiness in his life. Reframing your awkwardly negative thoughts into more realistic patterns may be the key to helping you maintain optimism.

Practice gratitude. Spend some time thinking about all of the things you have to be thankful for.     40    You could even choose to keep diaries, where you can put down anything which makes you smile. If nothing else, take a moment every once in a while to stop, smile and be thankful for the positive things in life.

A.Imagine a positive future.

B.Form the habit of keeping diaries.

C.Of course, it’s also necessary to praise yourself.

D.Ignoring reality isn’t the most helpful method either.

E.Being optimistic starts with the decision to be positive.

F.It will often provide you with an instant optimism boost.

G.Take a moment to work out how realistic your thoughts really are.

第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

It was time to start my afternoon run on the school bus. I drove up to the elementary school, parked and opened the doors.

Usually I enjoyed   41   the kids as they climbed aboard. Today I kept my   42   fixed straight ahead. I’d just come from a(n)   43   family counseling (辅导) session with my oldest son, Shayn. He started consuming alcohol at 17. I felt   44  . How did we ever get here? I thought. Shayn was intelligent and had been a   45   to raise. The two of us were close. 

The kids walked past me onto the bus. One or two said hi. A little girl   46   a small piece of paper on my lap gently. “This is for you!” she said.

I absent-mindedly   47   the folded paper and looked up just in time to see wisps(缕,束) of long blonde hair   48   down the aisle(过道).

I’d hoped family counseling would help Shayn quit drinking.   49   at today’s session, Shayn was angry. He said kids his age drink   50   and that his drinking was under control. What hope did we have   51   Shayn couldn’t see that he needed help?

I moved to throw the note in the rubbish can near the driver’s seat, then   52  . What if the little girl sees you throw her present away? I thought. So I   53   it. Inside was a four-leaf clover(四叶草), along with a message written in a child’s hand: “This is filled with   54  .”

As I read the note, my whole body   55  . My thinking changed. I couldn’t control Shayn’s drinking. There was still hope, even when I didn’t know what to do.

I searched my rearview mirror(后视镜) for the child who’d given me the note, but not a single one had long blonde hair.

41.A.pulling            B. teaching        C. greeting    D. separating

42. A. gaze              B. thought          C. brake           D. schedule

43. A. cheap             B. expensive       C. easy            D. difficult

44. A. neglected          B. hopeless       C. abandoned        D. homeless

45. A. struggle           B. pleasure        C. failure           D . success

46. A. laid              B. covered         C. distributed       D. returned

47. A. tore              B. cut             C. grabbed        D. recycled

48. A. grow              B. hang           C. disappear      D. emerge

49. A. For                B. And           C. Or             D. But

50. A. sensitively          B. socially         C. passively     D. politely

51. A. unless             B. though         C. so             D. if

52. A. paused            B. refused        C. left             D. explained

53. A. unlocked          B. unpacked       C. unfolded         D. unwrapped

54. A. confidence         B. hope    C. patience           D. courage

55. A. shook            B. ached    C. shrank            D. relaxed

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式

In modern society, many traditional Chinese festivals are becoming less and less popular. However, they are important part of Chinese culture, and it’s our   56  (responsible) to protect and maintain them. This article focuses on a festival that many people are not familiar with ----Hanshi Festival.

With a history of more than 2,600 years, Hanshi Festival is the only traditional one in China named   57   food, and it is also known as the Cold Food Festival as people are only allowed to eat cold food on this day. Hanshi normally    58   (fall) around April 3 in the solar calendar, one to two days ahead of the Qingming Festival.

In most parts of China, fires might start easily in the dry early spring due to the flammable substances   59  (store) by people and the spring thunder. As a result, the ancients usually held grand ceremonies of sacrifice in   60   the fire stored from the previous year would be put out. Later, they would drill wood to get new fire for a new year. The gap between putting out old fire and   61  (burn) the wood to obtain new fire ranged from three, five, or seven days according to different   62  (history) records.

During the gap days, fires   63  (prohibit) in households. As a result, people would eat what they had prepared previously, namely the cold food, or hanshi in Chinese. That’s   64  the Hanshi Festival gradually came into being.

As the Hanshi Festival is one to two days ahead of the Qingming Festival, they gradually got combined with one another. After the Song Dynasty, cold food did not remain a necessity on this day, and gradually, Qingming Festival took over the folk activities of Hanshi   65  (become) a major festival on this subject.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(满分15分)

    假定你是李华,报名参加学校“Be Sporty, Be Healthy”为主题的演讲比赛。请你写一份英文演讲稿。内容包括:

1.问题:因学业紧张,疏于活动;

2.建议:要合理安排,正常锻炼。

注意:

   1. 写作词数应为80左右,文章标题和首尾句已给出,不计入总词数;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Be Sporty, Be Healthy

Hello, everyone!

I feel honored to be here to talk to you on exercise.


That’s all. Thank you.

第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

It had been a few months since our beloved boxer Bama had passed away. He’d lived a good, long life. Alan and I didn’t have children. Our boxer was our baby. After Bama’s death, we couldn’t bring ourselves to go through his toys to decide what to keep, so we put them all in the basement. I told myself I’d do it when I was ready. Apparently, I still wasn’t. 

Now I sat in my yard and wept. Friends and family had suggested we get another dog, but Alan and I dismissed the idea. We couldn’t go through that kind of heartbreak again.

I gazed out over the yard. Across the street was a dog. A boxer. I wiped the tears from my eyes, heart beating wildly. Was he real or just my wishful imagination? I took a second look. The boxer was still there. We locked eyes. He ran across the street, straight toward me. I offered my hand. He sniffed it eagerly, bushy tail wagging. He licked me. 

This dog was younger than Bama, smaller. He was well-fed and clean. He wore a collar but had no ID. I knew he must belong to someone in the neighborhood, but I’d never seen another boxer around. 

They dog lay down beside my feet, his tongue lolling in a doggie smile. He didn’t seem lost. Just as if he were dropping by for a visit.

“Alan!” I called. “You have to come see this!”

Alan joined me, and we sat together silently for a moment. Then the boxer got up and walked off. In the following days, he’d sometimes appear in the backyard when Alan and I were outside. Other times, he’d wait for us on the front porch.

With each visit, I could feel the ache in my heart lessen. Seeing him was helping me work through my deep sorrow.

At work one day, a young man and an older woman I’d never seen before came in. I took down the man’s address to complete some paperwork and noticed he lived up the street from me. 

His name was Tanner. The woman with him was his grandmother. He and his family had recently moved from Georgia. 

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

“Do you happen to have a dog?” I asked.


“Not at all! Actually, he was a big help.” I said.


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