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山东齐鲁名校协作体2021届高三上高三第一次质量检测英语试题

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山东齐鲁名校协作体2021届高三上高三第一次质量检测英语试题
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高三第一次质量监测

英 语

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准号证号填写在答题卡上。

2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读 一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19. 15.B. £9. 18.C. £9. 15.

答案是C.

1. What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Call up the repairman.

B. Examine the air-conditioner.

C. Turn on the air-conditioner.

2. How does the woman feel now?

A. Glad.B. Worried.C. Disappointed.

3. Who is playing the piano?

A. Harry.B. Harry's sister.C. The man.

4. What will the weather be like next week?

A. Snowy.B. Sunny.C. Rainy.

5. How soon will Sara come back?

A. In 12 days.B. In 7 days.C. In 5 days.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各 题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Whose bike had a problem during the race?

A. Brian's,B. Jason's.C. Aaron's.

7. Which cyclist won the race?

A. Aaron.B. Jason.C. Brian.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does a pet dog need every day according to the man?

A. Plenty of meat.B. Enough exercise.C. A lot of training.

9. What does the man say about cats?

A. They are independent.

B. They often sleep during the day.

C. They always follow their owners. 听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What's the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Relatives.B. Colleagues.C. Neighbours.

11. Where did the woman buy the tea set?

A. In a shopping mall.B. In a tea house.C. In a grocery store.

12. What can the speakers do in their neighborhood?

A. Eat in a restaurant.B. Go to the cinema.C. Read in a library.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What is the woman?

A. A writer.B. A business woman.C. A reporter.

14. What does the woman want the man to talk about?

A. His business.B.His family.C. His hobbies.

15. Who helps the man with the sales?

A. His wife.B.His brother.C. His father.

16. How many computers does the man sell?

A. About 20 a day.B.About 20 to30 a month.C. About 100 a month.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What is the speaker doing?

A. Packing luggage.

B. Having a meeting.

C. Having a geography class.

18. How long will the listeners stay in the hotel?

A. For two nights.B. For three nights.C. For four nights.

19. What does the speaker remind the listeners to wear?

A. A hat.B. A shirt.C. Hiking shoes.

20. What can the listeners do in the hotel?

A. Exercise in the gym.B. Swim in the pool.C. Play tennis.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2. 5分,满分37. 5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

Come on a magical hot air balloon flight over Melbourne-one of the few cities in the world that you can fly above in a hot air balloon! Admire Melbourne's city skyline at early dawn as your balloon flies for approximately one hour and then have your nice breakfast.

Highlights:

• Instant confirmation

• Enjoying fantastic views

• Romantic experience, perfect for couples

• Free hotel pickup and drop-off included

The route:

You will be transported to the launch site for your Melbourne balloon flight where you

may help with the launch, or stand back and take pictures. Your balloon will drift over Melbourne's parks, gardens and the Yarra River as the city comes to life. As your balloon floats above Melbourne you'll look down on some of the city's famous venues including the Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne Park and Albert Park racetrack. After the final landing and packing the hot air balloon away, head back to the centrally located Pullman where you can then stay for breakfast or take a quick 1O-minute walk back to the city center.

Attention:

Balloon flights in Melbourne are weather dependent and your route will be determined by the winds. Your balloon may fly over Melbourne's CBD. Alternatively, your Melbourne balloon flight may head over the inner suburbs to discover why Victoria is labeled the Garden State.

21. When does the flight begin?

A. In the morning.B. At noon.

C. In the afternoon.D. At night.

22; Where will you enjoy your breakfast?

A. In Pullman.B. In Melbourne Park.

C. Near the Yarra River.D. In the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

23. What will be the key factor if you want to experience the flight?

A. The flight's price.B. The flight's service.

C. The landing location.D. The weather condition.

B

I grew up five minutes from Clapham Junction station in south London. Our house backed onto the railway, so the regular sound of passing trains was a sound I found noisy. Clapham J unction was famously busy, but it felt separate from the rest of London, as if its purpose was to carry people away from the capital. I felt I stood on the edge of the city.

During my last year at primary school, I spent every afternoon going across the road with my mum to eat white toast with drinking sugary tea. My mum would argue with the Greek Cypriot owner about politics. They disagreed about everything, but laughed a lot while arguing. Our life seemed uneventful.

But as time passed by, our area changed. The town became modern, and I changed a lot too. I went from a state primary school to a private secondary school. I stopped drinking sugary tea. I cared less about branded skirts but more about books. I spent less time hanging around the common but more travelling to the libraries where I found my interest.

It was then that I discovered Dodie Smith's I Capture the Castle and Elaine Dundy's The Dud Avocado, After that I scanned the shelves of bookshops for some writing. In this way I found so many writers who have influenced me: Barbara Pym, EM Delafield and so on.

Dale Carnegie's How to Win Friends and Influence People wasn't like any other book I'd read. For more than sixty years the rock-solid, time-tested advice in this book has carried thousands of now famous people up the ladder of success in their business and personal lives. Now this previously revised and updated bestseller is available in trade paperback for the first time to help you achieve your maximum potential throughout the next century! I read it as a guide anyway. And in a way it was.

24. How did the author feel about her childhood?

A. Meaningful. B. Unsatisfied. C. Unforgettable. D. Colorful.

25. What happened to the author when she studied in the secondary school?

A. She often felt lonely.

B. She usually drank sugary tea.

C. She began to become modern.

D. She started to like reading.

26. What does How to Win Friends and Influence People mean to the author?

A. The world.B. A dream.

C. The inspiration.D. A plan.

27. What may be the best title for the text?

A. My Colourful LifeB. Reading Changed Me

C. My Hometown Raised MeD. My Learning Experience

C

The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it. In fact, no single one can. We ourselves must walk the right path and make a difference. We should start by doing what's necessary, then doing what's possible and will certainly achieve what may seem impossible!

Some environmentalists desire the pleasure in the pathless woods and the happiness in the lonely shore. This is a true account of an organization, called Nurture Nature, which offers a lot of opportunities and avenues to enrich not just one's surroundings but the one himself.

To many, it may seem that it brings about just another forum to save the planet, and it does. However, there is something bigger that it brings to you, an opportunity to redefine yourself, and a wish to make sure that you believe that you are indeed part of it. Being identified by the UN Environmental Programme, it lives up to the dreams we have dreamed.

Nurture Nature is an organization not only to educate the citizens of our nation and worldwide but also to spread awareness about the various atrocities (暴行)of humans towards our planet. Staff at Nurture Nature deal with the aim of making each and every person aware of their specific duties and responsibilities towards the planet and doing the needful before it's too late.

By organizing campaigns and spreading our reach through social media, staff at Nurture Nature surely do their best to fulfill the aim. This initiative has received an incredible response from funders worldwide and funds for the campaign and other tasks were collected. The funds which were put to good use were more than sufficient.

28. What should we do to protect the earth according to the text?

A. Call for discussions.B. Ignore the threats.

C. Get everything ready.D. Start from ourselves.

29. What will Nurture Nature bring to the participants?

A. A thrilling experience.B. A beautiful dream.

C. A chance to know themselves.D. A sense of belonging.

30. What does paragraph 4 mainly talk about?

A. The functions of Nurture Nature.

B. The expectations of Nurture Nature.

C. The reasons why Nurture Nature was set up.

D. The efforts the staff in Nurture Nature made.

31. What can we know about Nurture Nature from the last paragraph?

A. It has finished its goal.

B. It has drawn much attention.

C. It is organizing tasks to raise money.

D. It is accepted by all the people in the world.

D

The reason why dominant (占支配地位的)men always seem to rise to the top has been uncovered. Researchers say they are able to make decisions far faster than those with nondominant personalities. It could explain why so many top CEOs and politicians are known for their dominant personalities.

The study found high-dominance men respond faster in situations where a choice is needed, regardless of social context. Promptness (敏捷)to respond in high-dominance men was accompanied by a noticeably amplified brain signal. In addition, when the researchers analyzed the EEG (脑电图)images of the high-dominance participants, they identified a higher activity in areas of the brain associated with emotion and behavior, compared to low-dominance participants.

This promptness in decision-making can act as a biomarker for social personalities. ”Dominance  itself depends partly on the ability to make decisions faster than others. This allows the individual to act first in social situations, which might result in an evolutionary advantage," the team wrote.

They now hope to link these reading to roles such as CEOs, and to find out if the same differences happen in female and children. "In the future, it will be important to find out whether even stronger brain signals are observed in particularly dominant individuals, such as CEOs," said Carmen Sandi of the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne.

She added, “It will also be relevant to understand whether these differences in promptness to respond and brain signals are also observed in women that differ in dominance and whether they are already present in children. Our findings may open a new research approach using EEG signatures as a measure for social dominance.

The study involved 240 male students at the University of Lausanne who were sorted into high or low dominance groups by a standard "dominance scoring" questionnaire proved in many former studies.

32. What makes dominant people stand out?

A. Their wiser decisions.

B. Their kind personalities.

C. Their high social status.

D. Their rapidity of responding.

33. Which word can replace the underlined word “amplified" in paragraph 2?

A. affectedB. adjustedC. enhancedD. controlled

34. What will the researchers use the findings to do?

A. Save people's life.

B. Check on more people.

C. Test the participants' brain.

D. Show the effect of dominance.

35. What can be inferred about the study from the text?

A. It used previous research findings.

B. It involved some women and children.

C. It showed how people became CEOs.

D. It corrected people's ideas of dominance.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2. 5分,满分12. 5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余

选项。

Apple Picking

Looking for something new to do with the family this fall? Try apple picking. Picture yourself surrounded by a crown of leafy branches, with fall air cooling your face. 36 You pick this apple, then one after another, until your basket is full.

37   Armed with your own ladder and basket, you and your family can enjoy hunting for the very best snacking apples. Snack on these as they are, or send them through the farm's press for cider (苹果汁).Sweet apples are full of nutrition, causing the true magic of fall.

If you're planning a day of apple picking, be sure to call local farms in advance to be sure the fruit is ripe and that conditions are good. 38   This is a good time to learn if your local farm offers any extra adventures, such as tractor rides, animal feeding or picnic areas.

Many serious and amateur bakers enjoy turning the fruits of their labor into apple pie. If you're in an apple-pie frame of mind, pick a basket of Granny Smiths or Rome Beauties.

39   As a tasty alternative, use them in apple cake.

40   Pioneers and explorers brought apple seeds and planted them near their new homes. The trees grew under North American conditions, causing an apple boom and an increase in the number of apple varieties.

A. Just near your arm is a perfect apple.

B. Apples have a long tradition in our country.

C. Hundreds of apple varieties are grown today.

D. Historically, apple pie comes from England.

E. These apples are also suitable for other desserts.

F. All of the joys are available this month on farms.

G. Unusual weather could change the timing of your trip.

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Flo Meiler was a Senior Olympics tennis player. She 41   track and field at age 60. At 65, she tried the pole vault (撑杆跳高)for the first time. Now, over a decade later, Meiler has 42   in the Nation Senior Games 13 times and holds 15 world records : one-hundred meter, the high jump, the long jump, the pole vault and so on. Meiler’s 43   of accomplishments goes on. Meiler is proud of it. How many 44   does your great grandma hold? Maybe none yet. 45   , Meiler will tell her there's still plenty of 46   .

In Bernice Bates, yoga class, there is a motto: "I can do that. 99 You will feel 47   when watching Bates twist and flatten her body into 48   most healthy young people can’t even do. Bates began 49   herself yoga in 1980. Now, at 92, she 50   a spot in the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest yogi on Earth. While teaching free lessons to residents of her Florida retirement home, Bates 51   those who're decades younger than her by 52   one simple philosophy: As long as you're alive, it's never too late to love your 53    .

This article must 54   with my own great-grandmother who celebrated her 100th birthday last year by bringing the whole family to a party on Orcas Island. Century-old smiles are truly a 55   thing.

41. A. gave upB. took upC. cleaned upD. set up

42. A. competedB. failedC. studiedD. practised

43. A. listB. dreamC. desireD. expectation

44. A. testsB. resultsC. scoresD. records

45. A. BesidesB. HoweverC. OtherwiseD. Therefore

46. A. timeB. needC. senseD. fate

47. A. relaxedB. upsetC. optimisticD. annoyed

48. A. examplesB. piecesC. structuresD. shapes

49. A. showingB. awardingC. teachingD. creating

50. A. searchesB. holdsC. cleansD. reaches

51. A. promisesB. invitesC. requiresD. inspires

52. A. gettingB. askingC. sharingD. making

53. A. familyB. bodyC. friendsD. careers

54. A. dealB. compareC. endD. continue

55. A. commonB. necessaryC. difficultD. beautiful

第二节(共10小题;每小题L 5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Get ready and you will enjoy a space travel. The sky outside your spacecraft is mostly black. The planet you're looking for is 4.65 billion 56   (mile) away. Almost no light 57   (reach) it. Suddenly you see a glow (暗光)in the 58   (distant). As you approach, it becomes bigger and stranger. The light 59   (shine) ahead of you is bright pink. Getting closer, you realize 60   is giving off this glow. It's a magenta (紫红色的)planet!

61   (name) GJ 504b, the planet is made of pink gas. It's similar to Jupiter, a giant gas planet in our own solar system. But GJ 504b is four times more 62   (mass). At 460°F, it's the temperature of a hot oven, and it's the planet's intense heat that causes it to glow.

You stop your spacecraft to take 63    close look. The sky turns pink as you enter GJ 504b,s atmosphere. Since GJ 504b is made of gas, it has no solid surface. So you can fly- right inside the planet, in 64   the gas envelops you like a thick fog. As you go 65    (deep) , the gas begins to get darker. If you keep going down, your spacecraft could melt from the heat. You get away from this pink world and back into the darkness of outer space. 

第四部分写作(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(满分15分)

假定你是李华,上周日你校举办了主题为“Know more about China”的英语演讲比赛。请 你为校英文报写一篇报道,内容包括:

1.时间和地点;

2.比赛的过程;

3.比赛的意义。 

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

An English Speech Contest


第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

It's getting hot. It's time to put on lighter clothes and open up the windows. I can't wait to do so. Yesterday, an unforeseen visit to the kitchen happened during the brief time we were out. Two daring sparrows (麻雀)had risked landing on our territory to enjoy the freshness in our sink and some other breadcrumbs (面包屑)on our kitchen counter.

Actually, sparrows are everywhere. The tiny, gray — and — brown birds are found on every continent except Antarctica, flying or jumping around cities, picking up leftover food on sidewalks ,and sometimes chasing with native bird species. These small creatures have adapted to living alongside humans—similar to pet dogs.

When you come across such sudden callers, you are likely to sense it as an unwanted visitor into your comfort zone, or you might receive it as a lovely angel of life. I chose the second option, with no hesitation while my husband preferred driving them away. After all, I've never come to stop to feel the relationship with sparrows.

I recalled when I was a little girl living in the city, I lived in an apartment with a flat roof viewed from our kitchen window. Every day my mom and I would go out to feed the sparrows. She taught me how to call them with a clicking sound she made with her tongue. I have loved sparrows ever since. So every day in my spare time, I can't stop observing and celebrating their dance from our window. I stuffed them with the leftovers on our tablecloth after every meal. And I have provided them with every kind of bases and stands of our house.

Undoubtedly, they feel at ease in our backyard. And that has led them to gather up courage and slide into our kitchen, bedroom or even reading room. Perhaps because they have the feeling that we don't consider them trouble-makers, but friendly neighbors. But I am slightly- worried about their droppings (粪便).

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。


One day, they left some droppings in my husband's reading room.


About two weeks later, I heard my husband calling “Oh, my God!”


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