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2021届高三最新高考模拟测试英语试题(三)

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2021届高三最新高考模拟测试英语试题(三)
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2021年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语模拟测试(三)

本试卷共150分,考试时间120分钟。 

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有1。秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What's the name of the woman's brother?

A. Lugi.B. Lucinda.C. Giles.

2. Who lives in Montreal?

A. The woman.B. The woman's mother. C. The woman's sister.

3. What kind of movie is the woman's favorite?

A. Science fiction.B. Comedies.C. Action movies.

4. What does the man think of the book?

A. Interesting.B. Boring.C. Frightening.

5. Where are the speakers?

A. In a garden.B. In a restaurant.C. In a supermarket.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题.每 小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What makes the man admire his father most?

A. His father's humor. B. His father's childhood. C. His father's job.

7. What did the man's father do?

A. He was a writer.B. He was a pilot.C. He was a doctor.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. Why does the woman dislike her own hat?

A. It is uncomfortable.B. It doesn't fit her.C. It is too old.

9. What will the woman buy?

A. Gloves.B. Jeans.C. Boots.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. How many bedrooms are there in the apartment?

A. Two.B. Four.C. Five.

11. Which room was redecorated?

A. The bathroom.B. One of the bedrooms.C. The living room.

12, What is the apartment equipped with?

A. A parking space.

B. A central heating system.

C. A bedroom overlooking the sea.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What is the girl doing?

A. Searching for a missing pet.

B. Looking for a missing toy.

C. Helping the man make a poster.

14. Where did the man last see Charlie?

A. At the park.B. On the grassland.C. On the street.

15. What do we know about Charlie?

A. He is young.B. He has brown eyes.C. He has poor eyesight.

16. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Strangers.B. Neighbors.C. A couple.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. When do Swedes celebrate Father's Day?

A. On the third Sunday in June.

B. On the first Sunday in September.

C. On the second Sunday in November.

18. Who is Father's Day in Italy in honor of?

A. Saint Joseph.B. Mary’s father.C. Jesus Christ.

19. In which country is Father's Day related to the military?

A. Finland.B. Spain.C. Russia.

20. What's people's attitude to failure according to the saying?

A. Concerned.B. Enthusiastic.C. Cold-hearted.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2. 5分.满分37. 5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

Thanksgiving Activities for Kids

Wreath of Plenty Craft

Wrap a 12-inch styrofoam wreath form with strips of fabric(布条),securing them with ball-head straight pins. Cut leaf shapes from cards. Set out blank leaves, pens, and straight pins and ask guests to add what they're thankful for. To hang, pin a loop of string to the back of the wreath.

Coloring-Book Tablecloth

Use craft paper, art paper, or wrapping paper to cover the table: if needed, use several lengths, taping them to each other. With black marker, draw place settings and other shapes to invite coloring. By turning the Thanksgiving table into a giant art canvas(画布),kids will stay entertained throughout dinner.

Popcorn Pacing Gaine

Divide your group into teams and give each team a large bag of plain popcorn and two shoe cups. The first runner on each team slips the cups over their shoes and fills them with popcorn. At “Go," the players make their way across the lawn, empty their popcorn into a box, and race back to the start. The next teammate in line slips on the cups and follows suit. The game continues until one of the bags is empty. The team with the most popcorn is the winner.

Tail Feather Tag

To start, each player colors a clothespin(衣夹),then uses glue dots to make a turkey look. The decorated pin is clipped to the back of the player's shirt. Once the referee says “Go!”,everyone tries to steal each other's clothespins without losing their own. When a

player's clothespin is taken, they're out. The last, person with a turkey still attached wins the round.

21. Where are the guests supposed to write their gratitude in the first activity?

A. The fabric.B. The card.

C. The tree leaf.D. The pins.

22. Which of the following activities is actually a kind of relay-race?

A. Wreath of Plenty Craft.B. Coloring-Book Tablecloth.

C. Popcorn Pacing Game.D. Tail Feather Tag.

23. Who wins the round in the fourth activity?

A. The kid who runs fastest.

B. The kid who paints a turkey most vividly.

C. The kid who steals the most clothespins.

D. The kid who keeps the clothespin till the end.

B

I feel very uncomfortable when I hear an author say they don t read articles similar to their own because they will lose their own style and copy the style of the author they read. After I had gained more writing experience. I began to see the importance of reading more in order to write better.

There is much to be learned from what others have written. Not only can it teach you what to do. it can also teach you what others are reading and why they like certain authors more than others. I came to realize that even reading bad writings can teach you what not to do.

Do you think you lose your own writing style when you read? Writing style is unique to each writer. Writing, which is your voice in the written form, is a personal affair. Each au¬thor is unique. Some may be similar, but they are not exactly the same. Here is where influ¬ence conies into your writing. Influence can be good or bad.

I'll compare it to fashion. When shoppers enter a clothes store, they see the same shirt in many different sizes. The set of clothes will be different even though the shirts are the same. None wear it the same way, but it looks great on each of them. In much the same way, read¬ing influences writing. People read for different reasons. That means they are influenced differently by something that is the same. The effect or result is similar , but never exactly the same because each person and each writing style is unique.

If you don't read, you don't grow. You have no influence to make you try to become a better author. I believe this is why many authors get stuck in a rut. They have stopped reading.

The more you read, the more influences you will get to improve your work.

24. What conclusion can we draw from the text?

A. Never read bad writings.

B. Writing affects one's reading.

C. Everyone writes in a unique style.

D. Reading helps form a good writing style.

25. What does the author of the text want to express by mentioning fashion?

A. Clothes have an influence on writers' styles.

B. The same shirts look great on different shoppers.

C. Writers lose their writing styles when they read books.

D. Readers are influenced differently by the same article.

26. What does the underlined phrase in paragraph 5 mean?

A. Go on without changes.B. Have difficulty reading.

C. Become more independent.D. Gradually give up struggling.

27. In which part of a newspaper may the text probably appear?

A. Health. B. Literature.C. Technology. D. Entertainment.

C

If you remember anything before the age of 3, your brain only puts together bits of reality that you've learned as you've grown up, according to a new research. In the largest study of its kind, researchers asked people about their earliest memory and at what age they believe it took place. They found that a surprising number of people claimed to remember things from their first years of life. But scientists agree that our brain isn't developed enough to keep memories until we're three years old, so researchers wanted to know why so many people in¬sist they remember something before then.

Of 6,641 participants, 37. 4 percent said they had their first memory before the age of 2. Of those, 893 said their first memories were from the period before they turned 1. Participants' answers were analyzed in terms of their age, language? the content of the memo¬ry and the nature of the memory.

“When we looked through the answers from participants, we found that a lot of these first ‘memories’ were frequently related to infancy and a typical example would be a memory based around a baby carriage,” said Professor Martin Conway at City University of London.

This means that many of these “fictional” memories are only our minds mixing up what we know about babies and what we actually experienced as a baby. They also found that older people were more likely to report remembering a “fictional” early memory. Researchers couldn't determine why our brains do this but suggested it comes from a personal need to have a complete description of our lives. They added that a positive self-narrative can lead to a bet¬ter life.

28. Why did the researchers conduct the study?

A. They had doubt about a claim.

B. They wanted to test a new method.

C. They had to explain about an earlier study.

D. They needed more data to convince people.

29. What is paragraph 2 mainly about?

A. How the brain develops.

B. How the research was done.

C. How the participants behaved.

D. How researchers collected the data.

30. Who most probably has fake early memories according to the text?

A. Babies aged 2. B. Old people.C. The middle-aged.D. Teenagers.

 31. What do the researchers think of the first memories?

A. Reliable.B. Helpful.C. Positive.D. Fictional.

D

Climate change is starving polar bears into extinction, according to research published Monday that predicts the top carnivores(食肉动物) could disappear within the span of a hu¬man lifetime. In some regions they are falling rapidly, with shrinking sea ice cutting short the time bears have for hunting seals? scientists reported in Nature Climate Change. Their de¬creasing body weight weakens their chances of surviving Arctic winters without food, the sci¬entists added.

“The bears face an ever longer fasting period(禁食期) before the ice refreezes and they can head back out to feed,” Steven Amstrup, chief scientist of Polar Bears International, told AFP—Agence France-Presse.

On current trends, the study concluded, polar bears in 12 of 13 subpopulations(亚种群) analyzed will have been decimated within 80 years by the pace of change in the Arctic? which is warming three times as fast as the planet as a whole. "By 2100, new births will be impossible everywhere except perhaps in the Queen Elizabeth Island subpopulation in Canada’s Arctic Archipelago, said Amstrup.

It is predicted that Earth's average surface temperature will rise 3. 3 degrees Celsius above the preindustrial standard. One degree of warming so far has caused severer heatwaves? droughts and superstorms, which are made more destructive by rising seas.

But even if humanity were able to cap global warming at 2. 4 degrees Celsius — about half — a — degree above Paris Agreement targets? but hugely ambitious all the same — it would probably only delay the polar bears' extinction. The threat is not only rising temperatures but the top—of—the—food—chain animals' inability to adapt to a rapidly shifting environment.

Half of Earth's land-based large animals are classified as threatened with extinction, but only polar bears are endangered primarily by climate change. But that status may not be unique for long, and should be seen as a sign of how climate will impact other animals in the coming decades, the authors warned.

32. What does paragraph 1 mainly about?

A. The role body weight plays in polar bears' survival.

B. The influence climate change has on polar bears.

C. The terrible surroundings polar bears live in.

D. The prediction about polar bears' extinction.

33. What does the underlined word “decimated" mean in paragraph 3?

A. Removed. B. Introduced.C. Destroyed.D. Multiplied.

34. What can we learn from the text?

A. Polar bears cut the time to hunt to lose their body weight.

B. The Arctic warms faster than any other regions on the planet.

C. Half of Earth's animals live on the land.

D. Climate change will continue to threaten animals on Earth.

35. What column of a newspaper is the text most probably taken from?

A. Education. B. Travel.C. Science.D. Fashion.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2. 5分,满分12. 5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。

The neighborhood block party is making a comeback in many cities and towns. 36    Other times the party is conducted in order to handle a specific issue relevant to the neighbor¬hood. There are usually many tasks that are involved in putting together a block party.

37   Spread the word by sending a letter to each residence in the area. If there is a neigh¬borhood watch group already in place, ask them to spread the word through their usual means of communication.

38 In order to pull off a successful block party, there must be a chairperson to keep everyone motivated. Someone will need to handle publicity, while someone else will need to function as the treasurer. In addition, someone will need to oversee food, cooking equipment, tables and chairs, decorations, and the arrangement of any entertainment.

Determining the date and time for the block party is very important. Ideally, you want to hold the party on a day of the week when the majority of the neighbors can attend. Saturday is a good option, as well as a Sunday afternoon. 39   

However, there is nothing wrong with a private block party where the residents provide all the food themselves. You can go with a central theme, such as a neighborhood barbecue, or allow everyone to prepare his or her specialty dishes. Just make sure to maintain an ongoing list of who is preparing food, and what they are providing. 40    

A. This will keep the stress level down for everyone.

B. A planning committee performs a variety of functions.

C. So it is a good idea to begin with a planning committee.

D. A long holiday weekend is also often an excellent choice.

E. Sometimes it is held as simply a community get-together.

F. We have to make our neighborhood a more inviting place.

G. Otherwise, you may have too much fried chicken but no potato salad to go with it.

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I was waiting for a rickshaw(人力车)to go to a nearby place. Several had passed but none of them were 41    to come. I started walking when I saw this rickshaw and stopped the driver. He quickly agreed and our 42     started, mostly one-way conversation.

I started by asking why rickshaw fellows said no. His immediate 43   was in English “Madam, this is what I 44 about rickshaw fellows. These guys are not educated and don't value time, neither do they want to help commuters. While he was 45   , I was wondering why this rickshaw driver was talking so 46   in English.

“I completed my 47   in 1975 as a BSC graduate. I had been a teacher in a school for many years. I 48 a lot as I belonged to a very poor family, but that didn't stop me from 49   . I managed to complete my studies to give my family a better life. Today I am 50  

Driving a rickshaw is not just for money, but to keep myself 51   and remain fit, so I don't feel the burden of being old doing nothing. I made my kids 52    and taught them the

53 of education which has helped them go their way, “said the driver.

As I kept 54 , he continued saying, “I repeatedly told them how important it is to become a good human being, to 55   everyone, to help others and to do good causes and all this will come only by education.”

41. A. sureB. braveC. readyD. afraid

42. A. workB. tourC. meetingD. conversation

43. A. reactionB. resultC. changeD. promise

44.A. askB. doubtC. hateD. consult

45. A. sleepingB. thinkingC. talkingD. crying

46. A. slowlyB. kindlyC. directlyD. fluently

47. A. taskB. graduationC. surveyD. travel

48. A. expectedB. regrettedC. complainedD. struggled

49. A. jokingB. growingC judgingD. researching

50. A. refreshedB. determinedC. excitedD. retired

51. A. goingB. wonderingC. informedD. controlled

52. A. apologizeB. studyC. chooseD. applaud

53. A. sourceB. originC. popularityD. importance

54. A. walkingB. recallingC. listeningD. interrupting

55. A. pay attention toB. turn back onC. show respect forD. bring trouble to


第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

56   (situate) in Jiujiang, Jiangxi Province, Lushan Mountain Scenic Area occupies an area of 302 square kilometers. With 57   (admire) peaks, strange stone formations, unique waterfalls, flourishing trees and flowers, as well as numerous historic sites, the mountain 58  (label) as one of China's most famous mountains? 59   was included in the

UNESCO world heritage list in 1996.

Lushan Mountain plays 60   important role in Chinese history and culture, since it is an exceptional 61 (represent) of Chinese landscape culture and a focal point for the com¬bination of Chinese and Western cultures. It is a special place for many people in China, since it has a history as one of the country's original spiritual centers admired 62   (chief) by Taoists and Buddhists.

With its 12 scenic spots and 474 noteworthy sites, it is a popular tourist destination thanks 63   its spectacular natural features. The 64   (high) peak in the scenic area is Dahanyang Peak, at a height of 1,474 meters above sea level. Another well known peak on Lushan Mountain is Five-Old-Man Peak, so-named because the five peaks in question all sit side by side.

Other famous sites on Lushan Mountain 65   (include) Xianren Cave, Lulin Lake, Hanpo Valley, Bailudong Academy, the Botanical Garden, the Brocade Valley, the Flower Path, the Three Tiled Springs and many more. 

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(满分15分)

你校正在组织英语作文比赛。请根据下面的柱形图写一篇短文参赛,内容包括:

1.该柱形图的作用;

2.请选择两三个洲的情况进行描述。

Percentage of population in urban areas

 

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右:

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。 

参考词汇:城镇化urbanization;柱形图bar chart

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________


第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

Once upon a time there was a little prince who was used to having everything he wanted. He was so spoilt(宠坏的) that he wouldn't let anybody have a new toy if he didn't have it first. So, if any child in the land wanted a new toy? they had to buy two and give one to the prince.

One day a mysterious(神秘的) toy maker, who invented the most wonderful toys, came to the land. The prince liked his toys so much that he invited him to stay in the castle.

“My toys are very special and need an owner who will play with them," he said, "Will you be able to spend a little time to each one every day?” “Of course. I will, “the little prince replied impatiently.

From then on, every morning the prince received a new toy. Every day it seemed that there could never be a better toy and every day the toy maker delivered a toy better than the previous ones. The prince appeared very happy.

A few weeks had passed, and there were simply too many toys to play with every day. The little prince couldn't get to sleep until well past midnight because he had to play with ev¬ery single toy.

Next day, tired after all his efforts, the prince slept very late. In the little time left of the day, he had to get to know a new toy and then play with all the others too. Once again, he finished very late and was so tired that he could hardly stop yawning.

From then on, every day was a little bit worse than the one before. The same amount of time but with one extra toy to play with. The prince was so tired and sleepy, he hardly had the time to enjoy playing.

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

One day, "I have a good idea!" the prince said, and he sent for the children.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

The idea had worked. 

__________________________________________________________________________________________


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