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2021届高三最新高考模拟测试英语试题(二)

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2021届高三最新高考模拟测试英语试题(二)
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2021年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语模拟测试(二)

本试卷共150分.考试时间120分钟。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有1。秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where is Seattle?

A. In the Northwest of the US.

B. In the Northeast of the US.

C. To the east of Canada.

2. What can we know about the woman?

A. She's a high school teacher.

B. She shares the man's view.

C. She disliked studying in high school.

3. How do sharks usually react to divers?

A. They go after them.

B. They kill them underwater.

C. They try to keep away from them.

4. Where does the conversation take place?

A. In a library.B. In a bookstore.C. In the man s office.

5. What are the speakers talking about?

A. A lift worker.B. A lift accident.C. The man's sister.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每 小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料.回答第6、7题。

6. Whom does the woman buy a present for?

A. Her father.B. Her brother.C. Her boyfriend.

7. What, does the woman buy at last?

A. A shirt and a tie. B. A shirt and a belt.C. Pants and a belt.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. Which kind of food does the man like best of the three?

A. American food. B. Thai food.C. Fast food.

9. What does the man think of American food in Thailand?

A. Delicious.B. Strange.C. Expensive.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What does the man like to do on vacation?

A. Sunbathe on the beach.

B. Walk around the coast.

C. Do something more exciting.

11. Where did the speakers go on vacation last year?

A. Canada.B. Crystal Bay.C. Palm Beach.

12. What's the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Husband and wife. B. Classmates.C. Colleagues.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Why do most people fail to lose weight according to the woman?

A. They eat too much.

B. They lack enough willpower.

C. They ignore sugar content in food.

14. What does the woman probably do?

A. A fitness instructor.B. A gymnast.C. A professional cook.

15. How many meals a day does the woman suggest?

A. Two.B. Three.C. Five.

16. Which is a correct way to avoid overeating?

A. Having fruit after meals.

B. Drinking Less water.

C. Eating slowly.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. How much will a person pay for a three-day pass for Disney World?

A. $ 130,B. $174,C. $196.

18. When will the four-day passes become valid?

A. September 30.B. November 29.C. December 24.

19. What does a person who buys a Flex Ticket need to present?

A. An American citizenship.

B. A Florida bank account.

C. A Florida billing address.

20. Which place is the $ 164 pass for?

A. Universal Studios and Islands of Adventure.

B. Disney World and Islands of Adventure.

C. Disney World and Universal Studios.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2. 5分,满分37. 5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

Camps for Grades 6-8

Camps for Curious Minds are going virtual! Get ready for hands-on experiences this sum¬mer from the comfort of your home. Group sizes are kept small and led by two virtual coun¬selors so that these at-home experiences are interactive and engaging.

Art and Animation (动画制作)

When:July 27-31 (1-4 pm) , August 10-14 (1-4 pm)

Cost: $ 275 / $ 250 PacSci members

Create and animate a story using different artistic media and styles. Campers will explore physical media to create their art and then choose from a variety of animation styles to trans¬late it into a digital animation.

Chef University

When:July 6-10 (9 am-12 pm) , August 3-7 (1-4 pm)

Cost: $ 225 / $ 200 PacSci members

Get started learning basic cooking skills such as cutting, sauteing, emulsifying and bak¬ing, and about the scientific processes behind some of the most common food phenomena.

Anthrozoology

When June 29-July 3 (9 am-12 pm) , July 27-31 (1-4 pm) , August. 24-28 (9 ani-12 pm)

Cost: $ 225 / $ 200 PacSci members

Be an anthrozoologist for the week, bring your curiosities to life as we discover the relationships between humans and animals! Uncover the worlds of wildlife conservation, vet¬erinary sciences? and zoology. Deepen curiosity about our natural world by creating global so¬lutions to human and wildlife interactions.

Ready, Set. Action

When: June 22-26 (9 am-12 pm) , July 20-24 (1-4 pm) , August 17-21 (9 am-12 pm)

Cost: $ 225 / $ 200 PacSci members

We're spending so much of our time in front of screens, so let's use them to make some¬thing awesome! In just one week, well learn all about movie-making, storyboards, and set¬design. We'll explore the possibilities of using video-conference software to create unique and creative short films.

21. What does a virtual counselor do?

A. Keep you safe at home.

B. Involve you in a virtual world.

C. Teach you how to edit software.

D. Make your home comfortable to live in.

22. If you want to learn about cooking in a camp, which time is the most suitable?

A. June 22-26 (9 am-12 pm).B. July 6-10 (9 am-12 pm).

C. June 29-July 3 (9 am-12 pm).D. August 10-14 (1-4 pm).

23. Which camp will you sign up for if you are devoted to animal protection?

A. Art and Animation.B. Chef University.

C. Anthrozoology.D. Ready, Set, Action.

B

Located in the Bahamas, Andros Island is also known as “The Sleeping Giant”,yet with only about 8.000 people living on it. Now the island has a new luxury resort Caerula Mar Club- which opened this February. The once-abandoned property was discovered by a well- known HGTV reality star couple who transformed it into a hotel. The Canadian design duo Bryan and Sarah Baeumler were vacationing in the Bahamas in the summer of 2017 when they discovered a once-abandoned resort. They instantly decided to purchase it with hopes to trans¬form the 10-acre beachfront property into a luxury hotel.

However, they had no idea how much the investment would end up costing them. Here most supplies had to be shipped in, and the property was in bad shape. The budget for the remodelling should be around $ 4 million, but they've spent well over $ 10 million. What's worse, in the fall of 2019, category 5 Hurricane Dorian hit the Bahamas, and their employees and friends were affected.

Finally, several months later, as they prepared to open the resort to the public, the Coro¬navirus pandemic(大流行病) struck. They'd just been fully booked throughout the fall and winter months when the new disaster stopped everything as the Bahamas were put on lockdown.

With tourism opening up again, new plans are now for an October launch, but they're just taking things one day at a time. "I think at the end of this pandemic, well find many peo¬ple are searching for a different experience,” says Bryan. "Instead of crowding into large re¬sorts, they'll be going to properties where they can meet people, connect with the locals and experience nature. Our hotel is just such a place.”

Now the couple is focusing on the future while creating new development for visitors. “We certainly have plans to responsibly and sustainably develop the island that will help sup¬port the local economy says Bryan.

24. What can we learn from the first paragraph?

A. Life on Andros Island is fast-paced.

B. Andros Island is lightly populated.

C. The couple built the hotel as planned.

D. The couple found the luxury hotel accidentally.

25. What challenges did the couple face while building the hotel?

A. Finances and disasters.B. The bad local economy.

C. Poor health conditions.D. Local people's objections.

 26. What, is Bryan's attitude towards their hotel?

A. He thinks it's not worth the price.B. He is worried about it.

C. He is confident about it.D. He thinks it should be reevaluated.

27. What is mainly implied in the last paragraph?

A. The sustainable ways of developing the island.

B. The political effects of the hotel on the island.

C. The promising future of the tourism on the island.

D. The couple's determination to contribute to the island.

C

Full stops intimidate young people when used in social media communication as they are interpreted as a sign of anger, according to linguistic experts.

Teenagers and those in their early twenties, classified as Generation Z, have grown up with smartphones which they use to send short messages without full stops. Linguistic ex¬perts are now investigating why teens interpret a correctly-punctuated text as a signal of an¬noyance.

The debate became active again after writer Rhiannon Cosslett tweeted: "Older people, do you realise that ending a sentence with a full stop conies across as sort of abrupt and un¬friendly to younger people in a message? Genuinely curious. That caused crime novelist So¬phie Hannah to reply: "Just asked 16-year-old son—apparently this is true. If he got a mes¬sage with full stops at the end of sentences? he'd think the sender was ' weird, mean or too blunt'.”

According to experts, youngsters used to communicating electronically break up their thoughts by sending each one as a separate message, rather than using a full stop, which they use only to signal they are annoyed. Some have said the full stop is unnecessary when used in texting because the message is ended just by sending it.

Linguist Dr Lauren Fonteyn of Leiden University in Holland tweeted: ”If you send a text message without a full stop, it's already obvious that you've concluded the message. So if you add that additional marker for completion, they will read something into it and it tends to be a falling intonation(语调) or negative tone. Make your sentence an open end. and it will make friends online very happy and relaxed. So full stops could be unnecessary in most cases.”

Professor David Crystal? one of the world's leading language experts, argues that the us¬age of full stops is being “revised in a really fundamental way”. In his book, Making a Point,  he says that the punctuation mark has become an “emotion marker“ which warns the recipient(接受者) that the sender is angry or annoyed.

28. What does the underlined word “intimidate” probably mean in paragraph 1?

A. Frighten. B. Move.C. Delight.D. Reward.

29. Why do the Generation Z dislike full stops when texting?

A. Full stops end the conversation awkwardly.

B. Full stops make messages more boring.

C. Full stops are punctuation marks without any emotion.

D. Full stops are regarded as an indication of the sender's anger.

30. What is Dr Lauren Fonteyn's attitude to full stops for completion?

A. Skeptical. B. Conservative. C. Negative.D. Tolerant.

31. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. Will full stops be replaced in messages?

B. Does a full stop really conclude a message?

C. How do full stops make recipients embarrassed?

D. How do we understand punctuation marks in messages?

D

When we drive between two similar mature woodlands, we notice that one is crowded with beautiful flowers while the other has none. Why don't wildflowers spread from one forest to another?

It depends on how the seeds are spread. If seeds are spread by wind? the flowers can turn up almost anywhere. Plants with berries are often spread by birds or small mammals so they are pretty well distributed. But for plants that are planted by ants, roads can be an obstacle(障碍). So can competition. Wildflower seeds would not last long if they merely ripened and fell to the forest floor. Those seeds that were not eaten by birds and small mammals would grow into tiny shoots ill-equipped to compete with their parent plants. A young plant has a much better chance at survival if its seed is carried away from the parents. In the case of flow¬ers such as trillium and violets, ants spread and plant the seeds.

The seeds of these wildflowers are coated with a fleshy globe called an elaiosome filled with oils and sometimes sugars. These must be irresistible. Consequently, ants pull them into their nests to be consumed or fed to their young. The actual seeds have extremely hard shells? much too hard for ants to eat, so the tidy creatures desert the seeds in one of their under¬ground tunnels. Underground, the wildflower seeds may develop and begin the long process of reaching maturity and blooming.

Researchers have documented ants dragging seeds as far as 70 yards. It is unthinkable that our forest ants would go across a road? a plowed field, or even a lawn. Wildflowers can spread by stems and runners, but asphalt(沥青) can stop their spread. Ecologists are starting to talk more and more about "wildlife corridors(走廊)-providing passage for wildlife across artificial obstacles such as dams, roads? and railways” and when they do, we tend to think of large mammals or migrating birds. But small creatures need wildlife corridors too. Ants, turtles and squirrels need to move between woodlots, because in the process of feeding them¬selves? these creatures are making our forests sustainable.

32. According to the text. the young plants have greater survival chances when the seeds

A. fall to the forest floor

B. are deserted in a shady place

C. aren't eaten by birds or mammals

D. grow away from their parent plants

33. What can we learn about elaiosome from paragraph 3?

A. It's lacking in nutrition.B. It's coated with soft shells.

C. It's a tasty treat for ants.D. It's often deserted outside the ant nest.

34. What are wildlife corridors used to do?

A. Spread flower seeds faster.B. Raise small creatures.

C. Assist wildlife to cross roads.D. Provide food for the migrating birds.

35. What can be the best title for the text?

A. Thank ants for wildflowers

B. Discover wildflowers' treasures

C. Protect, the environment for wildflowers

D. Develop new species of wildflowers 

第二节(共5小题;每小题2. 5分,满分12. 5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。

Team effectiveness refers to the system of getting people in a company or institution to work together effectively. The idea behind it is that a group of people working together can achieve much more than if the individuals of the team work on their own. 36   

How effective a team is depends in part on bringing together people who have different skills that somehow complement(互补) each other. 37 In fact, teaming up people who share the exact same characteristics is often a recipe for disaster.

The interest that the group has in the project strongly influences its effectiveness. If the job is too easy or too difficult? or if the rewards for achieving the end result do not seem worth the effort, the team may end up working half-heartedly. 38   Working towards a specific goal improves the effectiveness of a team significantly.

Sometimes, groups end up making decisions which they know are not in the best interest of the project. 39   Conflict is innate(天生的) to any work done in groups. So it should be taken as part of the challenge rather than as something to be avoided by compromising.

40  As conflicts arise, it is important to know how to deal with them. Teams should decide what is allowed and what is not, how the team will deal with disagreements, and whether open discussion is favored or whether the group will vote on major decisions. Know¬ing what to expect and having the plan will make the process of working in group much easier.

A. The task should also have a clear outcome.

B. The purpose is just to keep the process moving.

C. The process typically involves four different steps.

D. At this point, the members determine the rules of the group.

E. The effectiveness of a team is determined by a number of factors.

F. This can include different technical abilities or communication skills.

G. One way to improve team effectiveness is to agree beforehand on a code of conduct.

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

As a child, I learned what it was like to make every dollar stretch(省着花), convinced that, financially, things would be different when I grew up. But it wasn't quite as 41   as expected. My financial circumstances grew more difficult once I was 42   and had my chil¬dren.

In my late 20s, my world turned upside down in just 72 hours. My husband Doug and I both lost our 43 at the same time. Doug worked at a local construction company, while I was a quality-control inspector. Two days later, we were 44 to support our family.

45, our family had made a smart decision a few years earlier that saved us from the disaster. In two years, we managed to 46   a $ 1,000 emergency fund? which was equal to six weeks of bills then. Having our emergency fund allowed us to 47   bills for the next month. Meanwhile, we focused on a job 48   .

In the end, 49    all of our family's income sources did not break us. It made us 50   . My husband went back to work to 51   our family. Meanwhile, he went to school to learn a trade that was more stable than 52   . There was something exciting in store for me as well—a life-changing 53   .

Instead of 54    my problems, I picked myself up. I decided to help support my family.

I was going to become a CPA(注册会计师) and be the first person in my family to 55    from college.

Now. I'm a CEO of iCompass Compliance Solutions. I'm also blessed to be able to share my story and my advice with others.

41. A. stableB. easyC. importantD. fun

42. A. disabledB. concernedC. marriedD. devoted

43. A. jobsB. waysC. voicesD. homes

44. A. loyalB. unableC. confidentD. fortunate

45. A. EventuallyB. NaturallyC. LuckilyD. Additionally

46.A. saveB. findC. donateD. receive

47.A. payB. keepC. collectD. return

48. A. changeB. offerC. securityD. search

49. A. gatheringB. losingC. checkingD. comparing

50. A. nicerB. richerC. strongerD. shyer

51. A. look forward toB. watch out forC. stand byD. provide for

52. A. productionB. managementC. applicationD. construction

53. A. motiveB. careerC. decisionD. style

54. A. hidingB. solvingC. showingD. raising

55. A. comeB. separateC. benefitD. graduate


第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Han Gan, a leading horse painter, was born in the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and he 56   (know) for portraying not only the physical likeness of a horse 57   also its spirit. His most famous work is a portrait of night-shining White ? a favorite war horse of the em¬peror Xuanzong. The imported fiery-tempered horse, with 58    (it) burning eyes and danc¬ing feet, was called sweat blood horse”.

This sensitive, precise drawing, characterized by delicate ink shading, is 59   example of  “baihua” (white painting) , as opposed to full color painting. The later term “baimiao” (white drawing) means line drawing without shading, as 60   (see) in the paintings of Li Gonglin in the Northern Song period.

The various seals and inscriptions (题词) added to the 61   (attract) painting and its borders by later owners and experts 62   (be) a distinctive feature of Chinese collecting and appreciation. While 63   (collect) are sometimes over-enthusiastic about showing their appreciation  64    this manner, the addition of seals and comments by later viewers has served

65(record) a work's transmission and offer vivid evidence of an artwork's endless influ¬ence on later generations.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(满分15分)

你校学生会为了提高同学们的英语水平,准备成立英语角。请你用英语写一则通知,邀请 同学们参加,内容包括:

1.设立英语角的目的;

2.活动安排。

 注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右:

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Notice

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

The Student Union

第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段.使之构成一篇完整的短文。

I'm Marcus, and I love to play video games. So much that my mom thinks I'm hooked on them. She might be right. I do spend a lot of time playing them. "Marcus, will you feed Pat¬ches. please?" That's my mom, and Patches is my dog. I'm right in the middle of this awesome game where I have to find my way through an Egyptian pyramid(金字塔), and then I'll feed Patches.

"Just list a minute, Mom. "

"All right, but don't forget I need to get the casserole out of the oven for lunch," Mom says.

This game is really difficult. I'll try getting to the amulet(护身符) from the sphinx(狮身人面像) one more time. Then Fil feed my favorite pet. Forty-five minutes and several tries lat¬er, I hear Mom again.

"Marcus, time to eat.”

I go to the table, and Mom asks if I feed Patches. I'm in big trouble. I got so into my game that I forgot about my dog. I bet Patches is starving by now. I know I am.

“Mom, I forgot, I'll feed her now.”

I go to the back yard to bring Patches in, but I can't find her. She’s not lying under her favorite shade tree. She's not watching our neighbors walk by through the gate.

Wait, the gate's open. Oh no! Patches is gone, lost, and nowhere to be found. I must have left the gate unlatched when I took her out this morning. I'm in even bigger trouble now.

“Mom, Patches isn't in the yard. I think I might have left the gate open this morning. I think she escaped.” "She's not there? Marcus, this is bad news." Mom says, "very bad news." I know she's right, but I'm torn between being excited about beating the sphinx and sad about Patches being gone. I hear Mom making telephone calls trying to locate Patches. From what I can hear, it sounds like no one has seen her, and I'm worried. I know what I'll do-I'll make signs so people can contact us if they see Patches. Then I'll go look for her.

注意:

1. 续写词数应为150左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Mom helps me make signs even though she's still disappointed in me. ___________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

I'm happy Patches is safe. _____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________


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