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广东省汕头市2021届高三教学质量监测英语试题

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广东省汕头市2021届高三教学质量监测英语试题
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汕头市2021届普通高中毕业班教学质量监测

英  语

本试卷共8页,满分120分。考试用时120分。

注意事项:1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。

2.作答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑;如需要改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案。答案不能答在试卷上。

          3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答无效。

          4.考生必须保证答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。


第一部分  阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共1 5小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、 B、 C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

NOTED GLOBAL UNIVERSITIES

    University education is something that remains embedded(嵌入)within us till our last breath. Here are some famous universities with wonderful academic research performance and global reputations.

Harvard University

Founded in 1636, Harvard has the largest endowment(捐赠基金)in the world, with over 20% international students. Its library is the largest academic one in the world, possessing around 19 million volumes at its over 70 libraries. For Harvard undergraduates, the majors—social sciences, biology/biological sciences, history, math and psychology, are their top choices.

Tsinghua University

    Tsinghua traces back to 1911, whose international students come from over 100 countries. Recently, 41% of the university's non-Chinese students were under graduates. It offers various subjects: science, engineering, literature, arts, history, philosophy, economics, management, law, education and medicine, with around 200 student groups, such as the Zijing Volunteer Service.

University of Oxford

    The exact date of its founding is unknown, but it traces back to at least 1096. More than half of Oxford's graduates conduct research as part of their studies. Research at Oxford takes place in its academic divisions: humanities, mathematical, physical and life sciences, medical sciences, and social sciences.

University of Munich

Founded in 1472, it's home to the social science and humanities disciplines, while its "HighTech Campus" is home to the natural and life sciences. It has 18 academic divisions, including faculties of business administration, medicine and social sciences and offers over 200 degree programs.

1.Which majors are the most popular with Harvard undergraduates?

A.Social sciences and education.        B.Biological sciences and history.   

C.Psychology and law.                D.Math and arts.

2.Which university is home to social science and humanities disciplines?

A.Harvard University.                B.Tsinghua University.

C.University of Oxford.               D.University of Munich.

3.Which is the youngest among these four noted universities?

A.Tsinghua University.                B.University of Oxford.

C.Harvard University.                 D.University of Munich.

B

Shay cannot learn as other children do. When a child like Shay comes into the world, an opportunity to realize true human nature presents itself, and it comes, in the way other people treat that child. Seeing some boys playing baseball, Shay wondered if he could join in. His father knew it difficult, but he also understood if Shay were allowed, it would give him a sense of belonging.

Thankfully, Shay was admitted by one boy, whose team was losing by one run(跑垒分), to play in the outfield. Though no hits came his way, Shay was still ecstatic just to be in the game, grinning(咧着嘴笑) from ear to ear as his father waved to him. Eventually, the potential winning came while Shay was scheduled to be next at bat. At this juncture(关头), let Shay bat and give away their chance to win the game?

Surprisingly, Shay was given the bat. Everyone knew the hit was impossible. Shay didn't even know how to hold the bat properly. The pitcher(投手)moved in some steps to throw softly so Shay could hit it, but Shay swung clumsily and missed. The pitcher took more steps forward to throw softly again. This time, Shay made it, hitting a slow ground ball back to the pitcher.

The pitcher picked up the ball and could have easily thrown it to the first baseman. Shay would have been out and that would have been the end of the game. Instead, the pitcher threw it on a high arc(弧)to right field, far beyond the reach of the first baseman. Everyone started yelling, “Shay, run to first!” Never in his life had Shay ever made it. He scampered(惊慌奔跑) down the baseline, wide-eyed and frightened. “Run to second!” Meanwhile, the first baseman had the ball, who could have thrown it to the second baseman, but he also intentionally threw the ball higher and farther over the third baseman's head. "Run to third!" the boys from both teams were screaming, “Shay, run home !”

That day, Shay was cheered as the hero who hit the "grand slam"(全垒打) and won the game for his team. In the stand, a man's face was flooded with tears.

4.According to Shay's father, what could Shay get from playing baseball with the boys?

A.True human nature.          B.People's presents.

   C.A sense of belonging          D.Physical exercise.

5.What does the underlined word "ecstatic" in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

A.Shy.  B.Puzzled. C.Thrilled D.Embarrassed.

6.Why did the basemen throw the ball high and far?

A.To win the game.                  B.To make Shay run longer.

C.To create a high and beautiful arc. D.To assist Shay to hit the "grand slam".     

7.What can we learn from Shay's story?

A.Never say die.                   B.Sharp tools make good work.

C.Every dog has its day.            D.Kindness is not a science, but an action.

C

Some people have glibly(轻率地)called it the "Chinese burger." But roujiamo, a food that has its origins in northern China's Shaanxi Province, is different from what you'd order at Burger King, with a far longer 2,000-year-old history. Roujiamo is a thing of beauty — a soft but chewy bun filled with small pieces of braised(炖)pork.

Most amazingly, some customers might show their respect for the pork in this little bun, which was just bathed in the soup that is older than them. Among a sea of tough competition, Lijiarongxi, a restaurant recognized as the best roujiamo place in town, should owe its success to the soup used to slow-cook its meat, which has been braised on the stove since the founder, Mr. Li, first braised it 27years ago. In fact, most restaurants of good fame have an exclusive heritage recipe(家传秘方)for their soups that often date back to decades ago. The soup in Fanji Roujiamo, one of Xi'an's best-known roujiamo restaurants, is believed to be more than 80 years old!

You might eat the bun quickly in seconds, but like all good things, it should be given time to enjoy. Chefs braise the pork in its decade-old soup for hours and let it sit overnight, making the meat more tender. Such tenderly cooked meat is what lends this dish the nickname "lao han xi" in Xianyang. That's because the best roujiamo meat is so soft that it should melt in your mouth without having to chew it — imagining the elderly customers in question, without a perfect set of teeth.

It's also worth noting that like most types of regional Chinese food, roujiamo varies depending on the city and community. Buns come baked or pan-fried, and for the meat, Muslim communities in Shaanxi often use beef, while people in Ningxia usually choose lamb.

8.What is right about roujiamo?

A.A soft but chewy bun with meat.         

B.A pork bun with a history less than 2,000 years.

C.A kind of food ordered at Burger King.         

D.A typical burger originating in Shaanxi Province.

9.What is the main factor that makes roujiamo amazing?

A.A sea of fierce competition.           B.The softness of the meat.

C.The soup used to braise the meat.       D.Its exclusive heritage recipes.

10.What does the nickname "lao han xi" suggest in Paragraph 3?

A.The decade-old soup is so attractive that the old feel like bathing in it.

B.The meat gets soft and is friendly for the old to eat, making them happy.

C.The meat turns tough after being braised in its decade-old soup for hours.

D.The meat melts in the mouth of the old, who sigh for not tasting it successfully.

11.What are the tones of the passage?

A.Humorous and affectionate.     B.Ridiculous and religious.

C.Serious but affectionate.    D.Humorous but ridiculous.

D

In Judgement Day, one of the hit film series Terminator, a cyborg (生化人) played by Schwarzenegger could heal his skin wound magically, that is, he makes the skin repair itself in less than a second. Recently, according to Mirror, a smart electronic skin like it has been developed, which is as strong, stretchy and sensitive as humans'.

Previous attempts to "electronically" copy human skin have fallen short. Making suitably flexible electronics that can perform delicate tasks while also enduring the bumps and scrapes of everyday life is challenging, and each material involved must be carefully engineered. The previous sensor layer was too weak or too strong, reducing its durability, sensitivity or flexibility, which makes it more likely to break.

With the development of 2D sensors and hydrogel (水凝胶), scientists' efforts paid off, linking sensor layer with skin functionally and durably. Study author Dr Jie Shen said, "Hydrogels are more than 70 percent water, making them very compatible (相容的) with human skin tissues. By prestretching the hydrogel in all directions, applying a layer of nano(纳米)wires, and then carefully controlling its release, we created conductive pathways to the sensor layer that remained complete even when the material was stretched to 28 times its original size. Meanwhile, skin electronics kept changing at a spectacular pace."

This e-skin can sense temperature and touch from up to 8 inches away, react to things in under one tenth of a second and repair itself more than 5,000 times. The new invention could help monitor a range of biological information, including changes in blood pressure. While the first port of call is medical, the e-skin could benefit a wide range of products one day, such as monitoring the structural condition of furniture and planes.

12.Why is a cyborg in Judgement Day mentioned in Paragraph l?

A.To introduce the topic.             B.To inform the background.

C.To advertise the hit film.     D.To recommend Schwarzenegger.

13.What made the previous attempts fall short?

A.The delicate tasks.   

B.The unsuitable sensor layer.

C. The bumps and scrapes of everyday life.

D.The compatibility with human skin tissues.

14.What can we infer about the e-skin from the last paragraph?

A.It can sense and react exactly like humans' skin.

B.It may be used to check the condition of bridges.

C.It can make human beings live as long as they want.

    D.It will turn human beings into cyborgs that never die.

  15.Which could be the best title for the passage?

    A.Electronic skin has a wide range of applications.

    B.Hydrogel contributes to developing electronic skin.

C.Attempts to develop electronic skin have fallen short.

D.Smart electronic skin has been developed by scientists.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

    阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Ways to Be More Curious

    Buried in the same daily routines and familiar surroundings, some people may lead an unhappy life.   16    It's a desire to know how and why and a combination of intelligence and hunger for new things. Here are some tips on how to improve curiosity.

    You should communicate with others. There is a to-do list on Leonardo da Vinci's notebook. Out of the fifteen tasks on the list, at least eight involve consulting with others. Montaigne once wrote of how travel to different countries allows us to "polish our brains".    17   

    Why not visit a library? n allows us to meet other unexpected information. You can enter it without purpose.   18    And just follow your curiosity to explore unexpected knowledge. The more you explore, the greater your curiosity will be.

   19   With ideas stored in mind, you can mix and re-mix ideas and themes, making new findings and spotting unusual patterns, until a creative breakthrough is achieved, which strengthens your curiosity. Anyone stopping learning for himself because he can search online later is making himself stupid.

    Don't just focus on puzzles but on mysteries. Puzzles have clear answers. Once the missing information is found, it's not a puzzle anymore, with curiosity fading away.   20   Because the answers often depend on a complex set of factors(因素),both known and unknown. The most beautiful thing we can experience is mysteries. In the process of finding the answers, they are thes4burce of curiosity.

A.Start to search for the books you want or need.

B.Unlike puzzles, mysteries don't need answers.

C.Mysteries have questions that can't be answered clearly.

    D.And that's how Leonardo polished his brain to remain curious.

    E.Allow books or things on the bookshelves freely to attract your eye.

    F.Putting ideas in your head rather than searching online plays an important part.

    G.But we can achieve happiness and more meaning in life if we increase our curiosity.

第二部分  语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空格处的最佳选项。

    A local community college professor decided to fight back. "The price of books for our students is just getting higher and higher and,   21   the rising cost of tuition, it's killing these kids," said Peter Jason, Ph.D. "Remember, students are one of the   22   groups of people in America. Almost half of them have at least one part-time job."

Textbook prices are   23   high. To make the problem worse, many college instructors

  24   textbooks year after year; they either upgrade to a new   25   or switch to an entirely different textbook. This further   26   students because if an instructor no longer uses a particular textbook, that book has no resale   27  .

Dr, Jason decided to make life a little   28   and books a lot cheaper for his students by writing his own book on public speaking. "Many books have a(n)   29   price because they are over-decorated. I talked to my students, and many of them, like me, prefer to keep things

  30  . So, a few years ago, I wrote my own textbook. I   31   it was a concise copy."

    “Compared to most other public speaking textbooks, mine is half the number of   32  ,and one-third the price. Plus, it is   33   in a loose-leaf format(版式).So, when I wrote a second edition last year, students only had to buy the 35 new pages for only $7. I've had great response from my students about this   34  .Maybe the word will get out, and more writers and publishers will   35  it.”

21. A. resulting from    B. combined with    C. accounting for   D. compared with

22. A. friendliest    B. cleverest    C. poorest    D. loveliest

23. A. probably    B. appropriately    C. partly    D. traditionally

24. A. change    B. correct    C. design    D. complete

25. A. chapter.    B. shape    C. edition    D. pattern

26. A. impresses    B. hurts    C. puzzles    D. terrifies

27. A. value    B. profit    C. interest    D. benefit

28. A. happier    B. luckier    C. prettier    D. easier

29. A. suspected    B. required    C. increased    D. provided

30. A. vivid    B. simple    C. steady    D. tidy

31. A. made sure    B. put forward    C. figured outD. kept up

32. A. outlines    B. spellings    C. shelves    D. pages

33. A. translated    B. published    C. analyzed    D. protected

34. A. practice    B. introduction    C. discovery    D. comprehension

35. A. believe    B. recognize    C. trust    D. try

第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分is分)

    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

    Between 139 and 126 BC, Zhang Qian traveled to Central Asia as a diplomat(外交家)for the Han emperor. As a result of his efforts, Chang'an became the starting place of the Silk Road, a network of trading routes that went all the way to the Roman Empire. People who traveled on the Silk Road   36  (carry) more than just silk. Merchants also used the Silk Road   37   (bring) tea, spices, and Chinese inventions such as paper to Europe.   38  return, Chinese received fruits and vegetables, some of   39   were unknown in Asia before then, along with glass products and carpets.

  40  , in many ways, Chang'an was the most powerful during the Tang Dynasty(618-907). During that time,   41  had as many as one million people, and was in fact the   42  (large) city in the world.

    Meanwhile, Chang'an was also the center of Asia.   43  (near) everything produced in the world could  44  (find) on the streets of Chang'an. A large percentage of the population: merchants, students, artists, and diplomats, came from other   45   (country), and the city served as the model for the design of the ancient capitals of Korea and Japan.


第三部分  写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(满分15分)

    最近我市正在为迎接明年11月举办的第三届亚青会(Asian Youth Games)做准备,请你为CGTN(中国国际电视台)写一篇报道,介绍筹备的有关事项,内容包括:

1.运动场馆的完善;

2.城市面貌的焕新。

注意:

    1.词数80左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.请在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Recently,

第二节(满分25分)

    阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

    Peter, a 5-year-old boy, showed such great interest in sea shells that he would rush to pick them up with his 3-year-old sister, Shirley. They screamed out their joy as Peter collected his treasure into his pockets. For Peter, sea shells lay shinning on the peaceful beach, waiting for him, just like stars twinkling(闪烁)in the sky. As waves touched them, they seemed to be flowers blooming(绽放)in gentle wind.

    One day, Peter was wandering through market with Shirley, with some shells in his pocket. Suddenly Peter found his younger sister was lagging(落后)behind. He stopped and looked back, finding Shirley was standing in front of a toy shop and was staring at something with great interest.

    The boy went back to her and asked, "What do you want?" Shirley pointed at the doll, wearing a smile on her innocent face. Peter held his younger sister's tiny hand, walking into the shop. He tiptoed(踮起脚尖)to reach for the doll, and like a responsible elder brother, gave the precious doll to Shirley. Holding tightly the doll, the sister was very very happy.

    The shopkeeper was watching everything and getting amused to see the matured(成熟的)behaviour of the boy. Now the boy came to the counter and asked the shopkeeper, "How much does this doll cost, Sir?”

    The shopkeeper was a cool man, who had suffered from something in his life. So he asked the boy with love and affection, "Well, what can you pay?" Peter reached into his clothes for money that was intended for these two little guys' breakfast. Having counted the money, Peter put it carefully on the counter, asking again, 6'Sir, is it enough for my little sister's doll?"

    The amusing scene just in front of the shopkeeper eventually brought a smile on his face.

Shaking his head slightly, he replied, "My boy, I am afraid it seems not to be enough."

注意:

    1.续写词数应为150左右;

    2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

With his eyes fixed on Peter's pocket, he wondered what Peter would do.

      

Seeing Peter leaving happily with his sister holding the doll tightly, an assistant in that shop got surprised.


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