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四川省绵阳市2021届高三上学期第二次诊断性考试英语试题

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四川省绵阳市2021届高三上学期第二次诊断性考试英语试题
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绵阳市高中2018级第二次诊断性考试

英语

本试卷分为试题卷和答题卡两部分,其中试题卷共12页;答题卡共2页。满分15。分, 考试时间120分钟。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

回答听力部分时,先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的 时间将你的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题L5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟 的时间来回答有关小题并阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £ 19.15.B. £9.18.C. £9.15.

答案:C.

1. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Changing notes. B. Paying for tickets.      C. Repairing machines.

2. What does the man probably do?

A. A carpenter.B. A shoe maker.C. A tailor

3. What's the relationship between the speakers?

A. Boss and secretary.B. Doctor and nurse.C. Teacher and student.

4. How much does each copy of the magazine cost?

A. ¥2.                                                       B. ¥ 68.4                                              C. ¥ 15.8.

5. What does the man mean?

A. He has a different opinion. B. He agrees with the woman.

C. People should not go out.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、 B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟:听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答 时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A. In the market.B, In the garden.C. At the birthday party.

7. When is Steve's birthday?

A. This weekend.B. In two weeks.C. Next week.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. Who will go to Japan?

A. Doris.B. Henry.C. Bob.

9. What is Doris worried about?

A. How to renew her passport.

 B. When to pack up her suitcase.

C. Who to take care of her pet dog.

10. What do we know about the man?

A. He is fond of pet dogs.

 B. He knows a lot about Japan.

C. He is warm-hearted.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. When does the conversation take place?

A. Before the wedding party.

 B. During the wedding party.

C. After the wedding party.

12. How does the man feel?

A. Nervous.B. Worried.C. Thrilled.

13. What are they talking about at the end of  their  conversation?

A. Their house.B. Their dress.C. Their photo.

听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。

14. How does the woman think of the man's idea?

A. Ridiculous.B. Reasonable.C. Meaningless.

15. What does the man want to do?

A. To stay at home all day long,

B. To be helpful.

C. To earn some money.

16. What can we learn from the conversation?

A. The man is too old to do something meaningful.

B. It's easy to find a suitable job for a man at an old age.

C. The man is confident in finding a job for himself

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What is Mr. Jia now?

A, A safety guard.

B. A student at Tsinghua University.

C. A student in a college in Shandong Province.

18. How did Mr. Jia realize his college dream?

A. By working as a safety guard.

B. By keeping on learning while working.

C. By playing games and surfing the Internet.

19. What does the speaker think of Mr. Jia?

A. Strong-willed.B. Unusually smart.C. Talented.

20. What does the speaker think is the most important for success?

A. Hard work.B. A good family background.C. A dream.

第二部分阅读理解(共两节;满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A

Soothing, softening, award-winning lip care - just in time for that bite in the air Natural Choice

Full of organic ingredients, this lip stick is packaged plastic-free in a handy tin. It uses organic herbs that are great for comforting skin and lips. What's not to love about this tin of care?

• £4 each, soapnuts.co.uk

“A protective and healing stick for lips" JULIET, Yorkshire.

Makes Sense

Packaged in a clever plastic-free tube, this lip stick wins our Eco Champion award. It is long-lasting and perfect for sensitive or sore skin. Effective!

• £3.90 each, scence.co.uk

“Looks lovely, and works!” ANDREA, London.

Moisture Miracle

Weleda's lip stick got top marks given by customers and was considered 'truly comforting', which earns it the Readers' Choice award. This product is lightly perfumed with essential oils. The tube is recyclable.

• £4.95 each, weleda.co.uk

“This is skin food! It smells heavenly. My lips felt treated" HOLLY, Hertfordshire.

Lipid for Lips

A vegan-friendly butter with a minty (薄荷)scent that comes in an easy-to-use tin. It's plastic-free and handmade in small batches (量)in Scotland with natural, 85 • per cent organic ingredients.

• £4.50 each, blushberrybotanicals.co.uk

“Fresh, comforting, light and long-lasting“ ESTHER, Oxford shire.

Shea's a Winner

This stick is made from natural, organic ingredients. It can cure your sore skin in one day- and this gorgeous product protects you with subtle minty scent.

• £6.95 each, pravera.co.uk/shop/fair-squared

“I adore this product and its natural scent" NIKKI, 'Psychologies' Partnerships Director.

21. What do Makes Sense and Moisture Miracle have in common?

A. They cost the same.B. They have won awards.

C. They use essential oils.D. They are good for sore lips.

22. What is special about Lipid for Lips?

A. It smells heavenly with mint.B. It is made from organic ingredients.

C. It is handmade in small quantities.D. It has discounts if you buy in batches.

23. Which of the following will a budget-conscious customer buy?

A. Makes Sense.B. Natural Choice.

C. Moisture Miracle.D. Shea's a Winner.

B

How does a brilliant teacher get that way? The question of how they developed has as many answers as there are inspired instructors. One example is an original and magnetic woman who has become one of best ever at taking disadvantaged students to a new level.

Jackson was born in Altoona. Her father was a construction worker. When she was in the eighth grade, her father died just before Christmas. Her principal, Mrs. Brown, said not to worry about schoolwork for a while. That upset her. Her father would not have wanted her to do anything but her best. He always said: "Don't let your first failure be the reason for your next."

Jackson was an accomplished shooting guard in basketball and a star sprinter on the track team, running the quarter — mile in 57 seconds. She thought she might become a sports broadcaster. She gave no thought to teaching until a friend took her to an introduction to a program, which placed novice instructors in schools full of low-income children. Jackson liked the idea of giving back, as well as the chance to have some of her student loans forgiven.

She is a big sports person, and that is how she connects with lots of kids. She couldn't motivate children until she knew what was bothering or pleasing them. “Students learn from people who love them/5 she said, “They will be motivated and inspired to learn if they know deep down that you care about them." In class she gave basketball tickets to students who were doing their work. At weekly drawings they could win sticky notes, pencils or other small prizes.

She helped create after-school clubs. A tall student said to her: 'I'm a bailer. I heard you ball." There was a basketball league in Paterson, but the school didn't have a team. Jackson started one with support from local business executives. The student, Essence Carson, went to Rutgers University, was a first-round draft(运动员选拔机制) selection for the WNBA's New York Liberty and now plays for the Connecticut Sun.

24. Why did Mrs. Brown's words upset Jackson?

A. Her father just passed away.B.She was taught to do her best.

C. Her first failure led to another one.D.She was concerned about her grades.

25. What is the main idea of Paragraph 3?

A. The way Jackson turned teacher.B.The dream job Jackson desired.

C. The student loans Jackson owed.D.The athletics Jackson did well in.

26. Why did Jackson give small prizes to her students in class?

A. To connect with them.B. To please or bother them.

C. To encourage them to learn.D. To show her love to them.

27. What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. Jackson founded a school team in Paterson alone.

  B. Jackson played in the basketball league in Paterson.

C. Jackson selected Essence to play for WNBA's New York Liberty.

D. Jackson should take some credit for Essence's professional career.

C

Have you ever noticed that the stars sometimes appear brighter in December, January and February? There's a link between cold air and the night lights. "Part of it is that it tends to be drier in the winter," said Diane Tumshek, an astronomer at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Even though it's invisible, moisture(湿度)can change the way light moves through the air. And in the summer, moisture can make stars appear more dull.

Air temperature is also what puts the twinkle twinkle in the little stars. "Even on very clear nights, some of the atmosphere is cooler, and some of the atmosphere is warmer,, said Tumshek, who also works with the Allegheny Observatory (阿利根尼天文台).And when the light from a star passes through those bubbles of varying temperatures, "it bends and shifts the light, so that we are seeing stars appear to dance or twinkle,“ she said.

For star lovers in the United States, there's another factor that comes into play for bright winter stars, although this is a matter of coincidence. During Earth's journey around the sun, “there are just simply more bright stars visible from the Northern Hemisphere in the winter sky," Tumshek said. If you really want to see a shiny star, just try to find a burning ball of gas called Sirius near the horizon. At 8.6 light-years away, Sirius is relatively close to Earth and the brightest star visible in the night sky. It is also large — nearly twice as big as our sun and 20 times as bright. So this winter, when the world turns cold and it seems like we should be spending more time indoors, consider asking an adult to go exploring outside. With a warm coat and a clear sky, any night can be turned into a treasure hunt. All you have to do is look up.

28. What does the underlined word "dull" in Paragraph 1 probably mean?

A. not shinyB. not exciting C. not severeD. not smart

29, How does air temperature influence the brightness of stars?

A. By changing the bubbles around them.

B. By putting the twinkle twinkle in them.

C. By varying the direction of the light from them.

D. By making the stars dance and twinkle in the sky.

30. What do we know about Sirius?

A. It can be found at any night.B. It is 20 times as bright as the sun.

C. It is a burning and shiny ball.D. It is closer to Earth than other stars,

31. What is the author's purpose in writing the text?

A. To advocate stargazing in winter,

B. To call on people to focus on stars.

C. To present new research results about stars.

D. To explain why stars are more visible in winter.

D

Going through social media can quickly convince you that everyone's life is more interesting than yours. During a particularly adventurous week on Instagram some months ago, I saw waterskiing in Maui, and swimming with wild pigs in the Bahamas. Wild pigs! I started googling flights to new places, imagining adventures. Then I ordered food from the place I eat at every week and ... felt bad about not trying somewhere new.

Recent research about repeat and novel experiences suggests that we ought to reconsider those negative feelings associated with repetition. Ed O'Brien, a professor at the University of Chicago, launched a series of studies on this topic, “There's a genera! belief that if you want to seem like an interesting, cultured person, the best thing you can do is to showcase that you're open to new experiences," he says. "That may be true, but I think we take for granted the value of really digging deep into one field.”

To test this hypothesis (假设),O'Brien and his team exposed all participants to the same stimulus (刺激),including museum visits, movies, and video games. Next, some people were asked to imagine repeating the experience, while others actually did

repeat what they had done. The researchers found that on the whole, participants said that repeating experiences was often far more enjoyable than they had predicted.

There is joy in repetition partly because every human mind wanders. Consequently, we miss a good part of every experience. Repeating things can really be seen as another opportunity to actually experience something fully. O'Brien's studies show that people are too quick to assume that they've 'seen all the layers' even in those cases where they haven't. It's safe to assume there are more explorable layers in any experience. When we're noticing new things in any experience, our brain becomes engaged. All we need to do is approach whatever task is at hand by searching for the things that we didn't see in it the first time around.

32. Why does the author mention his experiences in Paragraph 1?

A. To introduce the bad feelings linked to repetition.

B. To show novel experiences are more interesting.

C. To tell us a common belief about social media.

D. To present to us his new, imagined adventures.

33. What did O'Brien's studies find?

A. People were open to new experiences.

B. Imagination was exciting on the whole.

C. Repeating experiences made one bored.

D. Digging deep into one field was enjoyable.

34, How can we keep our brain engaged?

A. By assuming we didn't see all at first.

B. By searching for the ignored elements.

C. By approaching whatever task is at hand.

D. By keeping focused on every experience.

35. What is the best title for this passage?

A. Novel Experiences Enrich Us

B. More Layers Keep the Mind Busy

C. Repetition Makes People Happy

D. Wandering Minds Help One Explore

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。

To help contain COVID-19, one of the most important things you can do is wear a mask in public. 36 . Try these smart fixes for common problems.

Glasses Getting Fogged Up

Why it happens: 37     Jand lands on the cooler surface of your glasses.

How to fix it: Look for a mask with a metal wire in that goes over the bridge of your nose, and pinch (捏住)it until it fits your nose shape. Another trick: Clean glasses with soap and water to help prevent fogging.

Mask Slipping Down

Why it happens: Faces come in all shapes and sizes. 38 , But once you are out and about, a fitted mask is crucial so that you don't touch your mask and risk contaminating (污染)it or your hands.

How to fix it: To make sure a mask fits you correctly, put it on and cup your (washed) hands around the edges. Pull the mask up towards your cheeks, then down towards your chin. Adjust the ear loops (圈). 39 . It should feel a little harder to breathe in, and move in and out as you breathe. If it doesn't, you need to tighten it.

Difficulty Communicating

Why it happens: Even people with perfect hearing can struggle to understand others who are wearing a mask. It's a physical barrier that blocks sound and can cause speech to be unclear, 40 .

How to fix it: People assume that they just need to speak louder, but that's not it—slow down and speak as deliberately as possible. You can buy masks with a clear window to allow for lip-reading as well.

A. You feel comfortable wearing the mask

B. So the mask does not gap at the sides or top

C. But small annoyances can discourage mask use

D. And some men's facial hair makes getting a good fit difficult

E. The hot air from your breath escapes from the top of your mask

F. It also blocks visual signals, like whether a person is smiling or not

G. However, wearing a mask when you are out and about is essential for your safety

第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节完型填空(共20小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When I first walked into a Tai Chi class, I had no idea this eastern movement practice would become so central in my life. It 41   I was not just there for exercise! For many years now it has been my continuing 42   to share Tai Chi with students of all ages and walks of life.

Many people begin classes wanting to grow stronger, more 43 , and flexible. Others are looking for effective ways to 44 with stress, the constant demand and trouble of modem life, 45 some had seen a TV ad they couldn't remember, describing a group calmly doing Tai Chi in the park, and it 46 their curiosity about a different route to health.

Concentrating on 47 posture (姿势)and breathing control, Tai Chi's movements are graceful and well balanced, 48 the complete harmony of body and mind. It is different from western sports such as rugby where the harder and quicker the 49   . Tai Chi is a sport that strengthens the body as well as the 50 from the within. All of these are powerful benefits of Tai Chi. 51   ,1 have found that consistent practice of these forms develops my everyday experience, and 52    the way for growth.

I've been a 53   in various schools over the years, and delight in watching 54__ we each find our own keys to learning. It’s a privilege to accompany and 55 that process in my students. I am 56   by the marvelous teachers with whom I've had the good fortune to work. All of my 57   take place in beautiful old buildings. The first class is free to newcomers 58   they may try it out with no commitment. I invite you to 59   with questions, or to register for classes. Whether you are young or aged, male or female, you can choose Tai Chi as your 60   physical exercise.

41. A. breaks outB. turns outC. makes outD. puts out

42. A. taskB. hopeC. burdenD. pleasure

43. A. wealthyB. healthyC. comfortableD. balanced

44. A. playB. beginC. dealD. mix

45. A. PossiblyB. ObviouslyC. SurelyD. Apparently


46. A. arousedB. destroyedC, appliedD. completed

47. A. fantasticB. correctC. extremeD. comfortable

48. A. admittingB. extendingC. realizingD. promoting

49. A. fasterB. slowerC. betterD. worse

50. A. mindB. movementC. confidenceD. memory

51. A. HoweverB, BesidesC. ThereforeD. Instead

52. A. cutB. closeC. obtainD. clear

53. A. strangerB. studentC. teacherD. colleague

54. A. whenB. howC. whereD. why

55. A. supportB. relieveC. forgiveD. comfort

56. A. praisedB. demandedC. inspiredD. commanded

57. A. schoolsB. teachersC. gradesD. classes

58. A. so thatB. even thoughC. now thatD. in case

59. A. pursueB. examineC. consultD. accommodate

60. A. familiarB. idealC. favoriteD. imaginary

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确 形式。

The education authority in Northeast China's Liaoning province has joined a handful of others in 61 (ban) teachers from asking parents to grade students' homework after the practice set off an outcry on social media platforms. Teachers at primary and middle schools 62 do not grade students' homework 63 (they) will not be qualified for promotion or awards, according to the guideline issued by the provincial education department on Tuesday. Teachers will not 64 (allow) to use the WeChat or QQ messaging apps to assign homework 65 assign punishing or repetitive homework, the guideline said.

In a video 66 (post) on Sina Weibo recently, a father in East China's Jiangsu province scolded teachers for asking parents to grade children's homework in a parent-teacher WeChat group before exiting the group. The video quickly gave rise to an angry reaction toward the teacher and an outpouring of support 67    parents, with the heading "All it needs to break a grown-up 68   (be) a parent-teacher WeChat group" being viewed more than 760 million times.

In fact on the way to grow up, parents, teachers and students should take their own 69 (responsible) and play their own roles. Only when parents behave like parents, teachers like teachers..., can the education be 70  (succeed).

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Our school offers all kinds of activities with students after school, especially art activities like music festivals. There are lots of music club on campus. To my greatly joy, I have joined the orchestra which I have made lots of new friends. Sometimes, we represent our school in regional competitions and that is worthwhile to join in these contests. Amazingly we also have a robotics club, which wins a national robot contest last week, so it is getting popular at present. In addition, academic clubs are offered as well as, including the written club and the French film club.

Although we have many homework, we still manage to take active part in various activities after school.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你的英国好友Lily发来邮件,提到他们班有个女生总是拿 她开玩笑,她为此感到恼火。请你用英语给她回一封邮件,内容包括:

1、表示安慰;

2、提出建议;

3、表达祝愿。

注意:

1、词数100左右;

2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


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