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吉林省吉林市2021届高三上学期第二次调研测试英语试题

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吉林省吉林市2021届高三上学期第二次调研测试英语试题
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吉林市普通中学2020-2021学年度高中毕业年级第二次调研测试

英  语 

注意事项:

1. 本次考试由四部分组成,考试时间120分钟,满分150分。

2. 答卷前,考生务必将自己的学校、班级、姓名、考生号填写在答题卡指定位置。

3. 请按题号顺序在答题纸上各题目的答题区域内整洁作答,超出区域答题无效。


第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where does the man want to stay?

A. In an apartment.B. In a hotel.   C. In a dormitory.

2. What is the man trying to tell the girl?

A. To be more social.B. To be hard-working.   C. To be cautious.

3. How did the man know which shirt the woman likes?

A. By her words.B. By her facial expressions.   C. By her hand gestures.

4. What is the relationship between the speakers?

A. Mother and son.

B. Teacher and student.

C. Shopkeeper and customer.

5. Which Mr. Brown is the girl’s teacher?

A. The young one.B. The middle-aged one.   C. The old one.

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7小题。

6. What is the man worried about?

A. Playing a sport.B. Going to school.   C. Meeting new people.

7. How does the woman most likely feel in the conversation?

A. Proud.B. Embarrassed.   C. Nervous.

听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9小题。

8. Where are the speakers?

A. At a taxi stand.B. At a bus station.   C. At a railway station.

9. What will the woman do with her ticket?

A. Throw it away.

B. Exchange it.   

C. Keep it for tomorrow.

听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12小题。

10. What is the woman’s job?

A. An IT assistant.B. An office manager.C. A salesperson.

11. Why is the computer slow according to the woman?

A. It is broken.B. It has too many files.C. It has a virus.

12. How long has the man had the computer?

A. One year.B. Four years. C. Five years.

听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16小题。

13. What do we know about the chair?

A. It was bought on the Internet.

B. It was from a shop.

C. It was a gift.

14. What kind of furniture does the woman want?

A. The same as other people’s.

B. Different from other people’s.

C. Cheaper than other people’s.

15. Which antique does the man like most?

A. The lamp.B. The chair.C. The cupboard.

16. What does the man like most about antiques?

A. Their value.B. Their usefulness. C. Their beauty.

听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20小题。

17. What is the talk mainly about?

A. A Chinese village.

B. A Chinese tradition.   

C. A Chinese industry.

18. How is the show created?

A. By lighting fireworks.

B. By lighting a cold brick wall.

C. By pouring melted metal against the wall.

19. What is the most accurate description of the show?

A. Dangerous.B. Dull. C. Easy.

20. What do we know about Wang De’s son?

A. He plans to stay in the village.

B. He has learned the skill from his father.

C. He hopes to keep the flame alive.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题2分,满分 30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

● West Town

The Chicago Public Library (CPL) encourages lifelong learning by welcoming all people and offering equal access to information, entertainment and knowledge through materials, programs and events. Each year, Chicago Public Library recommends the Best of the Best, CPL’s selections of the very best books published that year.

● Hours

Monday: 10:00 am – 6:00 pm

Tuesday: 12:00 pm – 8:00 pm

Wednesday: 10:00 am – 6:00 pm

Thursday: 12:00 pm – 8:00 pm

Friday: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

Saturday: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm

Sunday: Closed

● Holidays & Closures

All Staff Institute Day: Thursday, April 30, 2020  Closed All Day 

Memorial Day: Monday, May 25, 2020  Closed All Day 

Independence Day: Saturday, July 4, 2020  Closed All Day 

Labor Day: Monday, September 7, 2020  Closed All Day 

Thanksgiving: Thursday, November 26, 2020  Closed All Day 

Christmas: Friday, December 25, 2020  Closed All Day

● Address & Contact

1625 W. Chicago Avenue Chicago IL 60622

Phone: (312) 743-0450 

Email: westtownchipublib.org

● Get a Library Card

Getting a library card is easy – and it’s free! Please visit any CPL location to fill out an application.

Current, valid ID with name, photo and Chicago address is required. 

● Facilities

After-hours book return           Bike rack     

Computers    Meeting room    Wi-Fi    Parking lot    Scanner     

● Upcoming Events at West Town

Design Challenge Day

Description: Are you up for a challenge? Drop in and tackle some design challenges using supplies provided by the library. Prizes will be awarded for the most creative submissions. 

Suitable for: Kids and Teens

Time: Tuesday, March 24, 2020, 5:00 pm – 6:00 pm

Film Screening: The Zookeeper’s Wife (2017)

Description: Join the West Town branch for a screening of The Zookeeper’s Wife.  A married couple who work as zoo caretakers help save Jewish people from the Nazi’s Holocaust.

Suitable for: Adults and Teens

Time: Tuesday, March 31, 2020, 5:30 pm – 7:30 pm

21. When can people go and read in Chicago Public Library? 

A. 11:00 am, April 29, 2020.                  B. 2:00 pm, May 25, 2020. 

   C. 9:00 am, July 5, 2020.                     D. 6:00 pm, November 26, 2020.

22. What is required for getting a library card?

   A. Paying for it in your free time on a yearly basis.

   B. Providing a recent photo and an application. 

   C. Applying on the library’s official website first.

   D. Having a valid ID with name, photo and Chicago address.

23. What do we know about Design Challenge Day?

   A. It targets adults as their major participants.

   B. Participants will compete for prizes.

   C. The activity will last for nearly 2 hours.

   D. Winners can watch The Zookeeper’s Wife for free.

B

    A father and car fan, Craig Blackburn, built a Batmobile for his son’s hope for using the vehicle to brighten the lives of sick children. And now he hopes to use it for more than just his son’s hope after seeing the children’s reaction to the Batmobile.

Based on the number of failures he had seen in car groups, he estimated that only about one in fifty attempted constructions was actually finished and he realized what an incredible opportunity he had.

Mr. Blackburn started the project at the beginning of 2018 after hearing a friend in the US was doing the same thing. It started with importing an outer shell overseas, before picking brains of a friend who had a background as a worker in a car factory to gain knowledge of how to build the car. With the help of his friend, Mr. Blackburn built the Batmobile in 18 months with the cost reaching six figures.

Mr. Blackburn hoped to add a flamethrower (灭火器) onto the back of the vehicle and said he had thought about building the more recent Batman Tumbler from the series film Dark Knight. Though Mr. Blackburn encountered plenty of difficulties to get over during the construction, in September 2019, the car made its first show at the Carnival of Flowers in Toowoomba, before being used by Blackburn’s son for his hope.

“It was great. It was so good to see the kids’ and adults’ excitement at seeing the Batmobile.” Mr. Blackburn said. As a result, the car lover’s hope is to make the car work on the roads as soon as possible, so he can visit sick children and take them out with his son.

24. What is Craig Blackburn’s initial purpose of making the Batmobile?

   A. To realize his son’s dream.

   B. To donate it to sick children.

   C. To pay his respects to the film Dark Knight.

   D. To show off at the Carnival of Flowers in Toowoomba.

25. How did Blackburn feel about the car-making at first?

   A. Hopeful.B. Confused.C. Impossible.D. Challenging.

26. How did Blackburn’s friend help him?

   A. By making an outer shell for him.

   B. By offering him financial support.

   C. By sharing the knowledge of building cars.

   D. By telling him the background of the car factory.

27. What is the car lover’s expectation of the Batmobile?

   A. It will be driven soon on the roads.

   B. It can be displayed around the world.

   C. It can change the lives of sick children.

   D. It will appear in the next film about Batman.

C

With a global pandemic spreading, another disaster was unfolding early this year beneath the ocean waters off the coast of Australia. Owing to climate change, surface water temperatures across the Great Barrier Reef had hit record highs. By April, the damage was clear: the reef had experienced the most widespread whitening event ever recorded and ended up disappearing, as corals expelled what serves as their food source and gives them their color.

With a quarter of all ocean fish depending on reefs during their life cycles, scientists say we urgently need to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions to preserve the essential habitats. “Unfortunately we aren’t acting quick enough on climate change, and that leaves a real problem for coral reefs,” says Emma Camp, 33, a marine biogeochemist at the University of Technology Sydney. She’s investigating special corals that survive in forest lagoons (环礁湖) where water is warmer and more acidic compared with that surrounding most reefs, and which may be resistant to the conditions ruining the Great Barrier Reef.

Camp wants to learn if these creatures — named “supercorals” after she and a team discovered them during research for her Ph.D. in 2014 — can be transplanted to other reefs to aid restoration. She’s also investigating the biochemical characteristics that allow certain corals to survive in extreme environments. None of her efforts, she says, is a substitute for action to stop climate change. “My research is really about buying time.”

For Camp, it’s also essential to include a new generation of scientists to study the planet’s ecological systems. She talks about science with students around the world and speaks at local and international women-in-science events. “Our research tells more than itself. It is clear that if we lose 50% of the intellectual input because we’re filtering out women from that career path, we’re really going to struggle to solve those problems,” she says.

28. What’s the main concern according to the first paragraph?

   A. The reef died out in great number.B. The reef began to change color.

   C. Climate change went beyond expectation. D. Corals had no source of food.

29. Which word can replace the underlined word “expelled” in Paragraph 1?

   A. Influenced.B. Accepted.C. Dismissed.D. Adopted.

30. What can be learned from forest lagoons in the second paragraph?

   A. They suffer due to our slow response to the climate change.

   B. They stand out by providing a good condition for reefs.

   C. Their water has a big influence on the reef’s growth.

   D. Their warmer and acidic water is the result of the climate change.

31. What does Camp think of her research?

   A. It has served its purpose of restoring other reefs.

   B. Her efforts will encourage people to deal with climate change.

   C. Her efforts only put off the consequence of warm surface water.

   D. More younger women should be included in the research.

D

Clothing rental is a hot new industry and retailers are demanding to get on board in hopes of attracting green shopper.

But is renting fashion actually more environmentally-friendly than buying it, and if so, how much more? Journalist and author Elizabeth Cline investigated this question and concluded that it’s not as sustainable as it seems.

Take shipping, for example, which has to go two ways if an item is rented — receiving and returning. Cline writes that consumer transportation has the second largest carbon footprint of our collective fashion habit after manufacturing.

She writes, “An item ordered online and then returned can send out 20 kilograms of carbon each way, and increases up to 50 kilograms for rush shipping. By comparison, the carbon impact of a pair of jeans purchased from a physical store and washed and worn at home is 33.4 kilograms, according to a 2015 study by Levi’s.”

Then there’s the burden of washing, which has to happen for every item when it’s returned, regardless of whether or not it was worn. For most rental services, this usually means dry cleaning, a high impact and polluting process. All the rental services that Cline looked into have replaced perchloroethylene, an air pollutant that causes cancers, still used by 70 percent of US dry cleaners, with alternatives, although these aren’t great, either.

Lastly, Cline fears that rental services will increase our appetite for fast fashion, simply because it’s so easily accessible. There’s something called “share washing” that makes people waste more precisely because a product or service is shared and thus is regarded as more eco-friendly. Uber is one example of this, advertised as “a way to share rides and limit car ownership.” and yet “it has been proven to discourage walking, bicycling, and public transportation use.”

Renting clothes is still preferable to buying them cheap and throwing them in the dustbin after a few wears, but we shouldn’t let the availability of these services make us too satisfied. There’s an even better step — that’s wearing what is already in the closet.


32. What is Elizabeth Cline’s attitude toward clothing rental?

   A. Approving.      B. Unfavorable.         C. Objective.      D. Enthusiastic.

33. The Uber example in Paragraph 6 indicates that __________.

   A. rental services are on the rise

   B. clothing rental will be as successful as Uber

   C. renting clothes might waste more than expected

   D. renting clothes might make people lose interest in fast fashion

34. The author suggests that we should _________.

   A. give up renting any clothing                 

B. purchase inexpensive clothes

   C. rent clothes rather than buy them             

D. make full use of clothes we’ve possessed

35. What is the passage mainly about?

   A. Clothing rental is a new fashion.

   B. Clothing rental is retailers’ preference.

   C. Renting clothes is not that eco-friendly.

   D. Renting-clothes business is in a dilemma.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

More than two million students are graduating from high school this summer, many of whom will head to university in the fall. The transition from high school to college is a major one, and successful adjustment to college has lifelong influences.

Maybe you are about to make this transition yourself or have children who are about to leave the nest.    36    If you know someone who is making this transition or know parents guiding their soon-to-be adult kids through this time, please take a moment to share this collection of research-based tips with them.

   37    Even during orientation (迎新会)! Almost everyone is in the same boat as you are, hoping to make friends quickly. Your success in college depends, in part, on surrounding yourself with others who can support you and help you have fun.

Don’t be afraid to talk to your professors or teaching assistants. Successful adjustment is about reaching out for help when you need it. This means trying to find the answers on your own first, but then contacting those who can help you when you can’t.    38    

Lean on your family. Family support can give you comfort when classes are hard or you are stressed about finals.    39    Strong support from family is linked to lower loneliness and depression during the first year of college and higher academic adjustment including motivation and concentration.

Be confident. Feeling anxiety about communicating with fellows, professors, and speaking up in class is associated with lower adaptation during the transition to college.   40    The more you speak up in class, the easier it becomes.

A. That is what they are there for!

B. This list is exactly what you need.

C. Joining clubs is also linked to feelings of belonging at college.

D. Be open to making new friends as soon as you set foot on campus.

E. Family members can give you advice and help you solve problems if you need help.

F. One of the best ways to increase your communication confidence is to practice!

G. Your professors and teaching assistants want to see you succeed in their classes.


第三部分 语言知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Have you ever given a thought to inspiration? In fact, inspiration can be a strange thing. You never know when it might    41   . And sometimes, it can come from the most    42    places.

    I recently read about an author named Nnedi Okorafor. When she was in college, she had a serious spine disorder. Okorafor was told that a simple operation could    43    it. But when she woke up from her    44   , she found that she couldn’t move her legs and was in great pain.

    Okorafor got    45    later. But before she did, she saw strange things in her hospital room. She imagined her    46    as a beast that hunted her from the shadows. But she also    47    a woman — a woman who could fly, in fact. This    48    woman inspired her and helped her    49    her pain. “I felt myself become    50   ,” she wrote in her book Broken Places & Outer Spaces: Finding Creativity in the Unexpected.

    We     51    know where we might find the inspiration to create. As a    52   , most of my inspiration comes from other people’s music. But I also find    53    in other places. Books, movies and    54    just moments in everyday life can lead to new creations.

       55   , I recently rewatched the film Blade Runner. I’ve seen it plenty of times before; it’s one of my favorite movies. But this time, for some reason, I saw it    56   . I decided to make music that could create the same feeling as the    57   . It’s not done yet, but the music I’m working on now is heavily    58    by the movie’s setting and characters.

Anything can    59    us. You just have to be    60    to catch inspiration when it hits.

41. A. workB. hitC. existD. pass

42. A. interestingB. ordinary      C. unexpected    D. dangerous

43. A. fix       B. make        C. remove        D. control

44. A. dream        B. shockC. recoveryD. operation

45. A. wellB. badC. worriedD. annoyed

46. A. curiosityB. painC. angerD. fear

47. A. askedB. metC. imaginedD. visited

48. A. confidentB. smartC. honestD. magical

49. A. forgetB. recognizeC. describeD. practice

50. A. richerB. betterC. busierD. quieter

51. A. alwaysB. neverC. sometimesD. still

52. A. directorB. dancerC. musicianD. writer

53. A. tipsB. messagesC. examplesD. ideas

54. A. evenB. againC. notD. only

55. A. In short B. In additionC. For exampleD. After all

56. A. differently B. perfectly C. vividly D. smoothly

57. A. story B. song C. play D. film

58. A. changed B. supportedC. disturbedD. influenced

59. A. impressB. inspireC. amuse D. challenge

60. A. freeB. thankful C. ready D. careful

第二节(共10个小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

More than half of former host cities for the Winter Olympics will be too hot    61    (deal) with such games by the end of this century. That is the    62    (predict) of a recent study.

It’s not just the Olympics that are at risk now. “The world of winter sports is changing as the global climate continues warming,” says Daniel Scott,  63 climate-change researcher in Canada. He led a team of researchers,    64    used math to predict how winter conditions will have changed by February 2050 and 2080. February is the month when the Olympic winter games are    65    (typical) played.

Scott and his team forecast temperatures and snow cover for the 19 cities that have already hosted Winter Olympics, and two    66    (addition) cities: Pyeongchang, South Korea, and Beijing, China, where the 2022 Winter Olympics will be held.

Scott’s team    67    (begin) with looking at historic winter conditions, and then used computer models to predict conditions in the future.    68    (they) model predicted that by 2050, the average February temperatures in past Winter Olympic host cities will rise    69    1.9 to 2.1 degrees Celsius. These temperatures can affect the quality of snow, thus    70    (increase) the chance of accidents.


第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(满分10分) 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

     2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Dear Mr. Wang,

I’m Li Hua, a Senior 3 student in our school. I’m sorry to disturb you, and I have to ask you a favor in the hope you will be so kind to help me.

Ever since last month, my mother hadn’t allowed me to surf the Internet. In her opinion, it is the waste of time surfing the Internet and also affects my study. However, I don’t agree with him. With the Internet, I can easily find the informations I need. I can compare notes with my classmates if I meet with problems in my study. Also I can share something that worry me with my friends, which reduces my stress. Facing with my mother’s attitude, how should I do?

I real need your help!

                                                            Yours,

                                                            Li Hua

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

    你校正在组织英语作文比赛。请以My Precious Gift为题,写一篇短文参赛。内容包括:

1.礼物背后的故事;

2.礼物代表的意义。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,使行文连贯;

3. 短文题目和首句已为你写好,不计入总词数。

My Precious Gift

Of all the precious gifts I have received in my life, I value ______________________


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