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江苏省泰州市2021届高三上期末调研测试英语试题

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江苏省泰州市2021届高三上期末调研测试英语试题
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泰州市2020~2021学年度第一学期期末调研测试

高三英语试题

2021.01

本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分150分,考试用时120分钟。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

(  )1. What is the man worried about?

A. The exam.    B. The paper.    C. The train tickets.

(  )2. Why are the man's cheeks red?

A. He is sick.    B. He feels embarrassed.    C. He fell down and injured.

(  )3. What is the woman?

A. A doctor.    B. A firefighter.    C. A police officer.

(  )4. What are the speakers talking about?

A. The time to announce the news.

B. The students to attend the meeting.

C. The trip to take on Monday.

(  )5. Where will the man go later this afternoon?

A. To a supermarket.    B. To Bill's house.    C. To a hospital.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

(  )6. What did the woman do this morning?

A. She stayed at home.    B. She had an interview.    C. She bought a chocolate cake.

(  )7. What does the man want the woman to do next?

A. Take a shower.    B. Buy some desserts.

C. Tell him about her interview.

听第7段材料,回答8、9题。

(  )8. How will the woman go to New York City?

A. By air.    B. By train.    C. By car.

(  )9. What does the man want to do?

A. Relax at home.        B. Visit museums with his family.

C. Spend a week on the beach.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

(  )10. What is the woman?

A. A director.    B. A student.    C. A movie star.

(  )11. Which part of the movie did the woman say could be improved?

A. The plot.    B. The acting.    C. The lines.

(  )12. What did the man think of the woman's review?

A. It was boring.    B. It was shallow.    C. It was thorough.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

(  )13. What can we know about the speakers?

A. They are grandparents.       B. They both love fancy events.

C. They always buy gifts for each other.

(  )14. When did the competition first come to China?

A. In 2014.    B. In 2016.    C. In 2019.

(  )15. How does the man probably feel about the horse racing?

A. He is pretty excited about it.       B. He wants to learn more about it.

C. He really dislikes it.

(  )16. Who will the woman go to the event with?

A. Her husband.    B. Her friend.    C. Her sister.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

(  )17. Where is the speaker giving the speech?

A. In a park.    B. In a museum.    C. In a government building.

(  )18. Why did Simon travel to Europe as a young man?

A. To find a job.    B. To get education.

C. To help his family's business.

(  )19. How long has Simon stayed in Europe?

A. For five years.    B. For eight years.    C. For three years.

(  )20. What do people in Central and South America think of Simon?

A. They consider him as a national hero.          B. They don't identify with his dreams.

C. They forget about him today.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

China is famous for its various hot pots, but the Japanese also love this delicious cuisine, where hot pots are known as nabemono. Here're four tasty versions worth eating.

Shabu­Shabu

Many types of hot pots exist, but one of the most popular in Japan is called Shabu­Shabu. Featuring thinly sliced cuts of meats, fish and vegetables, the dish, whose name imitates the sound “swish swish” as the food is cooked in the boiling pot, is said to have been created in Osaka in the 1950s. The food is typically dipped in a sauce with a citrus(柑橘) flavor. 

Chankonabe

Since the late 1800s, Chankonabe has been served to sumo(相扑) wrestlers looking to gain weight. Interestingly, there is no fixed recipe for this style of hot pot. In other words, any type of meat and vegetables can be thrown in. It's served in large portions, often with other food such as fried chicken so that sumo wrestlers can keep their significant body weight.

Mille­Feuille Nabe

A less fattening Japanese hot pot that has an attractive visual element is Mille­Feuille Nabe. Made with mostly pork and cabbage, it's easy to prepare since this hot pot requires fewer ingredients(原料) than other kinds of nabemono. The remaining soup can also be enjoyed with steamed rice or noodles.

Yaminabe

Yaminabe is a dining experience like no other. Everyone brings their own ingredients to add to the pot, but with their eyes covered, they don't know what else is being added. Therefore, no one knows exactly what they're picking out of the pot. Sounds like the ultimate surprise, doesn't it?

That's only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to nabemono. These hot pots are just the start of a wonderfully delicious nabemono journey!

(  )21. Where does Shabu­Shabu get its name from?

A. The taste of the meat as it's eaten.    B. The town called Osaka in the 1950s.

C. The sound of food boiling in the pot.    D. The flavor coming from a citrus sauce.

(  )22. According to the text, what kind of nabemono are the people in the right picture probably eating?

 


A. Shabu­Shabu.

B. Chankonabe.

C. Mille­Feuille Nabe.

D. Yaminabe.

(  )23. Where is this text most likely from?

A. A food and travel blog.    B. A history textbook.

C. A Japanese cookbook.    D. A news website.

B

The government of India has announced that it will replace the single­use plastic cups used for tea in 7,000 train stations around the country with traditional clay cups called kulhads. This will reduce the amount of waste thrown away every day, thus helping further the government's goal of making India free from single­use plastics, and it will provide much­needed employment for two million potters.

Jaya Jaitly, a politician and handicrafts expert, has advocated since the early 1990s for clay cups to be reintroduced in train stations. She explained that employing potters to provide these cups was a way to support them at a time when they lost jobs due to “new Internet technology”.

It is reported that a potter's average monthly income will increase from $34 to $135 a month. The government is distributing electric wheels to those who do not have them and funding a switch from wood­fueled to gas­fueled kilns(窑炉) in villages that already have gas devices for cooking. Jaitly said this would reduce smoke pollution.

She also said that one reason why earlier efforts to reintroduce kulhads failed was that the government was unwilling to accept non­standardized sizes and shapes of cups. This time they will have to accept it because the handmade pieces cannot possibly be the same, particularly with production being so scattered(分散). Variation in appearance is a small price to pay for the environmental benefits.

This is happy, hopeful news from India, a country that has long struggled to deal with plastic waste, partly because of its huge population and inadequate waste processing infrastructure across vast rural regions. This policy is an excellent example of getting at the root cause of a problem and fixing it, rather than just trying to clean up the mess afterward. To use the bathtub metaphor(比喻) that's commonly cited when talking about plastic pollution, this is like turning off the plastic­producing tap, instead of wasting time trying to mop up the overflow, wishing it would go away.

(  )24. What is special about the policy announced by Indian government?

A. It promotes awareness of traffic issues.

B. It collects enough revenue to fight poverty.

C. It promises to be eco­friendly and favorable.

D. It rids India of the long­term unemployment.

(  )25. What can we learn from Paragraph 2?

A. Jaya Jaitly is a short­sighted politician and economist.

B. Advances in Internet technology cost potters their jobs.

C. Clay cups were first introduced in Indian railway stations.

D. Potters were employed at stations to get financial support.

(  )26. What effort does the government make for the potters?

A. It raises their monthly income.

B. It offers new cooking devices to them.

C. It standardizes the size of clay cups for them.

D. It provides funds for them to upgrade their devices.

(  )27. Which of the following is similar to the bathtub metaphor?

A. Put the cart before the horse.    B. Treat the foot when the foot hurts.

C. Stop the boiling by taking off the fire.    D. Kill the goose that lays the golden eggs.

C

For years I hadn't known much about gardening. I grew up in the countryside but got hooked on music and drawing and put a great deal of effort into books. As a teenager, the fields beyond my home became a green barrier to the big city I so longed to be part of. I was always full of life, free from worries.

Breaking up with Josh changed everything. I felt so lost and alone. Yet I didn't turn to gardening for recovery straight away. That summer I went to a dozen festivals, danced my way through sleepless weekends and relied on kind friends. But none of them worked for long.

Then one day I walked to the balcony, seeing sunflowers blooming brightly in the wind. They made me realize that plants always carried on. “How small my heartbreak is in the grand scheme of things,” I said to myself. I had no idea where I'd end up living, but I could rely on those cycles of growth, decay(衰退) and renewal. There was something enormously comforting in that.

Gradually, the need for green space became a habit that changed my life. When I was staying with friends, I'd hunt out parks. Within a couple of months, I'd signed up as a volunteer at a local community garden and would get there early on Sunday mornings, as if it were my__own__kind__of__church.

It's not surprising that being outdoors and surrounding myself with nature helped me through this difficult time. Studies by the Royal College of Physicians have found that gardening can lower blood pressure, relieve anxiety and depression, boost mood, and burn calories.

Fifteen months later, I found a new home, nestled in a patch of south London woodland. I have 30 houseplants in total and my balcony blooms all year around, so it feels like both an oasis(绿洲) and somewhere to think.

Life is still sometimes frustrating. Difficult things still happen. But these days I know how to treat myself: I make sure I go outside, breathe in, look at what's growing, and I always feel better.

(  )28. Which can best describe the author in her teenage years?

A. Stubborn but innocent.    B. Diligent and carefree.

C. Productive and optimistic.    D. Ambitious but selfish.

(  )29. What actually drew the author to gardening?

A. It reminded her of the childhood.    

B. It helped her ease negative feelings.

C. It broke down the barrier to the big city.    

D. It relieved the symptoms of sleeplessness.

(  )30. The underlined part in Paragraph 4 probably refers to ________.

A. praying to God in the church    

B. the need for green space in life

C. hunting out as many parks as possible    

D. the voluntary work in the community garden

(  )31. What does the text focus on?

A. Cure of nature.    B. Curse of fate.

C. Obstacle to peace.    D. Openness to change.

D

It goes without saying that many Western wedding customs are completely different from those of Asian cultures. Some are so rooted in history that many Westerners have no idea whether they even exist.

Traditionally, June has been the most popular month for people to get married. One reason is that June 1 was the date of an ancient Roman festival celebrating the marriage of the god Jupiter and his wife Juno. Another reason will likely astonish you. Centuries ago, taking a bath was not as common as it is today. Some people took a bath only once a year, typically in May. Since June was a time most wedding guests would not be too smelly, that month was preferred.

Another wedding custom is for the bride to “wear something old, something new, something borrowed, and something blue”. Having something old is said to protect the newlyweds' future baby, while the new item shows optimism for the future. Meanwhile, something borrowed is meant to bring good luck, and something blue is a promise of being faithful. Lesser known is the fact that the bride is also supposed to have a sixpence in her shoe for prosperity(兴旺). Interestingly, in Sweden, brides are given two coins before getting married—one gold from her mother and the other silver from her father—also to put in her shoes. These fascinating customs show just how important certain wedding traditions are in Western cultures.

The concept of the “white wedding”,in which the bride wears a white wedding dress, is a familiar one. It is thought, mistakenly though, that this is a tradition that developed in ancient times and originates from the belief of white being a symbol of purity. Actually, the custom of brides wearing this color dates back less than 200 years and is attributed to the wedding of Queen Victoria. The queen's choice of white for her wedding was unusual for the time as other colors, especially red, were much more common.

After news of Victoria's highly publicized wedding to Prince Albert spread, not just around the United Kingdom, but to other nations including the United States, women began following in her footsteps and wearing white dresses at their wedding ceremonies. With white being the choice of a powerful royal figure like Queen Victoria, the color became associated with wealth, nobility, and the fashion­conscious.

(  )32. Based on the text, June has been a popular month to get married probably because ________.

A. Queen Victoria married Prince Albert in June of 1840

B. June is the month in which Romans recall the soul of gods

C. some people didn't take a bath before May in ancient times

D. it is considered to be the luckiest time of year to get married

(  )33. Which of the following wedding customs is said to protect an unborn child?

A. Wearing something old.    B. Wearing something blue.

C. Wearing a shoe with a coin in it.    D. Wearing something borrowed.

(  )34. What can we learn from the “white wedding” mentioned in the passage?

A. The white wedding dress is a symbol of purity and nobility.

B. Red rather than white was once popular in English weddings.

C. Queen Victoria wore white in the hope of breaking old customs.

D. The custom of the white wedding started thousands of years ago.

(  )35. What might be the best title for the text?

A. Routines of marriage ceremonies.    B. Highlights of traditional weddings.

C. Reflecting on old traditions.    D. Exploring western wedding customs.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

It's no secret that as the colder months roll in, the chances of getting sick start to increase. Winter is the worst time to get sick. __36__ Luckily, there's plenty that we can do to prepare ourselves for the cold season.

Keep a packet of tissue in your bag, so that you can sneeze on a tissue instead of your hands. __37__ It's also always nice if you can be the person that your friends can count on when they need a tissue—that's always appreciated even in random events such as going to a public bathroom that ran out of toilet paper.

You may consider it wise to avoid walking in the cold weather, or after dark since the sun goes down so early. Actually this is probably the worst thing you can do because the main way to stay healthy is to eat healthy foods and work out. __38__

You're probably not getting as much sleep as you should. Sleeping six hours every night? Sleep twice as much as you usually do. Even if you can't fall asleep, try to lie down and rest in silence. __39__ It's hard to believe, but mental health and physical health are a lot more connected than you might think.

__40__ What we eat has a dramatic impact on our overall ability to defend against viruses and infections. Ensure that you maintain a diet that's high in fruits and vegetable, which can help support your immune system.

A. If the person beside you is sneezing, offer him a tissue.

B. It's even more dangerous now in the time of COVID­19.

C. Yes, even that walk to the grocery store counts as exercise.

D. That's the best way to avoid spreading viruses everywhere.

E. Another important component in keeping you healthy is nutrition.

F. Stress can affect your immune system and make it easy to catch a cold.

G. Regular exercise is the best thing you can do to ensure a healthy immune system.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In this season of giving thanks, we are supposed to discover the secrets of the happiest and most appreciative people. However, I find myself __41__ to see the blessings in life, focusing on what doesn't go perfectly. __42__, I found a cure for this “illness”, one that seems to be infectious.

My __43__ took place just before Thanksgiving. At the time, I was reading my daughter Traci's page on Facebook where I noticed the __44__ for my “disease”. Traci had accepted a friend's challenge to start a journey of __45__.

Her first two posts were __46__ in her family life—grateful for a hard­working __47__; blessed to have caring parents. But it was her third post that made my heart stop: “I'm thankful my husband didn't __48__ daughter Hailey and me this morning!”

Traci explained she had knelt at the bottom of their steep driveway to tie Hailey's shoe. Her husband, Eddie, thinking that both had left home, drove backwards from the __49__. They were out of __50__ in his rear­view and side mirrors, and Traci never heard him coming in their __51__, new car. Then, within only inches of his __52__ wife, Eddie noticed the bright pink of her sweatshirt, when she __53__ her position.

The incident reminded me that __54__ minor complaints, we have a wonderful life. Even when Thanksgiving is past, I still plan to continue this thankfulness journey. I think it can change an attitude to __55__.

(  )41. A. pleased    B. challenged    C. motivated    D. confused

(  )42. A. Naturally    B. Gradually    C. Fortunately    D. Frankly

(  )43. A. discovery    B. coincidence    C. legend    D. adventure

(  )44. A. symptom    B. account    C. schedule    D. treatment

(  )45. A. thankfulness    B. forgiveness    C. cooperation    D. investigation

(  )46. A. uncommon    B. typical    C. ridiculous    D. contradictory

(  )47. A. husband    B. friend    C. colleague    D. editor

(  )48. A. bring up    B. wake up    C. watch over    D. run over

(  )49. A. garage    B. basement    C. kitchen    D. lounge

(  )50. A. reach    B. range    C. mind    D. sight

(  )51. A. fancy    B. noisy    C. quiet    D. private

(  )52. A. hiding    B. bowing    C. trembling    D. kneeling

(  )53. A. secured    B. shifted    C. swapped    D. strengthened

(  )54. A. in spite of    B. in terms of    C. in case of    D. in place of

(  )55. A. concentration    B. gratitude    C. sympathy    D. friendship



第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The Ant Forest initiative was launched by the Alipay app in 2016. __56__ about 200 million trees planted on 182,700 hectares of land, it has helped to __57__(efficient) avoid almost 7.9 million tons of carbon emissions.

The initiative is in line with the Chinese government's strategy of transforming the nation into a “Green Economy”. __58__(accomplish) this objective, China has been taking aggressive action in expanding its green coverage.

For example, the “Great Green Wall” was initiated in the northern region to restrict the __59__(expand) of the Gobi Desert. The Forestry Administration's monitoring report mentioned that desert lands __60__(shrink) by 24,240 square kilometers in the past decade. Moreover, China only has a small percentage of vegetated area(植被面积). __61__, it has contributed to the increase in the world's green leaf area by almost 25% in the last two decades.

Our planet is at a tipping point, __62__ may result in natural disasters unless urgent actions __63__(take) immediately. Here, Alipay Ant Forest shows that it is possible to rely on digital technology for a better and __64__(green) future. Several more initiatives, from not just China but all across the globe, __65__(be) under way towards a sustainable future of the planet.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)

假定你是校英文报记者李华,报纸“Heroes in Harm's Way(身边的抗疫英雄)”一栏拟介绍你校张医生,请你写一封电子邮件,邀请他接受你的采访,内容包括:

1. 写邮件的目的;

2. 邀请原因;

3. 采访计划。

注意:

1. 写作词数应为80左右;

2. 请在相应位置作答。

Dear Mr. Zhang,

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

第二节 读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

The first time we set eyes on the beautiful dress “Big Red”, father, mother and I were walking slowly through the freshly fallen snow on our way to Hubble's Hardware store on Main Street.

The colorfully decorated window display held the best toys ever and some other things. And they were all placed pleasantly beneath the breathtaking dress of Big Red. Mother's eyes were glued to the massive flame of red satin(绸缎), dotted with twinkling stars.

“My goodness,” she managed to say in dreamlike wonder. “Would you just look at that dress!” Then, totally out of character, mother unexpectedly danced on the slippery sidewalk. Beneath the heavy, grey wool coat that she had worn every winter for as long as I could remember, mother lost her balance and fell clumsily. Father quickly caught her.

Her cheeks redder than usual, mother blamed dad for laughing. “Oh, stop that!” she ordered, as my father swept the snow from her coat. “What a silly dress to be displayed there in the window of Eaton's!” she shook her head in disbelief. “Who on earth would want such a brightly­colored dress? It is too expensive.” As we continued to walk down the street, mother turned back for one more look. “My goodness! You'd think they'd display something that a person could use!”

Christmas was around the corner and the red dress was soon forgotten. Mother was not the one to wish for, or spend money on, things that were not practical. “There are things we need more than this,” she'd always say, or, “There are things we need more than that.”

Father, on the other hand, liked to buy things whenever the budget allowed. Of course, he'd get a scolding for his occasional spending like this, but it was all done with the best intention.

On our last trip to town before Christmas, we were driving up Main Street when mother suddenly exclaimed in surprise, “Would you just look at that!” She pointed excitedly as Dad drove past Eaton's. “That big red dress is gone,” she said in disbelief. “It's actually gone.”

注意:1. 续写词数应为150左右;

2. 请在相应位置作答。

Dad looked quickly and smiled, “Yes, it is not there! ”_________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

I'll never forget that Christmas morning when father handed mother a box. _________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


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