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河北省张家口市2021届高三上学期期末考试英语试题

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河北省张家口市2021届高三上学期期末考试英语试题
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张家口市2020〜2021学年度第一学期期末教学质量监测

高三英语

注意事项:

1.本试卷由四部分组成。

2.考试时间120分钟,满分150分。

3.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡相应的位置。

4.全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳 选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话 仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19. 15.B. £9. 18.C. £9. 15.

答案是C。

1. What does the man mean?

A. They can take a taxi. B. They will miss the bus. C. They should keep waiting.

2. Where are the speakers?

A. In an office.B. In a football club.C. In a meeting hall.

3. What are the speakers like?

A. Determined.B. Considerate.C. Hard-working,

4. What will Jane do after school?

A. Watch a movie.B. Meet her teacher.C. Prepare for an exam.

5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. A dream.B. A trip.C. An accident.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选 项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完 后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What's the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Husband and wife. B. Host and guest.C. Policeman and driver.

7. Where are the speakers?

A. On the road in their car. B. On a bus behind a truck. C. At a party in the Blacks。

 听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does the man like about his job?

A. The working schedule. B. The chance to get social. C. The good pay.

9. Where does the man usually have supper?

A. In his car.B. In a pub.C. At home.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What did the man's parents do with him when he was a child?

A. They read books to him.

B. They played puzzles with him.

C. They did outdoor activities with him.

11. What was the woman's favorite children's book?

A. Guess How Much I Love You.

B. Will You Be My Friend ?

C. I Love It When You Smile,

12. What can be inferred about the man?

A. He wishes he could play with his children.

B. He wishes his parents had read books to him.

C. He wishes his children could stay with their grandparents.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Who is Mr. Henderson?

A. The man's father. B. The woman's husband. C. A housing agent.

14. How far is it from the house the woman prefers to the school?

A. Two miles.B. Three miles.C. Five miles.

15. Why does the woman dislike the house in Rosefield?

A. It's old.B. Il's expensive.C. It's inconvenient.

16. What are the man's parents doing at present?

A. Taking care of a baby.

B. Preparing for a move.

C. Travelling in China.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Where are the floating farms?

A. On an island off the coast.

B. On the canal system of Xochimilco.

C. On deep water bodies in Mexico.

18. What is produced on the floating farms?

A. Organic vegetables. B. Fresh fruits.C. Small trees.

19. What's the problem with the floating farms?

A. The government is forcing the farmers to leave them.

B. The produce can5t be sold in the market.

C. The farmers can't afford to run them.

20. How is Yolcan trying to solve the problem?

A. By providing the farmers with fund.

B. By connecting the farmers with restaurants,

C. By appealing to the government to provide help.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2. 5分,满分37. 5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

Most Impressive Ways to Get from Place to Place

Horse Caravan (马车)

Go a bit old-school with a horse caravan in Ireland. While riding a horse may not offer much in the way of impressiveness, how about getting a horse to a carriage that includes cooking and sleeping areas? That sounds a bit more remarkable. Plus, the horse-drawn carriages allow a fresh perspective on the countryside and beaches.

Terra Bus

Made in Calgary, only roughly 20 of these Terra Bus Ice Explorer all-terrain vehicles exist and they almost all serve the Icefields Parkway and the Athabasca Glacier in Jasper, Canada. Designed specifically for glacier travel, the six-wheel, 49-foot-long vehicle looks like the most robust (强大的)tour bus on the planet. And it is. The Terra Bus Ice Explorer can handle 56 passengers and nearly any sort of ice, mud, sand, snow and rock the Canadian Rocky Mountains have to offer.

The Central-Mid-Levels Escalator (自动扶梯)

If this Hong Kong escalator system didn't exist, you'd have all sorts of stairs to deal with to climb between the western and central Hong Kong districts. This system of 20 escalators, built in 1993, combines to become the longest outdoor covered escalator in the world, running a total length of 2,624 feet and rising 442 feet in the process. From end to encl it's a ride lasting 20 minutes.

Symphony of the Seas

At 1, 181 feet in length and a gross tonnage of 228, 000, the Royal Caribbean Symphony of the Seas is the largest cruise ship in the world. The steel ship features seven distinct on-board neighborhoods, surfing, ziplining, ice-skating, 3D movies and pools. Symphony is powered by solar energy.

21. What can you do on Horse Caravan?

A. Cook meals.

B. Watch movies.

C. Take an escalator.

D. Admire great mountains.

22. What is Terra Bus intended for?

A. Beach views.

B. In-city transportation.

C. On-board entertainments.

D. Complex road conditions.

23. Which of the following is in Hong Kong?

A. Horse Caravan.B. Terra Bus.

C. The Central-Mid-Levels Escalator.D. Symphony of the Seas.

B

In 1985. C'harlie Burrell inherited (继承)a piece of land in West Sussex, England, which is 3.500 acres. It had been in his family for more than 200 years. As it was a failing farm, he and his wife. Isabella Tree, were all set to run a traditional farm, but soon realized the costs far outweighed the profits. The land wasn't suitable for growing crops anymore.

So. in 2001, the couple decided to try something else — an experiment in “rewilding”, or restoring environments to their natural state. They reintroduced native species, including Tamworth pigs, Exmoor  ponies, longhorn cattle, and deer. Then they took out all the fences and let the animals wander freely.

In the following years, the land went through an incredible change. The once neat fields were covered with bushes, creating habitats where new plant and animal species could grow.

Now it's home to many different creatures, including two rare species of bats, nightingales, peregrine falcons, white storks, and even turtle doves, whose numbers have dropped by 98 percent in the U. K. over the last few decades!

“We were living in a biological desert. Now, ecologists are blown away all the time by just the amount of life here," Isabella said. "It shows the potential that this kind of project has for changing trends of biodiversity decline.

What's more, the land is now profitable! Charlie and Isabella offer multiple services there, including walking tours, safaris, photography classes, and rewilding workshops. They also sell meat to control their large animal populations, and even allow visitors to spend a night outside in the tents they set up.

What a promising outcome! This is amazing news for conservationists and shows that our planet can be returned to its natural glory, if only we let it. Now, it's a beautiful reminder of how ecosystems can be restored by letting Mother Nature take the control.

 24. What did the couple do with the land?

A. They planted trees on it.

B. They raised animals on it.

C. They restored it to its natural state.

D. They transformed it into a traditional farm.

25. What does the underlined phrase “blown away” in Paragraph 5 mean?

A. Amused.B. Impressed.

C. Disappointed.D. Confused.

26. Which is one of the ways the couple make profits?

A. Selling tents to tourists.

B. Selling what they grow on the land.

C. Killing animals and selling the meat.

D. Drawing rare animals and selling the pictures.

27. What can be inferred about the couple?

A. They have creative ideas.

B. They succeeded through hard labor.

C. They are too lazy to manage a farm.

D. They care more about money than the ecosystem.

C

When “irregardless” was included in Merriam-Webster dictionary, it caused wide disagreements. “Irregardless” has been in widespread and near-constant use since 1795,when a newspaper called The Charleston City Gazelle  of Charleston » Ga. , first used it. We do not make the English language, we merely record it, “the dictionary's staff wrote in “Words of the Week”.

The word's definition, when we read it, would seem to be: without regard. However, Merriam-Webster defines "irregardless" as “nonstandard“ but meaning the same as “regardless”. According to Merriam-Webster, "Many people find ‘irregardless’ to be a ridiculous word, as the ir-prefix usually indicates negative meaning; however, in this case it appears to make the meaning of  ‘regardless’ stronger. "

“It's not a real word. I don't care what the dictionary says,“ responds author Michelle Ray, who teaches English in Silver Spring, Md. And she says she's still planning to mark “irregardless" as incorrect on her students' work.

An American newspaper the Baltimore Sun published the word in editor John McIntyre's commentary on Saturday: ‘Irregardless’ is too a word;you just don't understand dictionaries. People get upset about the dictionary because they think it is some sort of official document. But actually, it's not. It's just lexicographers(词典编纂者) identifying words that people use and trying to find out how they are spelled, how they are pronounced, what meanings they have and where they came from. "

“The dictionary's recognition doesn't enroll a word as correct in the English language,“ McIntyre says. "It just says this is a word that a lot of people use in English. And here's what we know about it. " So it's a word, but its use is still discouraged in formal writing.

28. Where was "irregardless" first used?

A. In a newspaper.B. In an online post.

C. In a new dictionary.D. In an expert's comment.

29. How does Merriam-Webster define “irregardless”?

A. It defines it as meaningless.

B. It defines it as a nonstandard usage.

C. It defines it as the opposite of “regardless”.

D. It defines it as indicating a negative attitude.

30. What is Michelle Ray's attitude towards the use of “irregardless”?

 A. She is uncertain about it.

B. She thinks it informal but correct.

C. She is unwilling to accept it.

D. She doesn't care about how her students use it.

31. What is the best title for the text?

A. "Irregardless" Is Frequently Used in Formal Writing

B. Experts Can't Agree on the Meaning of “Irregardless"

C. " Irregardlee"  Shouldn't be Included in the Dictionary

D. Regardless of What You Think, “Irregardless" Is a Word

D

A long-term dream for 3D bioprinting is that people on active waiting lists for organ donations might one day have the option of getting a bio-printed organ. Although the ability to produce a functional heart or kidney this way likely lies years in the future, realistic near-term goals include bioprinting simpler structures. Living tissues printed outside the body, however, would still require implantation operation, which often involves large incisions(切 口)that increase the risk of infection and lengthen recovery time.

Scientists in Tsinghua University are working on a way to print cells directly inside the body. The idea would be to use existing minimally invasive(微创)operation techniques to insert 3D printing tools into patients and then lay down new tissues.

Much of the previous research has focused on treatments of skin and other tissues in the outer part of the body, because the necessary equipment is normally too large to access :he digestive tract (消化道)and other centrally located organs. Scientists in China wanted to develop a mini bioprinting robot that could enter the human body with relative case, so that they can use the technology for conditions like stomach ulcer(胃溃疡).

The resulting micro robot is just 30 millimeters wide—less than half the width of a credit card — and can fold to a length of 43 millimeters. Once inside a patient's body, it unfolds to become 59 millimeters long and can start bioprinting. The team has constructed clever mechanisms that make the system compact when entering the body yet extend to provide a large working area once past the tight entry. In their experiments, the researchers in China fitted the micro robot onto a long tube that can be inserted through bodily openings and successfully snaked it through a curved pipe into a transparent plastic model of a stomach.

32. What is the aim of Tsinghua^ new research?

A. To repair wounded skin of the human body.

B. To take stomach ulcer out of the human body,

C. To print new tissues inside the human body.

D. To plant 3D printed organs into the human body.

33. What is the advantage of Tsinghua's new technique?

A. Immediate organ sharing.

B. Reduced patient suffering.

C. Less use of operation equipment.

D. Accurate health condition identification.

34. What is the end product of Tsinghua s research?

A. A plastic stomach.

B, A snake- like long tube.

C. A 3D printed structure.

D. A mini bioprinting robot.

35. What's the author's purpose in writing the text?

A. To guide.

B. To inform.

C. To advertise.

D. To argue.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2. 5分,满分12. 5分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。

Restaurants, schools, dentist offices are all keeping more windows open to let in more fresh air. 36 Now researchers at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore have come up with a device that's like noise-cancelling headphones-but for a building.

It works on the same principle, so it detects noise that's coming into the windows and then cancels the noise. 37 A microphone samples incoming noise, and then sends the speakers instructions on what sort of anti-noise(反噪音)to give out. The result is to cancel out the incoming sound.

38 At the same time it allows air to keep flowing into and out of the window. The device is just a prototype(样本)—so it's still expensive. And it doesn't block out all sounds. It masks sound at frequencies from 300 to 1,000 Hz. 39

The technology will probably come in handy in Singapore as this country already has a lot of green buildings that use natural ventilation(通风设备).But the downside is: when you have lots of openings in the buildings, the noise comes in. 40 The group of window speakers could do the trick—especially if people prefer peace and quiet to a good view, which folks at home tend to do all night.

A. But this also lets in more noise.

B. The green buildings are energy-saving.

C. This includes the noise of freeways, trains and planes.

D. So you need some way to manage the increasing noise.

E. The headphones are designed for us to cover up our ears.

F. Compared with a closed window, the anti-noise device is almost as good.

G. The device looks like a group of small speakers and fits over an open window.

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

When 10-year-old Eric Jones learned how to grow pumpkins (南瓜)in the planting club of his school, he was 41 to grow his own pumpkins. He thought it would be a great way to pass time and get rid of 42 . At home he found a piece of 43 in the backyard and put in the work to gather, clean, and plant seeds and wanted to 44 his crop in fall.

The boy's curiosity work turned out 45 and his boredom paid off. He ended up with an enormous harvest. As ii was much more than the family can consume, the boy set out to 46   . He wanted to sell the pumpkins to raise fund for Boone County Cancer Society. His mom Corrie did some advertising on social media, but she didn't expect his crop to become a big 47

While pumpkins aren't 48 the first choice when people buy vegetables. Eric had no problem getting customers to buy his. 49 . they knew the earnings were going to support a good 50   

It was 51 that people lined up for the pumpkins. Within a few weeks, those pumpkins helped him raise $720! At that point. he and his mom headed to Boone County Cancer Society and 52    every penny to them.

What he did was very helpful to the organization. The director said fundraising 53   a lot to providing treatment for patients who are 54   and Eric's donation can make a difference.

Eric plans to do it all over again next year! In his words. "The people don't slop having 55   , so why should I stop selling pumpkins?"

41. A. forcedB. forbiddenC. inspiredD.  persuaded

42. A. freedomB. boredomC. anxietyD. curiosity

43. A. landB. paperC. clothD. wood

44. A. advertiseB. testC. harvestD. exhibit

45. A. interestingB. annoyingC. stressfulD. fruitful

46. A. give backB. come backC. step backD. hold back

47. A. dealB. fishC. hitD. hand

48. A. speciallyB. typicallyC. merelyD. absolutely

49. A. AnyhowB. After allC. SomehowD. Above all

50. A. personB. schoolC, researchD. cause

51. A. amusingB. scaringC. thrillingD. amazing

52. A. lentB. postedC. returnedD. donated

53. A, contributesB. connectsC. occupiesD. delivers

54. A. badly offB. far awayC. left outD. taken in

55. A. troubleB. moneyC. cancerD. leisure

第二节(共10小题;每小4I. 5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

A custom may take generations to form, especially in terms of choosing symbolic food for a holiday. But eating birthday noodles in China for National Day is a new custom,  56 is quickly gaining popularity in China.

The Chinese have been eating and developing various kinds of noodles 57    thousands of years. 58   is a widely practiced custom for people 59  (enjoy) a bowl of noodles on their birthday as a symbol of longevity (长寿).Their family members may also have noodles to share the joy and express their blessing. National Day is 60   birthday of China, and people eat birthday noodles to show their best 61 (wish) for the motherland.

Many video bloggers and official accounts took the chance to 62 (proud) introduce their local noodles to the country and show people's enthusiasm for 63 (take) part in the activity. Before this year's National Day holiday, a new book with pictures, recipes and stories of 365 different noodles from across China 64   ( publish) by the People's  Publishing House. It also 65   (contain) more than 170 teaching videos to help readers make noodles.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(满分15分)

假定你是李华,你校的体育节即将结束,请你为校英文报写一篇报道,内容包括:

1.活动内容;

2.师生反响。

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右;

2 .请按照如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

The Sports Festival Comes to a Close

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第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

Just before we got married, my husband, Spode, and I bought the house from the Gehards, who were moving to Australia. As they couldn't take much abroad with them, they left almost everything in the house to us, among which were two bookshelves packed with thick books. I liked the fine furniture, the tasteful kitchenware and even the pictures on the wall but I didn't think much of the books.

The day they handed over the house to us, we walked around in the house with the Gehards for the last time. They told us about the good times they had and the stories behind the objects in the house, giving me a sense of warmth of a family. When Mr. Gehard led us to the bookshelves, he said to us, "These are great books written by the great minds in human history. I hope you can read them. " Though Spode and 1 were not much of bookworms, we promised them we would, because we knew we could make Mr. Gehard feel better that way. We could see that it was hard for him to say goodbye to the house as well as the books, both of which he treasured so much.

After we moved in, to keep our promise to Mr. Gehard, Spode managed to find some time each day to read some pages of those great books. It was not typical of him, because he was one of those who would rather spend most of their spare time before screens. Curiously enough, as time went by, his interest in the books grew gradually and he began talking to me about what he read with amazement. To find out what accounted for his newly developed fondness for those serious-looking thick books, I also picked one up. Finally, we both found attachment to the books and made it a rule to read in the evenings. Reading became part of our life. Those books opened up new worlds for us, gave us new visions and enriched our life in many ways. 

注意:

1 .续写的词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。


One evening as we were reading, a small piece of something fell onto the desk from between the pages of the book I was reading. 

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But as we had lost touch with the Gehards, how could we return the stamp to them? 

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