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湖南省株洲市2021届高三英语教学质量统一检测

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湖南省株洲市2021届高三英语教学质量统一检测
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株洲市2021届高三年级教学质量统一检测(一)

英语试题

(本试卷共8页,全卷满分:150分,考试用时:120分钟)


第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A. £19.15.                B.£9.18.                    C.£9.15.

答案是C。

1. Where will the speakers go after school?

A. To the library.            B. To the City Zoo.            C. To the man's home.

2. What is the weather like now?

A. Cold.                    B. Hot.                    C. Mild.

3. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Arts.                    B. Sports.                    C. Music.

4. What's the relationship between the speakers?

A. Mother and son.            B. Husband and wife.        C. Father and daughter.

5. How does the woman feel?

A. Peaceful.                B. Relieved.                C. Angry.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Why is the woman going to Lily's home?

A. To have dinner.            B. To play sports.            C. To study together.

7. How does the woman go to Lily's home?

A. By bike.                B. By bus.                C. By car.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. When do the speakers start their work normally?

A. At 4:30 p.m.            B. At 5:30 p.m.            C. At 8:30 p.m.

9. Why must they finish work earlier?

A. Because they can't go out after 9 p.m.

B. Because some people are very hungry.

C. Because they want to go home earlier.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. How much did the woman's friends pay for their Greece trip last year?

A. £370 each.                B. £380 each.                C. £450 each.

11. Where would the woman prefer to spend her sailing holiday?

A. By the sea.                B. By a lake.                C. In a village.

12. Where is the woman going for the sailing holiday?

A. Italy.                    B. Greece.                C. Sweden.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Who is the man?

A  A student.                B. A reporter.                C. A headmaster.

14. Why does the man call the woman?

A. To invite the woman.        B. To share some stories.    C. To ask for suggestions.

15. How many well-known writers does the woman mention?

A. Three.                    B. Four.                    C. Five.

16. What will the man do?

A. Write a letter to the woman.

B. Send some books to the woman.

C. Email a list of books to the woman.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. When will the morning's sessions end?

A. At 9:30 a.m.            B. At 10:30 a.m.            C. At 11 a.m.

18. What is Professor Smith's lecture about?

A. The evolution of animals.

B. The disappearance of dinosaurs.

C. The possibility of rabbits' flying.

19. What can students do in the first session?

A. Watch a video.            B. Voice their opinions.        C. Answer Mr. Smith's questions.

20. Where can students attend the session“Flowers talk”?

A. In the library.            B. In the main hall.            C. In the lecture room.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

Contributors to Reader's Digest

Nicholas Hune-Brown

Writer, Toronto

“Fight of His Life”

Hune-Brown is a National Magazine Award w inning writer whose work has been published in Toronto Life, The Walrus, Hazlitt and The Guardian. He's also the senior editor at The Local, a magazine focused on long-form stories about health and social issues in Toronto. Read his story about a COVID-19 patient's incredible fight for survival on page 114.

Jarred Briggs

Artist, Plaster Rock, N.B.

“Beware Winter Rays”

Briggs's favorite part about being an artist is coming up with clever conceptual drawings—he lives for the moment when all the pieces of the puzzle begin to fit together. When he's not drawing, Briggs loves reading science-fiction novels, being outdoors and spending time with his three dogs. Take a look at his latest work on page 18.

Megan Murphy

Writer, Peterborough, Ont.

“Home for the Holidays”

Murphy's love affairs with writing began at a young age with nightly words “Dear diary”. Also an actor, Murphy co-created a show this year called The Verandah Society, in which she and a musician friend Anna Walker travel to people's homes and share music and stories. Read her humorous tale of a childhood Christmas ceremony on page 26.

1. What does Jarred Briggs like best about his job?

A. Working out puzzles.B. Reading science-fiction novels.

C. Thinking up satisfying drawings.D. Writing stories about social issues.

2. Who developed an interest in writing at a young age?

A. Nicholas Hune- Brown.B. Jarred Briggs.C. Anna Walker.D. Megan Murphy.

3. What can you learn from the text?

A. It recommends some works of Reader s Digest.

B. It introduces senior editors of popular magazines.

C. Nicholas Hune- Brown is a COVID-19 survivor.

D. The Verandah Society is about a Christmas ceremony.

B

British beer and pubs are famous around the world. Things are changing, however. Is this the end of a great British tradition?

For thousands of years, a very important building in any British village has been the pub. In fact, until a place has a pub, it is not really considered a community worthy of a name. Traditionally, the pub is at the heart of any village or town, since it is where people gather to socialize and exchange news. It is an institution at the heart of British society. After all, the word “pub” is actually short for “public house”.

As a result, British pubs are often old and well preserved. Many of them have become historic sites that tourists visit. Many British pubs have names referring to monarchs, such as The King's Head or The Queen Victoria, but of course this doesn't mean they are only for kings and queens. Pubs have always welcomed people from all classes and parts of society. On a cold night, the pub boss can always find a warm place for customers by the fire. There is always honest and hearty food and plenty of drink available at an affordable price.

That's how it used to be, but there are worrying signs that things are beginning to change. Economic downturns, governmental austerity measures and cultural changes are causing many pubs to go out of business. People do not have a lot of spare money to spend on beer. On top of that, in 2007 smoking was banned in all public indoor spaces, including pubs, which may also have affected the number of customers going to pubs since then. This decline is happening despite the fact that pubs are now allowed by law to stay open after 11p.m..

In order to save their businesses, pubs are trying to diversify to attract new customers. And with various “save the pub” campaigns, there are signs that people are gathering around pubs to support this great British institution with pride.

4. Why are British pubs often old?

A. Because the British want to attract tourists.

B. Because the birth of a community often results from a pub in it.

C. Because they are where people socialize and exchange news.

D. Because they follow in the tradition of British kings and queens.

5. What does the underlined word “monarchs” in paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Emperors.B. Bosses.C. Special tourists.D. Ordinary people.

6. What causes many pubs to close down?

A. Cultural differences.B. Economic decline.

C. Changes in opening hours.D. Regulations against drinking.

7. What is the author's attitude towards the future of British pubs?

A. Conservative.B. Skeptical.C. Hopeless.D. Objective.

C

Jagger Gordon was standing in line at the grocery store in late March when it hit him: this was only the beginning. The 50-year- old chef and founder of Toronto's Feed It Forward, one of the country's most popular food bank programs, saw that COVID-19 would have an even bigger impact on communities that depend on his services. “People were fighting over water," he says, “and I just thought, okay, this is going to be bad.”

Gordon is like a modern-day Robin Hood, only instead of robbing from the rich, his food bank rescues food that would otherwise be thrown away. He started Feed It Forward six years ago, hoping to relieve hunger by reducing the approximately 11 million tons of food that Canadians annually let go to waste. The food he rescues is still suitable to be eaten but may not meet the picture-perfect standards of consumers. “This is perfectly good!” he says. “Maybe a pepper has a slight mark, or it's not breast meat or whatever the desired cut is, but you can still make something that tastes amazing.” Operating out of three main kitchens with some 2,200 volunteers, the organization was, until recently, feeding approximately 3,000 people every day. Since COVID, it's closer to 5,000.

Feed It Forward runs a pay-what-you-can restaurant and grocery store filled entirely with hand-me-downs from Whole Foods. Thirty-two Toronto-area restaurants and food supply companies— Sysco, for example— also help out. On 200 acres in Whitby, Ont., Feed It Forward grows produce and hosts grow-your -own-food lessons for individuals and families. If the pandemic (大流行病) hadn't cancelled in-person classes, this fall would have meant continuing Soup Bar, a program that provides free hot meals to students with food insecurity at Humber College. People have an idea of what a person who is hungry looks like, says Gordon, but it's so much more common than we realize.

As the year came to an end, Feed It Forward was stockpiling food. In previous years, the organization hosted Christmas dinners—community celebrations with live music and, of course, plenty of good food. The year 2020 was different—less gathering and more special deliveries. So maybe Gordon is less like Robin Hood and more like Santa Claus. “There is need out there, and we can meet it,” he says. “That's my duty.”

8. Why did Jagger Gordon found Feed It Forward?

A. To expand his business.B. To end people's fight over food.

C. To ease the problem of hunger.D. To grow produce and host lessons.

9   Which is the most likely food rescued by Gordon?

A. Breast meat.B. Desired cuts.

C. Picture-perfect food.    `D. Peppers with slight marks.

10. What did Feed It Forward do in 2020?

A. It continued Soup Bar in the fall.

B. It delivered more food at Christmas.

C. It fed approximately 2,200 people every day.

D. It offered water at the grocery store in late March.

11. Which of the following best describes Gordon?

A. Warm-hearted and responsible.B. Caring and demanding.

C  Ambitious and humorous.D. Generous and strict.

D

A new international study published in PLOS Biology suggests that the popularity of tigers, lions, polar bears and others may actually contribute to their downfall. The researchers used a combination of online investigations, school questionnaires, z00 websites and cartoon films to identify the 10 most beloved animals. The top three were tigers, lions and elephants.

“I was surprised to see that although these 10 animals are the most beloved, a major danger faced by nearly all of them is direct killing by humans, especially from hunting,” said William Ripple, a distinguished professor of forest ecology at Oregon State University and a co-author on the study.“This killing by humans seems sadly ironic (讽刺的)to me, as these are some of our most beloved wild animals.”

Many of these animals are so frequently described in pop culture and marketing materials that they may form an inaccurate “virtual population” that is doing better in the media than in nature, noted lead author Franck Courchamp of the University of Paris. The researchers found, for example, that the average French citizen will see more virtual lions through photos, cartoons, logos and brands in one month than wild lions left in West Africa.

“Unknowingly, companies using giraffes or polar bears for marketing purposes may be actively contributing to the false belief that these animals are not at risk of dying out, and therefore not in need of conservation,” Courchamp said. He suggested in the paper that companies using images of endangered animals for marketing purposes provide information to promote their conservation, and perhaps part of their profits for protection of the animals.

Nearly half of the toy animals sold in the United States on Amazon were one of the 10 beloved animals, while in France some 800,000 “Sophie the giraffe” baby toys were sold last year—more than eight times the number of giraffes living in Africa.

“The appearance of these beloved animals in stores, in movies, on television, and on a variety of products seems to be tricking the public into believing they are doing okay,” Ripple said. “If we don't work together to save these animals, that may soon be the only way anyone will see them.”

12. What is the text mainly about?

A. Animal images are used in marketing.B. Wild animals are at a high risk of dying out.

C. Animals' popularity in life causes their decrease.D. Efforts are made to protect animals in danger.

13. What should companies do according to Courchamp?

A. Use animals for marketing purposes.B. Spare some earnings to protect animals.

C. Avoid providing information about animals.D. Contribute themselves to marketing research.

14. Why does the author mention “Sophia the giraffe” baby toys?

A. To prove these baby toys are a hit in France.

B. To advertise for the baby toys among readers.

C. To show the distinction between virtual and real population.

D. To indicate giraffes rank higher than other animals in France.

15. What does the underlined word “that” in the last paragraph refer to?

A. Raising animals at home.B. A close look at the animals.

C. Exposure to animals in the wild.D. Animals' appearance in the media.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,共12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

How to be successful in college

Nearly every college student hates cram (填鸭式) sessions.____16____ And while there’s no guaranteed roadmap to success in college, changing your study habits and adjusting your approach to your classes can make a big difference. The following tips are a great place to start.

Use two notebooks. Bring one notebook with you to class and use it to write down everything you can. After class, copy your notes into your second notebook. Take your time with these notes like highlighting key points. The two-notebook method will help you memorize information you might otherwise forget within days. Reviewing all the new materials immediately after the lecture will keep it fresh in your mind.____17____

Find a study partner. Make friends with someone in your class and schedule a regular study session.____18____Think of the process like storytelling- -turn your homework into stories and tell those stories to each other. In addition to making a new friend, you and your study partner will keep each other accountable all term long.

____19____And not just when you’re struggling. Open lines of communication with your professor early so that when questions arise, your professor will know you have a great interest in the class and the material. Developing strong relationships with teachers will also help you if you are considering applying for scholarships.

Consider a part-time job. If you are having trouble managing your study time, you might think getting a job will only worsen the problem.____20____That's because the experience improves time management skills.

A. Change locations.

B. Go to office hours.

C. Review complex information and explain it to each other.

D. Besides, short study breaks are known to improve concentration.

E. Plus, writing things down instead of typing them leads to better memory.

F. High-stress study sessions can have harmful effects on both your grades and your health.

G. However, research suggests that students who work part time while in school tend to get better grades.

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Karie double-checked the words on her spelling test. If she____21____100 percent, she'd win her class's First-Quarter Spelling Challenge and a brand-new dictionary. Two more ____22____ Q-u-i-c-k-l-y. H-o-n-e-s-t-y. Wait! She'd____23____ honesty, not honestly! She erased the t-y and wrote l-y before handing in her____24____.

After break, Ms. McCormack announced. “Congratulations, Karie!” The whole class erupted! She____25____Karie with the dictionary with the____26____on it: To Karie Carter, for her____27____first-quarter score in spelling.

“Everything OK?” Mom asked as Karie arrived home. “PERFECT!” Karie shouted, carrying her cat Casper happily. “Can you spell quickly, Casper? And honestly and..” Karie's____28____voice stopped. Honestly? H-O-N-E-S-L-Y! How could she tell the____29____she had missed t and hadn't earned the prize?

Ms. McCormack was______30______the classroom door when Karie got to school the next morning. Karie's hands trembled. She gave her______31______ the spelling paper and the dictionary.“I can't keep this. I misspelled honestly.”

Ms. McCormack pushed open the door. “Come in, Karie.”______32______ reading the sticker, she picked up her pen,______33______the word perfect and wrote honest before handing it back to Karie. Karie's jaw______34______.“I get to keep this? Honestly?” “For honestly, no,” Ms.McCormack smiled. “But for______35______ , yes.”

21. A. gotB. acceptedC. learnedD. discovered

22. A. minutesB. wordsC. lettersD. choices

23. A. pronouncedB. correctedC. spelledD. deleted

24. A. projectB. documentC. compositionD. paper

25. A. presentedB. assistedC. botheredD. impressed

26. A. signatureB. stickerC. essayD. wish

27. A. highB. finalC. perfectD. original

28. A. upsetB. shyC. joyfulD. angry

29. A. teamB. audienceC. publicD. class

30. A. cleaningB. repairingC. paintingD. unlocking

31. A. friendB. classmateC. partnerD. teacher

32. A. QuietlyB. SadlyC. CrazilyD. Suddenly

33  A. crossed outB. left outC. picked outD. pointed out

34. A. hurtB. achedC. droppedD. broke

35. A. enthusiasmB. honestyC. generosityD. talent

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Ant Forest, a green project by the world's leading payment and lifestyle platform Alipay,____36____ (receive) the “U.N. Champions of the Earth” award in September, 2019.

The award is the United Nation's highest environmental honor and was given to Ant Forest for inspiring more than half a billion people to adopt an eco-friendly and greener lifestyle, thus greatly____37____(contribute) to ecological protection with the help of digital technology.

Alipay achieved this____38____(remark) success by motivating its users to choose from various low-carbon____39____(option) in their daily lives, such as limited usage of paper and plastic, online payment of bills____40____green travel using public transportation or bicycles instead____41____driving cars.

“Green energy points” are also given to users each time they choose an eco-friendly option, and once enough points____42____(accumulate), users are allowed to grow a virtual tree in their Ant Forest app. Afterwards, a real tree is planted by Alipay and____43____(it) partners in some of the country's most dry areas. Users can view their trees in real-time via satellite.

The publicity Ant Forest gained is creating a positive cycle by____44____an increasing number of people are encouraged to adopt an energy-saving lifestyle  Alipay Ant Forest shows that it is possible for people_____45_____(make) collective efforts while relying on digital technology for a better and greener future.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(满分15分)

46. 请写一篇文章,向校报英文版投稿,内容包括:

1.2020年你主要经历了什么;

2.经历带给你的启示;

3.你对新年的期望。

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右;

2.请在答题卡的相应位置作答。

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

第二节(满分25分)

47. 阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

“This Saturday, we'll be visiting cats at the animal shelter. If you' d like to join us, here's an application form, said Ms. Delgado, the school librarian.

Ben loved cats and he had always wanted one so he hurried to take an application form. Then Ms. Delgado added, “We'll be reading to the cats." Ben stopped. Reading was hard. Still, he really wanted to visit the cats, so he took an application form anyway.

On Saturday, Ben arrived at the shelter with some of his classmates. “This is Max,” the shelter worker told Ben as she handed him a gray cat. Ben carried Max to a beanbag chair and sat down. Max settled onto his lap. He took a book he'd been working on and started reading. Max, very different from other cats walking around the room while the kids read, purred on his lap as if he had understood what Ben read.

“I'm glad Max is staying and listening to my reading and he is the best cat ever,” Ben told Dad excitedly. “I' m glad you two are friends," Dad said. All week, Ben waited for Saturday. When it arrived, Ben got to read to Max again.

“What if someone adopts Max?” Ben asked Dad later. “I guess you'd read to a different cat,” Dad said. “But I don't want a different cat. I wish we could adopt Max,” Ben said to Dad. He knew they couldn't because Mom had allergies. Ben loved the cat so much that he even told his next-door neighbor, Mrs. Patel, about Max. “Max sounds like a special cat,” said Mrs. Patel.

Week by week, Ben realized that reading seemed easier with Max's company. Still, he was surprised when Ms. Delgado gave him the Most Improved Reader award. “I want to show my award to Max,” Ben told Dad.

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Paragraph 1: 

But on Saturday, Ben couldn't find Max at the shelter.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

Hearing what Mrs. Patel said, Ben jumped with excitement.

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________


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