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浙江省宁波市慈溪市2021届高三上12月适应性测试英语试题

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浙江省宁波市慈溪市2021届高三上12月适应性测试英语试题
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浙江宁波市慈溪市2020学年度第一学期高三适应性考试

英语试题

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节:(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where is the man now?

A. On his way.  B. In a restaurant.  C. At home.

2. What does the man mean?

A. He is honest.B. He is the best.C. He has no interest.

3. What is the woman doing now?

A. Baking cookies.B. Making a list.C. Shopping for groceries.

4. What are the speakers talking about?

A. A noisy night.B. Their life in town.C. A place of living.

5. What does the woman think of the pet dog?

A. Lovely.B. Annoying.C. Lazy.

第二节:(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6~7题。

6. When will the man probably check out of his room?

A. On May 14th.B. On May 16th.C. On May 17th.

7. What kind of room does the man reserve?

A. A single smoking room.

B. A single non-smoking room.

C. A double non-smoking room.

听第7段材料,回答第8~10题。

8. What does the woman want to learn?

A. Playing the violin.B. Playing the guitar.C. Playing the piano.

9. Why does the woman decide not to buy a saxophone?

A. Because it’s too expensive.

B. Because it’s not easy to move.

C. Because she can’t play it well.

10. What does the woman think is the reason for her wanting to play musical instruments?

A. Her younger years’ experience.

B. Her circle of friends nowadays.

C. Her parents’ expectations.

听第8段材料,回答第11~13题。

11. What is Anna’s chemistry grade now?

A. B  B. B+  C. D

12. When does Anna’s study group meet?

A. After school.B. On the weekends.C. During lunch hour.

13. Who is Anna speaking to?

A. A study group member.B. Her teacher.C. Her father.

听第9段材料,回答第14~16题。

14. How long will the man probably stay in China?

A. Half a year.B. At least one year.C. Less than one year.

15. What is very difficult for the man to learn Chinese?

A. Knowing the four tones.

B. Writing the Chinese characters.

C. Getting interested in the language.

16. Why does the woman suggest the language-exchange program?

A. The man has long been interested in it.

B. She wants to make friends with the man.

C. They can help each other in language learning.

听第10段材料,回答第17~20题。

17. What does the Golden Rule ask people to do?

A. Develop personal rules.

B. Respect their families and ancestors.

C. Treat others as they wish to be treated.

18. Which is a teaching of Confucius?

A. Governments should be moral.

B. Husbands should respect wives.

C. People should memorize rules of behavior.

19. How did Confucius teach lessons?

A. Through arguments.

B. Through reasoning.

C. Through personal examples.

20. What does the speaker say about Confucius’ influence?

A. He used to be even more important.

B. He has influenced many cultures.

C. He has little effect on people today.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分35分) 

第一节:(共10个小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分) 

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

When it comes to judgment of their bodies, women can’t win. People often make “fat jokes”, but fat-shaming is no laughing matter; neither is fit-shaming. I spoke to two women who were shamed for being fat, and then, after losing weight, shamed for being fit. 

Sarah Moore is a 29-year-old mother of three from Indiana, US. She became a personal trainer after losing more than 45 kg. She remembers the fat-shaming she bore before her weight loss. When waiting to get on a roller coaster once, people behind her were complaining about the wait, and the attendant (服务人员) told them, “Don’t worry. She’s not going to fit on here, and you’ll be next.” But after losing weight, Moore said people commented on her body even more. “Now I get comments like, ‘Are you sure you can eat that?’ because they’re worried I’ll regain the weight,” she said. How does it make her feel? “Fat-shaming made me feel sad and helpless, and fit-shaming makes me angry,” she said.         

Changes in body weight can also influence relationships. It can upset the balance because others can get jealous. People who lose weight can experience personality changes, such as an increase in confidence, which also influences relationships. 

Fit-shaming has been harder to handle for Andrea Sereda, a 38-year-old social worker in Canada. She said judgment of her body is something she’s faced for years. Sereda said that when she was 9, her grandfather told her at a birthday party, “I don’t think you should eat cake,” and made comments about how many calories each bite contained as she ate it. She also experienced similar things in college. The judgment of Sereda’s body increased after she lost 57 kg. “It’s worse with people who knew me from before,” Sereda said. “People constantly say, ‘You’re so skinny now you’re going to disappear.’”  It was mostly friends making such comments. Closer friends seemed to compare their own bodies negatively to Sereda’s new physique (体型). “I was afraid of going out and having to field all these comments,” Sereda said. “I had to learn how to handle it.”  

Let us try to understand that just because someone has lost weight, it doesn’t make them fair game for commentary on their new shape. Everyone deserves to live free of being body shamed, regardless of how they look.

21. Sarah Moore is shamed for being fit after losing weight mainly because ________.

A. people still judge her new body shape

B. she lost too much weight after her diet

C. her personality changed for the better

D. people are all jealous of her new look

22. The example of Andrea Sereda is used to ________.

A. explain what pushes women to lose weight

B. show the negative effects of fit shaming

C. suggest what can be done to handle fat shaming

D. show the difficulties overweight women face

23. What would be a proper way to treat those who have lost weight?

A. To appreciate their new body shape.

B. To stop commenting on their physique.

C. To encourage them to maintain their shape.

D. To remind them to be careful with their diet.

B

Digital technology has made life easier for most people. With a smartphone in hand, people can shop online, watch TV shows and arrange a taxi. Zhu Yiwei, 17, from Anhui province, wanted his grandfather to have access to this convenience, so he bought him a new phone as a gift. But his grandfather still uses the phone just for calling and messaging. “He said other functions make him confused,” said Zhu.

This is a common problem faced by the elderly in the digital age. Although China already has more than 900 million Internet users, among them, those aged 60 and above make up just 6.7 percent, according to the Statistical Report on Internet Development.

     Even though the elderly have access to the Internet, they mainly do it for communication and information acquisition, according to a survey by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Other services are still strange to them. That’s why elderly people are sometimes called “digital refugees”. For example, since the COVID-19 pandemic, people are often asked to show a green health code on their phone to get into public places. But most elderly people don’t use smartphones. Even if they have one, many don’t know how to operate it, People’s Daily noted.

“We have made a lifelong contribution to society, but now we feel abandoned by it,” a 75-year-old Beijing resident surnamed Bai told the Global Times. For the elderly, one way of mastering digital technology is to learn from younger family members. However, not all of these younger people have the patience or time to teach the elderly. In addition, aging results in many physical problems, such as weak eyesight and bad memory. This makes it harder to use smartphones.

    The government and other organizations in China are trying to help. See Young, a Beijing-based NGO, aims to help China’s elderly use mobile services. Student volunteers have been providing free computer and smartphone training for elderly people in over 200 communities across the country.

Zhao Jingchuan, 17, from Xi’an Gaoxin No 1 High School, and his team members also tried to help. This year, their draft proposal was brought to the two sessions. They suggested more ways to help introduce the technology to the older generation, including sending manuals (手册), offering technical support, and cybersecurity education.

24. Why is Zhu Yiwei’s example mentioned in the first paragraph?

A. To praise him for caring for his grandfather.

B. To show how the elderly use smart phones. 

 C. To tell how different generations get along. 

   D. To present the difficulties the elderly face. 

25. Elderly people are sometimes called “digital refugees” because ________.

A. they have fewer chances to use the Internet

B. they have trouble using digital technology

C. they are unwilling to use new technology 

D. they don’t have suitable digital products

26. What do the last two paragraphs mainly talk about?

A. The expectations of the elderly in the digital age.

B. The advantages of digital technology for the elderly. 

   C. The efforts made to help the elderly use technology. 

D. The help young people provided for the elderly.

C

Nowadays, we almost never write things by hand. However, multiple studies have shown that this act has many benefits. New brain research, led by researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, confirms the same: choosing handwriting over using a keyboard results in better learning and memory. “When you write your shopping list or lecture notes by hand, you simply remember the content better afterwards,” said Audrey van der Meer, author of the study.

The study was conducted using equipment to track and record brain wave activity. The participants included 12 young adults and 12 children. This is the first time that children have participated in such a study. Each subject was asked to write by hand and type on a keyboard while wearing a hood with over 250 electrodes (电极). The sensors in the electrodes are very sensitive and pick up the electrical activity that takes place in the brain. Each examination took 45 minutes per person.

The results showed that the brain in both young adults and children is much more active when writing by hand than when typing on a keyboard. According to Van der Meer, plenty of senses are activated by pressing a pen on paper, seeing the letters written and hearing the sound made while writing. These sense experiences build contact between different parts of the brain, opening the brain up for learning.

Van der Meer believes that the outcomes stress the importance of children being challenged to draw and write at an early age, especially at school. “Learning to write by hand is a bit slower process, but it’s important for children to go through the tiring phase of learning to write by hand,” she said. 

The hand movements used to form the shapes of letters are beneficial in several ways. “If you use a keyboard, you use the same movement for each letter. Writing by hand requires control of your fine motor (精细动作) skills and senses. It’s important to put the brain in a learning state as often as possible,” Van der Meer added. For example, you might use a keyboard to write an essay, but you should take notes by hand during a lecture.

27. What’s the main purpose of the text?

   A. To encourage us to write essays by hand.

B. To advise children to start to write early.

C. To report on a new study on handwriting.

D. To explain how handwriting affects adults.

28. What do we know about the study?

A. The study involved 12 participants altogether. 

B. The participants were divided into two groups.

C. All the participants were gathered for examination. 

D. The sensors were used to track brain wave activity.

29. Why does the brain become more active when writing by hand than when typing on a keyboard according to Van der Meer?

A. More senses are made active. 

B. Handwriting is easier on the brain. 

C. Noise made by typing distracts the brain.

D. The brain is more used to the skills required. 

30. How does Van der Meer think handwriting benefits people?

A. It allows children to become more patient.

B. It increases people’s interest in learning. 

C. It helps people develop fine motor skills.

D. It allows people to write better essays. 

第二节:(共5个小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Young girls are waiting in long lines to shop at Brandy Melville, an Italian fashion brand. You can find small skirts, tiny T-shirts and skinny jeans there.    31   

With celebrities (明星) and fashion vloggers posting photos of Brandy Melville clothing online, the brand has got popular all over the world. However, many girls are finding that the brand’s clothes are too small. The brand’s idea of “one size fits all” has made them feel uncomfortable.

 “   32    Everyone has a different shape,” a girl named Allison told Buzzfeed.

“It sends a message that if you don’t fit into the clothing, whether it’s too big or too small, you’re not ‘normal’, which leads to all sorts of body dissatisfaction,” Allison added.

__33    According to a survey by Girl Guiding UK, 47 percent of girls aged 11-21 say the way they look holds them back. In China, more than half of teenagers want to lose weight to make themselves look better, according to a survey by Southern Weekly.

Fashion trends set by companies like Brandy Melville are “ruining the girl’s self-esteem (自尊心)”, as Nicolette Simons wrote for Odyssey. The unrealistic sizes of their clothes can make girls feel like they are too fat.    34    They might not even realize that this is not their fault, but the fault of the trend. 

“Girls should learn to accept different body shapes and show themselves with confidence,” as TMT Post said. Nobody needs to be a “Brandy Melville girl”.    35     

A. Just be yourself.

B. Your clothes say a lot about you.

C. There’s clearly no such thing as one size fits all!

D. They might try to lose weight at the cost of their health.

E. Everything in the shop is designed only for one body type: thin.

F. In fact, it’s common for teenagers to feel unhappy with their bodies.

G. Following fashion trends has little to do with your personal comfort.

第三部分: 语言运用 (共两节, 满分45分)  

第一节:完形填空(共20个小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)  

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Clara Daly was    36    on an Alaska Airlines flight from Boston to Los Angeles when an air hostess asked a(n)    37    question over the loudspeaker, “Does anyone on board    38    American Sign Language?” Clara, 15 at the time,    39    the call button. The air hostess came by and explained the situation, “we have a passenger on the plane who’s    40    and deaf,” she said. The passenger seemed to want something, but he was travelling    41    and the air hostesses couldn’t understand what he needed.

Clara had been studying ASL for the past years,    42    she unfastened her seat belt, walked toward the front of the plane, and    43    by the aisle seat of Tim Cook, who was in his sixties. Gently taking his hand, she    44   , “How are you? Are you OK?” Cook asked for some water. When it arrived, Clara returned to her seat. She    45    again a bit later because he wanted to know the time. On her                                               ___46    visit, she stopped and stayed a while.

“He didn’t need anything. He was    47    and wanted to talk,” Clara says. So for the next hour, she talked about her family and her    48    for the future. She wanted to be a politician. Cook told Clara how he had    49    become blind over time and shared stories of his days    50    a travelling salesman. Even though he couldn’t see her, she looked    51    at his face with such kindness,

“Clara was    52   ,” the air hostess told Alaska Airlines in a blog    53   . “You could tell Tim was very excited to    54    someone he could speak to, and she was such an angel.” And for Cook, it was    55    the best trip he’d ever had.

36.A. placedB. seatedC. boardedD. taken

37.A. anxiousB. dangerousC. urgentD. important

38.A. knowB. tellC. speakD. study

39.A. removedB. spottedC. foundD. pressed

40.A. blindB. disabledC. sickD. unconscious

41.A. alongB. apartC. aloneD. aside

42.A. butB. soC. andD. for

43.A. kneltB. stoodC. satD. lay

44.A. showedB. whisperedC. expressedD. signed

45.A. marched onB. came byC. walked aboutD. wandered through

46.A. thirdB. secondC. otherD. extra

47.A. shyB. anxiousC. painfulD. lonely

48.A. opinionsB. preparationsC. plansD. views

49.A. suddenlyB. graduallyC. abruptlyD. unbelievably 

50.A. asB. likeC. forD. by

51.A. directlyB. curiouslyC. attentivelyD. cautiously

52.A. usualB. awfulC. ordinaryD. amazing

53.A. eventB. interviewC. meetingD. activity

54.A. getB. accompanyC. haveD. face

55.A. indeedB. naturallyC. simplyD. extremely

第Ⅱ卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:(共10个小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

The first on the must-go attraction list of Jiuzhaigou is the Jiuzhai Valley National Park.    56   

 (locate) about 460 kilomatres away from Chengdu, it has a(n)    57    (usual) ecosystem with dozens of lakes, waterfalls, forests and rare animals. There goes a saying    58    no mountain is worth seeing after the Yellow Mountain and no other water will be    59    interest after the Jiuzhai Valley. If there are “fairylands” in the world, Jiuzhaigou is    60    (certain) one of them. This site has been designated as    61    UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Going west along Jiuhuang Ring Way towards Chengdu, visitors can stop and explore many spectacular scenic    62    (wonder). The Huanglong National Scenic Reserve is famous for its   ___63   (colour) waters, lakes, hot springs, snow-capped mountains, valleys, and forests. It is another must-see for visitors    64    (come) to Jiuzhaigou. The majestic snow-capped Xuebaoding Mountain,    65    is 5,500 metres above sea level, stands on the way to Huang Reserve. It is a favourite among mountain climbers and hikers.

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分15分) 

假定你是李华,  高考后想报考英语专业,但是你的口语太差,偶然的一个机会你从网上发现外籍教师Anna在线辅导英语口语。请根据以下要点写一封求助信,内容包括:

1.介绍自己的情况;

2.向外教求助;

3. 表示感谢并期盼回复。

注意:

1.词数80左右;

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

                                                                                        

第二节:读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

A. J. shut the door of the truck. “Ready,” he said. His dad started the truck. It was six o’clock and freezing, but the strong morning sun promised warmer temperatures. It had been colder than normal over the past week, and the ground and ponds were already frozen. 

“After we check on the cows,” Dad said, “you should have some time to practice roping cattle.” A. J. wanted to enter the rodeos (牛仔竞技表演) in which cowboys rode wild horses, and caught cattle with ropes. 

The best professionals could break from the gate on horseback, rope a calf(小牛), and hog-tie the calf in less than ten seconds. So far, A.J. needed nearly a minute and a half, but he’d only been at it for a few months. 

The truck bounced down the dirt road. In a few minutes, they passed through the field gate. 

A. J. pulled a pair of telescopes. The black spots of cows on the far hill took shape. The cows gathered around the pond. A. J. guessed they wanted the water locked under the ice. Suddenly, they heard extremely frightened shouts from one cow. Dad stopped the truck, and he and A. J. stared at the frozen pond anxiously. 

A calf lay on the ice in the middle of the pond. A cow, no doubt the calf’s mother, stood onshore, shouting desperately. The calf struggled to get up but slipped and fell each time. 

The morning sun seemed warmer. Too warm. A. J. knew that the situation was urgent. If the calf lay there too long, she could fall through the ice and drown. Dad eased the truck down the hill and stopped at the edge of the pond. “No telling how long she’s been there,” he said. “The ice could be about to melt. I don’t think we can risk it.” Dad shook his head, “It’s just not safe.”

注意:

1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1:

A. J. watched the calf, whose eyes were wide with fright. ___________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

________________________________

Paragraph 2:

It would be just like rodeo practice, A. J. thought, trying to stay calm. __________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________


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