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吉林省吉林市2021届高三上学期第一次调研考试英语试题

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吉林省吉林市2021届高三上学期第一次调研考试英语试题
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吉林市普通中学2020-2021学年度高中毕业年级第一次调研测试

英语


第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. How does the woman want her meat cooked?

A. Rare.B. Medium-rare.C. Well done.

2. Which place will the man go to this weekend?

A. A concert hall.B. A stadium.C. A gallery.

3. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Polite greetings.B. Table manners.C. Body language.

4. What are the speakers doing?

A. Taking a picture.B. Having a haircut.C. Looking at a photo.

5. What will the man do after he gets home?

A. Drive to a furniture store.

B. Buy the woman a new table.

C. Borrow a truck from the woman.

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

6. What does the woman think of electronic music?

A. It is clever.B. It is loud.C. It is modern.

7. How old was the woman when attending a classical concert?

A. 16.B. 17.C. 18.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

8. Why does the man turn to the woman?

A. He has to work late.

B. He has to get groceries.

C. He has a package to come.

9. What is the man getting?

A. A box of fruit.B. Some alcohol.C. Some sports equipment.

10. What do we know about the speakers’ kids?

A. They are under the age of 21.

B. They’ll return home by 3:00 p.m.

C. They’ll practice soccer at 5:00 p.m.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

11. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Father and daughter.B. Teacher and student.C. Classmates.

12. What does the woman want to become?

A A security guard.

B. A computer security expert.

C. A computer science teacher.

13. What does the man suggest the woman do?

A. Do well in math.B. Major in math.C. See math as a career.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

14. Where does the conversation take place?

A. At school.B. At the zoo.C. At an amusement park.

15. Why is Lisa surprised?

A. John was busy.B. John arrived late.C. John changed his mind.

16. Why did John lie to Lisa?

A. He wanted to come alone.

B. He was afraid of roller coasters.

C. He wanted to give her a surprise.

17. What does John say about Lisa?

A. Considerate.B. Brave.C. Reliable.

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。

18. Why did the speaker buy a new umbrella?

A. His old one was damaged.

B. He really loved that one.

C. He failed to bring one.

19. What is the main advantage of the hotel’s location?

A. It is beside the Eiffel Tower.

B. It is very close to a bakery.

C. It is within walking distance to Louvre.

20. Why did the speaker go to Paris?

A. To see some artworks.

B. To eat some French food.

C. To meet some good friends.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题2分,满分 30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

The following figures made a great difference to the world, but have you heard of their graduation speeches, in which they either share their unforgotten experiences or give you some great inspiration?

Michael Dell, University of Texas at Austin

Congratulations! You all accomplished something great and important here, and it’s time for you to move on to what’s next. You must not let anything prevent you from taking those first steps…You must also commit to the adventure. Just have faith in the skills and the knowledge you’ve been blessed with then advance.

J.K. Rowling, Harvard University

Half my lifetime ago, I was striking an unstable balance between my ambition and the expectation from my parents who were not rich...But what I feared most for myself at your age was not poverty, but failure. The fact that you are graduating from Harvard suggests that you know little about failure; you might be driven by a fear of failure quite as much as a desire for success.

Steve Jobs, Stanford University

Sometimes life is going to hit you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith…Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work, and the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking, and don’t settle.

Bill Gates, Harvard University

We need as many people as possible to have access to the advanced technology to lead to a revolution in what human beings can do for one another. They are making it possible not just for national governments, but for universities, smaller organizations, and even individuals to see problems, see approaches and deal with the world’s inequality like hunger, poverty, and so on.

21. Which topic is NOT mentioned according to the speeches?

A. Equip ourselves to help.B. Take failure seriously.

C. Deal with our time properly.D. Have faith in what you do.

22. What did JK Rowling fear most when she was studying in university?

A. Poverty.B. Hunger.

C. Defeat.D. Appearance.

23. Who might agree with “Don’t ever let somebody tell you you can’t do something.”?

A. Michael Dell.B. J.K. Rowling.

C. Bill Gates.D. Steve Jobs.

B

“May she grow up to be as intelligent as her mother.”

“May she become a good hostess.”

“May she be the most beautiful bride in Quanzhou.”

“She will be a famous authoress.”

This last wish was expressed by my elder uncle. I knew it because, being himself fond of writing, he always said the same thing to every-born baby.

The inspection was over; the little girl was wrapped up again and carried away. The relatives presented my mother with gifts. There were eggs in woven baskets, cackling hens, bags of sugar, and selected rice. My grandmother glanced from the bag of sweets to me, and began laughing again.

The procession of relatives moved to the dining room. At the table, the return gifts from our family were distributed, each relative receiving two red eggs. I was sad; we did not have enough money, so I could not stick a gilt-paper hieroglyphic meaning “luck” on the egg.

A year later, on my sister’s birthday the same relatives again crowded into our house. A red tablecloth was put on a table in the sitting room, and all sorts of objects were spread out: a needle and thread, a saucepan, a teapot, a paint-brush, an inkpot, a knife, a book of verses, a book of stories, a flexible spear, and a piece of printed silk.

Then the little girl, who, in her embarrassment, was trying to stick her foot into her mouth, was brought to the table, to see what object she would pick up first. If she takes a brush, she will be an authoress; if she grabs at a saucepan, she will be a housewife; if she touches silk, she will be a well-dressed woman; if she picks up a spear, she will make herself famous as a heroine or a chieftain.

I don’t know what object my little sister chose. Judging by the fact that she is now in Peking University, and shows a great deal of interest in literature, she must have chosen a brush or a book. However, she was a niece of two teachers. So many books and so much stationary were piled up that day on the red cloth that the insignificant needle and thread had no chance of getting into the hands of little An An.

In those days, she was the important person in the house. But I didn’t mind. I was grown up. I was six years older than she.

24. What is mainly described in the first four paragraphs?

A. The predictions for the newly-born baby.

B. The greetings for the newly-born baby.

C. The affections for the newly-born baby.

D. The blessings for the newly-born baby.

25. Where might this story happen?

A. Somewhere in China.

B. Somewhere in Japan.

C. Somewhere in Thailand.

D. Somewhere in Mauritius.

26. Why will she make herself famous as a chieftain if she picks up a spear?

A. Because a spear belongs to kitchenware.

B. Because a spear makes her escape easily.

C. Because a spear produces bad smells.

D. Because a spear protects her from being hurt.

27. What is the author’s attitude to the fact that the little sister was the center in the house?

A. Tolerant.B. Jealous.C. Inspirational.D. Overjoyed.

C

Coca-Cola, which reportedly produced more than 3 million tons of plastic packaging in 2017, announced Thursday it wants to “help fix the world’s plastic waste problem one community at a time.”

The soda giant is doing so by providing $ 5.4 million for recycling programs in cities like Atlanta, Boston, Denver and Houston. In these cities, partners, like the Green Blue Institute and the Recycling Partnership, which receive the money, will work together to improve recycling rates.

“We focus on areas where we have the ability to make the biggest influence on communities through the funding and expert skills of Coca-Cola employees,” Carlos Pagoagoa, Coca-Cola’s group director of community partnerships, said in a statement. “In each city, local partners will work together to identify barriers to recycling on a local level and test a range of solutions,” he added. “We hope the learnings from these ‘model markets’ can offer solutions to other cities facing similar challenges.”

As part of the effort, the Recycling Partnership and the city of Atlanta, where the cola company’s headquarters are based, will send street teams out to open recycling carts and leave citizens cards informing them what they can and can’t recycle, and let them know how their efforts work.

“Two of the most urgent problems with recycling in the U.S. today are lack of access, followed by pollution in recycling,” Keefe Harrison, CEO of the Recycling Partnership, said in a statement. “We know from the success of Atlanta in 2017 that the citizens want to recycle, and that communicating with them in the street works.”

Last year, Coca-Cola announced its task to collect and reuse a bottle or can for each one it sells, and increase the amount of its products out of recycled materials to 50% by 2030. The brand also aims to make all its packaging fully recyclable by 2025.

28  What’s the passage mainly about?

A. Coca-Cola decides to produce less plastic packaging.

B Coca-Cola will build a plant to recycle plastic waste in different cities.

C. A soda giant intends to help deal with plastic waste in communities.

D. A soda giant announces its marketing goals.

29. How does Coca-Cola company help in recycling programs?

A. By offering funds and techniques.B. By providing experts and employees.

C. By building recycling plants.D. By advertising on TV.

30. According to Keefe Harrison, which of the following words can best describe the result of the program in Atlanta?

A. Doubtful.B. Successful.C. Discouraging.D. Uncertain.

31. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A. Coca-Cola produces more than 3 million tons of plastic packaging every year.

B. Coca-Cola chooses cities like Atlanta, Boston and Denver according to the size.

C. Street teams will be sent out to tell local people what to recycle.

D. Coca-Cola intends to increase its products to 50% by 2030.

D

Inside the white, bacteria-free walls of a new building on the southern outskirts of Beijing, two employees wearing masks and rubber gloves are busy injecting a clear, colorless liquid into rows of small bottles.

The 215,000 square feet production plant was built in recent months specifically for producing a Covid-19 vaccine (疫苗) developed by Chinese pharmaceutical company Sinovac Biotech.

CoronaVac, the vaccine candidate from Sinovac, is part of China’s push to be at the forefront of rolling out immunizations (免疫接种) against the deadly novel coronavirus.

The Nasdaq-listed biotech company began developing its vaccine in late January, less than a week after Wuhan—the original epicenter of China’s coronavirus outbreak—went into a strict lockdown.

By June, China had largely contained the coronavirus, dealing with only a small number of outbreaks. Those newly reported Covid-19 cases in China didn’t meet the necessary conditions for a Phase 3 trial, so Sinovac reached an agreement with Brazil—which ranks second in the world for infections, with more than 3.6 million reported cases.

In cooperating with the Butantan Institute in Sao Paulo, a Phase 3 study was launched in late July involving 9,000 volunteers, all health professionals who have worked with Covid-19 patients but haven’t been infected with the virus.

The tests are ongoing, but Dimas Covas, president of the Butantan Institute, said Wednesday primary data shows CoronaVac developed immunity in 97% of the people vaccinated after two doses—a level he said was “fundamental to break the chain of transmission of the coronavirus.”

32. From which of the following is the text probably taken?

A. A biology textbook.B. A news report.

C. A book review.D. A travel brochure.

33. What does the underlined phrase “rolling out” in Paragraph 3 mean?

A. Launching.B. Distributing.

C. Guarding.D. Burning.

34. What is the necessary condition for a Phase 3 trial?

A. China’s successful lockdown in Wuhan.

B. A sufficient number of infected patients.

C. All health professionals and volunteers.

D. The Nasdaq-listed biotech company.

35. Which can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Forefront: China’s push to develop a coronavirus vaccine.

B  Lockdown: China’s successful move to contain the outbreaks.

C. Infection: Brazil’s ranking second to surprise the world.

D. Immunity: Brazil’s effort to break the chain of transmission.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Tim Berners-Lee. If you don’t know his name, you’ve surely used his famous invention —the World Wide Web.

On Oct. 29, the Internet officially turned 50 years old. To mark the day, Berners-Lee wrote online, “The Internet & the web it enabled have changed billions of lives for the better. But their power for good is under threat.”

___36___

Speaking at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), he pointed out three problems affecting today’s web-criminal behavior, ad-based clickbait websites, and offensive online communication. ___37___ Both aim to protect internet users.

In the contract, he mentioned the need for companies to make sure that everyone has web access, called for a reduction in offensive material, and more personal data privacy. The latter is a hot topic right now. Big companies, like Facebook, have misused users’ personal information by sharing it with advertisers.

___38___

In this digital age, the Internet connects the world through social media, cashless payments and has become an instant source of information. It can also make a positive difference through campaigns that push for positive change, education or aid.

One such campaign is November. The movement, held every November, encourages men to grow a mustache for the whole month, post pictures online, and donate. ___39___

Not to mention, the Internet is also a source of fun. From funny kitten videos on Weibo to your very own Douyin videos, the Internet allows you to share what you create.

Speaking to the Web Foundation, Berners-Lee said, “The web has become a public square, a library, a doctor’s office, a shop, a school, and it has given marginalized groups a voice.”

“In the next 30 years, if we give up on trying to build a better web...we will have failed it. ____40____”

A. This birthday must mark the moment we take on the fight for the web we want. 

B. Tim Berners-Lee is planning to save the World Wide Web.

C. November draws public attention to mental health issues.

D. We need to come together as a global community.

E. These problems led Berners-Lee to create the Web Foundation and a contract for it.

F. The charity promotes physical health, mental health, and suicide prevention for men.

G. Despite all the negatives, we shouldn’t forget about all the benefits the Internet brings.

第三部分 语言知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

At first, Rhonda Tormaschy thought her 16-year-old daughter, Cassidy, was joking about opening up an ice cream truck. “We were sitting around one night with her and one of her friends, and this is what she ___41___ us with and we kind of thought she wasn’t ___42___ at first,” Rhonda said.

But last fall, her husband, Chad, started looking for some type of truck, and they found an old school bus in Lincoln, Oregon.

The family spent the winter fixing the bus, painting it and ___43___ it into Ice Cream Express. In order to turn the small, old school bus into an ice cream truck, the family ____44____ a freezer, fridge and sink.

“Getting it together was kind of an ___45___ for all of us,” Rhonda said. “We had to ___46___ the health inspector and get ____47____ from the police department and the fire department.”

“The community needed something to ____48____ their day and make their day better,” Cassidy said. “I thought that this would be a good way to help everybody ____49____ their day.”

She visits local business at a _____50_____ time every Thursday and plans to ____51____neighborhoods and parks in the evening, as well as serving ice cream at other summer ____52____.

Ice Cream Express serves Schwan’s products. “It’s quite a(n) ____53____.” Cassidy said. “We have everything from the sundae cones to the sandwiches and Italian ice – just about _____54_____.”

Now that the truck is up and _____55_____, Cassidy hopes her younger sisters will take it over when she _____56_____ for college.

“We have a daughter that’s going to be 13 here and that would be a perfect time for her to take it over in the next _____57_____ of years – if she wants to,” Rhonda said. “If she doesn’t want to, I think I would probably _____58_____ it if it’s still a want and a need in Dickinson.”

So far, the reception to Ice Cream Express has been _____59_____, Rhonda said.

“We haven’t had an ice cream bus in this town for years,” Rhonda. “I think it’s gone over way better than we _____60_____ it to, which is great.”

41. A. approachedB. absorbedC. announcedD. accepted

42. A. seriousB. ashamedC. distantD. original

43. A. fashioningB. reachingC. transformingD. exploring

44. A. cut inB. put inC. call inD. participate in

45. A. emotionB. encounterC. evidenceD. experience

46. A. go throughB. live throughC. look throughD. see through

47. A. descriptionsB. signaturesC. requirementsD. payments

48. A. get throughB. differ fromC. turn overD. lighten up

49. A. withinB. aboveC. acrossD. through

50. A. socialB. quietC. setD. free

51. A. echoB. assessC. visitD. spread

52. A. yardsB. toursC. snacksD. events

53. A. winningB. varietyC. opportunityD. landscape

54. A. allB. noneC. somethingD. anything

55. A. blowingB. runningC. lyingD. joking

56. A. goesB. leavesC. longsD. cares

57. A. scoreB. periodC. coupleD. handful

58. A. continueB. remindC. experimentD. follow

59. A. amazingB. disappointingC. refreshingD. relaxing

60. A. inspiredB. introducedC. expectedD. observed

第二节(共10个小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Li Ziqi has made a name for herself in her videos that highlight a traditional Chinese way of life in the rural areas of Sichuan Province. Her videos cover ____61____ (vary) crafts related to traditional culture, from making paper and ink to weaving cloth, from making a silk comforter to building her own bread kiln (窑) with blocks. Nothing seems impossible with Li’s hands as they work their magic to bring these things into ____62____ (exist).

Li, born in 1990, ____63____ (live) with her grandparents in Mianyang, Sichuan, since the age of 6 after her father died. Life was difficult for her during her youth as she and her grandparents had little to live on. Li herself said that she was ____64____ (finance) supported to continue schooling. She started to work in the city at 14 and would not have returned to her childhood home but for her grandmother ____65____ (fall) ill in 2012. After returning home, Li opened ____66____ online shop to sell mostly food products. To increase sales, she began making short films in 2016 about how these products ____67____ (create).

A Weibo user remarked, “Li’s success lies ____68____ her passion for life.” Another Weibo user wrote, “Thank you for giving me an opportunity ____69____ (appreciate) the landscape in the countryside.” Li is not without criticism. Some people have expressed skepticism because it is unbelievable _____70_____ she looks so perfect after a long day of work in the fields.

第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错 (共10小题; 每小题1分, 满分10分)

71. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I have learned that volunteers for Beijing 2022 Winter Olympic Games is needed. I’m writing to apply to this position. As a native of Beijing, I think it is a privilege and duty for me to offer the best voluntary service to our foreign guests and meanwhile promoting Chinese culture. I believe I’m equally to the job. I have good command of English and I’m confident in giving players guidance and help as requiring. What’s more, I have a knowledge of winter sports, which they will prove helpful in communicating with players. However, I have been involved in several international exchange programs, but enjoy spreading our culture to foreigners.

I would appreciate it if you could offer me the opportunities. Thank you for your time and consideration.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

72. 第二节书面表达

假定你校将举行一个成人仪式,你将作为代表在仪式上发言。请你按以下内容要点准备一篇英文发言稿。

1.过去对成年的向往;

2.现在的感受和认识;

3.将来的目标及措施。

参考词汇:责任 responsibility

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,使行文连贯;

3.发言稿的开头与结束语已为你写好(不计入总词数)

Good morning,everyone!

The topic of my speech today is “thoughts on becoming a grown-up”.           

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

________________________________________________

______________

Thank you for listening.

 

第二节:语法填空

61. various/varied    62. existence    63. has been living/has lived    64. financially    65. falling    

66. an    67. were created    68. in    69. to appreciate    70. that

短文改错

1.    is→are

2.   to→for

3.    promoting→promote

4.    equally→equal

5.    good前加a

6.    requiring→required

7.   去掉they

8.   However→Besides/Morever/Furthermore/Additionally

9    but→and

10.   opportunities→opportunity


书面表达

One possible version

Good morning,everyone!

The topic of my speech today is “thoughts on becoming a grown-up”.           

As a child, I always hoped that I could grow up as soon as possible so that I could have whatever I wanted and do whatever I liked. Now I’m a grown-up, but I find things do not go as I expected. Although I can enjoy more freedom, at the same time I realize that being a grown-up not only means this,but also more responsibilities . I hope to do more for my parents and society in the future to make my life more meaningful. To reach the goal, I must first try my best to pass the college entrance examination and enter a good university. 

Thank you for listening.



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