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广西南宁市普通高中2021届高三10月摸底测试英语试题

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广西南宁市普通高中2021届高三10月摸底测试英语试题
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2021届南宁市普通高中毕业班摸底测试

英语

(考试时间:120分钟 满分:150分)


第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt?

A.£19.15.      B.£9.18.      C.£9.15.

答案是C。

1. What does the man want to do?

A. Invite the woman for dinner.

B. Invite the woman to a show.

C. Invite the woman to see a film.

2. Where are the two speakers now?

A. On the third floor.      B. On the fourth floor.      C. On the fifth floor.

3. How much does the man need to pay?

A. $ 7.      B. $ 17.       C. $ 20.

4. Why isn’t the woman going to buy any new clothes?

A. Clothes are expensive now.   B. Summer has not come.   C. Stores only sell cheap clothes.

5  How does the man think of the woman's decision?

A. Wise.      B. Silly.      C. Interesting.

第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Who is the woman?

A. Peter's mother.       B. Mike's mother.      C. Mike's teacher.

7. Who has made a lot of mistakes?

A  John.       B. Mike.       C. Peter.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does the man find difficult to decide?

A. When to live in Germany.     B. When to leave Germany.     C. When to go to Germany.

9. Why does the woman suggest the man meet her friend?

A. To sell the flat to her friend.

B. To sell the furniture to her friend.

C. To rent the furniture to her friend.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. Where is the woman now?

A. Near the library.      B. Far from the library.      C. At Helping Center.

11. Where is the library?

A. On Third Avenue.       B. On Fourth Avenue.      C. On Main Street.

12. What probably happens after the conversation?

A. The woman finds the library for herself.

B. The man leads the woman to the library.

C. The woman still can't find the library.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Where did the girl put her textbooks after school in the U. S.?

A. In her daypack.       B. In her locker.      C. In her school bag.

14. What does the man mean by saying "That's convenient."?

A. Students needn't take notes in class.

B. Students needn't carry many books.

C. Students needn't do much homework.

15. What do we know about the girl?

A. She is new to the school.

B. She seldom asks questions in class.

C. She writes for the school newspaper.

16. When does the conversation most probably take place?

A. At the end of the school term.

B. In the middle of the school term.

C. In the beginning of the school term.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What will the tourists visit first in Utah?

A. Arches National Park.      B. Salt Lake City.      C. Local historical sites.

18. What will the tourists do during the four-day tour?

A. Visit historic cities.      B. Meet American Indians.      C. Explore natural wonders.

19. How can you join the tour?

A. By booking in advance.

B. By contacting the tour guide.

C. By buying camping equipment.

20. What is the purpose of the speaker?

A. To share travelling experience.

B. To encourage people to tour Utah.

C. To tell the tourists about the dos and don'ts.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

A Guide to Disney World Tickets

The Disney World Ticket System may seem complicated(复杂的).This guide to Disney World Tickets will help you decide which Disney World Ticket is the best choice for you and your family.

Walt Disney World Base Ticket

Start with your base ticket-Magic Your Way Base Ticket-and add on options if you need them.

You decide how many days you want to visit the four Disney World theme parks-the Magic Kingdom, Disney's MGM Studios, Animal Kingdom, and EPCOT. Magic Your Way Base Tickets are available from 1 to 10 days. The more days you pay for, the cheaper the per-day cost gets.

Disney Ticket No-Expiration Option

Every Base Ticket expires(到期) 14 days after you first use it. You can add the no-expiration option to your Base Ticket so that your unused days never expire.

Disney Water Park Fun and More

The Base Ticket only covers admission to the 4 theme parks. If you want to visit Blizzard Beach, Typhoon Lagoon, Disney's Wide World of Sports, or Disney Quest you need another Disney ticket or you can add on the Water Park Fun and More option to your Base Ticket. The amount of visits to the Water Park or Disney Quest depends on the number of days on your Base Ticket. So a 2-Day Ticket with Water Park Fun and More will give you 2 visits to the Water Parks; a 4-Day will give you 4 visits and so on.

Disney Park Hopper Ticket

The Base Ticket allows you to visit one Disney park each day. The Disney Park Hopper option lets you move from one park to another on the same day. So if you started in Animal Kingdom you could move to Magic Kingdom or one of the other theme parks on the same day.

The cost for this option is $ 53.25 per ticket regardless of the number of days you have on your Base Ticket. So it may be a good option for a 10-day ticket but not so great for a 2-day. It does take time to transfer(移动)between parks-Disney World is huge-so work out whether this is going to be the way your family want to visit.

1. Which would you purchase if you wanted your Base Ticket to be available within a year?

A. Disney Ticket No-Expiration Option.B. Magic Your Way Base Ticket.

C. Disney Park Hopper Ticket.D. Disney Water Park Fun and More.

2. What is the purpose of adding Disney Park Hopper option to the Base Ticket?

A. To visit the Disney Water Park.B. To visit one theme park per day.

C. To visit more than one theme park per day.D. To visit the theme parks all the year around.

3. Where would you probably find this passage?

A. On a factory website.B. In a travel brochure.

C. On a school notice board.D. In a fashion publication.

B

University of Arizona architecture students won the first place in a national competition for a project that reimagines the way buildings store energy for cooling.

"Being able to be recognized for your passion and having people tell you that what you're doing is really important are inspiring," said Franzen, one of the team members.

The Arizona architecture students designed one component of a larger project called SunBlock, which rethinks the traditional configuration of district energy systems that are used to heat or cool collections of buildings.

District energy systems typically involve one central plant that creates heated or cooled water, then pumps it around to the other buildings within the district. The buildings take that water and pass it through an air handling unit. Air is then passed over the water to heat or cool the building.

The SunBlock concept, designed specifically for the Sonoran Desert, focuses on cooling. The main way it is different from a traditional district energy system is that each SunBlock building would have its own solar-powered system that cools the water, rather than one central building doing it all.

Because the buildings are built so efficiently, the cooling system would provide more cold water than needed. The extra water could be stored in underground tanks and shared with existing and less efficient buildings throughout the neighborhood.

The project addresses sustainability from a number of angles: The buildings' electricity is provided with solar power; the system does not use traditional air conditioning systems that use refrigerants(制冷剂), which are polluters; and the underground water tanks can also collect rainwater for irrigation.

"I'm optimistic that SunBlock will someday be more than a first-place project. We will do our best to help future groups of students who move SunBlock forward and bring it closer to reality," said Franzen. "We just have to get more people on board."

4. How is the SunBlock concept different from a traditional district energy system?

A. Cold water cooling the air.B. Less cold water for buildings.

C. One cooling system for one building.D. One central building for all buildings.

5. From Paragraph 7, we can learn that SunBlock buildings are        .

A. cheap to buildB. environmentally friendly

C. easy to manageD. convenient for irrigation

6. What did Franzen say about SunBlock?

A. It could be put into use now.B. It needed more people to improve it.

C. It should be introduced to more people.D. It couldn't be considered a first-place project.

7. What is the best title for the text?

A. Storing Solar Energy for BuildingsB. Keeping Buildings Cool with Cold Water

C. Changing the Way Buildings are BuiltD. Rethinking the Way Buildings Are Cooled

C

Imagine meeting someone for the first time who comes from a distant country but is fluent in your language. Would you adapt the tone of your voice, or the spacing of pauses in your speech? How about adjusting your body language and facial expressions, depending on the background of the person in front of you?

These are just a handful of the shifts in behaviour that can contribute to what is known as your "cultural intelligence", or CQ.

"The number one predictor of your success in today's borderless world is not your IQ, or not even your expertise(专长)," writes social, scientist David Livermore in his book The Cultural Intelligence Difference. "It's your CQ."

Typically CQ is measured through a series of questions that assess four distinct components. The first is "CQ Drive"-the motivation to learn about other cultures. Then there is "CO Knowledge", which is an understanding of some of the general cultural differences you may face. "CQ Strategy" examines how you make sense of those difficult conflicts and learn from them, while "CQ Action" involves your behavioural flexibility-whether you are able to adapt your conduct like a cultural chameleon.

"While understanding a specific culture can be useful, it may not predict at all your ability to engage effectively in a new place," says Livermore. "In fact, our research finds that individuals who have lived in multiple locations for extended time are more likely to have higher CQ Knowledge than those who have lived multiple decades in one overseas setting."

Someone with low CO might have a tendency to judge everyone else's behaviour by his own cultural standards. If he comes from a more sociable environment, for instance, and notices that his Japanese colleagues are very quiet in a meeting, he may assume that they are being unfriendly or bored. A person at the top of the scale(级别), meanwhile, might realise that silence is a sign of respect and that feedback(反馈)won't be given unless it is explicitly required. As a result, he'll make sure to offer suitable opportunities within the meeting for others to provide their opinions.

8. Which of the following best describes "a cultural chameleon"?

A. Learning from other cultures to have a high CQ.

B. Taking action to overcome the communication barrier.

 C. Getting along well with others despite cultural differences.

D. Changing behaviour according to the cultural background.

9. What is the best way to get high CQ Knowledge?

A. Experiencing a variety of different cultures.B. Spending a long time in a specific culture.

C. Meeting people from a distant country.D. Having personal experience in another culture.

10. What kind of people do the "Japanese colleagues" represent?

A. People with low CO.B. People with high CQ.

C. People from a different culture.D. People from a sociable environment.

11. Whom is the text mainly intended for?

A. Those who are going to be a social scientist.

B. Those who want to learn about CQ Knowledge.

C. Those who conduct some research on CQ and IQ.

D. Those who interact with people from different cultures.

D

Sitting up straight in your chair isn’t just good for your posture(姿势)-it also gives you more confidence in your own thoughts, according to a new study.

“Our body posture can affect not only what others think about us, but also how we think about ourselves,” said Richard Petty, co-author of the study.

The study included 71 students at Ohio State. They were told they would take part in two separate studies at the same time, one organized by the business school and one by the arts school.

They were told the arts study was examining factors contributing to people's acting abilities, in this case, the ability to maintain a specific posture while engaging in other activities. They were instructed to either “sit up straight” or “sit slouched(无精打采)forward”.

While in one of these positions, the students participated in the business study, which supposedly examined factors contributing to professional performance. While holding their posture, they listed either three positive or three negative personal traits(特质)relating to future professional performance on the job. After completing this task, they took a survey in which they rated themselves on how well they would do as a future professional employee.

The results were striking.

Students who held the upright, confident posture were much more likely to rate themselves in line with the positive or negative traits they wrote down. In other words, if they wrote positive traits about themselves, they rated themselves more highly, and if they wrote negative traits about themselves, they rated themselves lower.

However, students who assumed the slouched, less confident posture, didn’t seem convinced by their own thoughts-their ratings didn’t differ much regardless of whether they wrote positive or negative things about themselves.

“Their confident, upright posture gave them more confidence in their own thoughts, whether they were positive or negative,” Petty said.

“Sitting up straight is something you can train yourself to do, and it has psychological benefits-as long as you generally have positive thoughts,” he said.

12. When did the business study take place?

A. When the students took the survey.B. When the arts study was going on.

C. After the arts study was conducted.D. After the students took the survey.

13. Which can be included in the underlined words "other activities" in' Paragraph 4?

A. Sitting up straight.B. Working as an employee.

C. Listing personal traits.D. Participating in the arts study.

14. What do we know about the ratings given by those who sat up straight?

A. They were rather high.

B. They were relatively low.

C. They agreed with the written-down traits.

D. They were different from the written-down traits.

15. What can be the conclusion of the study?

A. Body posture affects our confidence level.

B. Confidence leads to good body posture.

C. Body posture affects professional performance.

D. Personal traits affect professional performance.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Tracking Your Life

Sometimes we don't realize we have a problem until we see the facts.___16___Here are some essential things in your life you should track.

Money is limited, so you should track your personal finance to use money wisely. Many people aren't aware that they have a financial problem until everything is too late. Or perhaps they're aware, but they don't know how it happened.____17____That's why you should take notes of your income and expenses so that you can take necessary action.

Have you ever had days when you wondered why you had accomplished so little? That's one reason why you need to track your time so that you may know where your time went.

___18___For example, you can create a time log(日志)where you record all your activities during the day along with the time and duration.____19____A simpler way is to just track how many productive sessions you have in a day. Or, you can track your time indirectly by tracking your goals for the day. If you achieve your desired goals, then you know that you've used your time productively.

___20___Do you have a good habit that you want to build or a bad habit that you want to break? You may do this by tracking your habits.

You can do it simply by taking notes of how many times you do the habit in a certain period of time. You can then see how your score is for that period of time. With a good habit, the goal is to maximize the score while with a bad habit the goal is to minimize it.

A. There are many ways to do this.

B. This could be burdensome, though.

C. Consequently, they have no idea how to solve it.

D. That's why tracking your life is always so important.

E. Habits have a big effect on how you reach your goal.

F. Yet they manage their money regardless of what happens.

G. Sometimes, developing your personal habits can make 'a beneficial change.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Lois Conner calls herself a collector of landscapes(风景). Her____21____started in childhood, but it turned into an artistic mission over the last three decades as she____22____China in search of images(图像)full of detail and history.

And to think, her life's work started almost____23____.

She was a graduate student in photography at Yale, from 1979 to 1981, when she chose a____24____on Ming dynasty landscape painting, where she was____25____by the scenes of the Li River, in what is now Guilin. "I asked my professor, why did they make up that kind of landscape?" she recalled. "And he said, 'That place really____26____.'"

That's when she____27____she had to go to China. She did get there in 1984 and her____28____about Chinese landscapes has kept her____29____ever since. "I started on something and I just feel like it's_____30_____going to be finished," Ms. Conner said.

Ms. Conner has a_____31_____affection for lotuses(荷花). "It was raining and it was summer," she said. "I got completely_____32_____. I just wanted to go home and take a shower. But, all of a sudden, I_____33_____those lotuses and drops of water sparkling(闪光)on top of them."

"_____34_____the lotuses, I want to cry and photograph them over and over," Ms. Conner said. "And then when I don't have any_____35_____film, I just want to sit there. It's like being in_____36_____. I don't want it to_____37_____."

"The most important thing is not a big pile of money, but a life's_____38_____. Atget is the perfect_____39_____," she said, referring to the French photographer Eugene Atget. "He put all the money into his work, but look what he has given us. It's so great. That's what I_____40_____at the end of my life."

21. A. ambitionB. discoveryC. interestD. belief

22. A. traveled throughB. enquired aboutC. wrote aboutD. searched for

23. A. in timeB. by turnsC. in vainD. by chance

24. A. jobB. courseC. gameD. debate

25. A. coveredB. struckC. controlledD. overcome

26. A. improvesB. countsC. opensD. exists

27. A. suggestedB. knewC. explainedD. judged

28. A. descriptionB. imaginationC. curiosityD. responsibility

29. A. returningB. dreamingC. learningD. painting

30. A. justB. evenC. neverD. certainly

31. A. specialB. commonC. specificD. normal

32. A. coldB. thirstyC. anxiousD. wet

33. A. recognizedB. noticedC. rememberedD. understood

34. A. Holding upB. Thinking ofC. Looking atD. Talking about

35. A. betterB. quickerC. longerD. more

36. A. loveB. safetyC. surpriseD. silence

37. A. happenB. continueC. stopD. pass

38  A. workB. experienceC. valueD. lesson

39. A. supporterB. followerC. starD. example

40. A. requestB. desireC. adoreD. recommend

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

During the best of times, many people are doing everything they can___41___(realize) their dreams of serving others and making the world a better place. The Covid-19 pandemic(流行病)has made their jobs much____42____(hard). But they have quickly changed the way to serve others to keep their communities supported and____43____(connect).

Maria Rose Belding and her team run the food rescue app MEANS. They connect businesses with extra food to charities that feed the____44____(hunger), Despite the restaurant shutdown, she says they recently have had more than half a million pounds of food donated through their platform.

Leslie Morissette knows the____45____(important) of keeping kids together. Through Grahamtastic Connection, in the last 21 years she____46____(spend) much time providing free technology to children battling serious illnesses,____47____(make) sure that they stay in touch with their classes and friends. She is now calling on Internet companies to provide their services for free to kids____48____need.

When Covid-19 hit, Ned Norton had to close his Warriors on Wheels gym,____49____he has trained members of Albany, New York's disabled community, for over 30 years. He knew his members not only missed their friends_____50_____were also scared. So, Norton recorded a video on Facebook to reconnect while trying to reproduce the fun and laughs from the gym.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

51. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下而写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

It was the Mid-Autumn Festival yesterday, and I invite my foreign friend Harry to spend the traditionally festival with my family.

At table, my father was warmly welcomed Harry. He said, "This is a family reunion dinner for a Chinese family on the Mid-Autumn Festival, so today you are certainly one of our family." Harry was so happy but, of course, enjoyed the delicious Chinese dishes preparing by my mother.

In the evening, we sat in the yard, listening to some beautiful story about the moon and sharing moon cakes while admire the moon. "How an amazing day I've had today! I will never forget them, " Harry said.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

52. 假如你是李华,你在北京学习 英国朋友Tom给你发来邮件,说他下周五将要来你的家乡游玩,希望你能够当向导。请你根据以下提示给他回一封邮件:

1.行前准备;

2.行程安排;

3.约定见面的时间、地点。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Tom 

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

___________________________________________________

_______________________

Yours,

Li Hua

 

 

书面表达

One possible version

Dear Tom,

I'm excited to know that you are coming to my hometown for a visit. It is definitely my pleasure to be your tour guide, and here are some tips you should notice ahead.

You can make a full preparation before your journey, such as checking the local weather and reading some books about the culture, which will make your stay enjoyable. As for the arrangements of this journey, I have made a specific plan with various activities including going to some marvelous places of interest to experience the beauty while trying delicious local food. I am confident that you will have a better understanding of my hometown after the trip. Shall we meet at the airport at 7 pm next Friday if it is convenient for you?

I am sure we will have a good time! If there is any change, please contact me in time. Looking forward to seeing you.

Yours,

Li Hua


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