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江苏省镇江市四校2021届高三上第一次联考英语试题

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江苏省镇江市四校2021届高三上第一次联考英语试题
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高三英语联考试卷

2020. 10

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where is the man's brother?

A. At home.         B. In the hospital.       C. In the office. 

2. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Husband and wife.   B. Waiter and customer.   C. Teacher and student. 

3. Who is the man?

A. The woman's husband.  B. The woman's boss.    C. The woman's teacher. 

4. What is the girl going to do next?

A. Go to school.       B. Have breakfast.       C. Pack her school bag. 

5. What will the woman do at about ten o'clock?

A. Have a meeting.      B. Call Mr. Johnson again.  C. Go to Siemens. 

第二节(共15小题;每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What does the woman want to find at first?

A. A fruit market.       B. A supermarket.      C. A parking area. 

7. Where is the parking area?

A. Behind the fruit market. 

B. In front of the supermarket. 

C. Between the fruit market and the supermarket. 

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does the woman worry about her daughter?

A. She doesn't get along well with her. 

B. She failed the college entrance exam. 

C. She doesn't always have her own views. 

9. What is the man's opinion about teenagers' problem?

A. They know nothing. 

B. They don't like their parents. 

C. They want to be independent. 

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What are the two speakers talking about?

A. A camp.       B. A photo.          C. An adventure. 

11. In what aspect does the girl have in common with her father?

A. Figure.       B. Character.            C. Appearance. 

12. How does the girl feel when talking about her father?

A. Proud.       B. Angry.             C. Worried. 

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Where does this conversation probably take place?

A. In a fast food restaurant. B. In a supermarket.    C. In a store. 

14. What is the woman's favorite drink now?

A. Orange juice.         B. Coffee.             C. Pepsi-cola. 

15. What is advertised by Beckham?

A. The woman's glasses. B. The woman's shoes.    C. The man's sports clothes. 

16. What can we learn from the conversation?

A. The man is a big fan of Beckham. 

B. The man has his own ideas about fashion. 

C. The woman has been influenced by her fans. 

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Who probably is the speaker?

A. A teacher.            B. A writer.C. A computer salesman. 

18. What is Better Computer Skills about?

A. How to use software.  B. How to use the Internet.C. How to use a keyboard. 

19. When will the course be had on how to use the Internet?

A. On Sept. 5th.         B. On Sept. 8th.         C. On Sept. 12th. 

20. How many courses are there in all?

A. Three.              B. Four.               C. Five. 

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2. 5分,满分37. 5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Petra and Wadi Rum, Jordan

When it comes to the world's wonderful desert scenery, Jordan's Petra and Wadi Rum has it. Also known as the Valley of the Moon, this place is one of the best due to its amazing desert canyons(峡谷)and rock walls. Participants love exploring its Burdah and Um Fruth, walking to the impressive ancient city. 

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

The Rongai Route is the best route if the participants of the walking tour want a quiet climb. The Kili Trail permits travelers to witness the region's wilderness, virgin forests, and rare animals. This route, according to many, is the easiest way to reach the top where the breath-taking 360-degree sights of natural wonders await. 

Quebec, Canada

This special environment made up of both the natural and cultural treasures, where fresh water becomes one with the tides(潮汕)of the sea, makes Quebec one of the interesting walking tour destinations in the world. Here is a track that heads to the Saguenay Fjord National Park which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Adding to the beauty of Quebec are its sparkling waterfalls, inviting lakes, and rare animals. 

Great Smoky Mountain, US

This region(地区)has been named as the ancestral home of the Cherokee Indians, where rich natural wonders combined with interesting history are the major happenings. The rich natural reserve is evident and enjoyed by walking tour participants. What also makes this destination a popular choice is its reputation as the biggest wilderness on the eastern part of the United States. 

21. What is Petra and Wadi Rum best known for?

A. Its culture.      B. Its quietness.      C. Its rare animals.   D. Its desert scenery. 

22. Which tour combines the scenery of land and water?

A. Petra and Wadi Rum. B. Kilimanjaro.       

C. Quebec.                     D. Great Smoky Mountain. 

23. What is unique to Great Smoky Mountain?

A. Special history.   B. National park.    C. Virgin forests.   D. Ocean view. 

24. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. Magical Nature Reserves 

B. Best Walking Tours

C. Colorful Cultural Treasures

D. Amazing Wilderness Areas

B

Regrets are often painful. A study suggests that some people can overcome them, said Jia Wei Zhang. a psychology graduate at the University of California. But this isn't the case for everyone, he said. 

The researchers wondered why some people report feeling improvement from regrets but others don't. Does it lie in how people approach their regrets?

In the study, the researchers focused on self-compassion(自我同情)as a potential factor in why some people have an easier time leaving their regrets behind them. 

400 people attended an experiment. First, they were asked to write about their biggest regret. Half wrote something they did but wish they hadn't done;the other half wrote something they didn't do but wish they had. Then, the participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups:self-compassion, self-esteem and a control group. The self-esteem group was asked to respond by "talking to yourself about this regret from the aspect of confirming your positive qualities". 

The control group was asked to write about their favorite hobby rather than their regret. Then, they were asked about their feelings of forgiveness, acceptance and personal improvement following the exercise. 

They found that the self-compassion group reported greater feelings of acceptance, forgiveness and personal improvement, compared with the control group and the self-esteem group. In other words, focusing on your best qualities is not what helps you feel better about a regret. Rather, being compassionate toward yourself is what may make a difference, the researchers found. 

It's possible that people who practice self-compassion are able to confront their regrets and see what went wrong, so they can make a better choice in the future, Zhang told Live Science. Self-compassion pushes people to accept their regret instead of running away from it. 

The researchers used an example of this from a previous study on breast cancer patients who were asked to try thinking about their treatment in a positive light before it began. The women who did so reported greater feelings of personal growth later on. 

25. What does the underlined word"confront"in Paragraph 7 mean?

A. Handle        B. Forget.       C. Ignore     D. Show. 

26. What were the students in the self-esteem group asked to do?

A. Think of a way out. 

B. Write about their regrets. 

C. Record their favorite hobbies. 

D. Treat their regrets in positive ways. 

27. Why were the participants asked about their good qualities?

A. To cover up their regrets. 

B. To see if they have weaknesses. 

C. To see if they have self-compassion. 

D. To help them feel better about their regrets. 

28. What was the aim of mentioning the researchers' study on breast cancer patients?

A. To show the method of the research. 

B. To show the value of the acceptance. 

C. To show the truth of people's feeling. 

D. To show the difficulty of the research. 

C

Your next Saturday night takeaway could be brought to you by a robot after a major food delivery company announced plans to use automated vehicles to transport meals. Europe's biggest online takeaway food company Just Eat has partnered with Starship Technologies to deliver food with robots on the streets of London later this month. "Nobody has ever done deliveries with land-based robots, "said Allan Martinson, the chief operating officer of Starship. 

The robot courier can travel up to 4 miles per hour for about 10 miles. It uses a GPS signal and nine cameras to navigate(确定方向)。Instead of a person arriving at their door, customers could find themselves receiving a notification on their phone that says a robot is on its way and a code to unlock the automated courier. "Put the code in, the robot opens up, and there's your food, "said David Buttress, chief manager of Just Eat. 

The robot, which has so far been tested in Greenwich, Milton Keynes and Glastonbury, costs E l to transport within 3 miles, compared with the E3 to E6 it costs for a human courier. To date 30 robots have driven nearly 5, 000 miles without getting into an accident or finding themselves picked on by passers-by. They have driven in more than 40 cities around the world, including London and Tallinn, Estonia. 

An initial worry was how the public would react to robots. But Martinson said the public has been calm when passing the delivery machine on the streets. "The most surprising reaction has been the lack of reaction, "said Martinson. 

Another significant fear was that people would disrupt(扰)the robots, or try to steal them and their contents. To prevent this, the robot is fitted with nine cameras, two way audio, and movement sensors that send a warning if it is lifted off the ground. And it opens only with a passcode provided to the customer via a notification. "It's much easier to shoplift than it is to steal a robot, "said Martinson. 

29. Which of the following can replace the underlined word "courier" in Paragraph 2?

A. Deliverer.  B. Collector.  C. Provider.  D. Guide. 

30. Which of the following is one of the worries about Starship robots?

A. Safety of the robot delivery. 

B. Accuracy of the robot delivery. 

C. People's indifference to the robots. 

D. People's concern about public traffic. 

31. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

A. Great Improvement of Just Eat

B. Global Trend of Food Companies

C. New Robots to Move on the Road

D. Delivery Robots to Replace Takeaway Drivers

D

Food storing is common in members of the crow(乌鸦)family. A new study tested the birds outside this naturally occurring behaviour, which may have evolved(进化)specifically because it gives crows a survival advantage. Some crow species are known to naturally use tools to recover food. So the researchers tested whether the birds could store and recover a tool so they could get it at their food after a gap of 17 hours-something we wouldn't expect them to do naturally. But they were able to instantly select the tool out of a number of unnecessary items. 

In another experiment, the researchers taught crows to select a token(礼品券)from a number of items so that they could then exchange for food. Again, the birds then showed that they could plan for the future using this new behaviour. This is different from all of the previous studies in future planning, which have focused on naturally occurring behaviour. For example, we know that chimpanzees select, transport and save appropriate tools for future needs. 

These studies have shown that animals can plan for the future-but they left an important question open for debate. Are animals only able to plan to use abilities that have evolved to give them a specific advantage, or can they flexibly and intelligently apply planning behaviour across various actions? Most critics would say the former, as the animals were tested in naturally occurring behaviors. 

But the new research provides the first evidence that animal species can plan for the future using behaviour that doesn't typically occur in nature. This supports the view that at least some recognitive abilities in animals don't evolve just in response to specific problems. Instead, it suggests that animals can apply these behaviors flexibly across problems in a similar way to humans. We need to investigate how flexible behaviour evolved. Then we might be able to see how crows' ability to plan for the future fits in with their broader cognitive powers. 

32. What's the new finding about some crows according to Paragraph 1?

A. They can store food. 

B. They can use tools to recover food. 

C. They can store and recover tools. 

D. They can select and store food. 

33. What are crows trained by scientists to do when given a token?

A. Reject it casually. 

B. Exchange it for food. 

C Save it as their food. 

D. Build a nest with it. 

34. What do scientists think of the studies that animals can plan for the future?

A. They are debatable. 

B. They are disappointing. 

C. They are contradictory. 

D. They are convincing. 

35. What can be inferred about recognitive abilities in animals?

A. They develop only with age. 

B. It is unclear how they've evolved now. 

C. No animals but crows benefit from them. 

D. Planning for the future helps their evolution. 

第二节 七选五(共5小题;每小题2. 5分,满分12. 5分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

How to Become an Activist(活动家)

Activists are people who see the need for change and devote their time to doing something about it.  36  If you are interested in it you can do so. 

37 This could be anything from a student club to a national organization(like the American

Civil Liberties Union or the National Organizers Alliance). Most activist organizations offer different levels of involvement, so you can do whatever you feel most comfortable with, whether that means attending meetings and demonstrations or just donating a little money when you can. 

Volunteer your time. One of the best ways to make a difference is to volunteer your time. Reach out to organizations in your community that do work for your cause, and ask how you can help. 

Donate money or supplies.  38 If you can't afford to donate money to an organization that supports yours cause, you may be able to donate other thing, they need, like clothing or canned food. 

Reach out to family and friends. Tell your family and friends about your cause, and invite them to get involved. If they are interested, share literature about your cause or just talk to them about what you have learned. 39

Promote your cause on social media. You can use social media to help keep your friends and followers informed about the causes you support. 40 Also, you can invite your friends to attend

events or donate to fundraisers for your cause. 

A. Take classes on issues related to your cause. 

B. Join an organization that supports your cause. 

C. They are driven by passion and a vision for a better future. 

D. If you do volunteer work, invite them to volunteer with you. 

E. Most activists or charitable organizations need resources to do their work. 

F. Post useful articles and write about what you are doing to stay involved. 

G If you can't reach out to them in person, then try connecting to people online. 

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节 完形填空(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

An act of kindness doesn't have to be a grand gesture. Even those small acts of kindness can make a difference in someone's day. That was just the case for Amie Mickey when she 41 a bumper sticker(保险杠贴纸)on her car reading:You Matter. 

Amie started to do this several years ago. At first, she wondered if people would 42 it. However, much to her surprise, she began seeing a flood of 43 every time she hit the road. More often than not, people 44 slowly near her car would roll down their windows, raising their 45 waving and smiling. Sometimes, she even found some sticky notes left on her windshield(挡风玻璃)saying things like"You 46 too!"Once while she was driving down the highway, she became_ 47 when a man driving a sports car at a high speed pulled his car alongside suddenly, waving and mouthing, "You matter!" Though it took her some time to recover from the 48,she still felt happy. Last year, someone 49 her car while she was waiting for her friend in the car by the roadside, saying to her, "It is a(an) 50 sticker. I've seen various stickers before, but none of them have touched me as your sticker has done. "The two small words on the sticker seem simple enough, but they really struck a chord with many complete strangers who 51 to catch sight of the sticker. 

Stories like Amie's really 52 the rest of us. Sometimes a kind word or gesture may lift our_

53 and it doesn't cost a thing except for a little extra thought. Maybe it means offering a friend a hug. praising the children when their children 54_well in school, helping someone out or volunteering at animal shelters or shelters for the homeless. Acts of kindness are waiting everywhere. Small as they seem, they can make a 55 impact on the world, and help form general goodness. 

41. A. tore upB. picked upC. looked upD. put up

42. A. watchB. overlookC noticeD. neglect

43. A. attentionB. strangersC. confusionD. trouble

44. A. runningB. drivingC walkingD. riding

45. A. voicesB. hatsC shouldersD. thumbs

46. A. countB. shareC. valueD. matter

47. A. frightenedB. frustratedC embarrassedD. disappointed

48. A. parkingB. speedC incidentD. car

49. A. approachedB. blockedC. repairedD. cleaned

50. A. importantB. specialC typicalD. skeptical

51. A. happenedB. occurredC. managedD. offered

52. A. shockB. inspireC. delightD. satisfy

53. A. feelingsB. thoughtsC. spiritsD. minds

54. A. workB. exerciseC. moveD. behave

55. A. reliableB. subjectiveC. positiveD. brief

第二节 语法填空(共10题,每小题1. 5分,共15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Most people nowadays are so busy with their lives that they do not have time to enjoy a healthy and 56_____(balance) diet. For most individuals, as 57____ result of eating foods rich in fats and sugar several years, they choose to go on a diet but do not succeed at the end. Be sure to be with a strong 58 ______(aware) that you are 59______ you eat! Therefore, maintaining a healthy diet not only 60__________(provide) your body with energy but also numerous health benefits. One is that you will keep a healthy weight and is also the easiest and most 61_____(benefit) way in which you can be energetic and protect yourself 62 a number of diseases when growing old. Another benefit is that you will meet your everyday nutritional 63_____(require). 64_______(Basic) speaking, you should ensure that you take the good amount of vegetables, grains, milk and proteins. In most cases, a healthy diet can help you decrease the risk of 65_______(get) some diseases like diabetes and cancer. 

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(满分15分)

假定你是一名加拿大籍交换生 David, 2020 年来到中国华为公司学习,期间好友李华在汉语

学习和生活方面给了你很大的帮助。请你给他写信,表示感谢。要点如下:

1. 简述你在公司学习期间遇到的困难,如语言、生活等;

2. 感谢好友李华给予的帮助;

3. 邀请他来加拿大旅游。

注意:

1. 词数80左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Li Hua, 

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

Yours, 

David


第二节 读后续写(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150左右。

Albert was mad about computer games. He could spend hours and hours in front of the screen, and even though his parents found it hard to believe, he really enjoyed every minute of it. He hardly left his seat. When people encouraged him to get involved with normal life, he would respond:"This is my doorway to the world, there is much more here than you realize. "

Among all his games there was one he especially liked. In it he would move a character around, collecting turtles(乌龟)on an infinity(无限)of levels and screens. He was a real expert at it. Maybe there was no one else in the world who had collected as many turtles as he had, but, nevertheless, Albert still wanted more and more and more. . . 

One day, when he got home from school, everything had changed. As usual, as soon as he arrived, he ran to his room to switch the computer on. But this time he heard some strange noises, like breaking glass. Suddenly the screen broke, and from inside came dozens, then hundreds, then thousands of little turtles. And they filled every square inch of his bedroom. Albert was astonished. He couldn't believe what was happening. But after pinching(掐)himself, he shut down and started the computer up many times, and called to his parents to see if he was dreaming about this. As it happens, he had to accept that on that day something very strange was happening. 

On entering, his parents put their heads in their hands. Seeing that the turtles were staying in Albert' s room, they decided to make them his responsibility. 

注意:

1. 续写词数应为150左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Looking after thousands of turtles, day after day, was no easy task. 


When Albert forgot about his beloved computer games, the turtles disappeared. 


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