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江苏省苏州市2021届八校联盟高三第一次适应性检测

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江苏省苏州市2021届八校联盟高三第一次适应性检测
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2021届高三年级苏州八校联盟第一次适应性检测

英语试卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What time is it now?

A. 9:00B. 9:10C. 10:00

2. How did the woman feel about her holiday?

A. Excited.B. Pleased.C. Disappointed.

3. What does the man want the woman to do?

A. Tell him a phone number.B. Call Sam for help.C. Repair his computer.

4. When is the project due?

A. In January.B. In February.C. In March.

5. What does the man mean?

A. Paul is helpful.

B. It is easy to figure out the program.

C. The woman had better not ask Paul for help.

第二节(共15题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. Where does the conversation take place?

A. At home.B. In an office.C. In a printing house.

7. Who will make new copies?

A. The man. B. The woman.C. John.

听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。

8. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. Trousers.B. Shoes.C. Glasses.

9. What will the woman do this Saturday?

A. Prepare an anniversary party.

B. Go to a dance party.

C. Shop in town.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. When will the man most probably leave for London?

A. On Monday.B. On Wednesday.C. On Friday.

11. Why can’t the man get a discount?

A. Tickets are sold out.

B. He won’t travel at that time.

C. It’s not available on flights to London.

12. What will the man most probably do next?

A. Ask another airline.B. Buy two tickets.C. Cancel his trip.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What are the speakers mainly discussing?

A. Popular food in Belgium.

B. Cultural differences of food.

C. Belgians’ eating habits.

14. Where are the speakers?

  A. In Belgium.B. In the U.S.C. In Portugal.

15. How long did the man’s Christmas dinner take last year?

  A. About six hours.B. About one hour and a half.C. About half an hour.

16. What may people in Belgium do after a big dinner?

  A. They eat as much as usual.

B. They take exercise to keep fit.

C. They eat less the following days.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What did Lisa, Jan and Tom have in common?

  A. They taught English abroad.

  B. They went to the same country.

  C. They spoke a foreign language.

18. How do people show “yes” in Micronesia?

  A. By nodding their heads.

B. By shaking their heads.

C. By raising their eyebrows.

19. What happened to Tom in India?

  A. He got confused in class.

  B. His students couldn’t understand him.

  C. People often nodded and shook their heads to him.

20. What does the speaker want to tell?

  A. Miscommunication in different cultures.

  B. Proper behavior in foreign countries.

  C. Funny teaching experiences abroad.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分50分)  

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

The HairMax LaserBand—The Ultimate Hair Loss Laser Device




 

HairMax, the company that revolutionized non¬surgical, non¬drug hair regrowth, now brings you the hand¬free LaserBand, the most technologically advanced hair growth laser treatment yet.

Super¬Fast Technology

The LaserBand adopts a new band design, patented hair parting teeth and an unprecedented 82 medical grade lasers. The LaserBand effectively delivers nourishing light energy to your follicles(毛囊)to regrow your hair with a super¬fast treatment in as little as 90 seconds.

8 Proven Benefits

HairMax laser treatments are proven to Treat Hair Loss, Stimulate New Hair Growth, Reverse Thinning Hair, Activate Hair Follicles, Rejuvenate Aging Hair, Repair Damaged Hair, Speed Hair Growth, Strengthen and Thicken Hair.

Money Back Guarantee

Try a HairMax laser device with a 5¬month money back guarantee and see for yourself the dramatic difference it can make in your hair.

Visit hairmax.com for our full collection of laser devices, shampoo, scalp(头皮)treatments and supplements.

Devices starting from $195.

Order any laser device and receive free shipping, and $20 HairMax Gift Card which can be used for your next shopping.

Ask about our Buy 1 Get 1 FREE shampoo at HAIRMAX.COM.

Lexington International, LLC·777 Yamato Road, Suite 105, Boca Raton, FL 33431 +1.561.417.0200

21. What progress has HairMax company made in hair growth laser treatment recently?

A. You don’t need to hold the device now.

B. You don’t have to take any medicine now.

C. No surgical operation is required for hair regrowth now.

D. Many other related products are available now.

22. How much should you pay at least the next time you order a laser device at hairmax. com?

A. 215B. 195C. 175D. 105

23. What is the most attractive selling point of the HairMax LaserBand?

A. You can solve all of your hair problems with the device.

B. The treatment is super-fast and the effect is obvious.

C. You can have a 5-month trial of the band with money back guarantee.

D. The company offers a full collection of devices and products for choice.

As a child, Jane Goodall had a natural love for the outdoors and animals. And at age 23, she left for Nairobi, Kenya. There, Jane met famed Dr. Louis Leakey, who offered her a job at the local natural history museum. She worked there for a time before Leakey decided to send her to the Gombe Stream Game Reserve in Tanzania to study wild chimpanzees. He felt her strong interest in animals and nature, and her knowledge as well as high energy made her a great candidate to study the chimpanzees.

In December 1958, Jane returned home to England and Leakey began to make arrangements for the expedition (考察), securing the appropriate permissions from the government and raising funds. In May 1960, Jane learned that Leakey had gained funding from the Wilkie Brothers Foundation.

Jane arrived by boat at the Gombe Stream Game Reserve on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika with her mother. The early weeks at Gombe were challenging. Jane developed a fever that delayed the start of her work. Finally, an older chimpanzee named David Greybeard, began to allow Jane to watch him. As a high ranking male of the chimpanzee community, his acceptance meant other group members also allowed Jane to observe. It was David Greybeard whom Jane first witnessed using tools. Excited, she telegraphed Dr. Leakey about her observation. He wrote back, “Now we must redefine ‘tool,’ and ‘man,’ or accept chimpanzees as humans.”

Jane continued to work in the field and, with Leakey’s help, began her doctoral program without an undergraduate degree in 1962. At Cambridge University, she found herself at odds with senior scientists over the methods she used — how she had named the chimpanzees rather than using the more common numbering system, and for suggesting that the chimps have emotions and personalities. She further upset those in power at the university when she wrote her first book, My Friends, the Wild Chimpanzees, aimed at the general public rather than an academic audience. The book was wildly popular, and her academic peers were outraged. Dr. Jane Goodall earned her Ph.D. on February 9, 1966, and continued to work at Gombe for the next twenty years.

24. What can we infer from the passage?

A. The journey to Kenya rooted Jane’s deep love for animals.

B. Jane was the first to discover chimpanzees use tools.

C. Dr. Leakey easily raised funds from the Wilkie Brothers Foundation.

D. Jane’s work at the Gombe Stream Game Reserve went along smoothly.

25. What is the academic peers’ attitude towards Jane’s first book?

A. Extremely ambiguous.B. Genuinely pleased.

C. Truly sensitive.D. Really angry.

26. What does the underlined sentence imply in paragraph 5?

A. Senior scientists disagreed with Jane’s method in observing chimpanzees.

B. Jane’s method inspired more scientists to make further discoveries.

C. Jane’s achievements quickly attracted attention from senior scientists.

D. Jane’s study of chimpanzees received no support from scientists.

27. What can we learn from Jane Goodall?

A. Challenging senior scientists is a must in gaining fame.

B.  Cooperation is the only key to making significant discoveries.

C. Passion and hard work can make a difference in scientific research.

D. The ability to raise funds counts in achieving great success.

C

The Intelligent Transport team at Newcastle University have turned an electric car into a mobile laboratory named “DriveLAB” in order to understand the challenges faced by older drivers and to discover where the key stress points are. 

Research shows that giving up driving is one of the key reasons for a fall in health and well-being among older people, leading to them becoming more isolated and inactive.

Led by Professor Phil Blythe, the Newcastle team are developing in-vehicle technologies for older drivers which they hope could help them to continue driving into later life.

These include custom-made navigation(导航)tools, night vision systems and intelligent speed adaptations. Phil Blythe explains: “For many older people, particularly those living alone or in the country, driving is important for preserving their independence, giving them the freedom to get out and about without having to rely on others.”

“But we all have to accept that as we get older our reactions slow down and this often results in people avoiding any potentially challenging driving conditions and losing confidence in their driving skills. The result is that people stop driving before they really need to.”

Dr Amy Guo, the leading researcher on the older driver study, explains, “The DriveLAB is helping us to understand what the key points and difficulties are for older drivers and how we might use technology to address these problems.”

“For example, most of us would expect older drivers always go slower than everyone else but surprisingly, we found that in 30mph zones they struggled to keep at a constant speed and so were more likely to break the speed limit and be at risk of getting fined. We’re looking at the benefits of systems which control their speed as a way of preventing that.

“We hope that our work will help with technological solutions to ensure that older drivers stay safer behind the wheel.”

28. What is the purpose of the DriveLAB?

A. To explore new means of transport.B. To find out older driver’s problems.

C. To design new types of cars.D. To teach people traffic rules.

29. Why is driving important for older people according to Phil Blythe?

A. It cures their mental illnesses.B. It helps them save time.

C. It builds up their strength.D. It keeps them independent.

30. What do researchers hope to do for older drivers?

A. Improve their driving skills.B. Provide tips on repairing their cars.

C. Develop driver-assist technologies.D. Organize regular physical checkups.

31. What is the best title for the text?

A. Keeping Older Drivers on the RoadB. A Solution to Traffic Problem

C. Driving Service for EldersD. A new Model Electric Car


D

FaceApp has taken the world by storm, giving users the chance to see themselves age through its algorithm(算法). 12.7 million people—some three million more than the population of New York City—reportedly downloaded it in a week last month.

Although the Russian app has become known for its privacy issues, the more interesting lesson of our FaceApp fling(尽情玩乐)is what it tells us about our society—and our future lives. It turns out we are more interested in aging than we realized. Most younger people are denying old age, doing almost nothing to prepare for it. We rarely have a chance to plan for the future, with increasing time and financial pressures. Those pressures bring sacrifices we may not always want to make: we can no longer afford to spend the time or the money needed to look after our elderly parents.

As a family doctor, I can see the loneliness epidemic(流行病) developing. Elderly patients come to see me with no particular illness, no clear medical issue. After a few minutes of the consultation, I understand why: they are not sick, and often they don’t feel sick. They just need someone—anyone—to talk to.

Although loneliness has no medical classification, the health effects are real: loneliness and isolation can be as harmful as smoking 15 cigarettes a day, and is more damaging than obesity. But loneliness does not come with nearly enough health warnings.

So what next? Since 1980, we are living on average 10 years longer. Meanwhile, people are having fewer children, and they are having them much later in life. The snake of a world class health service is eating its own tail; its care is prolonging people's lives, but as the rate of pensioners(退休人员)to working-age people increases, there are fewer taxpayers to fund that very health service.

Into this emptiness have stepped NGOs, charities and volunteers. But in the long term, the only way to truly help the oldest members of our society is to go back to the traditional values of inter-generational cooperation—often under the same roof. Ultimately, we will need to evolve towards a culture where elderly care is treated the same as childcare, where employers recognize the duty of someone with an elderly parent the same way they recognize those of someone with a newborn child.

32. What’s the writer’s intention of mentioning FaceApp in the first two paragraphs?

A. To prove its popularity.     

B. To explain its function.

C. To show the progress of technology. 

D. To introduce the topic of aging and loneliness.

33. What makes elderly people without illness go to see their family doctors?

A. Desire to have the consultation.   B. Strong feeling of loneliness. 

C. Unclear medical issues.         D. Questions to ask doctors.

34. How can the oldest members be truly helped?

A. By being treated as children.

B. By going back to the traditional society.

C. By providing family care.

D. By living with other elderly people under the same roof.

35. What can we learn from the passage?

A. The loneliness of elderly people needs more attention.

B. FaceApp’s popularity proves it has no security problems.

C. Health service lacks fund because of prolonged people’s lives.

D. FaceApp is helpful in dealing with elderly people’s loneliness.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分) 

根据下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

What will man be like in the future—in 5000 or even 50, 000 years from now? We can only make guesses, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today, for man is slowly changing all the time.

  36        Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is a relatively short period of time, so we may assume that man will continue to grow taller. Again, in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity. As time goes on, however , we shall have to use our brains more and more, and eventually we shall need larger ones! This is likely to bring about a physical change too: the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger.

37        In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over a very long period of time it is likely that man’s eyes will grow stronger.

  On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. 38        At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life. But what about hair? This will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. 39       

Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at! 40        All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own. 

A. This may well be true. 

B. Let us take an obvious example.

C. Nowadays our eyes are in constant use.

D. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker.

E. Now how exactly will this great revolution occur?

F. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald. 

G. We’re all set to get much taller and thinner, if we want to survive. 

第三部分 语言运用(共两节,满分30分)  

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Danielle was living in a new city with no local bank of her own. She desperately needed to    41    a bank to cash her paycheck. For more than two weeks, she made   42   one after another but in vain. 

Danielle decided to attend a meeting at the local women's resource center. The women there had been a strong source of encouragement since she came here. Sitting next to Danielle, Amy began to share the details of her   43   situation. She was just days away from   44   her home and her car. Her phone and electric services were both scheduled to be cancelled. Her husband had gambled away their money. She had nothing left.

As Amy described the situation, Danielle   45   God’s soft whisper in her heart: “After the meeting, give Amy twenty dollars.” Danielle immediately thought, “But I can’t. I only have forty dollars.” She heard the   46   again. Danielle knew she needed to follow.   47   the meeting concluded, she   48   her purse and quietly handed twenty dollars to Amy. Knowing Danielle's situation, Amy was   49   to accept it at first. But as a crowd of women   50    to give Amy hugs of support, Danielle told her that God wanted her to have it. Then Danielle left.

With just twenty dollars left in her wallet, Danielle decided to try cashing her paycheck at just one more bank before   51   home. She was   52   filled with renewed confidence and optimism. She walked into the bank next to the women's center. Moments later, the bank   53    her paycheck with no questions asked. Wearing a big smile, Danielle returned home.

Realizing true hope has no   54  , she continues to be   55   for the lifetime supply that she received for just twenty dollars.

41. A. select    B. find    C. consult    D. search

42. A. decisions    B. choices    C. appointments    D. attempts

43. A. similar    B. unique    C. desperate    D. social

44. A. ruining    B. leaving    C. missing    D. losing

45. A. received    B. found    C. heard    D. felt

46. A. story    B. advice    C. order    D. voice

47. A. Before    B. While    C. When    D. Though

48. A. reached into    B. put away    C. gave out    D. took on

49. A. unwilling    B. anxious    C. eager    D. embarrassed

50. A. intended    B. approached    C. managed    D. continued

51. A. leaving    B. sailing    C. heading   D. departing

52. A. anyhow    B. somehow    C. therefore    D. otherwise

53. A. counted    B. checked    C. cashed    D. tested

54. A. price    B. cost    C. cause    D. purpose

55. A. ready    B. welcome    C. fortunate    D. thankful

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The American space agency, NASA, 56        (release) its latest plan to place the first humans on the moon since 1972. The 57        (update) information on the Artemis mission renews NASA’s promise 58        one of the astronauts will be a woman.

“We’re going back to the moon for 59        (science) discovery, economic benefits, and inspiration for a new generation of explorers,” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement Monday.

NASA’s moon mission is part of 60       (it) Artemis plan. It will use NASA’s newest rocket, the Space Launch System, or SLS. The astronauts are to travel on NASA’s Orion spaceship.

Three projects 61        (compete) to build a moon lander 62        will transport two astronauts to the moon from the Orion spaceship. The competitors are all private companies, Blue Origin, SpaceX and Dynetics.

Artemis 1 will send a spaceship around the moon in 2021. It will not use 63       human crew. Artemis II is to send astronauts around the moon in 2023. Artemis III will land on the lunar surface in 2024 and remain for a week. NASA plans to have the astronauts 64     (leave) the lander to collect soil and rock, search for water and other resources and carry 65        experiments.

NASA says the plan will cost $28 billion dollars over a period of five years.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分40分) 

第一节 (满分15分)

假定你是李华,原定周六你要去拜访以前的班主任张老师,可是由于某种原因你不能前往了。请给他写一封电子邮件,向他说明取消此次拜访的情况,内容包括:

1. 表示歉意

2. 陈述原因

3. 另约时间

注意:  1. 次数80左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Mr. Zhang,

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

                                                           Yours sincerely, 

Li Hua

第二节 (满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一个完整的短文。

Twenty years ago, I was at a party, talking to a man whose name I have long since forgotten. Sometimes I think this man came into my life for the unique purpose of telling me this story, one about how brave, creative and trusting his brother was, which has delighted and inspired me ever since. For the purpose of this story, let's call the little brother Little Brother.

Little Brother, a young painter, went to France to surround himself with beauty and inspiration. He lived on the cheap, painted every day, visited museums, traveled to picturesque places, bravely spoke to everyone he met, and showed his work to anyone who would look at it. One afternoon, he struck up a conversation at a cafe with a group of charming young people who turned out to be some fancy nobles. They took a liking to Little Brother and invited him to a party that weekend in a castle in the Loire Valley. They said this was going to be the party of the year. It would be attended by the rich and famous and by several crowned heads of Europe. Best of all it was a masquerade ball(化妆舞会)where nobody would hesitate in their spending on the costumes. “Dress up,” they said, “and join us!”

Excited, Little Brother worked all week on a costume that he was certain would be highly impressive. He held back on neither the details nor the imagination of this creation. Then he rented a car and drove three hours to the castle. He changed into his costume in the car and went up the castle steps. Little Brother entered the ballroom, head held high.

Upon arrival, he immediately realized his mistake.

This was indeed a costume party—his new friends had not misled him there—but he had missed one detail in translation: This was a themed costume party. The theme was “a medieval (中世纪的)court”. And Little Brother was dressed as a lobster(龙虾).

All around him, the wealthy and beautiful were dressed in fancy clothes, wearing sparkling jewels. _______________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

He took a deep breath and walked onto the dance floor. ____________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________


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