（考试时间 120分钟满分 150)
第一部分 听力（共20题；每小题1. 5分，满分30分）
1. What will Joe probably do before skiing next time?
A. Take a training course. B. Wear better equipment. C. Try to help others exercise.
2. How does Sophia feel about giving a speech?
A. Excited. B. Nervous. C. Proud.
3. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A funny man. B. A car accident. C. A car advertisement.
4. Why will Jim go to the city library?
A. To practice French. B. To attend a meeting. C. To borrow magazines.
5. What season is it now?
A. Summer. B. Autumn. C. Winter.
6. Who is the woman?
A. A policewoman. B. A computer engineer. C. A clerk in an airline company.
7. Where is Mr. Johnson now?
A. In Seattle. B. In New York. C. In Los Angeles.
8. Why do the speakers need more ideas?
A. To reduce the cost. B. To design new products. C. To increase the market share.
9. When will the speakers have a discussion?
A. This Wednesday. B. This Friday. C. Next Monday.
10. What does Doctor Brown consider the most important?
A. Writing. B. Family. C. Work.
11. What problem about writing does Doctor Brown face?
A. She lacks her separate space.
B. She can't get her family's support.
C. She is often interrupted by her daughter.
12. Why does Doctor Brown come here?
A. To take an interview. B. To share writing skills. C. To collect readers' comments.
13. What course is the man going to take?
A. Chinese. B. Japanese. C. French.
14. How long does the man want to study?
A. 12 weeks. B. 6 months. C. 8 months.
15. What level would the man like to take?
A. The beginners' level. B. The lower level. C. The upper level.
16. When will the man begin to take the course?
A. From September. B. From next January. C. From next March.
17. What is the speaker doing?
A. Doing a survey. B. Conducting a lecture. C. Recommending an exercise.
18. How many days do inactive people feel bad per year on average?
A. 35. B. 43. C. 53.
19. What sport might have more positive effect?
A. Basketball. B. Cycling. C. Running.
20. What seems to be the speaker's opinion?
A. A perfect balance is a must while exercising.
B. A right type of exercise is more important.
C. Any exercise is better than no exercise.
第一节（共15小题；每小题2. 5分，满分37. 5分）
Take a high quality helicopter tour
from Las Vegas to the Grand Canyon West Rim(边缘）！
★A great Grand Canyon West Rim helicopter tour with an optional Skywalk
What You Can Expect
Your journey from Las Vegas to the Grand Canyon begins with a scenic helicopter flight over Lake Mead, Hoover Dam, Fortification Hill and Temple Rock. Upon landing, you will have approximately 3. 5 hours to explore. Enjoy a meal at the viewpoint of your choice.
You'll visit Eagle Point, home to the Skywalk, a glass-bottom walking surface that suspended
（悬浮）more than 4, 000 feet above the Grand Canyon.
At Guano Point, you can visit Highpoint Hike, where you'll see breathtaking views of the Grand Canyon and Colorado River. Also visit Hualapai Ranch where you can go horseback riding.
Also at the ranch there is cowboy entertainment, wagon rides, and more.
Finally, if you select the helicopter upgrade option, you'll fly down to a private bluff(悬崖）at the bottom of the Grand Canyon. Enjoy this breathtaking setting and make sure to bring your camera for unique photo opportunities. The activity lasts approximately 40 minutes and features 20 minutes at the bottom of the canyon.
★The listed price does not include a US$15 fuel surcharge(附加费）per person, payable at the time of check-in. According to FAA regulations, all passengers 18 years and older will be required to show photo ID such as a driver's license or passport at the time of check-in.
★All loose objects including cameras are NOT allowed on the Skywalk. Personal belongings will
need to be stored in a locker for free. Photos can be purchased at the gift shop.
★Due to comfort and weight/balance of the aircraft, passengers weighing over 136kg will be required to purchase an additional seat. This is payable directly to the tour operator on the day of the tour.
From selected Las Vegas hotels
★8 am or 9 am
★Departure time is subject to change due to weather conditions and weight restrictions.
Return to original departure points
21. Where is a visitor most likely to see cowboys on his journey?
A. At Hoover Dam. B. At Hualapai Ranch. C. At Eagle Point. D. At Guano Point.
22. If possible, how long can a visitor stay at the bottom of the Grand Canyon?
A. For about 20 minutes.
B. For about 40 minutes.
C. For about 1 hour.
D. For about 3. 5 hours.
23. When a passenger takes the helicopter tour, he
A. must arrive at a Las Vegas strip hotel before 9
B. can take pictures on the Skywalk
C. must be 18 years and older
D. can have a packed lunch
It is the golden decade, the time in your life when you are carefree and at your happiest. Never again will you enjoy the freedom and thrills of your 20s. A new study has now confirmed the fears of anyone approaching middle-age-people's 20s are their happiest years.
But, while researchers warn of lower life satisfaction for 40 years, there is hope. Their findings show that life does get better at 65, with happiness levels rising. Dr Ioana Ramia, from the University of New South Wales in Australia, said, "Satisfaction over life decreases from the early
20s, plateaus for about 40 years and then increases from about 65 up. "
The aim of the research was to help develop policy to target specific age groups. Dr Ramia and her team found that happiness follows a U-curve with the highest levels experienced by those aged 15 to 24 and over 75.
Dr Ramia said, couples reported greatest satisfaction at life just before having their first child
and a decrease from the child's first year of life through to when the child reaches six years old and starts school. She said, "It then stays low, but increases slightly, and is the highest around the age of 80. So that's something to look forward to. "Her team's research shows a strong connection between the middle-age happiness state and employment opportunities and financial situations, when"money and. . . jobs matter most".
There was a greater emphasis on the quality of housing itself into middle age and beyond, along with neighborhood and community. "At this time happiness is at its lowest and it only starts to increase when people start focusing on other things, like their free time, "said Dr Ramia. Safety was an important aspect of life satisfaction in every age group, while health appeared twice-in the mid-30s with the first awareness of physical fallibility or illness, and again later in life, she said.
Though her research had shed some light onto the drivers of happiness, Dr Ramia said the peak at young and old age remained poorly understood, with question marks around how satisfaction could remain constant across the major parameters described yet manage to increase with age overall. Defining what"satisfaction"was and how it was rated by subjects was also a challenge for future research, she said.
24. The early 20s are thought to be the happiest years possibly because people
A. enjoy their school life very much then
B. can enjoy more freedom during that period
C. usually have lots of friends in those years.
D. are going to have their own family in their life
25. The underlined word"plateaus"in Paragraph 2 probably means"_
A. keeps a relatively stable level
B. keeps changing
C. reaches a very low level
D. turns more complex
26. Paragraphs 4-5 mainly focus on
A. the factors influencing people's satisfaction at life
B. the differences between the young and the old
C. the reasons why happiness follows a U-curve
D. the matters concerning the middle-aged group
27. What can we learn from the last paragraph?
A. We still have a poor understanding on the old.
B. The drivers of happiness need further research.
C. It's still a challenge to remain happy in our life.
D. People are hard to be satisfied because of their age.
California has been facing a drought for many years now, with certain areas even having to pump freshwater hundreds of miles to their distribution system. The problem is growing as the population of the state continues to expand. New research has found deep water reserves under the state which could help solve their drought crisis. Previous drilling of wells could only reach depths of 1, 000 feet, but due to new pumping practices, water deeper than this can now be extracted(抽取）。The team at Stanford investigated the aquifers(地下蓄水层）below this depth and found that reserves may be triple(三倍的）what was previously thought.
It is profitable to drill to depths more than 1, 000 feet for oil and gas extraction, but only recently in California has it become profitable to pump water from this depth. The aquifers range from 1, 000 to 3, 000 feet below the ground, which means that pumping will be expensive and there are other concerns. The biggest concern of pumping out water from this deep is the gradual setting down of the land surface. As the water is pumped out, the vacant space left is compacted(压缩）by the weight of the earth above.
Even though pumping from these depths is expensive, it is still cheaper than desalinating(脱盐）the ocean water in the largely coastal state. Some desalination plants exist where practical, but they are costly to run and can need constant repairs. Wells are much more reliable sources of freshwater, and California is hoping that these deep wells may be the answer to their severe water shortage.
One problem with these sources is that the deep water also has a higher level of salt than shallower aquifers. This means that some wells may even need to undergo desalination after extraction, thus increasing the cost. Research from the exhaustive study of groundwater from over
950 drilling logs has just been published. New estimates of the water reserves now go up to 2, 700
billion cubic meters of freshwater.
28. How could California's drought crisis be solved according to some researchers?
A. By building more reserves of groundwater.
B. By drawing water from the depths of the earth.
C. By developing more advanced drilling devices.
D. By improving its water distribution system.
29. What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers?
A. It was considered vital to solving the water problem.
B. It is bound to gain support from the local people.
C. It was not considered worth the expense.
D. It may not provide qualified freshwater.
30. What is mentioned as a consequence of extracting water from deep underground?
A. The sinking of land surface.
B. The harm to the ecosystem.
C. The damage to aquifers.
D. The change of the climate.
31. What is the author's purpose in writing the text?
A. To encourage people to save water.
B. To promote the seawater desalination.
C. To introduce a new way of extracting freshwater.
D. To draw people's attention to the droughts in California.
I saw my first total solar eclipse(日全食）in 1999 on the coast of France. Little did I know that the experience would change my life and determine the course of my career.
＂Eclipse-chasers"aim to put themselves in what's called the path of totality, the thin region where the sun is completely blocked out. While partial eclipses are interesting, total eclipses are breathtaking. Full darkness descends(降临）as the moon blocks the sun and its shadow covers the Earth. Viewers can remove protective glasses and stare at the black circle with their naked eyes(肉眼）。Since 1999, I have travelled around the globe to witness 10 total solar eclipses. I have carried out a research program to document and analyze the experiences of eclipse-chasers, publishing my findings in the books Total Addiction and Being in the Shadow.
My survey data was interesting because it showed me that, again and again, the eclipse-chasers were saying the same things. It was so amazing. There is something about this experience that is so profound and really life-changing. I basically teased out the common elements of it, and it creates an acronym(首字母缩拼词），SPACED.
What happens is that we're standing there waiting for it to happen, and there's this"sense of wrongness"-that's the S. We're picking up that there's something in the environment that really is not right. This is the element that's very hard to describe to people who haven't seen it, because they just imagine that it goes from day to night, and we all experience that every day. But there's something otherworldly that happens;we just cannot communicate to other people how weird(奇异的）the environment gets.
And then that leads to a primal fear. The hair on the back of our neck stands up and we get goosebumps(鸡皮疙瘩），and this is the moment where the shadow comes towards us. We're looking at the sky and there's this creeping darkness; it's so ominous and really wrong and we just think, "What is going on?" So, that's the P, the "primal fear. "
And then as totality comes above us and the darkness descends, and we're standing there in the shadow of the moon and seeing the eclipsed sun, it's just the most spectacular(壮观的）thing we've seen. That's when we get that sense of complete "awe"—that's the A. We know the emotion of awe involves vastness: We get a sense of the significance of something and how powerful it is in relation to us, and so we feel insignificant ourselves. We have to actually change our mental structures to help us understand what we're seeing because it's just so vast.
So, we feel insignificant, but we also then feel "connected" to something greater-and that's the C in SPACED. I myself feel connected to humanity and nature, so I just have this sense of how we are all one. It doesn't matter what color, religion, background, culture you come from, regardless of how you make sense of it; we all experience this. We are human beings standing there at that moment at that point in time, all connected with our experience.
And then afterwards is the "euphoria(欣快感）”－that's the E. There's such a range of intense emotion over a very, very short period of time, like a rollercoaster that happens within minutes. We
have the most intense highs and it's incredible.
And then the total eclipse is over and then we are just left with this "desire to repeat, "and that's the D. It's so strong. If you're in a group of people who have seen their first total eclipse, the next question is "When's the next one?" People just can't fully understand the idea that that's all it is; they have to see it again.
32. What can we find in the books Total Addiction and Being in the Shadow?
A. The path of totality in life.
B. The reason for solar eclipse.
C. The difference among eclipses.
D. The experiences of seeing eclipses.
33. Why do people get the "sense of wrongness"?
A. Because they cannot explain the sudden change from day to night.
B. Because they cannot find the right words to express their feelings.
C. Because they cannot see solar eclipses with their naked eyes.
D. Because they cannot have much time to see solar eclipses.
34. Why may people feel insignificant when seeing solar eclipses?
A. Because they all have nothing to share.
B. Because they are scared by solar eclipses.
C. Because they are shocked by the universe.
D. Because they are misunderstood by others.
35. What can we infer from Paragraph 7?
A. Different people have different feelings when seeing solar eclipses.
B. Different cultures have different explanations for solar eclipses.
C. People connected with each other can have same feelings.
D. People have the same experience when seeing solar eclipses.
第二节（共5小题；每小题2. 5分，满分12. 5分）
Most kids grow up learning they cannot draw on the walls. 36 This summer, group of culture addicts, artists and community organizers are inviting New Yorkers to write all over the walls of an old house on Governor's Island.
The project is called Writing On It All, and it's a participatory writing project and artistic experiment that has happened on Governor's Island every summer since 2013.
＂Most of the participants are people who are just walking by or are on the island for other reasons. 37”Alexandra Chasin, artistic director of Writing On It All, tells Smithsonian. com.
The 2016 season runs through June 26 and features sessions facilitated by everyone from dancers to domestic workers. 38 This year, the programs range from one that turns the house into a collaborative essay to one that explores the meaning of exile(背井离乡）。
39 Now known as"New York's shared space for art and play, "the island, which lies between Manhattan and Brooklyn in Upper New York Bay, is closed to cars but open to summer tourists who flock for festivals, picnics, adventures, as well as these"legal graffiti(涂鸦）”Sessions.
40 So far, participants have ranged in age from 2 to 85. Though Chasin says the focus of the work is on the activity of writing, rather than the text that expresses participants' inner world, some of the work that comes out of the sessions has stuck with her.
A. Each session has a theme.
B. But they are not well-behaved.
C. But it might be time to unlearn that training.
D. Sometimes those just kind of happen to be there.
E. The notes and art on the walls are an experiment in self-expression.
F. This year's session will be watched by domestic and international media.
G. Governor's Island is a national historic district long used for military purposes.
On a bright Friday afternoon, Tulic was enjoying walking in the streets of New York. At the City Hall station, she 41 onto a bench. It was just after 2 p. m. Only a few people were at the station. A man leaned against a pillar(柱子），the 42 anyone might, waiting for the train. The silence was interrupted by a(n)_43 that the next train was two stations away. Then Tulic sensed the man at the pillar 44 forward onto the tracks.
A man who was 45 waiting for the train on the platform ran over, looked over the edge, then jumped onto the tracks. The man who had fallen was not moving. Two more men jumped down to help.
＂I don't know where these men got the wit and the quickness, "Tulic said. "The man who fell was about six foot tall. He was 46 jammed in the tracks. They were_47 to know that the train was coming. "
The three men 48 him from below and rolled him onto the platform. Then the rescuers were themselves 49, pulled back to safety by helping hands. 50 they were all clear, the train pulled in. People getting off the train walked around this unconscious man.
He was not, however, 51. Two of the men who had jumped onto the platform were 52 his hands, saying, "Buddy, you're going to be fine. "
Then a (n) 53 arrived, and the man was taken to a local hospital.
That is the greatest thing. The infrastructure in this city of millions is the people themselves 54, being there for others. Even without the slightest 55 of the person, strangers offered to lend a helping hand to him in an emergency. The scene was beautiful to see!
41. A. slippedB. settledC. turnedD. decided
42. A. mannerB. styleC. wayD. behavior
43. A. reportB. posterC. announcementD. note
44. A. crushingB. chasingC. carryingD. collapsing
45. A. alsoB. againC. neverD. seldom
46. A. far fromB. kind ofC. scores ofD. apart from
47. A. nervousB. embarrassedC. depressedD. hopeful
48. A. pulledB. sentC. threwD. lifted
49. A. loosedB. rescuedC. liberatedD. released
50. A. As long asB. Given thatC. As soon asD. Assuming that
51. A. lonelyB. onlyC. aloneD. single
52. A. holdingB. waggingC. kissingD. embracing
53. A. ambulanceB. conductorC. survivorD. instrument
54. A. takingB. claimingC. exchangingD. providing
55. A. instructionB. knowledgeC. assistanceD. guidance
The logistic(后勤的）group of Zhejiang University and Eleme, a Chinese online ordering platform, reached a strategic 56_______(cooperate)to launch a food take-away service and bring meals to students' dormitory rooms on July 7. The company also announced that it will offer that service to 2000 other universities within a year, which has become a 57_____(high) controversial topic.
Those supporting the plan believe take-away food is a 58_____（necessary)amid the current anti-epidemic period, since 59_____＿can avoid contacts in normal dining and Eleme promised to disinfect the delivery box and have the delivery men 's temperature 60_______(take)several times a day.
Others praise the fact 61_____ campus canteens launching delivery services can save students' time. Moreover, the campus delivery can provide students with part-time jobs. "I often bring 62______ dormitory for my roommates, and now I 63______（make)money by ordered food to doing that", said a student surnamed Gao who applied for the delivery job.
However, others don't think it's necessary that such a service 64______（launch), with the majority of opponents describing students paying for the canteen-to dormitory delivery service 65 ________being lazy.
Dear Sir or Madam,
Jim and Andy walked along the beach, looking for an adventure. They joked that some day they would find a talking fish or a mermaid(美人鱼）or a bottle with a treasure map inside. So far they had only found shells and rocks and seaweed. Today though was different. The boys felt excited.
Sea crabs(螃蟹）scampered(奔跑）on the rocks, up one side and down the other. They were
quick and lively. The tide didn't seem to ever wash them away. Then Jim saw a fish. It was stranded（搁浅）on the beach, just flopping(笨拙移动） around.
＂Can it talk?"Andy asked.
＂It looks like any other fish, "Jim said. He picked it up gently and carried it to the water.
＂Do you think it will grant us any wishes?"Andy laughed.
The boys watched as the silver fish sped off through the water. "No. Maybe next time. "Jim
As the two friends walked farther down the beach they came upon a bottle. It was green with a cork （软木塞）in the mouth.
＂Our luck will change. Does it have a map inside or a genie(神怪）？＂joked Andy. Andy reached down and picked up the bottle. He rubbed it. Nothing happened. He pulled on the cork. Nothing happened. He shook it. Nothing happened.
“Try the cork again. I bet the genie is waiting for us to release him. Or we'll find a treasure map and have a real adventure, "Jim exclaimed.
Andy tugged(用力拉）again on the cork. He wiggled(扭动）it back and forth. He twisted（旋转；扭）it around and around. Finally, it popped out(弹出）without breaking. Andy shook the bottle. Nothing came out. Looking inside he couldn't see anything. Jim looked too and shook his head. Empty.
＂It's just an old wine bottle, "Jim complained. He grabbed the bottle and tossed(扔）it back onto the sand.
The bottle hit a rock and shattered(破碎）into many pieces.
Two boys ran after it.