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江苏省南通海门市2021届高三上第一次诊断测试英语试题

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江苏省南通海门市2021届高三上第一次诊断测试英语试题
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海门市2021届高三第一次诊断测试

英语

(考试时间:120分钟 满分:150分)


第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What is George's favorite sport?

A. Tennis.B. Fishing.C. Swimming.

2. How will the man pay the bill?

A. By card.B. By WeChat.C. In cash.

3. What are the speakers probably talking about?

A. The woman's major.B. The woman's job.C. The woman's parents.

4. What will the woman take back to the shop?

A. The T-shirt.B. The shorts. C. The sweater.

5. Where is the butter now?

A. In the bowl.B. On the shelf.C. In the fridge.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

6. What is the woman going to do?

A. Go shopping.B. Buy some pizza.C. Help with a party.

7. Where are the speakers probably?

A. On a bus.B. At a restaurant.C. In a supermarket.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

8. What's the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Workmates.B. Neighbors.C. Schoolmates.

9. Where are the speakers?

A. In Paris.B. In London.C. In Rome.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

10. What language is the woman learning this term?

A. French.B. Spanish.C. German.

11. What does the man find it difficult to learn?

A. The guitar.B. The piano.C. The violin.

12. What does the woman plan to do on Saturday?

A. Play tennis.B. Watch a match.C. Check her teeth.

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

13. How much should a person pay for a room in total every month?

A. $700.B. $730.C. $760.

14. What is unavailable in the woman's house?

A. A dryer.B. A dishwasher.C. A washing machine.

15 Which place is nearest to the woman's house?

A. The cinema.B. The park.C. The beach.

16. Who is the man probably?

A. A student.B. A house owner.C. A house agent.

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。

17. What will take place in the hotel this weekend?

A. A birthday party.B. A trade fair.C. A wedding.

18. What is the hotel staff unsure about?

A. The list of the food.B. The number of guests.C. The length of the event.

19. When will guests probably start arriving?

A. From 7:15.B. From 7:30.C. From 7:45.

20. What will guests see in the event?

A. A band.B. A comedian.C. A magician.

第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

Railcards

Want to save on the price of your train tickets? Then you'll need to buy a National Railcard. The first step is to pick the right Railcard, but don't worry! We'll walk you through each type and help you find the one most suited to your needs.

The Network Railcard

Spend £30 on a Network Railcard for the year and look forward to 1/3 off your train tickets during off-peak(非高峰)times. Enjoy discounted travel across 16 counties(郡)in the South East, even including the whole of London! It is a great option for anyone who doesn't fall into any of the other Railcard categories, as people of any age can hold one.

The Student Railcard

At the cost of just £30, this Railcard is excellent value for money. Whether you have an early morning lecture or you're rolling home in the early hours after a night out, you can still get 1/3 off on all passenger rail services within the UK! The only requirement for this Railcard is that you need to be within the ages of 16 and 25.

The Millennial Railcard

This Railcard is available for all who are between the ages of 26 and 30, regardless of peak or off-peak times. However,it is currently only available digitally, with users being required to download the Railcard app and show ticket inspectors during train ticket checks. Costing just £30,the new Railcard can be used across the UK.

The Disabled Persons Railcard

Any passenger with a disability is eligible(符合条件的)to apply for one. It only costs £20,making your overall discount for the year even better! The most important thing is that any types of tickets can be purchased throughout the UK rail network. Besides,it can also get you discounts on London attractions.

21. Which Railcard just applies to train services in part of the UK?

A. The Network Railcard.B. The Student Railcard.

C. The Millennial Railcard.D. The Disabled Persons Railcard.

22. What is required for the Student Railcard?

A. Riding hours.B. Railcard category.

C. Age range.D. Service charge.

23. What is special about the Millennial Railcard?

A. It cannot be used during peak times.

B. It offers discounts on London attractions.

C. It is the cheapest among the four Railcards.

D. It requires its owners to download an app.

B

Cedar, a third-generation beekeeper from the countryside of New South Wales, Australia, says that he was inspired to try and design a simpler hive (蜂箱) after his brother was stung (蜇) during one of their honey-gathering tasks.

The young guy knew that there must be a clever way to gather honey without having to wear protective suits, open the hive, and disturb the little bees. After several years, Cedar and his father Stuart finally perfected their invention—the Flow Hive, which can save beekeepers hours of work simply by channeling all of its honey into a tap that can be turned on and off at will.

Four years after their initial success, the Flow Hive has had a big influence on honeybee populations around the world. The father and his son say that they have successfully shipped over 51,000 hives to 150 different countries. Since they introduced the hive in 2015, the number of beekeepers in the U.S. alone has increased by over 10%.

Their success is particularly significant since honeybee populations have been steadily decreasing as a result of habitat loss. That's why now Stuart and Cedar Anderson are donating their hive earnings to international honeybee advocacy groups.

“We’re proud to have donated 100% of profits from the sale of our Flow Pollinator (传粉昆虫) House to nine local pollinator projects in Australia and the U.S. that are at work protecting wild habitats all around the world,” said the Andersons in a statement. “Pollinators need large areas of habitat to grow healthily—the more we can do to conserve native habitats, the more opportunities these tiny environmental champions will have to do their important work.”

24. What can we learn about Cedar?

A. He is often hurt by honeybees.

B. He is from a big city in Australia.

C. He knows a lot about beekeeping.

D. He dislikes working with his brother.

25. Which of the following best describes the Flow Hive?

A. It is friendly to the environment.

B. It can improve the quality of honey.

C. It can help bees produce more honey.

D. It simplifies the honey-gathering process.

26. Why do the Andersons make donations?

A. To expand their business.

B. To protect bees’ habitats.

C. To build more Flow Hives.

D. To help the poor in Australia.

27. What would be the best title for the text?

A. “Honey on Tap” Beehive

B. The Cost of Beekeeping

C. The Growth of a Beekeeper

D. True Facts About Honeybees

C

In order to help discover spoilage(变质)and reduce food waste for supermarkets and consumers, researchers have developed new low-cost, smart phone-linked, eco-friendly spoilage sensors for meat and fish packaging.

One in three UK consumers throw away food just because it reaches the use-by date(保存期),but 60%(4.2 million tonnes) of the £12.5 billion-worth of food we throw away each year is safe to eat.

The researchers, whose findings were published in ACS Sensors, say the sensors could also eventually replace the use-by date-a widely used indicator of being fresh and eatable.

The sensors cost two US cents each to make. Known as "paper-based electrical gas sensors(PEGS)", they detect spoilage gases like ammonia(a poisonous gas with a strong unpleasant smell) in meat and fish products. The information provided by the electronic nose is received by a smart phone, and then you can know whether the food is fresh and safe to eat.

The Imperial College London researchers who developed PEGS made the sensors by printing carbon electrodes(电极)onto a special type of paper. The materials are eco-friendly and harmless, so they don't damage the environment and are safe to use in food packaging. The sensors, combined with a tiny electronic system, then inform nearby mobile devices, which identify and understand the data about spoilage gases.

Lead author Dr Firat Guder of Imperial's Department of Bioengineering, said, "Although they're designed to keep us safe, use-by dates can lead to eatable food being thrown away. They don't always reflect its actual freshness. In fact, people often get sick from foodborne diseases due to poor storage, even when an item is within its use-by date.

"These sensors are cheap enough so we hope to see supermarkets using them within three years. Our goal is to use PEGS in food packaging to reduce unnecessary food waste."

The authors hope that PEGS could have applications beyond food processing, like sensing chemicals in agriculture, air quality, and detecting disease markers in breath like those involved in kidney disease.

28. What is the function of PEGS according to the text?

A. To improve the service of stores.

B. To help supermarkets store foods.

C. To improve the taste of food products.

D. To help people test food freshness.

29. What role does the smartphone play while PEGS are functioning?

A. It acts as an electronic nose.

B. It reads the data collected by PEGS.

C. It discovers the spoilage gases from foods.

D. It helps print the gas sensors onto paper.

30. What does Dr Firat Guder say about use-by dates?

A. They are not completely reliable.

B. They can help reduce food waste.

C. They are not accepted by consumers.

D. They are based on scientific research.

31. What does the author mainly talk about in the text?

A. The process of researching spoilage sensors.

B. A new technology in packaging to reduce food waste.

C. Use-by dates 'influence on supermarkets and consumers.

D. The application of spoilage sensors beyond food processing.

D

Muazzez Kocek, 46, is considered one of the best whistlers in Kuskoy, a village in Turkey's northern Giresun province. Her whistle can be heard over the area’s vast tea fields. When President of Turkey visited Kusköy in 2012, she greeted him and proudly whistled, “Welcome to our village!” She uses kus dili, or “bird language”. For hundreds of years, this whistled form of communication has been critical for farming in this place, allowing complex conversations over long distances and making animal herding (放牧) easier to do. However, because of the increased use of cellphones, the language is at risk of dying out.

Turkey is one of a handful of countries in the world where whistling languages exist. They attract linguistic (语言学的) experts very much. There is a long-held belief that language interpretation occurs mostly in the left hemisphere (大脑半球), and tunes and singing on the right. But a study conducted in Kuskoy suggests that whistling language is processed in both hemispheres.

Organ Civelek, 37, who can whistle in full sentences, explained that they are very proud of their linguistic custom and want to share it with visitors. Since 1997, Kuskoy village has been hosting an annual Bird Language, Culture and Art Festival, where the community gathers to practice and compete.

While technology is contributing to the language’s disappearance, it is also being used by some to preserve it. Mr. Civelek, who teaches bird language to children during the summer, uses an application called “Islik Dili Sozlugu,” or whistling language dictionary.

“You can lose or break a phone, but as long as you can breathe, you can whistle,” said Mr. Civelek. “It's a communication tool that you can bring with you anywhere.”

32. Before cellphones, what did Turkish farmers mainly use kus dili to do?

A. Talk with wild birds.

B. Greet respectable guests.

C. Speak with people far away.

D. Warn farm animals of risks.

33. What might be concluded based on the study conducted in Kuskoy?

A. The right hemisphere interprets sounds.

B. Whistling language isn’t unique to Turkey.

C. Brain structures processing language aren’t fixed.

D. The left hemisphere helps us understand conversations.

34. Which of the following can best convey Mr. Civelek’s opinion on technology?

A. Misfortunes never come alone.

B. Every coin has two sides.

C. A good beginning makes a good ending.

D. All things are difficult before they are easy.

35. What is main idea of the text?

A. People in Turkey whistle more and talk less.

B. You may lose a phone, but never a tradition.

C. People in Turkey keep a language of whistles alive.

D. Cellphones can connect you to the world, but not a heart.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Learning to Give Praise to Others

Words of praise, when used right, can have powerful positive effects on others. They are free, but they're worth so much to the receiving person. ___36___ Your members didn't follow you because of salaries but for more altruistic(利他的)reasons. Therefore, it is important that you give them the praise that is due for their efforts. 

___37___ Don't say, "You look good today. "When you could have said, "You look amazing today!" Don't say, "Thanks for your effort. "Instead say "I'm so thankful for your being on this project; we couldn't have finished it without you!"

Of course with all that I have mentioned above, be sure that it's coming from your heart. ___38___ Don't praise if you don't have a hint of appreciation for the person. Trust me, it will show in your eyes and the other party will feel upset. Insincere praise is flattery(恭维);you seek to gain something from saying good things about the other person. 

Besides, praising in public is rather important. ___39___When you praise a partner in public, you lift him up and his conduct for everyone in the room to see. Look for opportunities where you can publicly celebrate the hard work of certain people and make them feel they are great. 

I believe that as you begin using these communication tips and praising people around you, you'll see a change in the atmosphere of your work environment. ___40___ Eventually, you'll find yourself with a more effective team!

A. So you need to be sincere in praise.

B. This is more so in voluntary organizations.

C. People will become happier and smile more.

D. It is much more effective than praise in private.

E. Remember that measured praise is no praise at all.

F. Words aren't always necessary when praising others.

G. The best way to teach kids how to praise others is by being an example.

第三部分 语言运用(共三节,满分35分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I was envious of my friends who got to stay at school for lunch. They ___41___ the same things as the characters in our favourite TV shows. The meals we ate at home were different. One day, a classmate asked what I ate for lunch. I ___42___, feeling like I'd been caught. Like most days, we'd had fried rice. "Sandwiches," I lied. My face felt hot as I turned away, ___43___ she wouldn't ask anything more. 

Still, there was one day of the year when Mom made an ___44___ and we were allowed to stay at school for lunch. Every year, there was Chinese Day at the cafeteria to ___45___ Chinese New Year. "The school is honoring our heritage," Mom would say. The first Chinese Day lunch I can ___46___ was when I was about six. I had___47___ this day for weeks. When the bell rang for lunch, I rushed to the cafeteria. As I stood in line, I imagined the ___48___ they'd have waiting for us.  

There would be ___49___, surely—every Chinese New Year meal included fish. I could explain to my friends what Mom had told us: how the ____50____ for "fish" in Chinese sounded like another word meaning abundance. There would be chicken, too, probably with the head still on, because a whole chicken for Chinese New Year ____51____ wholeness. 

The line was slowly moving forward until ____52____ it was my turn. The cafeteria worker passed me my plate and I looked down. I barely____53____ anything. All I did was sit there, confused. They called this "Chinese" lunch, so why had I never ____54____it before? Those first few bites, I realized later, were my ____55____ to Chinese-Canadian cuisine. 

41. A. ateB. mixedC. keptD. bought

42. A. quitB. frozeC. fellD. changed

43. A. figuringB. agreeingC. hopingD. regretting

44. A. excuseB. exceptionC. impressionD. appointment

45. A. createB. saveC. celebrateD. guide

46. A. rememberB. discoverC. orderD. serve

47. A. put up withB. looked out forC. come up withD. looked forward to

48. A. programmeB. mealC. seatD. guest

49. A. chickenB. beefC. baconD. fish

50. A. priceB. searchC. needD. word

51. A. combinedB. representedC. describedD. predicted

52. A. immediatelyB. usuallyC. finallyD. recently

53. A. improvedB. understoodC. observedD. recognized

54. A. seenB. missedC. usedD. read

55. A. introductionB. solutionC. instructionD. application

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

There are many idioms in English, quite a few of _____56_____come from the Bible.

"Kill the fatted calf" comes from a story where a son left home to waste all of his time and money in amusing ___57___(he).____58____(spend)every penny of his money and been reduced to _____59_____(hire) himself out to feed pigs, he realized that he had been a fool and _____60_____(go) home. In honor of his return, his father killed and cooked a calf so that they could have a feast. Therefore, we often say "kill the fatted calf" when we have a large ______61______(celebrate). _____62_____(study)idioms can help improve our comprehension and develop a high level of competence in our communication skills. When we have _____63_____ thorough understanding of English idioms and their _____64_____(origin),we can even _______65_______(well) understand and appreciate the history and cultures of English-speaking countries, because idioms are carriers of history and culture.

第三节 单词拼写(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

请认真阅读下列各题,根据所给中文提示或首字母,写出1个语义通顺语法正确的单词。

66. Despite the fact that they are identical twins, they have quite different p_____________. One is shy and friendly while the other is brave and aggressive. (根据首字母单词拼写)

67. A mini b______________ garden full of plants, trees and flowers is designed for children to experience the beauty of nature. (根据首字母单词拼写)

68. People with severe allergic r_______________ should stop taking this medicine and inform your doctor without delay. (根据首字母单词拼写)

69. Temporary h_____________(住房,住宅)that was set up for those typhoon survivors collapsed after the earthquake. (根据汉语提示单词拼写)

70. By this time my grandma was in her nineties and needed help more and more____________ (频繁地,经常)。(根据汉语提示填空)

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)

71. 假定你是李华,你校将举办“年轻人的教育”英语主题演讲比赛。请你写一篇参赛演讲稿,内容包括:

1.教育对于年轻人的重要性;

2.如何帮助贫困地区的学生接受教育。

注意:

1.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

2.词数80左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Respected teachers and dear friends,

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________


Thanks for listening.

第二节 读后续写(满分20分)

72. 阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。续写的词数应为150左右。

“Make sure you bring your schoolwork home,” Mother had told Shawn on Friday. Shawn had known what that meant. The ice on the river was no longer safe for his snowmobile, and it would be many weeks before the ice melted enough to cross the river by boat. Shawn was thinking that if he couldn't go to school, maybe he could drive his snowmobile into the mountains.

Suddenly, Mother grasped her side with both hands, her face pale. Shawn hurried toward her.

“My stomach...” she moaned (呻吟).

Shawn helped Mother sit on the floor. Before he could reach the telephone to call for the ambulance or the hovercraft—the fire department’s ice-rescue vehicle—he remembered that last week’s ice storm had cut off the phone lines.

“I’ll get you to the hospital, Mother,” Shawn whispered. “Don't worry.” But Shawn was worried. How could he get her to the hospital? The snowmobile wasn't safe. Suddenly, an idea struck him—maybe he could use the boat.

“We can’t cross the river, Shawn, “his mother whispered.” The ice is too thin.” But she still let him help her into the boat. Then he remembered that Father always brought a chisel (凿子) and a sledgehammer (长柄大锤) on the ice in the winter. So he found them and placed them next to his mother.

Cautiously, Shawn pushed the boat onto the ice. The boat slid more easily than he had expected on the water-covered ice. Shawn pushed and pushed, though his arms soon ached and his legs were sore. He wasn't far from the other side of the river, when he noticed two men drilling a fishing hole next to the shore. Just then, with a loud crack, the front part of the boat broke through the ice. Shawn took a quick step away from the boat, his arms shaking with tiredness.

The men were shouting at Shawn, waving a mobile phone, but the wind blew their words away. Shawn was very nervous. Then he remembered—the chisel! He could use it as a lever (杠杆). Shawn reached for the chisel. His mother passed him the chisel and the sledgehammer.

Paragraph 1:

Working quickly, Shawn soon had the chisel firmly hammered into the ice.

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

Shawn stared at the white walls of the hospital waiting room.

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________


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