英 语 2020．9.
Chinese New Year is a 1 (celebrate) marking the end of the winter season and the beginning of spring. This is why decorating with plants, fruits and flowers 2 (carry) special significance. They represent the earth 3 (come) back to life and best wishes for new beginnings.
Many people have the hobby of collecting things, e.g. stamps, postcards or antiques. In the 18th and 19th centuries, 4 (wealth) people travelled and collected plants, historical objects and works of art. They kept their collection at home until it got too big 5 until they died, and then it was given to a museum. The 80,000 objects collected by Sir Hans Sloane, for example, 6 (form) the core collection of the British Museum 7 opened in 1759.
The first time I saw Suzy Khan, I knew I had to help her. She was really small for her age of 12. The boy in my class often joked about her and laughed their heads off. She would open a book, pretending to read, with tears dropping 8 the open page.
All I knew was that she was an orphan (孤儿) from Africa. She 9 (adopt) by a family in town who decided that the best way for her 10 (learn) American ways of life was to be with American kids. I looked down at this tiny girl and promised myself that somehow I would help her.
I’ve been farming sheep on a hillside for 54 years. I use a small tractor to get about. My dog Don always sits beside me in the passenger seat.
One morning I 11 a lost lamb when I was in the top field, near where a motorway cuts through my land. The lamb had become separated from its 12 , so I jumped out of the tractor to 13 it while Don stayed in his seat.
Lamb and mother 14 , I turned back to the tractor only to see it move suddenly away from me. This was so 15 because I had put the handbrake on when I jumped out. 16 Don had somehow made the 17 move.
My heart froze in my chest as I 18 the tractor heading towards the 19 . I ran desperately but failed to 20 . It crashed through a wooden fence and disappeared. The 21 thing I saw was Don’s face, looking calmly back at me.
Heart in mouth, I 22 the fence and looked over. The tractor was 23 against the crash barrier in the central reservation, having miraculously（奇迹般地）crossed the 24 road with fast-flowing traffic. I couldn’t see Don, but as I 25 the tractor he jumped out onto the road, apparently 26 , and dashed back to me.
The police 27 and the motorway ran normally again. I couldn’t quite believe my 28 — it turned out no one got badly hurt, but the outcome could have been 29 . Don was given a special 30 that night — I didn’t want him thinking I was angry with him.
11. A. droppedB. spottedC. carriedD. returned
12. A. kidsB. friendsC. ownerD. mother
13. A. ask aboutB. play withC. tend toD. run into
14. A. freedB. switchedC. reunitedD. examined
15. A. unexpectedB. dangerousC. embarrassingD. difficult
16. A. FortunatelyB. GenerallyC. ImmediatelyD.Obviously
17. A. lambB. vehicleC. seatD. fence
18. A. sawB. stoppedC. rememberedD. drove
19. A. crowdB. motorwayC. fieldD. hill
20. A. take offB. catch upC. hold backD. get out
21. A. realB. bestC. basicD. last
22. A. fixedB. noticedC. reachedD. closed
23. A. restingB. runningC. parkingD. turning
24. A. steepB. longC. roughD. busy
25. A. abandonedB. approachedC. recognizedD. repaired
26. A. uncleanB. uncertainC. unhurtD. unhappy
27. A. arrivedB. repliedC. survivedD. waited
28. A. abilityB. dreamC. luckD. idea
29. A. commonB. confusingC. desirableD. awful
30. A. mealB. testC. jobD. lesson
Write a poem about how courage, determination, and strength have helped you face challenges in your life.
3 Grand Prizes: Trip to Washington, D.C. for each of three winners, a parent and one other person of the winner’s choice. Trip includes round-trip air tickets, hotel stay for two nights, and tours of the National Air and Space Museum and the office of National Geographic World.
6 First Prizes: The book Sky Pioneer: A Photobiography of Amelia Earhart signed by author Corinne Szabo and pilot Linda Finch.
50 Honorable Mentions: Judges will choose up to 50 honorable mention winners, who will each receive a T-shirt in memory of Earhart's final flight.
Follow all rules carefully to prevent disqualification.
■ Write a poem using 100 words or fewer. Your poem can be any format, any number of
■Write by hand or type on a single sheet of paper. You may use both the front and back of the paper.
■On the same sheet of paper, write or type your name, address, telephone number, and birth date.
■Mail your entry to us by October 31 this year.
31. How many people can each grand prize winner take on the free trip?
A. Two.B. Three.C. Four.D. Six.
32. What will each of the honorable mention winners get?
A. A plane ticket.B. A book by Corinne Szabo.
C. A special T-shirt.D. A photo of Amelia Earhart.
33. Which of the following will result in disqualification?
A. Typing your poem out.B. Writing a poem of 120 words.
C. Using both sides of the paper.D. Mailing your entry on October 30.
I have a special place in my heart for libraries. I have for as long as I can remember. I was always an enthusiastic reader, sometimes reading up to three books a day as a child. Stories were like air to me and while other kids played ball or went to parties, I lived out adventures through the books I checked out from the library.
My first job was working at the Ukiah Library when I was 16 years old. It was a dream job and I did everything from shelving books to reading to the children for story time.
As I grew older and became a mother, the library took on a new place and an added meaning in my life. I had several children and books were our main source (来源) of entertainment. It was a big deal for us to load up and go to the local library, where my kids could pick out books to read or books they wanted me to read to them.
I always read, using different voices, as though I were acting out the stories with my voice and they loved it! It was a special time to bond with my children and it filled them with the wonderment of books.
Now, I see my children taking their children to the library and I love that the excitement of going to the library lives on from generation to generation.
As a novelist, I’ve found a new relationship with libraries. I encourage readers to go to their local library when they can’t afford to purchase a book. I see libraries as a safe haven (避风港) for readers and writers, a bridge that helps put together a reader with a book. Libraries, in their own way, help fight book piracy (盗版行为) and I think all writers should support libraries in a significant way when they can. Encourage readers to use the library. Share library announcements on your social media. Frequent them and talk about them when you can.
34. Which word best describes the author’s relationship with books as a child?
A. Cooperative. B. Uneasy. C. Inseparable. D. Casual.
35. What does the underlined phrase “an added meaning” in paragraph 3 refer to?
A. Pleasure from working in the library.
B. Joy of reading passed on in the family.
C. Wonderment from acting out the stories.
D. A closer bond developed with the readers.
36. What does the author call on other writers to do?
A. Sponsor book fairs. B. Write for social media.
C. Support libraries. D. Purchase her novels.
37. Which can be a suitable title for the text?
A. Reading: A Source of Knowledge
B. My Idea about writing
C. Library: A Haven for the Young
D. My Love of the Library
For people, who are interested in sound, the field of sound technology is definitely making noise. In the past, sound engineers worked in the back rooms of recording studios, but many of today’s sound professionals are sharing their knowledge and experience with professionals in other fields to create new products based on the phenomenon we call sound.
Sound can be used as a weapon. Imagine that a police officer is chasing a thief. The thief tries to escape. And the officer can’t let him get away. He pulls out a special device, points it at the suspect, and switches it on. The thief drops to the ground. This new weapon is called a Long Range Acoustic Device（LRAD, 远程定向声波发射器）. It produces a deafening sound so painful that it temporarily disables a person. The noise from the LRAD is directed like a ray of light and travels only into the ears of that person, but it is not deadly.
For those who hunger for some peace and quiet, sound can now create silence. Let’s say you are at the airport, and the little boy on the seat next to you is humming（哼唱）a short commercial song. He hums it over and over again, and you are about to go crazy. Thanks to the Silence Machine, a British invention, you can get rid of the sound without upsetting the boy or his parents. One may wonder how the Silence Machine works. Well, it functions by analyzing the waves of the incoming sound and creating a second set of outgoing waves. The two sets of waves cancel each other out. Simply turn the machine or point it at the target, and your peace and quiet comes back.
Directed sound is a new technology that allows companies to use sound in much the same way spotlights（聚光灯）are used in the theater. A spotlight lights up only one section of a stage; similarly, “spotsound” creates a circle of sound in on targeted area. This can be useful for businesses such as restaurants and stores because it offers a new way to attract customers. Restaurants can offer a choice of music along with the various food choices on the menu, allowing customers more control over the atmosphere in which they are dining. Directed sound is also beginning to appear in shopping centers and even at homes.
38. What could be inferred from Paragraph 2 about the effect of the LRAD?
A. It causes temporary hearing loss.
B. It slows down a running man.
C. It makes it easy to identify a suspect.
D. It keeps the suspect from hurting others.
39. The Silence Machine is a device specially designed to ________.
A. silence the people around you
B. remove the sound of commercials
C. block the incoming sound waves
D. stop unwanted sound from affecting you
40. What feature do spotsounds and spotlights share?
A. They travel in circles.
B. They clear the atmosphere.
C. They can be transformed into energy.
D. They can be directed onto a specific area.
41. What does the passage focus on?
A. How professionals invented sound products.
B. Inventions in the field of sound technology.
C. The growing interest in the study of sound.
D. How sound engineers work in their studios.
According to a recent study in the Journal of Consumer Research, both the size and consumption habits of our eating companions can influence our food intake. And contrary to existing research that says you should avoid eating with heavier people who order large portions (份), it’s the beanpoles with big appetites you really need to avoid.
To test the effect of social influence on eating habits, the researchers conducted two experiments. In the first, 95 undergraduate women were individually invited into a lab to ostensibly (表面上) participate in a study about movie viewership. Before the film began, each woman was asked to help herself to a snack. An actor hired by the researchers grabbed her food first. In her natural state, the actor weighed 105 pounds. But in half the cases she wore a specially designed fat suit which increased her weight to 180 pounds.
Both the fat and thin versions of the actor took a large amount of food. The participants followed suit, taking more food than they normally would have. However, they took, significantly more when the actor was thin.
For the second test, in one case the thin actor took two pieces of candy from the snack bowls. In the other case, she took 30 pieces. The results were similar to the first test: the participants followed suit but took significantly more candy when the thin actor took 30 pieces.
The tests show that the social environment is extremely influential when we’re making decisions. If this fellow participant is going to eat more, so will I. Call it the 4iMl have what she’s having’ effect. However, we’ll adjust the influence. If an overweight person is having a large portion, I’ll hold back a bit because I see the results of his eating habits. But if a thin person eats a lot, I’ll follow suit. If he can eat much and keep slim, why can’t I?
42.What is the recent study mainly about?
A. Food safety. B. Movie viewership.
C. Consumer demand.D. Eating behavior.
43.What does the underlined word “beanpoles” in paragraph 1 refer to?
A. Big eaters. B. Overweight persons.
C. Picky eaters. D. Tall thin persons.
44.Why did the researchers hire the actor?
A. To see how she would affect the participants.
B. To test if the participants could recognize her.
C. To find out what she would do in the two tests.
D. To study why she could keep her weight down.
45.On what basis do we “adjust the influence” according to the last paragraph?
A. How hungry we are.B. How slim we want to be.
C. How we perceive others.D. How we feel about the food.
A Few Tips for Self-Acceptance
We all want it to accept and love ourselves. But at times it seems too difficult and too far out of reach. 46 Here’s a handful of ways that will set you in the right direction.
● 47 Do not follow the people who make you feel not-good-enough. Why do you follow them? Are you hoping that eventually you will feel empowered because your life is better than theirs? Know that your life is your own; you are the only you in this world.
●Forgive yourself for mistakes that you have made. We are often ashamed of our shortcomings, our mistakes and our failures. 48 You will make mistakes, time and time again. Rather than getting caught up in how you could have done better, why not offer yourself a compassionate (有同情心) response? “That didn’t go as planned. But, I tried my best.”
●Recognize all of your strengths. Write them down in a journal. Begin to train your brain to look at strength before weakness. List all of your accomplishments and achievements. You have a job, earned your degree, and you got out of bed today. 49
●Now that you’ve listed your strengths, list your imperfections. Turn the page in your journal. Put into words why you feel unworthy, why you don’t feel good enough. Now, read these words back to yourself. 50 Turn to a page in your journal to your list of strengths and achievements. See how awesome you are?
A. Feeling upset again?
B. Where do you start?
C. Nothing is too small to celebrate.
D. Remember, you are only human.
E Set an intention for self-acceptance.
F. Stop comparing yourself with others.
G. When does the comparison game start?