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安徽省皖南八校2021届高三摸底联考英语试题

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安徽省皖南八校2021届高三摸底联考英语试题
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安徽省“皖南八校”2021届高三摸底联考

英语

考生注意:

1. 本试卷由四个部分组成。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。

2. 考生作答时,请将答案答在答题卡上。选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;非选择题请用直径0. 5毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上各题的答题区域内作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效,在试题卷、草稿纸上作答无效。

3. 本卷命题范围:高考范围。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What is the woman?

A. A cook.                        B. A waitress.                       C. A saleswoman. 

2. What does the man suggest the woman do?

A. Consult a professional. 

B. Make the arrangements by herself. 

C. Change a place for her trip. 

3. How much will the woman get back?

A. $140.                        B. $110.                               C. $ 30. 

4. What will the woman do in the store?

A. Sit down.               B. Buy a pair of shoes.          C. Buy a new suit. 

5. What will the weather be like in Arizona in the coming week?

A. Rainy.                         B. Warm.                        C. A bit cold. 

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Why didn't the girl's grandma go to university when she was young?

A. She couldn't afford college education. 

B. She was not allowed to. 

C. She wasn't interested in college. 

7. What do we learn about the girl's mother?

A. She works as a teacher. 

B. She works in a company. 

C. She has never had a job. 

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A. At home.                    B. In the street.                     C. In the office. 

9. What do we know about the weather?

A. It will be snowy in Eastern England tomorrow. 

B. It will be foggy in Northern England tomorrow. 

C. It will be clear in Southwestern England tomorrow afternoon. 

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What is the man?

A. A salesman.       B. A traveler.                      C. A shopkeeper. 

11. What do the speakers think is the most important of products?

A. Quantity.           B. Quality.                       C. Appearance. 

12. How long has the man been off the company?

A. 11 days.                  B. 10 days.                   C. 9 days. 

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What time is it now?

A. 1 p. m.                       B. 8 p. m.               C. 4 p. m. 

14. Why can't the speakers finish the proposal tomorrow?

A. They have to go to the office by midnight. 

B. It has to go to the post office by midnight. 

C. They have to hand it in by midnight. 

15. What are the speakers going to do in case of a mistake?

A. Read all the corrections. 

B. Check any corrections by machine. 

C. Write in any corrections by hand. 

16. What's the woman going to start with?

A. The sales of the products. 

B. The amount of the products. 

C. The costs for the products. 

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. Why do a few Americans get up so early on a Saturday morning?

A. For hunting.                 B. For a morning market.          C. For a yard sale. 

18. Who love used goods according to the passage?

A. Only poor people.        B. All Westerners.                    C. Only collectors. 

19. Which place can people find the right treasure?

A. Trash bins.                 B. Gift shops.                             C. Flea markets. 

20. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Early birds catch the worm. 

B. From trash to treasure. 

C. Unexpected rewards. 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

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21. What can visitors do at Tangalooma?

A. Go boating.         B. Ride on the beaches.  C. Bathe in the ocean.  D. Get close to dolphins. 

22. Why are various dining choices offered?

A. Transportation is convenient.                  B. Most visitors are nonlocal. 

C. Visitors have various tastes.                  D. Visitors consider their expenses. 

23. Where should visitors stay if they want to enjoy ocean views?

A. Resort Unit       B. Hotel Deluxe      C. Family Suite      D. Beachfront Villa

B

Luo Dengping has become famous as the only woman in a group of"spider men"who climb cliffs of up to 100 meters high, without ropes or safety equipment of any kind, for the entertainment of tourists in China's Guizhou Province. 

Men of the Miao people, in Southwest China, have been free-climbing steep cliffs for centuries. They originally developed this skill as part of a custom, to lift coffins(棺材) of relatives up the cliffs and place them in small caves or just hang them on the cliffside, like the Tana Toraja tribe, in Indonesia. The Miao spider men continued climbing the vertical cliffs of Ziyun, in order to collect rare medicinal plants. Today, only a few members of the Miao people still practice this ancient tradition, and one of them is a woman. 

Traditionally, only Miao men were considered brave and skilled enough to become spider men, but Luo Dengping had no choice but to break social norms and take up the practice. As the daughter of a skilled spider man, and with no brothers to carry on her family's tradition, Luo began climbing the cliffs near the village of Getuhe when she was just 15 years old. In the beginning, she felt scared and could barely move on the precarious cliffside, but as time went by, she perfected her skills and, eventually, making her way up the giant rocks using nothing but her hands and feet became routine. 

In her late teens, Luo Dengping left the village and became a migrant worker at a construction site in Guangzhou. She returned in 2000, married a villager and had two children. To support her husband, who drives freight trucks for a living, she occasionally climbed nearby cliffs in search of medicinal plants to sell. Then, in 2015, the local government decided to promote the karst mountain as a tourist attraction, and started hiring spider men to practice their skills for entertainment purposes. 

24. Why did some Miao people work as spider men at first?

A. To make money.       B. To master a skill.   C. To collect plants.     D. To climb cliffs. 

25. What does the underlined word"precarious"in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

A. Famous.   B. Wet.     C. Dangerous.   D. Unsteady. 

26. What is Luo Dengping's husband?

A. A migrant worker.    B. A performer.     C. A distributor.       D. A driver. 

27. What can be the best title for the text?

A. China's Only"Spider Woman”

B. The Promotion of Ancient Skills

C. A Hobby Makes"Spider Woman”

D. Spider Men Becomes a Must-see

C

A Japanese aquarium(水族馆)that has been closed because of the coronavirus outbreak is asking people to make video calls to the aquarium's eels(鳗鱼)。

The reason?Aquarium workers fear the sensitive creatures may not remember humans exist and do not present a threat. The Sumida Aquarium has been closed since the start of March. Its sea animals have become used to a largely human-free environment during the two-month period of calm. 

"Creatures in the aquarium don't see humans except keepers and they have started

forgetting about humans, ”the aquarium said on its Twitter account this week. Garden eels in particular disappear into the sand and hide every time the keepers pass by. "That is causing difficulties for keepers trying to check on the health of the animals. ”

So the aquarium decided to offer an invitation to the public. "Could you show your face to our garden eels from your home?"It is describing the new effort as a face-showing festival. 

Garden eels are very sensitive by nature. But the 300 garden eels that live in a tank at the aquarium had become used to humans. They rarely hid in the sand from visitors. 

To try to reintroduce the eels to humans, the aquarium is putting five computer tablets in front of their tank. The public can connect through the FaceTime app. Once the video calls start, people are supposed to show their faces, wave their hands and talk to the eels. But given the quiet nature of the animals, callers are asked not to shout. 

The"face-showing festival"is set to take place Sunday through Tuesday, during Japan's Golden Week holiday, when many people usually travel. This Golden Week, however, people have been asked to stay at home while the country remains under a state of emergency. 

28. What's the aim to make video calls to the aquarium's eels?

A. To enrich their lives. 

B. To show human's threat. 

C. To emphasize human's care. 

D. To appeal to living in harmony. 

29. How did garden eels feel when seeing keepers?

A. Fearful.      B. Relaxed.     C. Thankful.   D. Desperate. 

30. What is improper for people to do through the FaceTime app?

A. Show faces.  B. Wave hands.  C. Talk to the eels.  D. Speak loudly. 

31. What type of writing is this text?

A. A news report. B. An show review. C. An announcement. D. A science report. 

D

Red pandas are native to the high forests of Asia. They are only a little bigger than a house cat and considered to be endangered. 

Scientists reported last month that not all red pandas belong to the same species. There are two different species of this animal, not just one. The scientists reported finding major differences in three genetic markers between Chinese red pandas and Himalayan red pandas. Scientists identified the markers after studying DNA from 65 of the creatures. DNA carries genetic information for the development, growth and reproduction of living things. Documenting the existence of two separate species could help guide efforts for protecting red pandas. 

Chinese red pandas live in northern Myanmar, as well as southeastern Tibet, Sichuan, 

and Yunnan provinces in China. Himalayan red pandas are native to Nepal, India, Bhutan and southern Tibet in China. Conservation biologists Yibo Hu and Fuwen Wei led the study. Their findings were published in the journal Science Advances. 

"To conserve the genetic uniqueness of the two species, we should avoid their interbreeding in captivity, "Hu said. "Interbreeding between species may harm the genetic adaptations already established for their local habitat environment. "

Scientists had earlier suggested there were two species of red panda. But the new study was the first to provide the genetic information necessary to permit such a judgment. International experts estimate a total population of around 10, 000 red pandas in the wild. The two species differ in coloration and skull shape. The Himalayan red panda is the rarer of the two. Major threats to red pandas include deforestation and habitat loss. 

While they have similar names, red pandas and giant pandas are not closely related. Giant pandas are one of the world's eight bear species. Red pandas are sometimes called living fossils because they have no close living relatives. They are the only remaining member of their mammalian family. 

32. What does the second paragraph mainly deal with?

A. Not all red pandas belong to the same species. 

B. The major differences between the two species. 

C. The difficulty in finding out genetic difference. 

D. The significance for further research into pandas. 

33. Where can Himalayan red pandas be found?

A. Beoak.   B. Yunnan province.  C. Southeastern Tibet.  D. Northern Myanmar. 

34. What is Yibo Hu's attitude to interbreeding between species?

A. Disapproval.  B. Doubtful.  C. Objective.  D. Unclear. 

35. What can be said about the Himalayan red panda?

A. People used to care little about it. 

B. Its living conditions are improving. 

C. Habitat loss is a great threat to it. 

D. Its skull shapes are easy to distinguish. 

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

How can you work to be emotionally stable?

Here are three ways that you can take care of yourself emotionally. 

1. 36. 

A joyful heart is good medicine. I'm not telling you to go around and start laughing for no reason. But every time you get a chance to laugh, laugh. It's the best medicine that can heal the heart! Find things that will make you laugh and start wearing that beautiful smile of yours more. 

2. Find healing(治愈) and move forward. 

37. In fact, the damage is there to remind you how strong you are. But, it is important to accept that you're hurting. It's the only way to heal and move forward. See every difficulty as a lesson that we need to learn and grow. 38!

3. You are not a superhero, and it's okay to talk to someone. 

39. As a girl who is always thinking I can fix everything on myself, it is hard to sit down and talk about the things that were bothering me. 

The benefits of expressing yourself to someone are:

● You are conquering your fears and reducing your anxiety

● You are relieving yourself from stress

● You will find freedom

● You will find peace in knowing that you are being understood

Holding onto things will not benefit you in the long run. Eventually, your emotional pain will become noticeable physically. 40. And the reason being is because you've been holding too much inside. 

A. Laugh more

B. Chatting can make you less lonely

C. It's necessary for you to consult doctors

D. Even for me, this was a hard thing to do

E. Healing doesn't mean the damage never existed

F. You will find yourself struggling with health issues

G. Because now you're stronger, wiser, and you made it

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 

When I was little, I was taught to be a person of integrity(诚实正直). This 41 that I maintain high 42 standards, and do the right thing even when no one is watching. 

After I 43, I started applying this 44 to every area of my life, but in doing so, I encountered 45. Whenever I told the truth, I was told, "You take things too seriously. ” Whenever I worked hard, others would say, “It's not worth working hard. "For a while, I 46 if I really needed to continue to do the right thing and if I could 47 the rules a bit. However, whenever I did or said something that 48 my beliefs, I would lose my 49 peace. From then on, I made up my mind not to 50 my values just to please others. 

If you have had 51 experiences to mine, why not ask yourself some questions? If you send your car to a mechanic(技工) for 52, do you want the mechanic give your car the best service? If you allow a 53 adviser to handle your money, do you 54 him to give you the best return for your 55 ?Of course you do. Integrity is one of the greatest of life's 56 that you cannot live without. 

Integrity 57 your character and reveals your true faithfulness. 58 it to every area of your life. Perhaps, in the short run, you might get cheated. 59, in the long run, as long as you stay true to your 60, you will be the one in charge of your life. 

41. A. provesB. meansC. learnsD. knows

42. A. moralB. livingC. educationalD. artistic

43. A. caught onB. laid offC. grew upD. got back

44. A. technologyB. modelC. theoryD. principle

45. A. oppositionB. obstaclesC. errorsD. favor

46. A. rangB. wonderedC. bargainedD. convinced

47. A. breakB. makeC. bendD. keep

48. A. evaluatedB. inspiredC. swallowedD. contradicted

49. A. lastingB. relativeC. temporaryD. inner

50. A. improveB. compromiseC. showD. determine

51. A. similarB. particularC. impressiveD. personal

52. A. salesB. instructionsC. repairsD. instructions

53. A. legalB. politicalC. financialD. senior

54. A. expectB. forbidC. encourageD. force

55. A. serviceB. effortC. beliefD. investment

56. A. achievementsB. treasuresC. thoughtsD. requests

57. A. decreasesB. shapesC. createsD. develops

58. A. ApplyB. ReferC. LimitD. Reduce

59. A. ThereforeB. BesidesC. HoweverD. Moreover

60. A. mottoB. goalC. pathD. value

第二节(共10小题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)

阅读下列材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或用括号内单词的正确形式。

Bifengxia Valley is 8km away from Ya'an city, 61______ is on the southwest of Chengdu. Ya'an is the very place where the panda was first found in China. Since the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, many pandas 62_____ (move) to Bifengxia from Wolong and other places, including the famous Tuantuan and Yuanyuan 63_____(give) to Taiwan in 2009. 

Now that it has been selected as China's latest giant panda protection base, Bifengxia has a new role 64_____ (play)in changing the destiny of the endangered species. Pandas will return to nature after they have been given relevant 65_____(train) in simulated(模拟的) wild environments. Bifengxia ws planned to house mostly sub-adults not yet in the breeding program and senior pandas, too old for breeding. However, a small breeding area was Constructed in addition 66____ the hospital. 

In 2008, there 67_____(be)13 baby pandas surviving in the Bifeng Gorge Base. On Feb. 12nd, 2009, the base held 68 ______simple ceremony for these small pandas as 69 ______(them) attended the panda kindergarten. It is known that the giant pandas, which 70_____(temporary) live in the base, will return to the Wolong National Natural Reserve after its restoration in two or three years' time. 

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(A), 并在其下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Last Friday, I boarded the train in Delhi, that the staff treated me like a king. They took care of my luggages and showed me to my room. Everything was very grand that it took my breath away! Soon, the other passengers and I was on our way. We enjoyed delicious lunch as they watched the scenery go by. It was really a good sight. We soon reached for Agra and the famous Taj Mahal. It was amazing to seeing in person! Then, we returned to the train for dinner or our first night's rest. Tired as we were, we felt happily in deed. 

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

某英语报正在组织高中英语作文比赛。请以我爱旅行为题,写一篇短文参赛,内容包括:

1. 喜爱旅行的原因;

2. 你的感受。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


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