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安徽省蚌埠市2021届高三第一次教学质量检测英语试题

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安徽省蚌埠市2021届高三第一次教学质量检测英语试题
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蚌埠市2021届高三年级第一次教学质量监测

英语

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。第I卷1至8页,第II卷9至10页。满分150分。考试时间120分钟。考试结束,将答题卷交回。

注意事项:

1. 答题前,考生务必用0. 5毫米的黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、学校、班级、准考证号及座位号填写在答题卡上规定的位置。

2. 第I卷每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第I卷

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)

听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much is the shirt?

A. £ 19. 15.              B. £ 9. 15.              C. £ 9. 18. 

答案是B。

1. Who made the reservation?

A. Mary.               B. Burton.            C. David. 

2. What does the man offer to do?

A. Pay for the bill.       B. Do the cooking.      C. Get something to eat. 

3. Why doesn’t the man want to go to the beach?

A. He can’t bear the hot weather. 

B. He has no interest in the beach. 

C. He is waiting for the football match. 

4. What does the woman mean?

A. The man is annoying. 

B. Her homework is too hard. 

C. The man is absent - minded. 

5. How did the woman know about the place?

A. On the Internet.           B. On her way to work.      C. From her colleague. 

第二节(共15小题;写小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What does the man say about his uncle?

A. He is famous.            B. He is clever.         C. He is popular.

7. When did the man’s uncle begin to do medical research?

A. At the age of 10.          B. At the age of 15.      C. At the age of 25. 

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. Where are the speakers?

A. On the third floor.        B. On the fourth floor.   C. On the fifth floor. 

9. Where is the children’s clothes section?

A. Next to a play area.

B. To the left of the lift.

C. At the end of the first floor. 

10. What will the woman do next?

A. Visit men’s clothes section. 

B. Buy a child’s shirt.

C. Withdraw some money. 

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. What season is it?

A. Summer.               B. Autumn.            C. Winter. 

12. Why does the man disagree about a walk in the countryside?

A. It is boring.            B. The weather is bad.    C. It is tiring. 

13. What outdoor activity do the speakers decide on?

A. Ice - skating.           B. Climbing.           C. Fishing.

听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。

14. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Classmates.           B. Parent and child.    C. Teacher and student. 

15. What does the man suggest the woman do about her report?

A. Give examples.         B. Make comparisons.    C. Tell stories. 

16. What will the speakers discuss next?

A. Schoolbags.           B. Computers.             C. Pictures. 

听第10 段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What did the study in the U. K. find out?

A. Five people got hurt while doing DIY. 

B. Most people failed to complete some DIY tasks. 

C. Half of the people planned to do DIY in the future. 

18. How did the speaker’ s friend feel about the accident?

A. Worried.              B. Annoyed.              C. Confused. 

19. Why did the speaker think he was lucky?

A. He wasn’t badly hurt. 

B. He repaired his shelves. 

C. He finished his DIY work. 

20. What is the talk mainly about?

A. Unexpected mistakes.      B. House repairs.           C. DIY troubles. 

第二部分  阅读理解( 共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

1974 — Finding a balance to our inner selves

   United States — Auburn

The book takes a look at the repeating cycle that seems to be natural everywhere we look, how its flow can assist, and sometimes contain, our growth and that which we struggle to make sense of and, eventually, master. It gives the reader a chance to understand where they are and where they are going. 

Making it through life

   United States — Hope

My poetry book named Making it through life is now 99 cents on Amazon! Get it while it remains at this price. It has been rated 5 stars 3 times so far, and hopefully it will continue to be rated high on Goodreads and Amazon by fantastic readers such as yourself, so as the author I must say I am proud of my book so far and I hope everyone can continue enjoying it! — Alex Pauley

The Voyage of attraction

   Netherlands — The Hague

May I please introduce myself to you. My name is Paul. And I would like to tell you about my new audio - book I have made. It’ s a magical book filled with inspirational heartwarming stories, which could help you extremely to make your beautiful dreams a reality. If you like, you could purchase the book from my new website. 

How to make him marry you

   United States — Atlanta

Have you been engaged 5 years or more? You don’t understand why you always have to compromise in your relationship? Are you lonely and your biological clock ticking? This book is for you! How to make him marry you is a hardcore and to the point 3 - step guide that will change your life forever! Get married in 6 months or less!

21. Which book can help readers appreciate themselves?

A. 1974 — Finding a balance to our inner selves.

B. Making it through life. 

C. The Voyage of attraction. 

D. How to make him marry you. 

22. What do we know about the book The Voyage of attraction?

A. It sells 99 cents on Amazon. 

B. It contains motivational stories. 

C. It is written by an American author.

D. It introduces compromise in relationship. 

23. Where is the text probably taken from?

A. A sports newspaper.                B. A medical Journal. 

C. A travel brochure.                    D. A recreational magazine. 

B

Not since humans invented shoes or underwear has a single item of clothing become so common in such a short amount of time. From Melbourne to Mexico City, Beijing to Bordeaux, many people can be seen wearing this piece of clothing: the face mask. 

But rarely, maybe never, has anything else worm by humans created such widespread debate. 

Jeremy Howard is the co - founder of Masks4All, a group supporting face mask use for everyone. Speaking recently about masks, Howard said there has probably never been such a quick and “dramatic” change in worldwide human behavior. 

Yet not everyone is accepting of this safety measure, which health officials say is aimed at reducing the spread of the coronavirus. Plenty of people do not like being told what to do. Many also do not trust scientific evidence suggesting that masks can be an effective way to reduce new infections. 

A person in London argued against mask - wearing requirements in stores, saying: “People die every year. This is nothing new.”

Mohammed al - Burji, a 42 - year - old government worker in Lebanon, shared his thoughts on wearing masks. “There is no coronavirus, brother. They’re just cheating people.”

Shopping with her young children, French museum worker Celine Brunet - Moret said she isn’t being able to see emotions on people’s faces. She thinks it’s not the same life or the normal life and they’ll never get used to it. 

But across the street from the shop where Brunet - Moret was buying cheese, Laure Estiez said that going out without one of her home - made masks now feels “almost unnatural.” She says every morning she goes through a process of picking colors to match her mood and clothing. She says this daily activity has become “a pleasure.”

“We have a very strong ability of adaptation,” she said. “You get used to everything.”

24. What does paragraph 1 intend to tell us?

A. Face masks are only an item of clothing.       

B. Shoes and underwear have long been used. 

C. Wearing masks has become common worldwide. 

D. Face masks are getting more and more fashionable. 

25. What does Howard probably agree with?

A. His group has reached the goal.

B. Wearing masks is well received. 

C. Not everyone needs to wear face masks.

D. Human’ s behavior has gradually changed. 

26. What’s Mohammed al - Burji’s attitude toward wearing masks?

A. Objective.     B. Supportive. 

C. Disapproving.   D. Ambiguous. 

27. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. Ideas about Face Masks from around the World. 

B. A Quick Change in Worldwide Human Behavior. 

C. The Influence of the Spread of the Coronavirus. 

D. Reasons for Face Mask Use all over the World. 

C

Opportunity arose for a successful experiment in a remote village called Simarkundi surrounded by 1800 acres of jungle which wasn’t even accessible by bicycle — one had to walk 7 km through a dense jungle to reach it. Villagers here were either employed as manual labour in stone mining operations, or in the illegal felling of trees. 

Siddharth hadn’t visited the village yet. In one meeting, he asked the local range officer who often interacted with Simarkundi’s residents about what they needed. 

What residents needed desperately was a drinking water well. To access water, they had to get it by digging the dry river bed nearby which was then collected in earthen pots. Working with local officials, they began the construction of a 30 - feet drinking water well. Wanting to see if there was any progress on constructing this well, Siddharth visited the village for the first time in January 2006 undertaking a two - hour trek. 

The well made him fall in love with the village, and he felt he could succeed unlike his earlier experiments. After the well was constructed, He would walk 14 km to the village back and forth every Sunday. Altogether, he made around 40 such visits on foot and after a few months villagers did some repair work in the forest, which allowed him to visit on a motorcycle. Today, you can visit the village in your car. 

There was significant improvement in farm practices and residents raised their income greatly. They stopped cutting trees from the forests. Many backward practices were successfully addressed. They constructed a kuccha road to the village and there isn’t even an inch which isn’t irrigated. All this change happened within two years. 

Siddharth was transferred out of Koderma to Ranchi in 2008, but even then he would visit the village every Sunday for the next five years to ensure these changes were permanent. 

28. Why did Siddharth come to Koderma?

A. To do scientific experiments.          B. To help develop the backward area. 

C. To employ local farmers.            D. To do a survey of country life. 

29. Which of the following needed to be handled first?

A. Building roads.                  B. Closing stone mines. 

C. Constructing a drinking well.       D. Stopping destroying the forest. 

30. Which word can best describe Siddharth?

A. Talented.              B. Stubborn.

C. Committed.       D. Courageous. 

31. What does the underlined word “trek” in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. A rough ride.                   B. A long hard walk.      

C. A dangerous drive.              D. A long mountain trip. 

D

The World Wildlife Fund for Nature - WWF - reports that nearly 3 billion animals were killed or displaced by Australia’s wildfires in 2019 and 2020. The number, reported in late July, was about three times higher than an earlier WWF estimate. “It ranks as one of the worst wildlife disasters in modern history,” said WWF - Australia Chief Executive officer Dermot O’ Gorman. 

The WWF said it used different methods to estimate wildlife populations, including information from over 100, 000 studies. The scientists created models to estimate the number of creatures found in areas destroyed by fire. Project leader Lily Van Eeden from the University of Sydney said the research was the first continent - wide examination of animals affected by wildfires. “Other nations can build upon this research to improve understanding of bushfire impacts everywhere,” she said. 

Those creatures that fled destroyed habitats faced a lack of food and shelter or the likelihood of moving into already occupied habitats. Researchers said the destruction will cause some species to become extinct before their existence is even recorded. “We don’t even know what we are losing,” said Chris Dickman, a professor of ecology at the University of Sydney. “These were species that were here and now they have gone. . . It’s almost too tragic to think about,” Dickman added. 

The WWF report calls for improvements in habitat connectivity to help species escape from fires. It also calls for identifying and protecting habitat that was not burned to help save threatened species. An expanded report on the study is expected later this year. 

The wildfires started in September 2019 and continued through March of this year. Scientists say the fires were fueled by higher than normal temperatures and years of drought in the Australian bush. The fires caused 34 human deaths and destroyed nearly 3, 000 homes. The WWF said that over the past year, it had raised money from donors to allocate emergency aid to the front lines of the fires to help injured and displaced wildlife. 

32. What do we know about Australia’s wildfires in 2019 and 2020?

A. They were the worst disasters in history.       

B. Over 3 billion animals died in the wildfires. 

C. They caused more damage than calculated earlier. 

D. Most animals moved to already occupied habitats. 

33. How did Chris Dickman feel about the extinction of some species?

A. Astonished.     B. Pained.          C. Annoyed.      D. Puzzled. 

34. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. The wildfires last a whole year. 

B. The wildfires were caused by the heat. 

C. The wildfires also cause damages to humans. 

D. The wildfires were soon under control with donations. 

35. What lesson can we learn from the text?

A. Humans shouldn’t occupy wildlife habitat. 

B. Humans shouldn’t overestimate the bushfire. 

C. We should raise money for wildlife protection. 

D. We should develop the methods to prevent wildfires. 

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Being laughed at or joked about can happen no matter what language you are learning.   36   However experts say there are ways to overcome those feelings. So on Education Tips today, we offer suggestions from a few teachers. 

Relax; be patient with yourself

Oshiberu says to remind yourself that you are learning the language, so it is normal to make mistakes.   37__ She also suggests learners avoid setting learning goals that are too strict, which can sometimes become a barrier rather than help. 

Practice your speaking skills

Both Melendez and Oshiberu say practice is one of the best ways to deal with fear. 

__38__ In a role play, two or more people act out an imaginary situation; for example, going to a market or talking to a bus driver. You can imagine, for example, your friend is a bus driver. You have a lot of questions about taking the bus. You can practice the questions on your friend. 

__39__

If you are worried about what to do in the moment when someone makes a joke,the solution can be simple: Kindly ask the person the reason for the laughter, like this, says Melendez:

“‘Is there a different way that I could have said it?’ or ‘How would you usually say it?’”

Keep a sense of humor

Keeping a sense of humor can make the long process of learning a language more fun. You might even laugh with the person who is laughing or making the joke.   40  

A. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. 

B. Never fear making any mistakes. 

C. Melendez suggests doing role plays. 

D. It is good to practise in certain situations. 

E. She advises not to be too hard on yourself. 

F. This may feel strange at first but gets easier with time. 

G. And it may make some learners nervous about speaking their new language. 

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In 2017, I began my service as a volunteer in a village in the West African nation of Benin. I expected to feel  __41__ during the holiday, longing for the   42   at home far in Canada. However, in Benin, I felt   43  , mostly due to the people around me.

Life in Benin was definitely   44  . In addition to teaching five classes, I had to   45   a different living situation. There was no electricity or running water. 

As I grew more comfortable with life in Benin, I decided to   46    them to my house for a feast of a Beninese favorite: spaghetti omelets( 意大利面煎蛋饼) on Thanksgiving Day. 

Since I didn’t have enough time to   47   the meal, all my host family, colleagues and friends   48   and joined in. I appreciated being in their   49  , for they had helped me feel at home in Benin.   50   broke out as I admitted that I felt so lucky to be with my new Beninese “family” on this   51   day. 

__52__ like this helped me discover that we all had a great deal   53  . In a way, Beninese celebrate  Thanksgiving every day. At the   54   of Beninese culture are strong familial   55   and a love for enjoying a meal together. As for me, serving as a volunteer taught me more about giving gratitude than any other   56   I’ve had. 

I know that when I sit down at the table this year in Canada, surrounded by family and food, I will __57__ appreciate everything I have in my life. But a great part of my heart will be   58   for Benin, longing to __59__ just one more feast and telling everyone just one more time: I am   60   to you. 

41. A. happy  B. free  C. lonely  D. desperate

42. A. holidays  B. changes . C. comforts D. entertainments

43. A. admired  B. loved  C. suspected D. scared

44. A. challenging B. conventional C. perfect  D. refreshing

45. A. give up  B. adjust to  C. recover from D. focus on

46. A. lead  B. send  C. invite  D. accompany

47. A. purchase B. order  C. pack  D. prepare

48. A. shared  B. left  C. nodded  D. arrived

49. A. presence B. devotion  C. contribution D. guidance

50. A. Debates  B. Conflicts  C. Cheers  D. Whispers

51. A. special  B. regular  C. proud  D. glorious . 

52. A. Assessments B. Explanations C. Accounts D. Moments

53. A. in public  B. as usual  C. in common D. as well

54. A. core  B. top  C. end  D. bottom

55. A. bonds .  B. criteria  C. phenomena D. circumstances

56. A. practice  B. training  C. project  D. experience

57. A. absolutely B. possibly  C. gradually D. generally

58. A. begging  B. beating  C. looking  D. aching

59. A. create  B. cook  C. obtain  D. observe

60. A. regretful  B. thankful  C. merciful  D. respectful

第II卷

注意:

第II卷必须用0. 5毫米的黑色墨水签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定区域内相应的位置,不能写在试卷上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不能使用涂改液、胶带纸、修正带。不按要求作答的答案无效。

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第二节  语法填空(共10 小题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Standing in a mountainous area   61   ( cover) by a wide expanse of evergreen trees, one can hardly imagine that two decades ago the area was   62   ugly environmental mess of quarries(采石场). 

In deep winter, snow adds seasonal flavor   63   the leisure destination known as Huaxiacheng Scenic Area in Weihai, Shandong province. The project is witness to the concept   64   green mountains and clear water can be mountains of gold and silver. 

__65__ ( combine ) environmental protection and tourism, the project not only brings a healthy environment to the 13 villages that surround Huaxiacheng, but also provides quality of life. 

Late last century, residents   66  ( bother) by dust on windy days and mud flows when it rained. In 2003, Xia Chunting, chairman of Huaxia Group, who grew up in the area,   67  ( shoulder) the tasks. More than 11 million trees have been planted and some pits have been transformed into lakes. 

To realize sustainable development, Xia developed Huaxiacheng Scenic Area, featuring sightseeing, educational and leisure   68  ( program). In 2018, more than 2. 3 million people visited Huaxiacheng, generating around 200 million yuan. 

“When President Xi Jinping came here in June 2018, he instructed us to continue putting the   69  ( construct) of ecological civilization as the top priority (优先权),” Xia said. “We always bear   70   (he) instruction in mind.”

第四部分  写作(共两节 ,满分35分)

第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用( \ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一-词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

In order to release the pressure resulting in our study, I went to Fuxing Farm to pick some oranges with my classmate last weekend. 

Hardly had we arrived at the farm than we saw many oranges hanging from the branches. A farmer told us how to pick oranges. Then each of us carried a basket or a pair of scissors, quick climbed up the ladder and started to work. Bathing in sunshine, we sang and laughed while pick oranges. After we paid for the oranges we picked them, we prepared to go back to school. 

What wonderful time we had! Not only did it give us relaxation, but also it gets us closer to nature. 

第二节  书面表达(满分 25分)

假定你是李华,你校学生将会面向国际学生组织一-次中国古诗阅读分享活动。请你写一则通知。内容包括:

1. 时间、地点;

2. 活动意义;

3. 报名时间和截止日期。

注意:1. 词数100左右,开头结尾已给出,不计入总词数;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:中国古诗分享会The sharing session of the ancient Chinese poems

Dear friends, 

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________

__________________________________________________


Yours sincerely

Li Hua


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