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辽宁省辽阳市2021届高三9月联考英语试题

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辽宁省辽阳市2021届高三9月联考英语试题
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高三考试英语试卷

考生注意:

1.本试卷共150分,考试时间120分钟。

2.请将各题答案填写在答题卡上,

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分) 

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much is the shirt?

A. ₤19. 15.             B. ₤9.18.              C. ₤9.15.

答案是C。

1. What coffee does the man want? 

A. White coffee.         B. Black coffee.         C. Coffee with milk.

2. What's the matter with the woman?

A. She is late.          B. She feels hungry.      C. She feels sick.

3. How does John feel now?

A. Bad.               B. Good.              C. Excited.

4. Where are the speakers going?

A. A zo0.             B. A park.              C. A restaurant.

5. What will Bruce's children do this weekend?

A. Work on the woman's farm.

B. Perform in the Grand Theater.

C. Play with the woman's daughter.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. At a hotel.            B. At a cafe.             C. On the phone.

7. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Classmates.            B. Colleagues.          C. Husband and wife.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does the man think of the trip?

A. Tiring.               B. Exciting.             C. Disappointing.

9. How many days did the man stay in Australia?

A.14 days.              B.20 days.             C.30 days.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What is the woman probably doing?

A. Shopping for food.    B. Applying for a job,      C. Receiving an interview.

11. How does the woman feel about WeChat Pay?

A. Unsafe.        B. Troublesome.             C. Convenient.

12. What does the woman most care about when shopping?

A. Quality.         B. Price.                 C. Style.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What does the man think of his time with Linda?

A. It was interesting.        B. It was unpleasant.        C. It was relaxing.

14. What is Linda like?

A. Impolite.               B. Lovely.               C. Silent.

15. Why does the woman know Linda so well?

A. She taught Linda for two years.

B. She once lived with Linda.

C. She was Linda's neighbor.

16. What do we know about Linda's parents?

A. They spend much time with Linda.

B. They often teach Linda good manners.

C. They are too busy.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. How many cities are mentioned in the text?

A. Four.             B. Five.                 C. Six.

18. Which city has Europe's biggest shopping mall?

A. Berlin.            B. Paris.                 C. Rome.

19. Which word best describes Berlin's temperature?

A. High.              B. Pleasant.            C. Low.

20. What is the purpose of the text?

A. To show Berlin is a good place for holiday.

B. To tell us how to spend holiday.

C. To introduce several places for holiday.

第二部分   阅读(共两节满分50分)

第一节   (共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A.B.C.D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

To get from New York City (NYC) to Chicago, there are several transportation options. Consider the pros and cons of each option to chose the best one for you.

TimeCostBest for

Train20 hoursfrom $ 70seeing scenery

Flight3 hoursfrom $ 48,but varies widelygetting there quickly

Bus19 hoursfrom $ 38travelers on a budget

Car12 hoursfrom $ 60stopping for attractions

By train

Traveling by train from NYC to Chicago is a relatively long journey. Trains go from Penn Station in Manhattan to Union Station. The route is serviced by Amtrak, via the Lake Shore Limited or Cardinal to Chicago or by changing trains either in Washington, D.C. or Pitts-burgh. You can purchase tickets in advance by Amtrak or in person at Penn Station.

By plane

Flying to Chicago is the fastest and most convenient way to travel there from NYC. The major carriers include JetBlue, Delta, United, and American Airlines, as well as budget carriers including Southwest and Spirit Airlines.

By bus 

Bus service from NYC to Chicago is a long journey, too. Greyhound is the only company that services this route and buses depart from Port Authority Bus Terminal in Manhattan and arrive at Union Station. These buses offer Wi-Fi service.

By car

You'll drive through New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio, and then along the Michigan and Indiana border until you go around the southern tip of Lake Michigan and back up into Chicago. While this trip is long, the most significant advantage of traveling by car is that there are a few interesting places to stop along the way.

21. How should you go to Chicago from NYC if you want to save money?

A. By train.           B. By plane.            C. By bus.            D. By car.

22. At which place can you buy train tickets to Chicago?

A. Union Station.      B. Penn Station.          C. Delta.         D. Greyhound.

23. What is the advantage of driving to Chicago from NYC?

A. Saving more money.           B. Spending less time.

C. Stopping to enjoy scenery.      D. Staying in NYC for a long time

B

I just had a snowstorm that piled up eight inches of snow. It truly was a winter wonder land, and there was white beauty everywhere. Since I didn't have anything to do that day, I really enjoyed it.

But then the second snowstorm arrived that night, piling additional inches of snow on top of the snow banks that were already there. And then on the evening news, the weather cast gave us a notice that still another snowstorm was headed our way. Then I felt despondent. I had things to do and places to go. After days of being snowbound, I felt like I was under

house arrest. I was stuck.

A place stuck isn't a fun place to be, whether it's from a snowstorm or from life circumstances such as a bad relationship, bills that seem to tower over our heads. or situations where we see no way out. All of us will feel stuck at one time or another, but it's how we respond that makes the difference.

I had a fried named Hannah. She was stuck in the heartbreaking world of infertility(不孕). She longed for a child more than anything. Instead of accepting defeat, she acted sincerely. Think about Nelson Mandela in a dark prison. It was a seemingly hopeless place, but instead of becoming depressed or bitter he kept fighting for freedom Yes, he kept fighting to get the success.

Circumstances cannot define us, but our reactions do. Each of those men and women learned important lessons in their “stuck" situations, and we can as well.

24. What does the underlined word “despondent" in paragraph 2 mean?

A. Unhappy.        B. Unusual.          C. Ambitious.       D. Energetic.

25. What does the author intend to do in paragraph 3?

A. Summarize the previous paragraphs.      B. Provide some advice for the readers.

C. Introduce some background information.  D. Form a connecting link of the context.

26. Why does the author mention Hannah and Nelson Mandela?

A. To introduce two great celebrities.    B. To introduce the way to be famous.

C. To show their different circumstances. D. To show how to respond to difficult situations.

27.'What's the best title for the text?

A Don't be defeated by failure           B. Don't be trapped by snow

C. Enjoy the white beauty             D. Keep calm in the winter

C

In a new study published on the Journal of Avian Biology, researchers at the National Autonomous University of Mexico tracked the behavior of house finches (雀) on the main campus of the university in Mexico City

The team created an artificial nest lining (内衬),which includes feathers, cotton, hair and cigarette ends. Then, after the birds eggs had hatched, they replaced the original lining with the new one, to make sure the nests were pest free. The researchers then added live ticks (壁虱) to the mix, while dead ties were added to0 other linings.

It seems that urban house finches use more cigarette ends to line their nests when they've been invaded by ticks. And, those whose nests were given live ticks increased their cigarette end weight by about 40 percent more than those where dead ticks had been used, according to New Scientist. The technique is likely a form of self medication, the experts explain, as it's thought that the chemicals in cigarette ends can help to keep off the pests.

While this behavior may have its benefits, the researchers say it's also possible that the use of cigarette ends in the nests could have negative effects. “It is a matter of concern that cigarette ends, being poisonous, are part of house finch nests in Mexico City," the authors explain in the paper, “but we have not come across evidence of long term costs of using this material.

According to the researchers, a thorough evaluation will be necessary to determine the real effects of using cigarette ends, whether they are positive or not. But they explain, the findings do suggest that the cigarette ends are linked to the presence of ticks and likely play a role in keeping them away.

28. What does the underlined phrase “the mix" in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. The former nests.            B. The artificial lining.

C. The cigarette ends.           D. The original lining.

29. What is paragraph 3 mainly about?

A. The findings of the experiment.

B. The application of the research findings.

C. The theory related to the recent research.

D. The reasons for house finches using cigarette ends.

30. What did house finches do when live ticks were found in their nests?

A. Eat them out.        B. Dust them off.   C. Build firmer    D. Use more cigarette ends.

31. Which word best describes the author’s attitude to the study?

A. Skeptical.       B. Conservative.        C. Objective.         D. Tolerant.

Cars could soon be communicating with each other using 5G to make drivers aware of upcoming dangers, scientists claim. The ultra-fast mobile Internet would allow for rapid information transmission and could make divers aware of black ice pot holes or other dangers up ahead.

Several car manufacturers are already integrating 5G into their vehicles, including as a

tool to welcome the coming of self-diving vehicles. Experts belie the high-speed connection will also improve the reliability and capability of automated vehicles to the point where they will be safer than the manual cars being driven today, They predict the number of road traffic accidents -which according to the World Heath Organization (WHO) account for more than 1. 3 million deaths and up to 50 million people injured worldwide every year- will drop thoroughly as a result.

Dr Dimitrios Liarokapis, a member of the research group, said: “With the help of 5G, an early warning system that alerts (给....报警) drivers is possible within the next few years. Cars that are close enough to the danger area will send warning messages to other cars around them using short-range communication technologies, but also to cars further away using 5G, fast and reliably. Then those cars will transmit the same information to cars near them and so on, forming a joined-up, multi-vehicle communication chain that stretches far and wide."

Automotive giant Ford is already working on connected cars. Earlier this year it revealed its intention to fit 80 percent of its 2020 vehicles with technology that warns drivers about upcoming road accidents, bad weather and traffic jams. The system pools data from other connected road users, emergency services and the authorities and sends it from the cloud directly to the car. Alerts are shown on the car s dashboard display warning the driver about what lies around the corner.

32. How can 5G help reduce road accidents?

A. By offering the fast mobile Internet.   

B. By helping drivers overcome dangers.

C. By offering practical safety programs.

D. By helping WHO calculate traffic accidents.

33. What is the function of the communication chain?

A. To track other drivers.           B. To send warning messages.

C. To collect drivers' information.    D. To send the traffic situation to the police,

34. What can we expect of the cars in the future?

A. They will be safer.                  B. They may be bigger.

C. They may replace other vehicles.      D. They will be more personalized.

35. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. Cars of Ford are the most intelligent.

B. Warning messages are shown on phones.

C. Ford is the first producer to use 5G.

D. Connected cars are equipped with 5G.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2. 5分,满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

There are lots of things to pay attention to when the new school year starts. Although it is exciting for students, this yearly transition can also be a big source of stress.  36   Here are some ways to make your back to school experience as smooth as possible.

Get organized.  37   You can set up a system that you can use right from the beginning of the term. Some students find that a colorful binder (活页夹) helps them keep all their assignments in order. Others might benefit from keeping a weekly plan in a notebook.

Make a schedule. Outline a daily plan for school projects, social events and activities. Make sure you record your assignments in the same place every week. Next, we suggest separating assignments into smaller, manageable steps, and then ordering those steps according to the project due date.   38   Finally, these steps will help you learn the time management skills.

39  One of the most important things you can do to ensure a great school year is to understand how you learn best. Some children absorb information by listening; other students do best when information is conveyed visually, through charts or illustrations.

Remember to take breaks.   40   As time goes by, they also seem to get fuller. Don't forget to build breaks into your routine. Even a two minute walk around the house or quick snack can work wonders for a busy brain. We all need to take moments to reset our minds.

A. Identify your learning style.

B. Focus on the most effective time.

C. You can join a famous organization.

D. Make sure your study is free of the mess.

E. The beginning of the year can feel good for everyone.

F. Luckily, you can deal with it well through some efforts.

G. You can use the plan to manage daily homework and study time.

第三部分语言运用(共两节 ,满分30分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项。

At sixteen, I was seriously hurt in my back and had an operation. Eleven months after the operation, while playing baseball, I took one bad   41   and knew the operation had  42  . So I had another operation.

Every day I am   43   that each step I take can be the wrong one and that I will face another 44   . Yet, in spite of the constant fear, I have learned something very   45   . The experience has taught me to regard difficulties as   46  rather than reasons to quit.

I have   47   playing baseball through my entire life. Throughout the last three years, I have tried to play baseball   48  ,but I was reminded that I couldn't play any more. To be able to be on the   49 ,I tried being a manager and scorekeeper.

My last summer was spent without excitement. I couldn't do fun things sitting in an armchair so that my back could_ 50  . Therefore, I thought of my   51  I have realized my academic life is the   52  . I am not the smartest student, but I am  53  in each of these academic areas.  54 my back injury, I have learned to study with focus. My second goal is to   55  the previous state: being athletic, strong and ready for any challenge.

41. A. temper           B. position              C. swing             D. rest

42. A. failed            B. ended                C. begun             D. continued

43. A. ashamed          B. worried              C. confused          D. depressed

44. A. chance            B. lesson               C. surgery           D. punishment

45. A. strange           B. tough                C. pitiful            D. important

46. A. technology        B. motivation            C. choices           D. solutions

47. A. risked            B. regretted              C. abandoned        D. enjoyed

48. A. again             B. too                 C. firmly            D. easily

49. A. way              B. team                C. line             D. list

50. A. recover           B. survive              C. suffer            D. tolerate

51. A. achievements       B. wishes              C. goals            D. experiences

52. A. proof             B. progress             C. priority           D. process

53. A. poor              B. skillful              C. honest           D. disappointed

54. A. Without           B. Besides              C. Instead of        D. Thanks to

55. A. regain          B. challenge              C. practise           D. guide

第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分 15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

China plans to complete the construction of a space station and have_  56   put into operation around 2022, said Zhou Jianping, the chief designer of China's manned space program, at a forum (论坛)  57   (hold) in south China's Guangdong Province, The space station  58 (design) to weigh 100 tonnes and accommodate three astronauts,   59   could be enlarged if needed, according to Zhou,

“The main goal of the construction of the space station is to enable China to become a country

60   (independent) mastering the technology for long term manned flight in near Earth space, and having the capability to carry out long -term manned scientific  61   (experiment) in near Earth space and comprehensive development and utilization (利用) of space resources,"  62  (say) Zhou at the 4th China Summit Forum on Human Factors Engineering, which was held at Sun Yat-sen University from Saturday to Sunday,

The space station will be built as China's main platform for space science research,  63  the intention of mastering the technologies in constructing and_ 64   (operate) large space facilities, the technologies that guarantee life and health of astronauts who often fly in orbit, and the construction of a_  65  (nation) space lab, according to Zhou.

第四部分  写作(共两节 ,满分40分)

第一节  (满分15分)

你的英语老师布置了家庭作业。请按要求以做过的最有意义的事为题写一篇短文,内容包括:

1.简介事情;

2.陈述意义。

注意:

1.写作词数应为80左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

The Most Meaningful Thing I Did

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

第二节(满分25 分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

The fourth Thursday in November is called Thanksgiving Day, which has been one of the most important festivals in the United States. The theme is thankfulness for peace and happiness of family life during the past year. People usually eat roast turkey and pumpkin pie to celebrate the holiday.

There are always moving stories about Thanksgiving Day. Though the stories have different leading roles, the topics of them are the same: showing the sincere appreciation to their loved people, such as parents, siblings (兄弟姊妹),friends, teachers and so on.

I also have a moving story that happened on Thanksgiving Day. At first it sounded like a thanksgiving story, but the more I reflected on it, the more appropriate it seemed for any time of the year. The story went like this: when Thanksgiving Day was coming, a teacher gave her class an interesting task- to draw a picture of something for which they were thankful.

Most of the class might be considered economically disadvantaged, but still many would celebrate the holiday with turkey, corn, pumpkins and other traditional things of the season, like all of those symbols drawn on the holiday decorations and greeting cards. These, the teacher thought, would be the subjects of most of her students' art.

All students drew their pictures as the teacher thought, except one boy——Peterson. He made a different kind of picture. Peterson seemed to be a strange student in the class. As other children played during break, he usually chose to quietly stand close by the teacher's side. They didn't know what had ever happened to him and nobody could guess how Peterson felt behind his sad eyes. He didn't like to play with the other students nor talk with them.

When the little boy was asked to draw a picture of something for which he was thankful, he drew a hand. There was nothing else but an empty hand on the picture. It was different

from other pictures.

注意:

1.续写词数应为150左右;

2.请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

His abstract picture caught the imagination of his classmates.______________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

When the children went on to discuss other pictures, the teacher paused at the boy's desk.

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________


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