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黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市2020届高三一模试卷英语试题

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黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市2020届高三一模试卷英语试题
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黑龙江齐齐哈尔市2020届高三一模

英  语

考生注意:

1. 本试卷由四个部分组成。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。

2. 考生作答时,请将答案答在答题卡上。选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;非选择题请用直径0.5毫来黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上各题的答题区域内作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效,在试题卷、草稿纸上作答无效。

3. 本卷命题范围:高考范围。

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much is the shirt? 

A. £19.15.                B. £9.18.                 C. £9.15. 

答案是C。

1. What does the woman suggest? 

A. A dog.                     B. A cat.                     C. A fish. 

2. Where does the woman want to go? 

A. A grocery store.           B. The railway station.           C. A movie theater. 

3. What is the man's gift for the woman? 

A. A fruit cake.               B. Some apple pies.            C. A bunch of flowers. 

4. What does the woman need now? 

A. Some help.                 B. A board.                   C. Some homework. 

5. Where does the conversation happen? 

A. Beside a lift.                B. In an office.                 C. In a bookstore. 

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6. What will the woman do tonight?

A. Stay at home. 

B. Make some soup. 

C. Go over in John's house. 

7. Whom did the woman probably get sick from?

A. John.           B. The man.            C. Her colleague. 

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8. What does the woman probably do for a living? 

A. She owns a restaurant. 

B. She runs a clothing shop. 

C. She works in a shoe store. 

9. What kind of help does the man ask for? 

A. Some advice.           B. Some money.           C. A talk with his father. 

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What subject is the woman interested in? 

A. Music.           B. Maths.           C. Business. 

11. What does the man want the woman to study? 

A. Business or music. 

B. Computer programming or music. 

C. Business or computer programming. 

12. What do we know about the woman? 

A. She will take the man's advice. 

B. She considers interest more important. 

C. She is not good at computer science. 

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. Why are many animals in danger according to the woman? 

A. There is not enough food for animals. 

B. The environment is seriously polluted. 

C. Many animals are suffering from diseases. 

14. What is advised not to do when traveling abroad? 

A. Buy pets.           B. Buy skin coats.           C. Introduce new species. 

15. What can people do in their neighborhoods? 

A. Call for new laws. 

B. Look after homeless animals. 

C. Make the environment cleaner. 

16. How can people improve animals' living conditions in the zoos? 

A. By building natural conditions. 

B. By offering them more food. 

C. By hiring more staff to look after them. 

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. How many screenplays did Pinter write for the cinema? 

A. 27.                      B. 28.                      C. 29. 

18. When was the play The Birthday Party first performed in London? 

A. April 28th, 1958.           B. May 19th, 1958.           C. December 24th, 1958. 

19. Whose birthday party was ruined? 

A. McCann's.               B. Goldberg's.                C. Stanley Webber's. 

20. How long did Harold Pinter live? 

A. 78 years.                 B. 62 years.                 C. 50 years. 

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

The annual Dongyue Temple Fair of Mount Tai will be held during April 29—May 6 at Dai Temple in Tai'an. Here are some items visitors may love. 

Performances

From April 29 to May 6, performances of martial arts(武术), traditional music, Chinese folk art forms and local operas will be put on stage. Visitors can lift their spirits by watching long boxing and nunchakus(双节棍)performances or listening to the music played by guqin, a seven-stringed zither, and the bamboo flute. 

Folk-custom activities 

Visitors to the temple fair can also enjoy themselves by admiring folk-custom activities held from April 29 to May 6. 

There will be exhibitions of traditional handicrafts and paper-cutting works that were collected and selected by non-governmental organizations. Performers will also show traditional Chinese costumes at a garden party. 

Cultural activities 

If the visitors want to enjoy the cultural atmosphere at the temple fair, they can get a close look at bamboo engraving art at Peitian Gate where more than 70 pieces of engraving art are exhibited from April 28 to May 22. 

Trade activities 

If people want to buy Mount Tai specialties, they won't be disappointed, for trade shows will be held during the temple fair. Tea, tourism products, donkey-hide-gelatin, rare stones and root carvings will be showed and on sale. 

21. How many days will bamboo engraving art be exhibited? (    )

A. 6.           B. 8.           C. 22.           D. 25. 

22. What can visitors enjoy in folk-custom activities? (    )

A. Martial arts.                      B. Local opera. 

C. Paper-cutting works.               D. Chinese paintings. 

23. What does the part of "Trade activities" tell us? (    )

A. The products are for display only. 

B. You can get to know many new products. 

C. Visitors can purchase some local products on the shows. 

D. Don't buy products on show, or you will be disappointed. 

B

Mr. Buxton taught me Shakespeare in 10th grade. We were reading Macbeth. Mr. Buxton, who probably had better things to do, nonetheless agreed to meet one night to go over the text line by line. The first thing he did was point out the repetition of themes. For example, the reversals of things. 

What Mr. Buxton didn't tell me was what the play meant. He left the conclusions to me. The situation was much the same with my religious studies teacher in 1lth grade, Mr. Flanders, who encouraged me to have my own relationship with the Gospels. 

High school was followed by college, where I read Umberto Eco's The Role of the Reader, in which it is said that the reader completes the text, that the text is never finished until it meets this voracious(渴求的)and engaged reader. The open texts, Eco calls them. In college, I read some of the great Europeans and Latin Americans: Borges and Kafka, Genet and Beckett, Artaud, Proust—open texts all. I may not have known why Kafka's Metamorphosis is about a guy who turns into a bug, but I knew that some said cockroach, and others, European dung beetle. 

There are those critics, of course, who insist that there are right ways and wrong ways to read every book. No doubt they arrived at these beliefs through their own adventures in the stacks. And these are important questions for philosophers of every stripe. And yet I know only what joy and enthusiasm about reading have taught me, in bookstores new and used. 

There is not now and never will be an authority who can tell me how to interpret, how to read, how to find the pearl of literary meaning in all cases. 

Supposing the truth is not hard, fast, masculine, simple, direct? You could spend a lifetime thinking about this sentence, and making it your own. In just this way, the freedom to see literature, history, truth unfolding ahead of me like a book whose spine has just now been cracked. 

24. When did the author begin to read Shakespeare's work? (    )

A. In primary school.                        B. In 11th grade. 

C. In secondary school.                      D. In college. 

25. What can we know about The Role of the Reader from the text? (    )

A. It was written by the readers. 

B. It is about a guy turning into a bug. 

C. It insists that the reader completes the text. 

D. Some great Europeans and Latin Americans wrote it together. 

26. What is the main reason of the author loving reading? (    )

A. Being an excellent student. 

B. Mr. Buxton's teaching method. 

C. The joy and enthusiasm from his reading. 

D. His admiration for literature masters like Shakespeare. 

27. What can be inferred about the author from the text? (    )

A. He has a preference for the open texts. 

B. Shakespeare is his favorite. 

C. He is naturally talented in reading. 

D. He is also a famous literary critic. 

C

New research has found that young adults who smoke both tobacco cigarettes and e-cigarettes appear to have a higher risk of stroke than those who only smoke tobacco. 

Carried out by researchers at George Mason University, the new study looked at 161,529 participants aged 18 to 44 years of age, who were surveyed about their cigarette and e-cigarette use. 

The researchers also calculated the participants' risk of experiencing a stroke, taking into account factors such as how much participants smoked, high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol levels, body mass index and physical activity levels. 

The findings, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, showed that the participants who smoked cigarettes and used e-cigarettes were nearly two times more likely to have a stroke compared to current cigarette-only smokers, and nearly three times more likely than non-smokers. 

The team also found that participants who used only e-cigarettes had a lower risk of stroke than those who smoked only tobacco cigarettes. In fact, those who used e-cigarettes on their own did not have a significantly greater risk of stroke than nonsmokers. 

However, the researchers failed to find any clear benefit from switching from cigarette smoking to using e-cigarettes, even though many people believe that e-cigarettes are a "healthy" alternative to cigarettes, and a way to help smokers kick the habit. They also noted that the nicotine dependence and toxicity associated with e-cigarettes is worrying, particularly among young adults who smoke them for fun and the range of flavors. 

"It's long been known that smoking cigarettes is among the most significant risk factors for stroke. Our study shows that young smokers who also use -cigarettes put themselves at an even greater risk," explained lead investigator Tarang Parekh, MBBS, MSc. "This is an important message for young smokers who perceive e-cigarettes as less harmful ones and consider them a safer alternative. We have begun understanding the health impact of e-cigarettes and concomitant cigarette smoking, and it's not good."

"Our findings demonstrate an additive harmful effect of -cigarettes on smokers' blood vessels, hearts and brains," explained Parekh. 

"Consider this study as a wake-up call for young vapers, clinicians, and healthcare policymakers. There is an urgency to regulate such products to avoid economic and population health consequences and a critical need to conduct further research on the benefits and risks of smoking-cessation alternatives," warned Parekh. 

28. What does the text belong to? (    )

A. A science fiction. 

B. A news report. 

C. A short story. 

D. A public announcement. 

29. What can we know about the participants? (    )

A. A few elderly people were surveyed. 

B. Some of them are non-smokers. 

C. All of them use cigarettes and e-cigarettes. 

D. They have a lower risk of stroke than others. 

30. What does the underlined word "perceive" in Paragraph 7 mean? (    )

A. think           B. practise           C. predict           D. receive

31. What did the the new research find? (    )

A. Smoking cigarettes is among the most significant risk factors for stroke. 

B. E-cigarettes are a "healthy" alternative to cigarettes. 

C. Smoking both tobacco and e-cigarettes can make young adults at an greater risk of stroke. 

D. It is beneficial to switch from cigarette smoking to using e-cigarettes. 

D

Mr. Fang is now the owner of 36 greenhouses producing organic vegetables in the Gobi desert in Northwest China's Gansu province. He is one of the beneficiaries of the Gobi Farming Program of Gansu province that is building rows of greenhouses in the desert to help transform local farming and alleviate poverty. 

Grain production in Gansu is greatly affected by the climate and the output is unstable. Agricultural production there relies heavily on rivers, oases and groundwater irrigation. If traditional extensive agricultural production continued, it could gradually narrow the living space. 

In 1995, a local entrepreneur ventured to use Israeli technologies to build greenhouses for vegetables growing in the desert. Such individual pilot projects encouraged the Gansu government to launch a provincial-level Gobi farming program in 2017 with a target to build up a controlled-environment agriculture of about 20,000 hectares by 2022. Some cities in the province, which include Fang's village, have already been experimenting with Gobi farming for several years. 

Despite the harsh environment, farming in the Gobi desert has its advantages: the extended amount of sunlight provides adequate energy for crops, a significant temperature difference between day and night helps crops accumulate nutrients and the Gobi's hot and dry air means fewer pests and crop diseases. The Gobi greenhouses popping up in Gansu use drip and spray irrigation, which can cut water consumption by almost 50 percent compared to a normal farm. The greenhouses are also eco-friendly, as they use substrates for soilless cultivation recycled from rotten leaves, straw and cow and sheep feces. 

With the greenhouses, Fang earns around 70,000 yuan annually. Data from Suzhou district of Jiuquan showed the greenhouse program has helped bring an average revenue of about $ 72,300 per hectare to local farmers. Large-scale greenhouse farming is an investment-intensive project and cannot be sustained only by government financial support. Therefore, the local government has been encouraging villagers such as Fang to take the lead to rent greenhouses or build their own. 

It is not an easy task, and many villagers still want to wait and see. However, more and more are starting to join in, either to run their own greenhouses or work as hired workers for greenhouse owners. Starting from managing four greenhouses in 2009, Fang now is also a partner of a greenhouse farming cooperative running 120 greenhouses. 

The relatively low cost of large-scale land use in the Gobi desert have also encouraged large firms to start their Gobi farming pilot projects in Gansu. If the Gobi farming proves successful, it could provide experiences for countries in Central Asia linked with Gansu both by the ancient Silk Road as well as its modern version of the Belt and Road Initiative. 

32. What affects grain production in Gansu most? (    )

A. Money.           B. Sunlight.           C. Air.           D. Water. 

33. What does the Gobi Farming Program aim to do? (    )

A. Change the local climate. 

B. Make the local residents rich. 

C. Protect the traditional agricultural production. 

D. Help university students start their own business. 

34. What can we learn from the text? (    )

A. The harsh environment is good for crops. 

B. At first, Fang only ran four greenhouses. 

C. With the greenhouses, Fang earns around $70,000 annually. 

D. Mr. Fang now owns 120 greenhouses producing organic vegetables. 

35. What can be the best title for the text? (    )

A. The Belt and Road Initiative 

B. A Great Adventurer—Mr. Fang 

C. The Gobi Farming Program of Gansu 

D. The Advantages of Farming in the Gobi Desert

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Tricks to keep fit

   36   Eat whole and unprocessed foods instead of processed foods. Eat foods that are rich in protein such as eggs, fish, meat and whey. Vegetables and fruits should be a part of your regular diet as well. Cut back your intake on carbohydrate-rich foods such as potatoes, rice, breads and pasta. You may eat a little of these after exercising. 

Do incline sit ups. Prop your legs up on the side of your bed and lie down on the floor so that your legs are above your head.   37   Do 20 to 30 repetitions and rest for a few minutes. Do three sets. Try to increase to 50 repetitions. 

Add weights to your incline sit-up routine.   38   You can start off with 5 pounds and begin using more as your abs get stronger. Cross your arms across the weight and rise slowly. Make sure that you don't feel too much strain on your lower back. If you do, decrease the weight. Start off with 10 repetitions and build up to 20 then 30. 

Run sprints. This is one of the best cardio(有氧运动)exercises for improving abs because it forces you to take deep breaths and gives you a complete body workout.   39   Do this 5 times and build up to doing it 10 times three times per week. 

Replace drinking alcohol and soda with drinking water, green tea and fruit juices. There are a lot of calories in alcohol and soft drinks.   40   

A. Eat healthy foods. 

B. Lay a light weight across your chest. 

C. Food helps to maintain and enhance relationships. 

D. Start off running 20 yard sprints as fast as you can. 

E. Increase your consumption of soluble(可溶的)fiber. 

F. Slowly lift your back up off the floor and bring your head toward your knees. 

G. Changing your drinking habits alone can decrease your calories by 25 percent. 

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I was sitting in my car at a stoplight intersection(信号灯交叉口)listening to the radio. I was   41   at the moment,    42   how happy I was to be inside my nice   43   car. It was cold and   44   outside and I thought “Life is good.”

This was a long   45   . As I waited, I noticed two people huddled(挤)together at the bus stop. To my eyes, they looked   46   —they looked cold and they looked poor. It   47   that their coats came from a second-hand store. 

The couple seemed to be doing their best to   48   warm. They were huddled together and I thought to   49   , “Oh, those poor people in that punishing wind.”

   50   , they were also laughing while they were huddling. They looked to be sharing a good   51   . Suddenly, I envied them much   52   pitying them. They didn't seem to   53   the wind. They weren't worried about their   54   . They weren't looking at my car. 

In that moment, I   55   I had assumed this couple needed my pity, but they didn't. I   56   things were all bad for them, but they weren't and I understood we all have the   57   to make moments of happiness happen. 

Creating our own   58   is something all of us can do—Try to be happy within the context of the life that we're   59   living. Happiness is not a   60   to be longed for, or a collection of lucky coincidence. Through the power of our own minds, we can help ourselves. 

(    )41. A. hurt      B. lost       C. mad      D. angry

(    )42. A. puzzlingB. hesitating   C. thinking     D. satisfying

(    )43. A. warm   B. new      C. expensive     D. advanced

(    )44. A. rainy     B. snowy        C. sunny        D. windy

(    )45. A. light      B. time         C. journey      D. way

(    )46. A. shameless B. scared        C. uncomfortable D. young

(    )47. A. turned outB. seemed    C. proved      D. suggested

(    )48. A. hold     B. translate     C. reduce       D. keep

(    )49. A. them    B. myself       C. himself    D. others

(    )50. A. However B. Therefore    C. Moreover    D. Besides

(    )51. A. coat       B. life          C. meal        D. joke

(    )52. A. due to   B. result fromC. instead ofD. put away

(    )53. A. notice    B. hear         C. smell       D. touch

(    )54. A. action    B. shoesC. clothes     D. house

(    )55. A. remembered   B. realizedC. informed    D. recognized

(    )56. A. predicted    B. datedC. wanderedD. assumed

(    )57. A. chance      B. power      C. right       D. tradition

(    )58. A. happinessB. future     C. success    D. confidence

(    )59. A. finally       B. gradually    C. slowly       D. actually

(    )60. A. belief      B. ability      C. situation    D. principle

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下列材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或用括号内单词的正确形式。

Pingyao Ancient City,   61   is located in central Shanxi province, is a famous culture town with 2,700 years of history. As the most complete county representing the Ming and Qing dynasties,   62   whole city was named a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site in December 1997. It serves   63   a helpful resource for the analysis of the development of Chinese politics, economy, culture, art and religion. 

Pingyao was built up based on the cultural thoughts and architectural style of the Han nationality of China. To this day, the city walls and buildings have maintained   64   (they)14th-18th century style. Pingyao Ancient City   65   (build)first in the Western Zhou Dynasty. Over 2,700 years, the stone walls were kept intact(完整的)during the dynastic transition. 

The shops lining South Street   66   (be)heritages of the Ming and Qing dynasties. After the 16th century, Pingyao   67   (become)a local commercial center,   68   (reach)its peak in the mid-late 19th century. 

Keeping the typical pattern of Ming and Qing   69   (dynasty), Pingyao Ancient City has four main streets, eight side streets and 72 lanes. The   70   (amaze)beautiful three-story houses stand in the center of city, while two-story stores gather along the streets. It is also an archetype(典型)of an Chinese ancient city. 

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写上该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

That we all know, it's of greatly importance to get into a good living habit. Here is some suggestions for good living habits. 

Firstly, get enough sleep. Enough sleep can provide us good energy. It's important for us to go to the bed early and get up early. Secondly, keep healthy eating habits. Good eating habits can help us balances nutrition. So we should eat more vegetables and little meat. Thirdly, do exercise more. Do sports every day can keep us active all day long, help us build up your body and reduce diseases. 

Please pay attention to these points but keep a healthy body. 

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是班长李华。你们班本周日将组织同学们去参观历史博物馆,请你给交换生Ben发一封电子邮件,告知活动的相关安排。内容包括:

1. 时间安排;

2. 参观要求;

3. 观后感受。

注意:

1. 词数100左右;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


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